Dry Mouth

A Clinical Guide on Causes, Effects and Treatments

Author: Guy Carpenter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642551548

Category: Medical

Page: 218

View: 8050

This wide-ranging guide to dry mouth, or xerostomia, is intended to meet the needs of dentists by providing information on all clinically relevant aspects. After introductory discussion of salivary secretion and function, the potential causes of dry mouth, including diseases affecting saliva production, drugs and irradiation, are examined. Symptoms and signs such as altered taste, bacterial changes and infection are discussed and impacts on quality of life, described. Diagnostic issues are fully explored, covering the use of clinical scoring scales, difficulties in assessment, detection of early signs and the role of salivary biomarkers. The full range of treatment options and preventive measures is then described, including the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy to spare salivary function, the value of artificial salivas and the beneficial effects of regular chewing. The book closes by considering future treatment avenues and the potential for salivary gland regeneration.

Dry Mouth, The Malevolent Symptom

A Clinical Guide

Author: Leo M. Sreebny,Arjan Vissink

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780813820972

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 9304

Xerostomia, more commonly called dry mouth, affects an estimated 20 percent of adults worldwide and can severely diminish one’s quality of life. Dry Mouth, the Malevolent Symptom: A Clinical Guide relies on evidence-based research to provide an introductory primer on oral dryness and the modalities available to treat it. The book describes the varied etiology of the disease, but emphasizes clinical protocols and step-by-step procedures for diagnosis and treatment planning. Dry Mouth is a user-friendly manual guiding clinicians through identifying and managing this common condition. Causes including radiotherapy, chemotherapy, systemic diseases, polypharmacy, and the natural progression of aging are discussed in conjunction with the clinical symptoms and signs associated with each one. Multiple avenues for treatment are presented, highlighting salivary stimulation and supplementation techniques, pharmacologic aids, and critically required oral therapy. Although intended primarily for the professionals that treat those affected by xerostomia, Dry Mouth may also be of interest to sufferers of this condition.

Oral Infections and General Health

From Molecule to Chairside

Author: Anne Marie Lynge Pedersen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319250914

Category: Medical

Page: 149

View: 9632

​This book provides a wide-ranging update on the associations between oral infections and general health. Detailed consideration is given to the underlying mechanisms or pathways linking oral infections to general health, including metastatic spread of infection from the oral cavity as a result of transient bacteremia, metastatic injury from the effects of circulating oral microbial toxins, and metastatic inflammation caused by immunological dysfunction induced by oral microorganisms. The book also reviews the complex structure and development of oral biofilms in health and disease, and the molecular tools that are currently available for their analysis. The advantages and limitations of such techniques, as well as their impact on the future of diagnostics, prevention and patient management, are discussed.

Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders

Author: Michael B. First,Allan Tasman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470745207

Category: Medical

Page: 529

View: 8609

Two key challenges face mental health practitioners: making the correct psychiatric diagnosis and choosing the most appropriate treatment option. This book aims to help with both. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders – Second Edition combines clinically–relevant information about each of theDSM–IV–TR diagnoses with clear, detailed information on treatment options, giving full clinical management advice. Once again, the editors, both leading psychiatrists, have condensed the chapters on Disorders from Tasman et al s acclaimed two volume textbook of Psychiatry (now in its Third Edition), retaining only the content they deem particularly relevant to the clinician for ease of use. Each disorder is discussed under the headings of Diagnosis (including Assessment Issues, Comorbidity, Course, and Differential Diagnosis, giving diagnostic decision trees where relevant) and Treatment (listing all therapeutic options, giving practical advice for patient management, summarising treatment specifics with tables and treatment flowcharts). The original edition established itself as the first point of reference for any clinician or mental health practitioner needing expert advice on therapeutic options for any psychiatric disorder. This edition features an additional chapter on the psychiatric interview and assessment of mental status to increase its utility. It echoes the progress in psychiatry regarding the establishment of an evidenced–based model of taxonomy, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Indeed, from a psychologist′s perspective, the equal consideration provided to empirically supported psychosocial treatments versus somatic treatment is a significant development in the field of psychiatry. Jonathan Weinand in PsycCritiques, the American Psychological Association Review of Books

A Clinical Guide to Epileptic Syndromes and Their Treatment

Author: C. P. Panayiotopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781846286438

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 4870

Affecting 4 percent of children and 1-2 percent of the general population, epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. The 1st edition of this guide proved to be the only one of its kind, covering many important aspects of diagnosis and treatment. Due to the continued advances being made in the subject, and building on the sell-out success of the 1st edition this thorough revision reflects the latest report of the ILAE classification core group and the significant progress made in the diagnosis, classification and treatment of the epilepsies.

