Designing Public Policies

Principles and Instruments

Author: Department of Political Science Michael Howlett,Michael Howlett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136879005

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8048

This textbook provides a concise and accessible introduction to the principles and elements of policy design in contemporary governance. Howlett seeks to examine in detail the range of substantive and procedural policy instruments that together comprise the toolbox from which governments select specific tools expected to resolve policy problems. Guiding students through the study of the instruments used by governments in carrying out their tasks, adapting to, and altering, their environments, this book: Discusses several current trends in instrument use often linked to factors such as globalization and the increasingly networked nature of modern society. Considers the principles behind the selection and use of specific types of instruments in contemporary government. Evaluates in detail the merits, demerits and rationales for the use of specific organization, regulatory, financial and information-based tools and the trends visible in their use Addresses the issues of instrument mixes and their (re)design in a discussion of the future research agenda of policy design. Providing a comprehensive overview of this essential component of modern governance and featuring helpful definitions of key concepts and further reading, this book is essential reading for all students of public policy, administration and management.

Designing Public Policies

An Approach Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis and Computable General Equilibrium Modeling

Author: Francisco J. André,M. Alejandro Cardenete,Carlos Romero

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642121838

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 4444

This monograph provides a novel approach to the evaluation of economic policy by combining two different analytical strategies. On the one hand, the computable general equilibrium (CGE) analysis, a standard tool mostly used to quantify the impact of economic measures or changes in the structural data of the economy. On the other hand, the multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) approach, an op- misation technique that deals with problems with more than one objective. Ty- cally, CGE is well suited for the analysis of the interactions of multiple agents from the point of view of a planner single objective. Combining this technique with the MCDM approach allows developing models in which we ?nd many interacting agents and a decision maker with several objectives. The contribution of this work is partly methodological and partly applied. It provides a framework for the analysis of this type of problems, as well as a series of applications in which the strength of the approach is made clear. The consideration of environmental problems, as a speci?c ?eld in which this technique of analysis can be used, is particularly well chosen. The environmental concern keeps growing steadily and has already become an issue in most of the standard economic decisions. It is therefore extremely important to ?nd systematic ways to introduce such a concern in the models with which we evaluate the impact of policy measures.

Designing Public Policy for Co-production

Theory, Practice and Change

Author: Durose, Catherine,Richardson, Liz

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731669X

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8710

Drawing on twelve compelling international contributions, this important book argues that traditional technocratic ways of designing policy are now inadequate and suggest co-production as a more democratic alternative. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students.

Transforming Public Services by Design

Re-Orienting Policies, Organizations and Services around People

Author: Sabine Junginger

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317007875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 7609

For policy makers and policy implementers, design challenges abound. Every design challenge presents an opportunity for change and transformation. To get from policy intent to policy outcome, however, is not a straightforward journey. It involves people and services as much as it involves policies and organizations. Of all organizations, perhaps government agencies are perceived to be the least likely to change. They are embedded in enormous bureaucratic structures that have grown over decades, if not centuries. In effect, many people have given up hope that such an institution can ever change its ways of doing business. And yet, from a human-centered design perspective, they present a fabulous challenge. Designed by people for people, they have a mandate to be citizen-centered, but they often fall short of this goal. If human-centered design can make a difference in this organizational context, it is likely to have an equal or greater impact on an organization that shows more flexibility; for example, one that is smaller in size and less entangled in legal or political frameworks. Transforming Public Services by Design offers a human-centered design perspective on policies, organizations and services. Three design projects by large-scale government agencies illustrate the implications for organizations and the people involved in designing public services: the Tax Forms Simplification Project by the Internal Revenue Service (1978-1983), the Domestic Mail Manual Transformation Project by the United States Postal Service (2001-2005) and the Integrated Tax Design Project by the Australian Tax Office. These case studies offer a unique demonstration of the role of human-centered design in policy context. This book aims to support designers and managers of all backgrounds who want to know more about reorienting policies, organizations and services around people.

