Deviant Behavior

Readings in the Sociology of Norm Violation

Author: Clifton D. Bryant

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780891167792

Category: Social Science

Page: 866

View: 9874

The popular image of Japanese society is a steroetypical one - that of a people characterised by a coherent set of thought and behaviour patterns, applying to all Japanese and transcending time. Ross Mouer and Yoshio Sugimoto found this image quite incongruous during their research for this book in Japan. They ask whether this steroetype of the Japanese is not only generated by foreigners but by the Japanese themselves. This is likely to be a controversial book as it does not contribute to the continuing mythologising of Japan and the Japanese. The book examines contemporary images of Japanese society by surveying an extensive sample of popular and academic literature on Japan. After tracing the development of "holistic" theories about the Japanese, commonly referred to as the "group model", attention is focused on the evaluation of that image. Empirical evidence contrary to this model is discussed and methodological lacunae are cited. A "sociology of Japanology" is also presented. In pursuit of other visions of Japanese society, the authors argue that certain aspects of Japanese behaviour can be explained by considering Japanese society as the exact inverse of the portayal provided by the group model. The authors also present a multi-dimensional model of social stratification, arguing that much of the variation in Japanese behaviour can be understood within the framework as having universal equivalence.

Deviant and Criminal Behavior in the Workplace

Author: Steven M. Elias

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 081472289X

Category: Psychology

Page: 270

View: 7378

Workplace crimes are never far from the news. From major scandals like Enron to violent crimes committed by co-workers to petty theft of office supplies, deviant and criminal behavior is common in the workplace. Psychological factors are almost always involved when an employee engages in such behavior. Deviant and Criminal Behavior in the Workplace offers insights at the level of the individual employee and also sheds light on the role organizations themselves may play in fostering such criminal behavior. The volume considers psychological factors involved in theft and fraud, workplace violence, employee discrimination, and sexual harassment. It also analyses a number of variables which can influence such behavior including employee personality, employee emotional processes, experience of occupational stress, organizational culture, organizational injustice, and human resource management practices. The book will be of core interest to those interested in the psychology and sociology of work, organizational behavior, and human resource management.

The Basics of Sociology

Author: Kathy S. Stolley

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313323874

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 2427

Provides an introduction to core concepts in sociology. Presents both classic studies and current references to illustrate sociological concepts. Examines what sociology is, why sociology is important, and why we study it. Demonstrates how various social forces impact our lives and form our social experiences.

Hierarchy and Organisation

Toward a General Theory of Hierarchical Social Systems

Author: Thomas Diefenbach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 8254

Most people take the conditions they work and live in as a given, believing it to be normal that societies are stratified and that organisations are hierarchical. Many even think that this is the way it should be - and are neither willing nor able to think that it could be otherwise. This book raises the awareness of hierarchy, its complexity and longevity. It focuses on a single but fundamental problem of social systems such as dyads, groups, organisations and whole societies: Why and how does hierarchical social order persist over time? In order to investigate the question, author Thomas Diefenbach develops a general theory of the persistence of hierarchical social order. This theory interrogates the problem of the persistence of hierarchical social order from very different angles, in multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary ways. Even more crucially, it traces the very causes of the phenomenon, the reasons and interests behind hierarchy as well as the various mechanisms which keep it going. This is the first time such a theory is attempted. With the help of the theory developed in this book, it is possible to interrogate systematically, comprehensively and in detail how mindsets and behaviours as well as societal and organisational structures enable the continuation of hierarchy

21st Century Management: A Reference Handbook

Author: Charles Wankel

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452265631

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1136

View: 553

The Handbook of 21st Century Management provides authoritative insight into the key issues for students in college or corporate courses with a particular emphasis on the current structure of the topic in the literature, key threads of discussion and research on the topic, and emerging trends. This resource is useful in structuring exciting and meaningful papers and presentations and assists readers in deciding on management areas to take elective coursework in or to orient themselves towards for a career. Indeed, familiarity with many of the topics in this Handbook would be very useful in job interviews for positions in business.