Foodborne Disease Outbreaks

Guidelines for Investigation and Control

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241547227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 7648

"These guidelines have been written for public health practitioners, food and health inspectors, district and national medical officers, laboratory personnel and others who may undertake or participate in the investigation and control of foodborne disease outbreaks."--P. 4 of cover.

Gerodontology

Author: Ian E. Barnes

Publisher: John Wright

ISBN: 9780723621591

Category: Medical

Page: 212

View: 2975


Compact Clinical Guide to Critical Care, Trauma, and Emergency Pain Management

An Evidence-Based Approach for Nurses

Author: Yvonne M D'Arcy, MS, CRNP, CNS

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108083

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 6154

"This is an excellent resource for nurses practicing in critical care units, emergency departments, and trauma units, as well as for midlevel providers who manage these patients.--Doody's Medical Reviews "Compact ClinicalGuide to Critical Care,Trauma, and EmergencyPain Management is aconcise, easy-to-readresource for nurses whowant to reinforce theirfoundational knowledgein this area."--Critical Care Nurse This addition to Springer Publishingís Compact Clinical Guide to Pain Management Series presents evidence-based national guidelines and treatment algorithms for managing pain in patients in the critical care, trauma, and emergency room settings. Such patients often present with co-morbid and complex conditions which often make accurate pain assessment and treatment a challenge. In an easy-to-use, bulleted format, the book provides the most current information on assessing and managing pain in a variety of critical conditions. Both pharmacological management therapies and non-pharmacologic interventions are included along with information about pain assessment screening tools for special populations. Topics covered include the basics of pain physiology in critical, emergency, and operative care patients, assessing pain in the critically ill, medications and advanced pain management techniques useful with this population, and commonly occurring conditions in the various care environments. Also addressed are the management of particularly challenging patients (elderly, obese) and conditions (chronic pain, renal failure, chemically dependent patients, and burn patients). The book contains tables that efficiently summarize information and figures to illustrate key concepts. Pain rating scales and a helpful equi-analgesic conversion table are included in the Appendix. Key Features: Provides evidence-based information on treating pain in critical care, trauma, and emergency room patients for all practice levels Organized for quick access to pertinent clinical information on treatment options and pain types Provides cross-referenced indexing and easy-to-use assessment and screening tools Includes information for treating especially challenging and difficult to manage patient pain scenarios

A Body Out of Balance

Understanding the Treating Sjögren's Syndrome

Author: Ruth Fremes,Nancy Carteron

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781583331729

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 184

View: 5867

An overview of Sjèogren's Syndrome, a debilitating autoimmune and rheumatological disorder, provides a look at its symptoms, treatments, and coping techniques and offers advice on creating a personal treatment program.

Dysphagia

Diagnosis and Treatment

Author: Olle Ekberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642178871

Category: Medical

Page: 615

View: 6864

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date description of the diagnosis and management of dysphagia, with particular reference to oral and pharyngeal dysfunction. All aspects of dysphagia are covered, from anatomy and physiology to patient care. Alongside descriptions of a variety of disease entities, signs and symptoms, and treatment approaches, many other relevant topics are addressed, including endoscopic and manometric aspects, malnutrition and dehydration, the psychiatric burden, and features specific to pediatric and geriatric patients. The authors are without exception renowned experts in their field. This book will be of value to all specialists involved in the evaluation and treatment of dysphagia, including ENT surgeons, thoracic surgeons, speech and language pathologists, phoniatricians, gastroenterologists, neurologists, and radiologists.