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Practical Lessons in Design and Delivery

Author: Peter John

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317680189

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 7879

Field experiments -- randomized controlled trials -- have become ever more popular in political science, as well as in other disciplines, such as economics, social policy and development. Policy-makers have also increasingly used randomization to evaluate public policies, designing trials of tax reminders, welfare policies and international aid programs to name just a few of the interventions tested in this way. Field experiments have become successful because they assess causal claims in ways that other methods of evaluation find hard to emulate. Social scientists and evaluators have rediscovered how to design and analyze field experiments, but they have paid much less attention to the challenges of organizing and managing them. Field experiments pose unique challenges and opportunities for the researcher and evaluator which come from working in the field. The research experience can be challenging and at times hard to predict. This book aims to help researchers and evaluators plan and manage their field experiments so they can avoid common pitfalls. It is also intended to open up discussion about the context and backdrop to trials so that these practical aspects of field experiments are better understood. The book sets out ten steps researchers can use to plan their field experiments, then nine threats to watch out for when they implement them. There are cases studies of voting and political participation, elites, welfare and employment, nudging citizens, and developing countries.

Designing Public Policy for Co-production

Theory, Practice and Change

Author: Durose, Catherine,Richardson, Liz

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731669X

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 6072

Drawing on twelve compelling international contributions, this important book argues that traditional technocratic ways of designing policy are now inadequate and suggest co-production as a more democratic alternative. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students.

Routledge Handbook of Public Policy

Author: Eduardo Araral

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415782457

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 1228

This Handbook provides a comprehensive global survey of the policy process. Written by an outstanding line up of distinguished scholars and practitioners, the Handbook covers all aspects of the policy process including: Theory – from rational choice to the new institutionalism Frameworks – network theory, advocacy coalition and development models Key stages in the process – Formulation, implementation and evaluation Agenda setting and decision making The roles of key actors and institutions This is an invaluable resource for all scholars, graduate students and practitioners in public policy and policy analysis.

Introduction to the Policy Process

Author: Birkland

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765627310

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 339

View: 5399

Thoroughly revised, reorganized, updated, and expanded, this widely-used text sets the balance and fills the gap between theory and practice in public policy studies. In a clear, conversational style, the author conveys the best current thinking on the policy process with an emphasis on accessibility and synthesis rather than novelty or abstraction. A newly added chapter surveys the social, economic, and demographic trends that are transforming the policy environment.

Design for Policy

Author: Mr Christian Bason

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472413547

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 7989

Design for Policy is the first publication to chart the emergence of collaborative design approaches to innovation in public policy. Drawing on contributions from a range of the world’s leading academics, design practitioners and public managers, it provides a rich, detailed analysis of design as a tool for addressing public problems and capturing opportunities for achieving better and more efficient societal outcomes. In his introduction, Christian Bason suggests that design may offer a fundamental reinvention of the art and craft of policy making for the twenty-first century. From challenging current problem spaces to driving the creative quest for new solutions and shaping the physical and virtual artefacts of policy implementation, design holds a significant yet largely unexplored potential. The book is structured in three main sections, covering the global context of the rise of design for policy, in-depth case studies of the application of design to policy making, and a guide to concrete design tools for policy intent, insight, ideation and implementation. The summary chapter lays out a future agenda for design in government, suggesting how to position design more firmly on the public policy stage. Design for Policy is intended as a resource for leaders and scholars in government departments, public service organizations and institutions, schools of design and public management, think tanks and consultancies that wish to understand and use design as a tool for public sector reform and innovation.

Civic Innovation in America

Community Empowerment, Public Policy, and the Movement for Civic Renewal

Author: Carmen Sirianni,Lewis Friedland

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520926004

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 459

In this book, two leading experts on community action provide the first scholarly examination of the civic renewal movement that has emerged in the United States in recent decades. Sirianni Friedland examine civic innovation since the 1960s as social learning in four arenas (community organizing/development, civic environmentalism, community health, and public journalism), and they link local efforts to broader networks and to the development of "public policy for democracy." They also explore the emergence of a movement for civic renewal that builds upon the civic movements in these four arenas. In contrast to some recent studies that stress broad indicators of civic decline, this study analyzes innovation as a long process of social learning within specific institutional and policy domains with complex challenges and cross-currents. It draws upon analytical frameworks of social capital, policy learning, organizational learning, regulatory culture, democratic theory, and social movement theory. The study is based upon interviews with more than 400 innovative practitioners, as well as extensive field observation, case study, action research, and historical analysis.

