Einstein's Physics

Atoms, Quanta, and Relativity - Derived, Explained, and Appraised

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669910

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 3840

What exactly did Einstein do that's so important in physics? We provide an introduction to his physics at a level accessible to an undergraduate student. All equations are worked out in detail from the beginning. Although the book is written with primarily a physics readership in mind (it can also function as a textbook), enough pedagogical support material is provided that anyone with a solid background in introductory physics (say, an engineer) can, with someeffort, understand a good part this presentation.We show why Einstein's papers were decisive to our understanding of matter as composed of molecules and atoms; why is he regarded as a foundingfather of quantum theory; how did his relativity theory bring about the new understanding that time, just like space, is relative; and how did his general relativity extend Newton's theory to new physical realm, allowing us to study black holes and cosmology.

A College Course on Relativity and Cosmology

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng,Brian H. Benedict

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199693412

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 6828

Einstein's general theory of relativity is introduced in this advanced undergraduate textbook. Without an over emphasis on the difficult mathematics of tensor analysis, the book presents the curved spacetime theory of gravitation. The phenomena of gravitational light deflection, the precession of a planet's orbit, and black holes are discussed with technical detail. The book has an extensive treatment of cosmology from primordial inflation, cosmic microwavebackground to the dark energy that propels an accelerating universe. The book is the undergraduate edition of the author's previous work, Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction,published as part of the Oxford Master Series in Physics. This college edition concentrates on the core elements of the subject making it suitable for a one-semester course at the undergraduate level. It can also serve as an accessible introduction to general relativity and cosmology for those readers who want to study the subject on their own.

A College Course on Relativity and Cosmology

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng,Brian H. Benedict

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199693412

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 4328

Einstein's general theory of relativity is introduced in this advanced undergraduate textbook. Without an over emphasis on the difficult mathematics of tensor analysis, the book presents the curved spacetime theory of gravitation. The phenomena of gravitational light deflection, the precession of a planet's orbit, and black holes are discussed with technical detail. The book has an extensive treatment of cosmology from primordial inflation, cosmic microwavebackground to the dark energy that propels an accelerating universe. The book is the undergraduate edition of the author's previous work, Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction,published as part of the Oxford Master Series in Physics. This college edition concentrates on the core elements of the subject making it suitable for a one-semester course at the undergraduate level. It can also serve as an accessible introduction to general relativity and cosmology for those readers who want to study the subject on their own.

Gauge Theory of Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198519614

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3620

This is a practical introduction to the principal ideas in gauge theory and their applications to elementary particle physics. It explains technique and methodology with simple exposition backed up by many illustrative examples. Derivations, some of well known results, are presented in sufficient detail to make the text accessible to readers entering the field for the first time. The book focuses on the strong interaction theory of quantum chromodynamics and the electroweak interaction theory of Glashow, Weinberg, and Salam, as well as the grand unification theory, exemplified by the simplest SU(5) model. Not intended as an exhaustive survey, the book nevertheless provides the general background necessary for a serious student who wishes to specialize in the field of elementary particle theory. Physicists with an interest in general aspects of gauge theory will also find the book highly useful.

Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology

A Basic Introduction

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573638

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 1092

This book provides an introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity. A "physics-first" approach is adopted so that interesting applications come before the more difficult task of solving the Einstein equation. The book includes extensive coverage of cosmology, and is designed to allow readers to study the subject alone.

The Theory of the Quantum World

Proceedings of the 25th Solvay Conference on Physics, Brussels, Belgium 19-22 October 2011

Author: David Gross,Marc Henneaux,Alexander Sevrin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814440620

Category: Science

Page: 387

View: 6399

Ever since 1911, the Solvay Conferences have shaped modern physics. The 25th edition held in October 2011 in Brussels and chaired by David Gross continued this tradition and celebrated the first centennial of this illustrious series of conferences. The development and applications of quantum mechanics have always been the main threads in the history of the Solvay Conferences, hence the 25th Solvay conference gathered many of the leading figures working on a wide variety of profound problems in physics where quantum mechanical effects play a central role. The conference addressed some of the most pressing open questions in the field of physics.The proceedings contain the OC rapporteur talksOCO which give a broad overview with unique insights by distinguished and renowned scientists. These lectures cover the seven sessions: OC History and ReflectionsOCO, OC Foundations of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum ComputationOCO, OC Control of Quantum SystemsOCO, OC Quantum Condensed MatterOCO, OC Particles and FieldsOCO, OC Quantum Gravity and String TheoryOCO and it ended with a general discussion attempting to arrive at a synthesis.In the Solvay tradition, the proceedings also include the prepared comments to the rapporteur talks. The discussions among the participants OCo some of which quite lively and involving dramatically divergent points of view OCo have been carefully edited and are reproduced in full.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

A Practical Guide

Author: Yuli V. Nazarov,Jeroen Danon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521761506

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 2596

An accessible introduction to advanced quantum theory, this textbook focuses on its practical applications and is ideal for graduate students in physics.

