Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Applications of Cleaning Techniques

Author: Rajiv Kohli,K.L. Mittal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128155787

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 830

View: 2996

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Applications of Cleaning Techniques, Volume Eleven, part of the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series, provides a guide to recent advances in the application of cleaning techniques for the removal of surface contamination in various industries, such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. The material in this new edition compiles cleaning applications into one easy reference that has been fully updated to incorporate new applications and techniques. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning. Presents the latest reviewed technical information on precision cleaning applications as written by established experts in the field Provides a single source on the applications of innovative precision cleaning techniques for a wide variety of industries Serves as a guide to the selection of precision cleaning techniques for specific applications

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 7

Cleanliness Validation and Verification

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323311458

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 206

View: 1652

As device sizes in the semiconductor industries are shrinking, they become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not as effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. The chapters in this Volume address the sources of surface contaminants and various methods for their collection and characterization, as well as methods for cleanliness validation. Regulatory aspects of cleaning are also covered. The collection of topics in this book is unique and complements other volumes in this series. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control, these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others Includes new regulatory aspects

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Contaminant Removal and Monitoring

Author: Rajiv Kohli

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 143777881X

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9165

In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Feature: Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Benefit: One-stop series where a wide range of readers will be sure to find a solution to their cleaning problem, saving the time involved in consulting a range of disparate sources. Feature: Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Benefit: Provides an authoritative resource Feature: Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art. Benefit: Can be relied on to provide insight, clarity and real expertise on up-to-the-minute innovations. Feature: Case studies included Benefit: Case studies help the reader see theory applied to the solution of real-world practical cleaning and contamination problems.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 8

Cleaning Techniques

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323312713

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 234

View: 5484

As device sizes in the semiconductor industries shrink, devices become more vulnerable to smaller contaminant particles, and most conventional cleaning techniques employed in the industry are not effective at smaller scales. The book series Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning as a whole provides an excellent source of information on these alternative cleaning techniques as well as methods for characterization and validation of surface contamination. Each volume has a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. Several novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods are addressed in this Volume. Many of these methods have not been reviewed previously, or the previous reviews are dated. These methods are finding increasing commercial application and the information in this book will be of high value to the reader. Edited by the leading experts in small-scale particle surface contamination, cleaning and cleaning control these books will be an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries, spearheaded by the semiconductor industry and others Covers novel wet and dry surface cleaning methods of increasing commercial importance

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Surface Cleaning

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323431720

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 212

View: 7291

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Surface Cleaning, Volume 9, part of the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series provide a state-of-the-art guide to the current knowledge on the behavior of film-type and particulate surface contaminants and their associated cleaning methods. This newest volume in the series discusses methods of surface cleaning of contaminants and the resources that are needed to deal with them. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning. A strong theme running through the series is that of surface contamination and cleaning at the micro and nano scales. Provides a comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface cleaning Written by established experts in the surface cleaning field, presenting an authoritative resource Contains a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art, including case studies to enhance the learning process

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1

Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323312705

Category: Science

Page: 894

View: 8615

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Vol. 1: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects, Second Edition, provides an excellent source of information on alternative cleaning techniques and methods for characterization of surface contamination and validation. Each volume in this series contains a particular topical focus, covering the key techniques and recent developments in the area. This volume forms the heart of the series, covering the fundamentals and application aspects, characterization of surface contaminants, and methods for removal of surface contamination. In addition, new cleaning techniques effective at smaller scales are considered and employed for removal where conventional cleaning techniques fail, along with new cleaning techniques for molecular contaminants. The Volume is edited by the leading experts in small particle surface contamination and cleaning, providing an invaluable reference for researchers and engineers in R&D, manufacturing, quality control, and procurement specification in a multitude of industries such as aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defense, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Provides best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or those who handle the consequences of surface contamination Addresses the continuing trends of shrinking device size and contamination vulnerability in a range of industries as spearheaded by the semiconductor industry Presents state-of-the-art survey information on precision cleaning and characterization methods as written by a team of world-class experts in the field