Sociology, Work and Industry

Author: Tony J. Watson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415321655

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 5978

In this new edition, Tony Watson explains how the discipline of sociology can contribute to our wider understanding of the variety of work practices and institutions which exist in modern societies.

Doing Social Research

Author: Leonard Cargan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742547155

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 9951

Doing Social Research is an easy-to-understand guidebook for readers who have little or no knowledge of the social research process. Written in a clear, straightforward style, this book presents the various topics of social research in the outline form of all sociological research articles, providing a concise overview of the most important elements of social research. As an added bonus, synopses of classical studies introduce readers to the early pioneers of social research.

Shopping and Crime

Author: J. Bamfield

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230393551

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 7512

An interdisciplinary study of retail crime as a cultural phenomenon, drawing on economics, criminology and management to present a comprehensive explanation for the growth in retail thefts. This topical study explores crime prevention as a management issue, using criminomics, a concept based on commercial realities rather than maximising arrests.

Sociology in Our Times

Author: Diana Kendall

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133713173

Category: Social Science

Page: 704

View: 1832

This best-selling comprehensive book conveys the relevance of sociology by including a timely collection of theories, research, and examples--including its signature first-person accounts that open chapters. Experiences represented in these opening vignettes accurately mirror the richness and complexity of society, while also establishing the themes that are carried throughout the chapters. Author Diana Kendall's vivid, inviting writing style, emphasis on applications, eye for the most compelling current examples, and use of assignable photo essays and companion videos engage readers and further highlight sociology's relevance to all students. Now in its Ninth Edition, SOCIOLOGY IN OUR TIMES is acclaimed in the field for being the first textbook to integrate race, class, and gender issues, and for its thorough presentation of sociological theory, including contemporary perspectives such as feminism and postmodernism. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Styling Masculinity

Gender, Class, and Inequality in the Men's Grooming Industry

Author: Kristen Barber

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813572657

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 1174

The twenty-first century has seen the emergence of a new style of man: the metrosexual. Overwhelmingly straight, white, and wealthy, these impeccably coiffed urban professionals spend big money on everything from facials to pedicures, all part of a multi-billion-dollar male grooming industry. Yet as this innovative study reveals, even as the industry encourages men to invest more in their appearance, it still relies on women to do much of the work. Styling Masculinity investigates how men’s beauty salons have persuaded their clientele to regard them as masculine spaces. To answer this question, sociologist Kristen Barber goes inside Adonis and The Executive, two upscale men’s salons in Southern California. Conducting detailed observations and extensive interviews with both customers and employees, she shows how female salon workers not only perform the physical labor of snipping, tweezing, waxing, and exfoliating, but also perform the emotional labor of pampering their clients and pumping up their masculine egos. Letting salon employees tell their own stories, Barber not only documents occasions when these workers are objectified and demeaned, but also explores how their jobs allow for creativity and confer a degree of professional dignity. In the process, she traces the vast network of economic and social relations that undergird the burgeoning male beauty industry.

Pharmacology and Treatment of Substance Abuse

Evidence and Outcome Based Perspectives

Author: Lee M. Cohen,Frank L. Collins, Jr.,Alice Young,Dennis E. McChargue,Thad R. Leffingwell,Katrina L. Cook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135704007

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 9193

Given the prevalence of substance abuse in general clinical populations, it is important for healthcare providers to have knowledge and skill in the treatment of these problems. Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) involves the integration of the best evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. This text is designed as a bridge for practitioners that will provide up-to-date evidence reviews as well as information on how to best keep up with emerging trends in the field. The editors have gathered expert authors to provide a much needed summary of the current status of the evidence based practice for both the assessment and treatment of specific substance use disorders.

Wir alle spielen Theater

die Selbstdarstellung im Alltag

Author: Erving Goffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238915

Category: Self-presentation

Page: 251

View: 1462

Kommunikation ; Soziologie ; Psychologie ; Alltag.

Theft by Employees

Author: Richard C. Hollinger,John P. Clark

Publisher: Lexington, Mass. : LexingtonBooks

ISBN: N.A

Category: Employee theft

Page: 148

View: 9531


Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 7791

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 6321

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.