Wandlungen des Neoliberalismus

Eine Studie zu Entwicklung und Ausstrahlung der „Mont Pèlerin Society“

Author: Philip Plickert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3828260187

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 6779

Ein Gespenst geht um in Europa: der Neoliberalismus. Der „Neoliberalismus“ ist zu einem meist negativ konnotierten Schlagwort verkommen. Dieses Buch möchte einen Beitrag zur Versachlichung der Debatte leisten und die geistes- und zeitgeschichtlichen Ursprünge des Neoliberalismus erhellen. Der Wirtschaftshistoriker Philip Plickert analysiert den Niedergang des klassischen Liberalismus und dessen Krise im frühen 20. Jh. In der Zwischenkriegszeit entwickelten sich vier Zentren eines erneuerten Liberalismus: Wien, London, Freiburg und Chicago. 1947 gründete Friedrich August von Hayek die Mont Pèlerin Society (MPS) als Sammlungspunkt der versprengten und marginalisierten Neoliberalen. Aktive Mitglieder der MPS waren einflußreiche Denker wie Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, Milton Friedman, James Buchanan, Walter Eucken, Wilhelm Röpke und Alexander Rüstow sowie Ludwig Erhard. Das Buch schildert, gestützt auf reiches Quellenmaterial, den schwierigen Aufbau der MPS, unterschiedliche strategische Perspektiven, den frühen politischen Durchbruch in Deutschland mit Erhards Wirtschaftsreform, die interne Krise um 1960 und die langfristige Ausstrahlung der MPS als intellektueller Kernorganisation der Neoliberalen auf Wissenschaft und Politik.

Architects of the International Financial System

Author: Anthony Endres

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134347103

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 7660

Who were the great thinkers on international finance in the mid-twentieth century? What did they propose should be done to create a stable international financial order for promoting world trade and economic growth? This important book studies the ideas of some of the most innovative economists in the mid-twentieth century including three Nobel Laureates; great thinkers who helped shape the international financial system and the role of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Covering the period from the late 1940s up until the collapse of the fixed US dollar-gold link in 1971, the impact of Hansen, Williams, Graham, Triffin, Simons, Viner, Friedman, Johnson, Mises, Rueff, Rist, Hayek, Heilperin and Röpke is assessed. This outstanding book will prove invaluable to students studying international economics, economic history and the history of economic thought.

Die Verfassung der Freiheit

Author: Friedrich August von Hayek

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161483684

Category: Social Science

Page: 575

View: 904

Dieses wohl bedeutendste Werk des Nobelpreisträgers bietet im ersten Teil eine umfassende systematische Darstellung der wesentlichen Prinzipien einer freiheitlichen Sozialphilosophie - der Grundlage für die Entwicklung der europäischen Zivilisation in den letzten Jahrhunderten. Der zweite Teil befaßt sich mit der Entstehung der rechtsstaatlichen Grundsätze - der rule of law - und ihrer Bedeutung für die Sicherung der persönlichen Freiheit. Im dritten Teil zeigt Hayek anhand aufschlußreicher Beispiele, wie mit dem Aufkommen des Wohlfahrtsstaates wichtige rechtsstaatliche Prinzipien verletzt werden und damit die persönliche Freiheit zerstört zu werden droht.

Beyond the New Right

Markets, Government and the Common Environment

Author: John Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113615356X

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 7264

John Gray is now established as one of the UK's leading political thinkers. For over a decade he has been asssociated with the ideas and think-tanks of the New Right. In this book he presents both a criticism of the ideological excesses of New Right ideology and a radical critique of the New Right itself, developed from the standpoint of traditional conservatism. All the major thinkers and themes of the New Right are examined, together with many major issues of current public policy - such as the growth of the underclass, the future of the welfare state and the role of government in education and culture. The author also argues that there are deep affinities between conservative ideology and Green thought. He advances radical proposals for the preservation and renewal of common life for an age in which the ideals of modernism, including continuous economic growth, are decreasingly viable. He expresses his conviction that conservative philosophy will find its future in dissociating itelf from the neo-liberalism that has lately dominated policy, and returning to the task of redefining traditional values.

A Free Society Reader

Principles for the New Millennium

Author: Michael Novak,William Brailsford,Cornelis Heesters

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739155199

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 6736

A Free Society Reader rises to the challenge of freedom in the twenty-first century, offering thoughts and insights with significant implications for citizens of today's brand new world. Our era's most prominent figures in the fields of Christianity and liberty speak about Pope John Paul II's vision of a free society, conceptualize Christianity and political economy, debate issues of democracy and the free society, and question the role of culture. Together for the first time in one volume, these preeminent thinkers provide inspiration and insight to scholars, students, and general readers charting the enormous changes the new millennium has seen.

Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth

Critical Thought for Turbulent Times

Author: Paul Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317704533

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 1009

Few concerns preoccupy contemporary progressive thought as much as the issue of how to achieve a sustainable human society. The problems impeding this goal include those of how to arrest induced global environmental change (GEC), persistent disagreements about the contribution of economic activities to GEC and further differences in views on how these activities can be reformed in order to reduce the rate of change and thus to mitigate threats to much life on Earth. Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth aims to help resolve these problems in two ways. Since addressing GEC will require global coordination, the book first clarifies the conditions necessary to achieve this effectively. Paul Anderson explores these conditions with the aid of a sustained analysis of key concepts in influential disciplines, particularly in social and political theory and law, relating to the transition to a sustainable economy. Second, Anderson tackles the problem of how to arrest GEC by incisively evaluating two leading theoretical positions in terms of their capacity to support the conditions required for effective global coordination. From this basis, the book offers an extensive critique of the idea that global environmental problems can be solved within the framework of global capitalism. It also critically reviews and advances the proposition that global sustainability can be achieved only by changing the capitalist form of organizing the economy. Enriched by a genuinely interdisciplinary approach, the originality of Reforming Law and Economy for a Sustainable Earth lies in the manner it combines a rigorous analysis of the requirements for global sustainability with decisive conclusions as to what are, and what are not, viable means of fulfilling those requirements. The book advances research on sustainability within key disciplines, among them political theory, law and social science, by offering a timely and insightful statement about the global environmental predicament in the 21st century.

Money in a Free Society

Keynes, Friedman, and the New Crisis in Capitalism

Author: Tim Congdon

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594035245

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 486

View: 6459

Congdon argues that academic economists and policy-makers have betrayed the intellectual legacy of both Keynes and Friedman. These two great economists believed if in somewhat different ways in the need for steady growth in the quantity of money. But Keynes has been misunderstood as advocating big rises in public spending and large budget deficits as the only way to defeat recession. That has led under President Obama to an unsustainable explosion in American public debt. Meanwhile the Fed has ignored extreme volatility in the rate of money growth, contrary to the central message of Friedman's analytical work.

The Future of Organized Labor in American Politics

Author: Peter L. Francia

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231503938

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 571

In 1995, promising a more active political presence for unions, John Sweeney was elected president of the AFL-CIO. Labor would develop a "new voice," one that could not be ignored or taken for granted by Democratic and Republican politicians. However, by the summer of 2005 opposition to Sweeney's leadership threatened to divide the labor movement. In The Future of Organized Labor in American Politics, Peter L. Francia discusses the effects of Sweeney's controversial tenure as president and assesses labor's influence on American political elections and legislation. Drawing on interviews with union and business leaders, as well as campaign-finance and public-opinion data, Francia argues that Sweeney has employed a more effective and expansive grassroots political operation than his predecessors. He challenges critics who dismiss Sweeney's efforts as a failure but cautions that the decline in union membership presents a serious crisis for the labor movement. When unions emphasize "grassroots" strategies they can effectively compete against the financial power of big business and can make a significant difference in congressional politics. Francia analyzes organized labor's political activities, its coalitions with other interest groups, and its influence on voter turnout, election results, and votes in Congress. He also examines the effects of Sweeney's embrace of progressive causes and labor's increasing willingness to challenge Democrats who vote against labor's interests. For all his successes, Sweeney's tenure has not been without its problems. Labor's presence in American politics is threatened by shrinking membership in unions. Francia suggests that if unions want to remain a viable political force in congressional politics, they must devote more resources to organizing workers.

Sport, Spectacle, and NASCAR Nation

Consumption and the Cultural Politics of Neoliberalism

Author: J. Newman,M. Giardina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230338089

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 1628

Sport, Spectacle, and NASCAR Nation critically interrogates stockcar racing's ascendance into the upper-echelon of the North American sporting popular. While most contributions to the public discourse gloss over NASCAR's exclusively white racial identity politics, its underlying patriarchal gender politics, its overtly conservative political commitment, its hyper-Christian orthodoxy, and its omnipresent commercialism, this book connects the dots and critically analyzes the problematic nature of this non-natural, strategically-orchestrated sporting spectacle.