Ecological Restoration

A Global Challenge

Author: Francisco A. Comín

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521877113

Category: Nature

Page: 291

View: 5727

The approaches and tools to extend ecological restoration at global scale, a challenge for the humanity of the 21st century.

Ecological Restoration, Second Edition

Principles, Values, and Structure of an Emerging Profession

Author: Andre F. Clewell,James Aronson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597263230

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1192

Ecological restoration is a rapidly growing discipline that encompasses a wide range of activities and brings together practitioners and theoreticians from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives, ranging from volunteer backyard restorationists to highly trained academic scientists and professional consultants. This book offers a comprehensive and coherent account of the field for everyone who initiates, finances, designs, administers, issues government permits for, manages, and implements ecological restoration projects, and all those who serve in supportive roles. Originally published in 2007, this revised and reorganized edition brings the book up to date with new developments and current trends in the field. In a lively, personal fashion, the authors discuss scientific and practical aspects of the field as well as the human needs and values that motivate practitioners. The book identifies fundamental concepts upon which restoration is based considers the principles of restoration practice explores the diverse values that are fulfilled with the restoration of ecosystems reviews the structure of restoration practice, including the various contexts for restoration work, the professional development of its practitioners, and the relationships of restoration with allied fields and activities The book also includes case studies and Virtual Field Trips around the world that illustrate points made in the book with on-the-ground information from those who were intimately involved with the projects described. Throughout, ecological restoration is conceived as a holistic endeavor, one that addresses issues of ecological degradation, biodiversity loss, personal engagement, and sustainability science simultaneously, and draws upon cultural resources and local skills and knowledge in restoration work.

Ecological Restoration and Environmental Change

Renewing Damaged Ecosystems

Author: Stuart K. Allison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136466355

Category: Nature

Page: 264

View: 4579

What is a natural habitat? Who can define what is natural when species and ecosystems constantly change over time, with or without human intervention? When a polluted river or degraded landscape is restored from its damaged state, what is the appropriate outcome? With climate change now threatening greater disruption to the stability of ecosystems, how should restoration ecologists respond? Ecological Restoration and Environmental Change addresses and challenges some of these issues which question the core values of the science and practice of restoration ecology. It analyzes the paradox arising from the desire to produce ecological restorations that fit within an historical ecological context, produce positive environmental benefits and also result in landscapes with social meaning. Traditionally restorationists often felt that by producing restorations that matched historic ecosystems they were following nature's plans and human agency played only a small part in restoration. But the author shows that in reality the process of restoration has always been defined by human choices. He examines the development of restoration practice, especially in North America, Europe and Australia, in order to describe different models of restoration with respect to balancing ecological benefit and cultural value. He develops ways to balance more actively these differing areas of concern while planning restorations. The book debates in detail how coming global climate change and the development of novel ecosystems will force us to ask new questions about what we mean by good ecological restoration. When the environment is constantly shifting, restoration to maintain biodiversity, local species, and ecosystem functions becomes even more challenging. It is likely that in the future ecological restoration will become a never-ending, continuously evolving process.

Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration

Integrating Science, Nature, and Culture

Author: Dave Egan,Evan E. Hjerpe,Jesse Abrams

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610910397

Category: Nature

Page: 431

View: 3694

When it comes to implementing successful ecological restoration projects, the social, political, economic, and cultural dimensions are often as important as-and sometimes more important than-technical or biophysical knowledge. Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration takes an interdisciplinary look at the myriad human aspects of ecological restoration. In twenty-six chapters written by experts from around the world, it provides practical and theoretical information, analysis, models, and guidelines for optimizing human involvement in restoration projects. Six categories of social activities are examined: collaboration between land manager and stakeholders ecological economics volunteerism and community-based restoration environmental education ecocultural and artistic practices policy and politics For each category, the book offers an introductory theoretical chapter followed by multiple case studies, each of which focuses on a particular aspect of the category and provides a perspective from within a unique social/political/cultural setting. Human Dimensions of Ecological Restoration delves into the often-neglected aspects of ecological restoration that ultimately make the difference between projects that are successfully executed and maintained with the support of informed, engaged citizens, and those that are unable to advance past the conceptual stage due to misunderstandings or apathy. The lessons contained will be valuable to restoration veterans and greenhorns alike, scholars and students in a range of fields, and individuals who care about restoring their local lands and waters.

Ecological Restoration

Author: George H. Pardue,Thomas K. Olvera

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 3085

Human exploitation of stream and land ecosystems has created the need to preserve, restore and rehabilitate. This book discusses the scientific basis of restoration for ecological improvement and some key issues associated with overall projects. In addition, some of the challenges and opportunities for further research in river restoration science is explored and the associated fields of ecohydraulics and eco-hydromorphology. An analysis of the effects of river side-arm restoration on ecosystem functions is also included, as well as an experimental approach to assessing marsh restoration as compared to a strict monitoring process. The concept of combinatorial biodiversity auction is discussed in this book, showing that the combinatorial biodiversity auction can allow farmers to benefit from cost complementarities and help to maximise biodiversity outcomes within a given budget. Also included is a presentation of the need for restoration and rehabilitation projects developed according to an ecological theory considering species life history, habitat template and spatio-temporal scope, the bi-directional effect of self-renaturalisation processes on the environment and a study on how different river typologies may alter the evaluations of biological quality.

The Sunflower Forest

Ecological Restoration and the New Communion with Nature

Author: William R. Jordan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520233201

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 5271

Examines how ecological restoration can reverse environmental damage and conserve forests, prairies, and wetlands. Describes ways to guide damaged ecosystems back to their natural, healthy condition, and provides context for the relationship humans have with nature.