Physical Relativity

Space-time Structure from a Dynamical Perspective

Author: Harvey R. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199275831

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 8254

Physical Relativity explores the nature of the distinction at the heart of Einstein's 1905 formulation of his special theory of relativity: that between kinematics and dynamics. Einstein himself became increasingly uncomfortable with this distinction, and with the limitations of what he called the 'principle theory' approach inspired by the logic of thermodynamics. A handful of physicists and philosophers have over the last century likewise expressed doubts about Einstein'streatment of the relativistic behaviour of rigid bodies and clocks in motion in the kinematical part of his great paper, and suggested that the dynamical understanding of length contraction and time dilation intimated by the immediate precursors of Einstein is more fundamental. Harvey Brown both examines andextends these arguments (which support a more 'constructive' approach to relativistic effects in Einstein's terminology), after giving a careful analysis of key features of the pre-history of relativity theory. He argues furthermore that the geometrization of the theory by Minkowski in 1908 brought illumination, but not a causal explanation of relativistic effects. Finally, Brown tries to show that the dynamical interpretation of special relativity defended in the book is consistent with therole this theory must play as a limiting case of Einstein's 1915 theory of gravity: the general theory of relativity.Appearing in the centennial year of Einstein's celebrated paper on special relativity, Physical Relativity is an unusual, critical examination of the way Einstein formulated his theory. It also examines in detail certain specific historical and conceptual issues that have long given rise to debate in both special and general relativity theory, such as the conventionality of simultaneity, the principle of general covariance, and the consistency or otherwise of the special theory withquantum mechanics. Harvey Brown' s new interpretation of relativity theory will interest anyone working on these central topics in modern physics.

The Physics of Reality

Space, Time, Matter, Cosmos : Proceedings of the 8th Symposium Honoring Mathematical Physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier, Covent Garden, London, UK, 15 -18 August 2012

Author: Richard L. Amoroso

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814504785

Category: Electronic books

Page: 552

View: 5353

A truly Galilean-class volume, this book introduces a new method in theory formation, completing the tools of epistemology. It covers a broad spectrum of theoretical and mathematical physics by researchers from over 20 nations from four continents. Like Vigier himself, the Vigier symposia are noted for addressing avant-garde, cutting-edge topics in contemporary physics. Among the six proceedings honoring J.-P. Vigier, this is perhaps the most exciting one as several important breakthroughs are introduced for the first time. The most interesting breakthrough in view of the recent NIST experimental violations of QED is a continuation of the pioneering work by Vigier on tight bound states in hydrogen. The new experimental protocol described not only promises empirical proof of large-scale extra dimensions in conjunction with avenues for testing string theory, but also implies the birth of the field of unified field mechanics, ushering in a new age of discovery. Work on quantum computing redefines the qubit in a manner that the uncertainty principle may be routinely violated. Other breakthroughs occur in the utility of quaternion algebra in extending our understanding of the nature of the fermionic singularity or point particle. There are several other discoveries of equal magnitude, making this volume a must-have acquisition for the library of any serious forward-looking researchers.

Down the Great Unknown

John Wesley Powell's 1869 Journey of Discovery and Tragedy Through the Grand Canyon

Author: Edward Dolnick

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061760341

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 5777

0n May 24, 1869, a one-armed Civil War veteran named John Wesley Powell and a ragtag band of nine mountain men embarked on the last great quest in the American West. No one had ever explored the fabled Grand Canyon; to adventurers of that era it was a region almost as mysterious as Atlantis -- and as perilous. The ten men set out down the mighty Colorado River in wooden rowboats. Six survived. Drawing on rarely examined diaries and journals, Down the Great Unknown is the first book to tell the full, true story.