Mental Health Nursing E-Book

An Evidence Based Approach

Author: Rob Newell,Kevin Gournay

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702040797

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 6006

This new edition of Mental Health Nursing: an evidence-based approach has been fully updated to include the latest research-based guidance. A wide variety of client problems is covered with , so that students are assured that what they learn is underpinned by a sound evidence base for treatment, and qualified mental health nurses can be confident that their practice is informed by the most up-to-date research. Skills acquisition is emphasised and experiential exercises encourage connections between theory and practice. Based on up-to-date, evidence-based information Emphasises skills acquisition Puts the nurse's role central to mental health care Contributors and editors are national and international experts in their fields Uses experiential exercises to reinforce learning and encourage connections from theory to practice

The Dental Diet

The Surprising Link between Your Teeth, Real Food, and Life-Changing Natural Health

Author: Steven Lin

Publisher: Hay House, Inc

ISBN: 1401953182

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 344

View: 306

Throughout the years, dental health has often been characterized as a reflection of our overall health, where bad oral health results from issues with other parts of our body. But what if we flipped the paradigm? What if we thought about dental health as the foundation for our physical health as a whole? Dr. Steven Lin, an experienced dentist and the world’s first dental nutritionist, has analyzed our ancestral traditions, epigenetics, gut health, and the microbiome in order to develop food-based principles for a literal top-down holistic health approach. Merging dental and nutritional science, Dr. Lin lays out the dietary program that can help ensure you won’t need dental fillings or cholesterol medications —and give you the resources to raise kids who develop naturally straight teeth. With our mouth as the gatekeeper of our gut, keeping our oral microbiome balanced will create a healthy body through a healthy mouth. Dr. Lin arms you with a 40-day meal plan, complete with the Dental Diet food pyramid, exercises for the mouth, recipes, and cooking techniques to help you easily and successfully implement his techniques into your everyday life. The tools to improve overall wellness levels and reverse disease are closer than we think —in our markets, in our pantries, and, most frequently, in our mouths —if not just a well-chosen bite or two away.

Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics E-Book

Author: Roger Walker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048488

Category: Medical

Page: 928

View: 4388

Now in its fifth edition, this best-selling, multidisciplinary textbook continues to draw on the skills of pharmacists and clinicians to present optimal drug regimens. The authors integrate an understanding of the disease processes with an appreciation of pathophysiological processes, clinical pharmacy and the evidence base. New to this edition: Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors. Features: Key points boxes at the beginning of every chapter Case study tests at the end of every chapter Chapters co-authored by pharmacists and clinicians Organised by body system Consistent, clearly signposted chapter layout ‘...a unique and valuable support for all those involved or interested in drug therapy. This is a textbook that no university or pharmacy department, particularly those with employees studying at any level, and no pharmacist trying to develop their knowledge base should be without." Dr Chris Green and John Sexton, The Pharmaceutical Journal Now in its fifth edition, this best-selling, multidisciplinary textbook continues to draw on the skills of pharmacists and clinicians to present optimal drug regimens. The authors integrate an understanding of the disease processes with an appreciation of pathophysiological processes, clinical pharmacy and the evidence base. New to this edition: Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors. Features: Key points boxes at the beginning of every chapter Case study tests at the end of every chapter Chapters co-authored by pharmacists and clinicians Organised by body system Consistent, clearly signposted chapter layout ‘...a unique and valuable support for all those involved or interested in drug therapy. This is a textbook that no university or pharmacy department, particularly those with employees studying at any level, and no pharmacist trying to develop their knowledge base should be without." Dr Chris Green and John Sexton, The Pharmaceutical Journal Stronger emphasis on understanding both the prescribing process and the clinical pharmacy process. All chapters completely revised and updated. Thirty-eight leading new authors.

Advancing Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition E-Book

Author: Anne Payne,Helen M. Barker

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455725242

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 5160

This book provides a comprehensive account of the relevant physiology, pathophysiology, nutritional therapy and dietetic application for each specialist dietetic area. All major specialist areas involved in the the treatment of adults are covered. The first section deals with clinical governance, for example patient-centred care, clinical decision-making and developing evidence-based practice. The second section on advanced clinical practice describes 18 clinical conditions or dietetic areas in detail. There is detailed coverage of 18 clinical conditions or dietetic areas: The control of food intake and absorption of nutrients Drug nutrient interactions Food allergy – allergy and intolerance Irritable bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer Short bowel syndrome Enteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition Thermal injury Nutrition and liver disease HIV Palliative care Renal disease Diabetes Obesity Cardiovascular disease Stroke Neurological conditions Mental health. Each chapter concludes with a section on possible future developments in the specialty, providing insight into 'hot topics', making this an essential text for all working in the field of Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition. Each clinical chapter follows a standard structure: Learning objectives Key points summarise important aspects Case studies with questions and answers help link theory to practice References and further reading suggestions encourage wider research.

