*An Introduction with Applications*

Author: Martin Bohner,Allan Peterson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461202019

Category: Mathematics

Page: 358

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### Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

On becoming familiar with difference equations and their close re lation to differential equations, I was in hopes that the theory of difference equations could be brought completely abreast with that for ordinary differential equations. [HUGH L. TURRITTIN, My Mathematical Expectations, Springer Lecture Notes 312 (page 10), 1973] A major task of mathematics today is to harmonize the continuous and the discrete, to include them in one comprehensive mathematics, and to eliminate obscurity from both. [E. T. BELL, Men of Mathematics, Simon and Schuster, New York (page 13/14), 1937] The theory of time scales, which has recently received a lot of attention, was introduced by Stefan Hilger in his PhD thesis [159] in 1988 (supervised by Bernd Aulbach) in order to unify continuous and discrete analysis. This book is an intro duction to the study of dynamic equations on time scales. Many results concerning differential equations carryover quite easily to corresponding results for difference equations, while other results seem to be completely different in nature from their continuous counterparts. The study of dynamic equations on time scales reveals such discrepancies, and helps avoid proving results twice, once for differential equa tions and once for difference equations. The general idea is to prove a result for a dynamic equation where the domain of the unknown function is a so-called time scale, which is an arbitrary nonempty closed subset of the reals.

### Advances in Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

Excellent introductory material on the calculus of time scales and dynamic equations.; Numerous examples and exercises illustrate the diverse application of dynamic equations on time scales.; Unified and systematic exposition of the topics allows good transitions from chapter to chapter.; Contributors include Anderson, M. Bohner, Davis, Dosly, Eloe, Erbe, Guseinov, Henderson, Hilger, Hilscher, Kaymakcalan, Lakshmikantham, Mathsen, and A. Peterson, founders and leaders of this field of study.; Useful as a comprehensive resource of time scales and dynamic equations for pure and applied mathematicians.; Comprehensive bibliography and index complete this text.

### Stability Theory for Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

This monograph is a first in the world to present three approaches for stability analysis of solutions of dynamic equations. The first approach is based on the application of dynamic integral inequalities and the fundamental matrix of solutions of linear approximation of dynamic equations. The second is based on the generalization of the direct Lyapunovs method for equations on time scales, using scalar, vector and matrix-valued auxiliary functions. The third approach is the application of auxiliary functions (scalar, vector, or matrix-valued ones) in combination with differential dynamic inequalities. This is an alternative comparison method, developed for time continuous and time discrete systems.In recent decades, automatic control theory in the study of air- and spacecraft dynamics and in other areas of modern applied mathematics has encountered problems in the analysis of the behavior of solutions of time continuous-discrete linear and/or nonlinear equations of perturbed motion. In the book “Men of Mathematics,” 1937, E.T.Bell wrote: “A major task of mathematics today is to harmonize the continuous and the discrete, to include them in one comprehensive mathematics, and to eliminate obscurity from both.”Mathematical analysis on time scales accomplishes exactly this. This research has potential applications in such areas as theoretical and applied mechanics, neurodynamics, mathematical biology and finance among others.

### Fractional Dynamic Calculus and Fractional Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

Pedagogically organized, this monograph introduces fractional calculus and fractional dynamic equations on time scales in relation to mathematical physics applications and problems. Beginning with the definitions of forward and backward jump operators, the book builds from Stefan Hilger’s basic theories on time scales and examines recent developments within the field of fractional calculus and fractional equations. Useful tools are provided for solving differential and integral equations as well as various problems involving special functions of mathematical physics and their extensions and generalizations in one and more variables. Much discussion is devoted to Riemann-Liouville fractional dynamic equations and Caputo fractional dynamic equations. Intended for use in the field and designed for students without an extensive mathematical background, this book is suitable for graduate courses and researchers looking for an introduction to fractional dynamic calculus and equations on time scales.

### Oscillation Theory of Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

The study of dynamic equations on time scales, which goes back to its founder Stefan Hilger is an area of mathematics and has been created in order to unify the study of differential and difference equations. The oscillation theory as a part of the qualitative theory of dynamic equations on time scales has been developed rapidly in the past ten years. The extensive application prospect facilitates the development of this field. In fact there are some applications of dynamic equations in population dynamics, quantum mechanics, electrical engineering, neural networks, heat transfer, and combinatorics. The book tends to center around the relevant oscillation theory of second and third order dynamic equations and second order neutral dynamic equations on time scales. It is a text book giving detailed proofs and illustrative examples, which is intended for both self-study and a course for graduate levels. It is believed to be the first book dedicated to the oscillation of dynamic equations on time scales.