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Types of Contamination and Contamination Resources

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323431739

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 7355

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume Ten, provides a state-of-the-art guide to the current knowledge on the behavior of film-type and particulate surface contaminants and their cleaning methods. This newest volume in the series discusses mechanisms of particle adhesion, particle behavior in liquid systems, and metallic contamination and its impact. In addition, the book includes a discussion of the types of contaminants, with resources to deal with them and information on environmental issues related to surface contamination and cleaning. Taken as a whole, the series forms a unique reference for professionals and academics working in the area of surface contamination and cleaning that also includes information on cleaning at the micro and nano scales. Written by established experts in the contamination field that provide an authoritative resource Presents a comprehensive review of new trends in contaminants and resources for dealing with those contaminants Contains detailed case studies to illustrate various scenarios

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0815516851

Category: Science

Page: 1200

View: 6895

Surface contamination is of cardinal importance in a host of technologies and industries, ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. Thus, the need to understand the causes of surface contamination and their removal is very patent. Generally speaking, there are two broad categories of surface contaminants: film-type and particulates. In the world of shrinking dimensions, such as the ever-decreasing size of microelectronic devices, there is an intensified need to understand the behavior of nanoscale particles and to devise ways to remove them to an acceptable level. Particles which were functionally innocuous a few years ago are ôkiller defectsö today, with serious implications for yield and reliability of the components. This book addresses the sources, detection, characterization and removal of both kinds of contaminants, as well as ways to prevent surfaces from being contaminated. A number of techniques to monitor the level of cleanliness are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the behaviour of nanoscale particles. The book is amply referenced and profusely illustrated. • Excellent reference for a host of technologies and industries ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. • A single source document addressing everything from the sources of contamination to their removal and prevention. • Amply referenced and profusely illustrated.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 4

Detection, Characterization, and Analysis of Contaminants

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1437778844

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4763

In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art Case studies included

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning

Fundamentals and Applied Aspects

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 9780080947471

Category: Science

Page: 1200

View: 2252

Surface contamination is of cardinal importance in a host of technologies and industries, ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. Thus, the need to understand the causes of surface contamination and their removal is very patent. Generally speaking, there are two broad categories of surface contaminants: film-type and particulates. In the world of shrinking dimensions, such as the ever-decreasing size of microelectronic devices, there is an intensified need to understand the behavior of nanoscale particles and to devise ways to remove them to an acceptable level. Particles which were functionally innocuous a few years ago are ôkiller defectsö today, with serious implications for yield and reliability of the components. This book addresses the sources, detection, characterization and removal of both kinds of contaminants, as well as ways to prevent surfaces from being contaminated. A number of techniques to monitor the level of cleanliness are also discussed. Special emphasis is placed on the behaviour of nanoscale particles. The book is amply referenced and profusely illustrated. • Excellent reference for a host of technologies and industries ranging from microelectronics to optics to automotive to biomedical. • A single source document addressing everything from the sources of contamination to their removal and prevention. • Amply referenced and profusely illustrated.