A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine

Author: Vicki Kotsirilos,Luis Vitetta,Avni Sali

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729579085

Category: Medical

Page: 550

View: 7879

The must-have integrative and complementary medicine reference from experts in the field This exhaustive textbook is ideal for anyone with an interest in integrative and complementary medicine in Australia; including General Practitioners, medical students, integrative clinicians and health practitioners. A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine presents non-pharmacologic treatments for common medical practice complaints – all supported by current scientific evidence. These include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), asthma, insomnia, anxiety, depression and many more. This practical health resource profiles myriad approaches in integrative and complementary medicine, such as mind-body medicine, stress management techniques, dietary guidelines, exercise and sleep advice, acupuncture, nutritional medicine, herbal medicine, and advice for managing lifestyle and behavioural factors. It also looks at complementary medicines that may impact the treatment of disease. A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine contains only proven therapies from current research, particularly Cochrane reviews, systematic reviews, randomised control trials, published cohort studies and case studies. • easy access to evidence-based clinical data on non-pharmacological treatments – including complementary medicines – for common diseases and conditions • instant advice on disease prevention, health promotion and lifestyle issues • chapter summaries based on scientific evidence using the NHMRC guidelines grading system • printable patient summary sheets at chapter end to facilitate discussion of clinical management • conveniently organised by common medical presentations

Depression, An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics - E-Book

Author: David Mintz

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455743100

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 3319

This issue discusses the diagnosis and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other depressive disorders, with an emphasis on the psychosocial aspects of depression: how it affects societies, how it is affected by culture, and what the true meaning of recovery is for those suffering from MDD. The issue is divided into three section: Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. Authors address the evidence where biology and subjectivity meet. They discuss what is adaptive and what is pathologic and discuss population-based solutions that take into account the specificity of the individual. Authors also take into account combination treatments of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy and weigh the treatment choices against specific patient subtypes.

Pocket Book of Hospital Care for Children

Guidelines for the Management of Common Illnesses with Limited Resources

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd.

ISBN: 9789241546706

Category: Medical

Page: 378

View: 2612

This pocket book contains up-to-date clinical guidelines, based on available published evidence by subject experts, for both inpatient and outpatient care in small hospitals where basic laboratory facilities and essential drugs and inexpensive medicines are available. It is for use by doctors, senior nurses and other senior health workers who are responsible for the care of young children at the first referral level in developing countries. In some settings, these guidelines can be used in the larger health centres where a small number of sick children can be admitted for inpatient care.

Periodontal Manifestations of Local and Systemic Diseases

Colour Atlas and Text

Author: George Laskaris,Crispian Scully

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642555969

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 9881

I am delighted to see the appearance of the first comprehensive atlas rec ognizing the important relationship between periodontal and systemic health and disease. The atlas is not intended to cover the new areas of in terest in relation to periodontal health and cardiac and other disease, but rather to demonstrate the systemic diseases that manifest to the periodon tist and hygienist. The atlas thus covers a vast range of systemic disorders that may present with gingival or periodontal lesions and highlights the importance of the periodontal and oral medicine teams in diagnosing and managing patients with sometimes complex medical problems. The authors, Professor George Laskaris and Professor Crispian Scully, are both active clinicians, teachers and researchers in oral medicine, with wide experience and special interest in the oral medicine/periodontal in terface and both have published widely in their fields. I welcome this contribution to the advancement of care for the patient with periodontal disease. Jan Lindhe Professor Emeritus of Periodontology University of Gothenburg, Sweden ~ _____________________________________________________________________________________ lIIalil Preface The periodontium is a part of the oral tissues of great interest to dentists and particularly to the periodontal team. The importance has now been recognized to extend beyond local disorders to a wide range of conditions that may affect periodontal health.