### Nonoscillation and Oscillation Theory for Functional Differential Equations

This book summarizes the qualitative theory of differential equations with or without delays, collecting recent oscillation studies important to applications and further developments in mathematics, physics, engineering, and biology. The authors address oscillatory and nonoscillatory properties of first-order delay and neutral delay differential equations, second-order delay and ordinary differential equations, higher-order delay differential equations, and systems of nonlinear differential equations. The final chapter explores key aspects of the oscillation of dynamic equations on time scales-a new and innovative theory that accomodates differential and difference equations simultaneously.

### Dynamic Inequalities On Time Scales

This is a monograph devoted to recent research and results on dynamic inequalities on time scales. The study of dynamic inequalities on time scales has been covered extensively in the literature in recent years and has now become a major sub-field in pure and applied mathematics. In particular, this book will cover recent results on integral inequalities, including Young's inequality, Jensen's inequality, Holder's inequality, Minkowski's inequality, Steffensen's inequality, Hermite-Hadamard inequality and Čebyšv's inequality. Opial type inequalities on time scales and their extensions with weighted functions, Lyapunov type inequalities, Halanay type inequalities for dynamic equations on time scales, and Wirtinger type inequalities on time scales and their extensions will also be discussed here in detail.

### Dynamic Equations on Time Scales

### Langsame Faserbündel dynamischer Gleichungen auf Maßketten

### Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

### Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Difference Equations Augsburg, Germany 2001

This volume comprises selected papers presented at the Sixth International Conference on Difference Equations which was held at Augsburg, Germany. It covers all themes in the fields of discrete dynamical systems and ordinary and partial difference equations, classical and contemporary, theoretical and applied. It provides a useful reference text for graduates and researchers working in this area of mathematics.

### Vorlesungen über variationsrechung

### Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Difference Equations and Applications

The Eighth International Conference on Difference Equations and Applications was held at Masaryk University in Brno, Czech Republic. This volume comprises refereed papers presented at this conference. These papers cover all important themes, conjectures, and open problems in the fields of discrete dynamical systems and ordinary and partial difference equations, classical and contemporary, theoretical and applied.

### Direkte Methoden der Variationsrechnung

### Multivariable Dynamic Calculus on Time Scales

This book offers the reader an overview of recent developments of multivariable dynamic calculus on time scales, taking readers beyond the traditional calculus texts. Covering topics from parameter-dependent integrals to partial differentiation on time scales, the book’s nine pedagogically oriented chapters provide a pathway to this active area of research that will appeal to students and researchers in mathematics and the physical sciences. The authors present a clear and well-organized treatment of the concept behind the mathematics and solution techniques, including many practical examples and exercises.

### Einführung in die Mechanik und Symmetrie

Symmetrie spielt in der Mechanik eine große Rolle. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Entwicklung zugrunde liegender Theorien. Besonderes Gewicht wird der Symmetrie beigemessen. Ursache hierfür sind Entwicklungen im Bereich dynamischer Systeme, der Einsatz geometrischer Verfahren und neue Anwendungen. Dieses Lehrbuch stellt Grundlagen bereit und beschreibt zahlreiche spezifische Anwendungen. Interessant für Physiker und Ingenieure. Ausgewählte Beispiele, Anwendungen, aktuelle Verfahren/Techniken veranschaulichen die Theorie.

### Asymptotic Integration of Differential and Difference Equations

This book presents the theory of asymptotic integration for both linear differential and difference equations. This type of asymptotic analysis is based on some fundamental principles by Norman Levinson. While he applied them to a special class of differential equations, subsequent work has shown that the same principles lead to asymptotic results for much wider classes of differential and also difference equations. After discussing asymptotic integration in a unified approach, this book studies how the application of these methods provides several new insights and frequent improvements to results found in earlier literature. It then continues with a brief introduction to the relatively new field of asymptotic integration for dynamic equations on time scales. Asymptotic Integration of Differential and Difference Equations is a self-contained and clearly structured presentation of some of the most important results in asymptotic integration and the techniques used in this field. It will appeal to researchers in asymptotic integration as well to non-experts who are interested in the asymptotic analysis of linear differential and difference equations. It will additionally be of interest to students in mathematics, applied sciences, and engineering. Linear algebra and some basic concepts from advanced calculus are prerequisites.

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