Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis

Author: Sabine Szunerits,Rabah Boukherroub,Alison Downard,Jun-Jie Zhu,Nianjun Yang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119243904

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 5833

A comprehensive look at the most widely employed carbon-based electrode materials and the numerous electroanalytical applications associated with them. A valuable reference for the emerging age of carbon-based electronics and electrochemistry, this book discusses diverse applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensing. It highlights the advantages and disadvantages of the different nanocarbon materials currently used for electroanalysis, covering the electrochemical sensing of small-sized molecules, such as metal ions and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), as well as large biomolecules such as DNA, RNA, enzymes and proteins. A comprehensive look at state-of-the-art applications for nanocarbon materials in electrochemical sensors Emphasizes the relationship between the carbon structures and surface chemistry, and electrochemical performance Covers a wide array of carbon nanomaterials, including nanocarbon films, carbon nanofibers, graphene, diamond nanostructures, and carbon-dots Edited by internationally renowned experts in the field with contributions from researchers at the cutting edge of nanocarbon electroanalysis Nanocarbons for Electroanalysis is a valuable working resource for all chemists and materials scientists working on carbon based-nanomaterials and electrochemical sensors. It also belongs on the reference shelves of academic researchers and industrial scientists in the fields of nanochemistry and nanomaterials, materials chemistry, material science, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, and biochemistry.

Electroanalysis

Theory and Applications in Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Media and in Automated Chemical Control

Author: E.A.M.F. Dahmen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080875552

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 1608

Electroanalysis as a representative of the wet-chemical methods has many advantages, such as: selectivity and sensitivity, nothwithstanding its inexpensive equipment; ample choice of possibilities and direct accessibility, especially to electronic and hence automatic control even at distance; automated data treatment; and simple insertion, if desirable, into a process-regulation loop. There may be circumstances in which an electroanalytical method, as a consequence of the additional chemicals required, has disadvantages in comparison with instrumental techniques of analysis; however the above-mentioned advantages often make electroanalysis the preferred approach for chemical control in industrial and environmental studies. This book provides the reader with a full understanding of what electroanalysis can do in these fields. It presents on the one hand a systematic treatment of the subject and its commonly used techniques on a more explanatory basis, and on the other it illustrates the practical applications of these techniques in chemical control in industry, health and environment. As such control today requires the increasing introduction of automation and computerization, electroanalysis with its direct input and/or output of electrical signals often has advantages over other techniques especially because recent progress in electronics and computerization have greatly stimulated new developments in the electroanalysis techniques themselves. Part A looks systematically at electroanalysis while more attention is paid in Part B to electroanalysis in non-aqueous media in view of its growing importance. The subject is rounded off in Part C by some insight into and examples of applications to automated chemical control.

Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis

Author: Alberto Escarpa,Maria Cristina Gonzalez,MarÃa Cristina González,Miguel Ángel LÃ3pez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119961866

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 8320

Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis offers a comprehensive rationale of electroanalysis, revealing its enormous potential in agricultural food analysis. A unique approach is used which fills a gap in the literature by bringing in applications to everyday problems. This timely text presents in-depth descriptions about different electrochemical techniques following their basic principles, instrumentation and main applications. Such techniques offer invaluable features such as inherent miniaturization, high sensitivity and selectivity, low cost, independence of sample turbidity, high compatibility with modern technologies such as microchips and biosensors, and the use of exciting nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanowires. Due to the advantages that modern electroanalytical techniques bring to food analysis, and the huge importance and emphasis given today to food quality and safety, this comprehensive work will be an essential read for professionals and researchers working in analytical laboratories and development departments, and a valuable guide for students studying for careers in food science, technology and chemistry.

Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste Electrodes

Author: Ivan Svancara,Kurt Kalcher,Alain Walcarius,Karel Vytras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439830207

Category: Medical

Page: 666

View: 7670

Because of their simple preparation and low expense, carbon pastes and carbon paste electrodes are widely used in a myriad of instrumental measurements. With an emphasis on practical applications, Electroanalysis with Carbon Paste Electrodes provides a comprehensive overview of carbon paste electrodes. The text offers a comprehensive and unprecedentedly wide insight into the realm of the carbon paste material, culminating with a systematic presentation of all the methods and procedures applicable to the determination of a myriad of inorganic and organic substances when employing the individual types and variants of carbon paste-based electrodes, sensors, and detectors. With a lengthy list of up-to-date references, this handy reference source includes many typical as well as specific experimental data, serving as a practical guide for daily laboratory work. More specifically, this monograph, the first of its kind, contains: All types of carbon pastes in contemporary classification ,with particular emphasis on chemically and biologically modified configurations, or newly propagated mixtures made of alternate components Details on the preparation of carbon pastes, with a number of practical hints and recommendations, including some hitherto unreported approaches Practical guidance for experimental laboratory work on the preparation and characterization of carbon pastes, including guides on the testing of newly made mixtures Individual methods and procedures for the determination of hundreds of various substances in a complete survey of applications Nearly 3300 original references presented as full-text citations

Modern techniques in electroanalysis

Author: P. Vanýsek

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471555148

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 8257

A number of specialists present a cross section of new topics on electroanalysis filling gaps in the current literature and covering the solid state approach. This includes the use of vacuum surface techniques and atomic force microscopy.