An Integrated Assessment of China’s Ecological Restoration Programs

Author: Runsheng Yin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048126552

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 1623

China has been undertaking unprecedented ecological restoration efforts to deal with its problems of soil erosion, flooding, dust storms, and habitat loss. While there have been studies of these efforts, questions remain concerning whether they have been effectively implemented, what their induced socioeconomic and ecological impacts are, and how their performance can be improved. Tackling these important questions in an integrated manner, “An Integrated Assessment of China’s Ecological Restoration Programs” is extraordinary for its broad coverage and methodological rigor. It provides a substantial improvement over the conventional approach of simply reporting projects undertaken and accepting uncritically the government assessment, and thus fills an important knowledge gap of the restoration efforts being implemented upon a variety of ecosystems in China.

Ecological Restoration of Aquatic and Semi-Aquatic Ecosystems in the Netherlands (NW Europe)

Author: P.H. Nienhuis,Ramesh D. Gulati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401713359

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 3920

This work presents the state of the art of aquatic and semi-aquatic ecological restoration projects in The Netherlands. Starting from the conceptual basis of restoration ecology, the successes and failures of hundreds of restoration projects are described. Numerous successful projects are mentioned. In general ecological restoration endeavours greatly benefit from the progressive experience achieved in the course of the years. Failures mainly occur through insufficient application of physical, chemical or ecological principles. Spontaneous colonization by plants and animals, following habitat reconstruction, is preferred. However, sometimes the re-introduction of keystone species (e.g. eelgrass, salmon, beaver) is necessary in case the potential habitats are isolated or fragmented, or if a seed bank is lacking, thus not allowing viable populations to develop. Re-introducing traditional management techniques (e.g. mowing without fertilization, low intensity grazing) is important to rehabilitate the semi-natural and cultural landscapes that are so characteristic for The Netherlands.

Reclaiming Nature

Environmental Justice and Ecological Restoration

Author: James K. Boyce,Sunita Narain,Elizabeth A. Stanton

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1843312352

Category: Nature

Page: 428

View: 5904

In ‘Reclaiming Nature’, leading environmental thinkers from across the globe explore the relationship between human activities and the natural. This is a bold and comprehensive text of major interest to both students of the environment and professionals involved in policy-making.

Project Planning and Management for Ecological Restoration

Author: John Rieger,John Stanley,Ray Traynor

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610915666

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 8348

Project Planning and Management for Ecological Restoration addresses a problem that is the reason many current restoration projects are not as effective or successful as they could be: a lack of understanding of the principles of sound planning and management. John Rieger, John Stanley, and Ray Traynor, who collectively have decades of experience implementing successful restoration projects, provide a straightforward framework for developing and executing an ecological restoration project in order to maximize its potential for success. The authors focus on process, planning, design, implementation, and management rather than science. They describe a simple project management plan, identify the design approaches and the commitments that decisions require, and explain how design theory is translated to on-the-ground project design. The book includes numerous illustrations, as well as a series of checklists and tables to help restorationists recognize and then correct problems that may arise.

Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests

Author: L. Katherine Kirkman,Steven B. Jack

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351648187

Category: Nature

Page: 427

View: 1163

Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests is a timely synthesis of the current understanding of the natural dynamics and processes in longleaf pine ecosystems. This book beautifully illustrates how incorporation of basic ecosystem knowledge and an understanding of socioeconomic realities shed new light on established paradigms and their application for restoration and management. Unique for its holistic ecological focus, rather than a more traditional silvicultural approach, the book highlights the importance of multi-faceted actions that robustly integrate forest and wildlife conservation at landscape scales, and merge ecological with socioeconomic objectives for effective conservation of the longleaf pine ecosystem.

Project Planning and Management for Ecological Restoration

Author: John Rieger,John Stanley,Ray Traynor

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610913620

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 5166

Project Planning and Management for Ecological Restoration addresses a problem that is the reason many current restoration projects are not as effective or successful as they could be: a lack of understanding of the principles of sound planning and management. John Rieger, John Stanley, and Ray Traynor, who collectively have decades of experience implementing successful restoration projects, provide a straightforward framework for developing and executing an ecological restoration project in order to maximize its potential for success. The authors focus on process, planning, design, implementation, and management rather than science. They describe a simple project management plan, identify the design approaches and the commitments that decisions require, and explain how design theory is translated to on-the-ground project design. The book includes numerous illustrations, as well as a series of checklists and tables to help restorationists recognize and then correct problems that may arise.

Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Forests

Author: Peter Friederici

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 159726296X

Category: Nature

Page: 584

View: 346

Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Forests brings together practitioners and thinkers from a variety of fields—including forestry, biology, philosophy, ecology, political science, archaeology, botany, and geography—to synthesize what is known about ecological restoration in ponderosa pine forests and to consider the factors involved in developing and implementing a successful restoration effort. The book examines: • the overall context for restoration—ecological, social, economic, political, and philosophical • how ecosystem processes such as fire, hydrology, and nutrient cycling are affected by restoration activities • treatment effects on specific ecosystem components such as trees, understory plants, animals, and rare or invasive species • the details of implementing restoration projects, including smoke management, the protection of cultural resources, and monitoring Each section is introduced with a case study that demonstrates some of the promise and pitfalls of restoration projects. Ecological Restoration of Southwestern Ponderosa Pine Forests is the second book in the series The Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration from the Society for Ecological Restoration International and Island Press.