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning - Vol 2

Particle Deposition, Control and Removal

Author: Rajiv Kohli,Kashmiri L. Mittal

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 9781437778304

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 9683

Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. Topics covered include: A systems analysis approach to contamination control Physical factors that influence the behavior of particle deposition in enclosures An overview of current yield models and description of advanced models Types of strippable coatings, their properties and applications of these coatings for removal of surface contaminants In-depth coverage of ultrasonic cleaning Contamination and cleaning issues at the nanoscale Experimental results illustrating the impact of model parameters on the removal of particle contamination The expert contributions in this book provide a valuable source of information on the current status and recent developments in surface contamination and cleaning. The book will be of value to industry, government and academic personnel involved in research and development, manufacturing, process and quality control, and procurement specifications across sectors including microelectronics, aerospace, optics, xerography and joining (adhesive bonding). ABOUT THE EDITORS Rajiv Kohli is a leading expert with The Aerospace Corporation in contaminant particle behavior, surface cleaning, and contamination control. At the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, he provides technical support for contamination control related to ground-based and manned spaceflight hardware for the Space Shuttle, the International Space Station, and the new Constellation Program that is designed to meet the United States Vision for Space Exploration. Kashmiri Lal "Kash" Mittal was associated with IBM from 1972 to 1994. Currently, he is teaching and consulting in the areas of surface contamination and cleaning, and in adhesion science and technology. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology and is the editor of 98 published books, many of them dealing with surface contamination and cleaning. Also available Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 1: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects (edited by Rajiv Kohli & K.L. Mittal). ISBN: 9780815515555. · Provides guidance on best-practice cleaning techniques and the avoidance of surface contamination · Covers contamination and cleaning issues at the nanoscale · Includes an in-depth look at ultrasonic cleaning

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, Volume 12

Methods for Assessment and Verification of Cleanliness of Surfaces and Characterization of Surface Contaminants

Author: Rajiv Kohli,K.L. Mittal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128160817

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 8571

Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning: Methods for Assessment and Verification of Surface Cleanliness, Volume 12, part of the Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning series, provides a guide to the current knowledge for determining surface cleanliness. It is a unique source of information for the assessment and verification methods compiled into a single reference. The book begins with an introduction to the nature and size of particles and a discussion of cleanliness levels. This is followed by detailed coverage of measurement methods, characterization methods and analytical methods for evaluating surfaces. The book concludes with an overview of analysis methods for various contaminants. As a whole, the series creates a unique and comprehensive knowledge base of crucial importance to those in research and development, manufacturing, quality control and procurement specification situated in a multitude of industries such as: aerospace, automotive, biomedical, defence, energy, manufacturing, microelectronics, optics and xerography. Researchers in an academic setting will also find these volumes excellent source books Includes an extensive listing with description of available methods for assessment of surface cleanliness Provides a single source of information on methods for verification of surface cleanliness Serves as a guide to selection of assessment and verification methods for specific applications

Advances in Blood Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464921903

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 6051

Advances in Blood Research and Application / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Blood. The editors have built Advances in Blood Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Blood in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Blood Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

International Trends in Applied Optics

Author: Arthur Henry Guenther

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819445100

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 697

View: 6863

This volume represents the fifth in a series of books, 'International Trends in Optics', which was initiated in 1989 by the International Commission for Optics (ICO). These books highlight the advances and focus areas in the field of optics at the time of their publication. The reader will find a collection of significant contributions from leading scientists and engineers throughout the world, that show the range and diversity optics plays in modern societies.

Transport in Laser Microfabrication

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Costas P. Grigoropoulos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139480510

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 4015

Emphasising the fundamentals of transport phenomena, this book provides researchers and practitioners with the technical background they need to understand laser-induced microfabrication and materials processing at small scales. It clarifies the laser/materials coupling mechanisms, and discusses the nanoscale confined laser interactions that constitute powerful tools for top-down nanomanufacturing. In addition to discussing key and emerging applications to modern technology, with particular respect to electronics, advanced topics such as the use of lasers for nanoprocessing and nanomachining, the interaction with polymer materials, nanoparticles and clusters, and the processing of thin films are also covered.

Phosphorus Acids—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

ScholarlyBrief

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1481679120

Category: Science

Page: 796

View: 2698

Phosphorus Acids—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Phosphorus Acids—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Phosphorus Acids—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1490104410

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 566

View: 3935

Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Autonomous Robotics. The editors have built Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Autonomous Robotics in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Robotics—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

New Trends and Potentialities of ToF-SIMS in Surface Studies

Author: Jacek Grams

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600216350

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 6269

This book presents the latest trends and applications of time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). It includes research and applications of the new primary ion guns. It also describes new possibilities of mass spectrometers and instrumentation development.