Modern techniques in electroanalysis

Author: P. Vanýsek

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 9780471555148

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 2135

A number of specialists present a cross section of new topics on electroanalysis filling gaps in the current literature and covering the solid state approach. This includes the use of vacuum surface techniques and atomic force microscopy.

Electroanalysis

Author: Christopher M. A. Brett,Ana María Oliveira Brett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 88

View: 5956

This informative text introduces the techniques and areas of application of modern electroanalysis, which has a particularly important role with current environmental concerns, both in the laboratory and in the field. It is a unique self- contained text which starts by describing the basic principles of the necessary electrochemistry and then moves on to electrochemical sensors and their mode of functioning. Potentiometric sensors are described, including many types of selective electrode. Following this, amperometric and voltametric sensors are presented together with the various instrumentation and electrode modification strategies to enhance sensitivity and selectivity. A final chapter shows the range of applications of modern electroanalysis, with particular emphasis on trace species, and indicates future trends. Bibliography is provided to enable the reader to gain a further understanding of the topic through textbooks and specialist research journals. This clear and accessible text will be an invaluable study aid for advanced undergraduates and graduate students of chemistry, biochemistry, chemical technology, industrial chemistry and environmental science. Graduate chemists and biochemists in industry and in analytical laboratories, and students of engineering, pharmacology and related biomedical sciences will also find this book useful.

New Research on Electrochemistry

Author: Elizabeth P. Vargus

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600213045

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 7815

Electrochemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the chemical action of electricity and the production of electricity by chemical reactions. In a world short of energy sources yet long on energy use, electrochemistry is a critical component of the mix necessary to keep the world economies growing. Electrochemistry is involved with such important applications as batteries, fuel cells, corrosion studies, hydrogen energy conversion, bioelectricity. Research on electrolytes, cells, and electrodes is within the scope of this old but extremely dynamic field.

Electroanalytical Methods

Guide to Experiments and Applications

Author: Fritz Scholz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642029158

Category: Science

Page: 359

View: 7746

Researchers and professionals will find a hands-on guide to successful experiments and applications of modern electroanalytical techniques here. The new edition has been completely revised and extended by a chapter on quartz-crystal microbalances. The book is written for chemists, biochemists, environmental and materials scientists, and physicists. A basic knowledge of chemistry and physics is sufficient for understanding the described methods. Electroanalytical techniques are particularly useful for qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemical, biochemical, and physical systems. Experienced experts provide the necessary theoretical background of electrochemistry and thoroughly describe frequently used measuring techniques. Special attention is given to experimental details and data evaluation.

Diamond Materials VII

Proceedings of the International Symposium

Author: G. M. Swain

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 9781566773584

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 7503


Analytical Electrochemistry

Author: Joseph Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047179029X

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9479

Third Edition covers the latest advances in methodologies, sensors,detectors, and mIcrochips The greatly expanded Third Edition of this internationallyrespected text continues to provide readers with a completepanorama of electroanalytical techniques and devices, offering abalancebetween voltammetric and potentiometric techniques.Emphasizing electroanalysis rather than physical electrochemistry,readers gain a deep understanding of the fundamentals ofelectrodereactions and electrochemical methods. Moreover, readerslearn to apply their newfoundknowledge and skills to solvereal-world analytical problems. The text consists of six expertly crafted chapters: * Chapter 1 introduces fundamental aspects of electrode reactionsand the structure of the interfacial region * Chapter 2 studies electrode reactions and high-resolution surfacecharacterization, using techniques ranging from cyclic voltammetryto scanning probe microscopies * Chapter 3 features an overview of modern finite-currentcontrolled potential techniques * Chapter 4 presents electrochemical instrumentation and electrodematerials, including modified electrodes andultramicroelectrodes * Chapter 5 details the principles of potentiometric measurementsand various classes of ion selective electrodes * Chapter 6 explores the growing field of chemical sensors,including biosensors, gas sensors, microchip devices, and sensorarrays Among the new topics covered, readers discover DNA biosensors,impedance spectroscopy, detection of capillary electrophoresis,diamond electrodes, carbon-nanotube and nanoparticle-based arraysand devices, large-amplitude AC voltammetry, solid-stateion-selective electrodes, ion selective electrodes for traceanalysis, and lab-on-a-chip devices. New figures, worked examples,and end-of-chapter questions have also been added to thisedition. Given the rapid pace of discovery and growth of new applications inthe field, this text is essential for an up-to-date presentation ofthe latest advances in methodologies, sensors, detectors, andmicrochips. It is recommended for graduate-level courses inelectroanalytical chemistry and as a supplement for upper-levelundergraduate courses in instrumental analysis. The text also meetsthe reference needs for any industry, government, or academiclaboratory engaged in electroanalysis and biosensors.