Basic Space Plasma Physics

Author: Wolfgang Baumjohann,Rudolf A Treumann

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1911298682

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 7943

This textbook begins with a description of the Earth's plasma environment, followed by the derivation of single particle motions in electromagnetic fields, with applications to the Earth's magnetosphere. Also discussed are the origin and effects of collisions and conductivities, formation of the ionosphere, magnetospheric convection and dynamics, and solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. The second half of the book presents a more theoretical foundation of plasma physics, starting with kinetic theory. Introducing moments of distribution function permits the derivation of the fluid equations, followed by an analysis of fluid boundaries, with the Earth's magnetopause and bow shock as examples, and finally, fluid and kinetic theory are applied to derive the relevant wave modes in a plasma. This revised edition seamlessly integrates new sections on magnetopause reconstruction, as well as instability theory and thermal fluctuations based on new developments in space physics. Applications such as the important problems of collisionless reconnection and collisionless shocks are covered, and some problems have also been included at the end of each chapter. Contents:IntroductionSingle Particle MotionTrapped ParticlesCollisions and ConductivityConvection and SubstormsElements of Kinetic TheoryPlasma MagnetohydrodynamicsFlows and DiscontinuitiesWaves in Plasma FluidsWave Kinetic TheoryPlasma InstabilityCollisionless ReconnectionCollisionless Shocks Readership: Upper graduates, graduates and researchers in plasma physics, space physics and astrophysics.

Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Author: Tom Lancaster,Stephen J. Blundell,Stephen Blundell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199699321

Category: Science

Page: 485

View: 1445

Quantum field theory provides the theoretical backbone to most modern physics. This book is designed to bring quantum field theory to a wider audience of physicists. It is packed with worked examples, witty diagrams, and applications intended to introduce a new audience to this revolutionary theory.

Re-Thinking Time at the Interface of Physics and Philosophy

The Forgotten Present

Author: Albrecht von Müller,Thomas Filk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319104462

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 7073

The current volume of the Parmenides Series “On Thinking” addresses our deepest and most personal experience of the world, the experience of “the present,” from a modern perspective combining physics and philosophy. Many prominent researchers have contributed articles to the volume, in which they present models and express their opinions on and, in some cases, also their skepticism about the subject and how it may be (or may not be) addressed, as well as which aspects they consider most relevant in this context. While Einstein might have once hoped that “the present” would find its place in the theory of general relativity, in a later discussion with Carnap he expressed his disappointment that he was never able to achieve this goal. This collection of articles provides a unique overview of different modern approaches, representing not only a valuable summary for experts, but also a nearly inexhaustible source of profound and novel ideas for those who are simply interested in this question.

Black-Body Theory and the Quantum Discontinuity, 1894-1912

Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226458007

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 6739

"A masterly assessment of the way the idea of quanta of radiation became part of 20th-century physics. . . . The book not only deals with a topic of importance and interest to all scientists, but is also a polished literary work, described (accurately) by one of its original reviewers as a scientific detective story."—John Gribbin, New Scientist "Every scientist should have this book."—Paul Davies, New Scientist

QUANTUM PHYSICS: OF ATOMS, MOLECULES, SOLIDS, NUCLEI AND PARTICLES

Author: Robert Martin Eisberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788126508181

Category: Quantum theory

Page: 864

View: 2753

About The Book: A revision of a successful junior/senior level text, this introduction to elementary quantum mechanics clearly explains the properties of the most important quantum systems. The book emphasizes the applications of theory, and contains new material on particle physics, electron-positron annihilation in solids and the Mossbauer effect. It includes new appendices on such topics as crystallography, Fourier Integral Description of a Wave Group, and Time-Independent Perturbation Theory.

How Einstein Created Relativity out of Physics and Astronomy

Author: David Topper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461447828

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9729

This book tracks the history of the theory of relativity through Einstein’s life, with in-depth studies of its background as built upon by ideas from earlier scientists. The focus points of Einstein’s theory of relativity include its development throughout his life; the origins of his ideas and his indebtedness to the earlier works of Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Mach and others; the application of the theory to the birth of modern cosmology; and his quest for a unified field theory. Treading a fine line between the popular and technical (but not shying away from the occasional equation), this book explains the entire range of relativity and weaves an up-to-date biography of Einstein throughout. The result is an explanation of the world of relativity, based on an extensive journey into earlier physics and a simultaneous voyage into the mind of Einstein, written for the curious and intelligent reader.