Square-Wave Voltammetry

Theory and Application

Author: Valentin Mirceski,Sebojka Komorsky-Lovric,Milivoj Lovric

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540737391

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 3013

In a real tour-de-force of scientific publishing, three distinguished experts here systematically deliver both the underlying theory and the practical guidance needed to effectively apply square-wave voltammetry techniques. Square-wave voltammetry is a technique used in analytical applications and fundamental studies of electrode mechanisms. In order to take full advantage of this technique, a solid understanding of signal generation, thermodynamics, and kinetics is essential. Not only does this book cover all the necessary background and basics, but it also offers an appendix on mathematical modeling plus a chapter on electrode mechanisms that briefly reviews the numerical formulae needed to simulate experiments using popular software tools.

Chemical and Biological Microsensors

Applications in Fluid Media

Author: Pierre Fabry,Jacques Fouletier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111860010X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4508

This book reviews the state of art in the field of chemical sensors for analyses of ionic or molecular species dissolved in liquid media, mainly in aqueous solutions. The transduction of such devices is based on chemical, biological and physical phenomena. The fundamental phenomena involved in these sensors are described in the different chapters by specialists having a good expertise in the field. Numerous recent bibliographic references are given. Most of the devices could be miniaturised using modern technologies allowing a fabrication on a large scale, for a mass production at low cost. Moreover, such devices could open the field of applications in a near future (environmental, biomedical, food industries, domotic and automotive applications etc.).

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3672

View: 8810

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Chemosensors

Principles, Strategies, and Applications

Author: Binghe Wang,Eric V. Anslyn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118019573

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 4110

A thorough, accessible, and general overview of chemosensors Providing a comprehensive overview of chemosensors—organic molecules designed to bind and sense small molecules or metal ions—and their applications, Chemosensors: Principles, Strategies, and Applications is an accessible one-stop resource for analysts, clinicians, and graduate students studying advanced chemistry and chemosensing. Chemosensors function on a molecular level, generating a signal upon binding. The book reviews their synthesis, design, and applications for detecting biological and organic molecules as well as metal ions. The text highlights applications in drug discovery and catalyses that have not been well covered elsewhere. Covering such topics as molecular recognition, detection methods, design strategies, and important biological issues, the book is broken into four sections that examine intermolecular interactions, strategies in sensor design, detection methods, and case studies in metal, saccharide, and amino acid sensing. An indispensable source of information for chemical and biomedical experts using sensors, Chemosensors includes case studies to make the material both accessible and understandable to chemists of all backgrounds.

The Handbook of Graphene Electrochemistry

Author: Dale A. C. Brownson,Craig E. Banks

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447164288

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 2902

Graphene has grasped the attention of academia and industry world-wide due its unique structure and reported advantageous properties. This was reflected via the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics being awarded for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene. One particular area in which graphene has been extensively explored is electrochemistry where it is potentially the world’s thinnest electrode material. Graphene has been widely reported to perform beneficially over existing electrode materials when used within energy production or storage devices and when utilised to fabricate electrochemical sensors. This book charts the history of graphene, depicting how it has made an impact in the field of electrochemistry and how scientists are trying to unravel its unique properties, which has, surprisingly led to its fall from grace in some areas. A fundamental introduction into Graphene Electrochemistry is given, through which readers can acquire the tools required to effectively explain and interpret the vast array of graphene literature. The readers is provided with the appropriate insights required to be able to design and implement diligent electrochemical experiments when utilising graphene as an electrode material.

Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry

Author: de la Guardia,Salvador Garrigues

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111994094X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 5709

The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for operators and the environment. In recent years there have been significant developments in methodological and technological tools to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement, reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents. The Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the present state and recent developments in green chemical analysis. A series of detailed chapters, written by international specialists in the field, discuss the fundamental principles of green analytical chemistry and present a catalogue of tools for developing environmentally friendly analytical techniques. Topics covered include: Concepts: Fundamental principles, education, laboratory experiments and publication in green analytical chemistry. The Analytical Process: Green sampling techniques and sample preparation, direct analysis of samples, green methods for capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, atomic spectroscopy, solid phase molecular spectroscopy, derivative molecular spectroscopy and electroanalytical methods. Strategies: Energy saving, automation, miniaturization and photocatalytic treatment of laboratory wastes. Fields of Application: Green bioanalytical chemistry, biodiagnostics, environmental analysis and industrial analysis. This advanced handbook is a practical resource for experienced analytical chemists who are interested in implementing green approaches in their work.