E-Government and Websites

A Public Solutions Handbook

Author: Aroon Manoharan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317516311

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 5932

This book presents a citizen-centric perspective of the dual components of e-government and e-governance. E-government refers to the practice of online public reporting by government to citizens, and to service delivery via the Internet. E-governance represents the initiatives for citizens to participate and provide their opinion on government websites. This volume in the Public Solutions Handbook Series focuses on various e-government initiatives from the United States and abroad, and will help guide public service practitioners in their transformation to e-government. The book provides important recommendations and suggestions oriented towards practitioners, and makes a significant contribution to e-government by showcasing successful models and highlighting the lessons learned in the implementation processes. Chapter coverage includes: * Online fiscal transparency * Performance reporting * Improving citizen participation * Privacy issues in e-governance * Internet voting * E-government at the local level

Designing for Policy Effectiveness

Defining and Understanding a Concept

Author: B. Guy Peters,Giliberto Capano,Michael Howlett,Ishani Mukherjee,Meng-Hsuan Chou,Pauline Ravinet

Publisher: Elements in Public Policy

ISBN: 1108453112

Category: Political Science

Page: 64

View: 8910

Argues that the central goal of policy design is effectiveness.

Public Policy in the United States

Author: Mark E Rushefsky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131746172X

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 4361

The fifth edition of this well-regarded text covers the period up through the 2012 elections. It has been revised to make it sleeker, more concise, and up-to-date with a clear organisational structure. This edition accomplishes these three important goals: First, it introduces readers to the American approach to public policy making as it has been shaped by our political institutions, changing circumstances, and ideology. Second, it surveys American public policy and policymaking in all the major policy areas from economic policy to health care policy to environmental policy, and does so clearly and even-handedly, with well-selected illustrations, case studies, terms, and study questions. Finally, in addition to providing analytical tools and empirical information, the book challenges readers to come to terms with the widely shared but often competing values that must be balanced and rebalanced in the ongoing policy making process, affecting issues of the highest concern to the American public.

Advanced Introduction to Public Policy

Author: B. Guy Peters

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781955786

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8884

Making effective public policies is a difficult task, but considering policymaking as a problem of design analogous to architecture or engineering can assist in that process. This book outlines three vital components of policy design: understanding the

Applied Policy Research

Concepts and Cases

Author: J Fred Springer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135215413

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9406

Where many textbooks on policy research focus on methodological and statistical theories, leaving students to wonder how they will apply those theories to future policy positions, this innovative textbook takes theories of policy research and puts them into practice, demystifying the subject by translating it into real-world situations in which students can actively engage. Beginning with an orientation and overview of policy research, outlining the processes of policy analysis and evaluation from start to finish, Applied Policy Research, 2e walks students through an examination of case studies to demonstrate how these theories play out in real policy situations. New to this edition: A rewritten Part I that includes several new chapters incorporating the latest developments in applicable policy research design, implementation, and products to provide a framework for conducting policy research. A matrix at the start of Part II to easily identify how each of the fifteen case-study chapters correspond with concepts and topics presented in Part I, showing the reader where to look for a specific real-life example of a given topic or concept. Each case is drawn from real instances of policy research to provide students with an opportunity to consider and learn how to grapple with the challenges posed by the needs of public programs and agencies. Cases include local, state, and nonprofit agencies as well as federal-state-local intergovernmental "hybrids." Each chapter is presented in a uniform format: (1) a detailed description of a policy research problem; (2) a discussion of the unique challenges posed by the problem; (3) a description of the policy research techniques used; (4) a summary of the outcomes or conclusions associated with the research as it was conducted; and (5) conclusions about the implications or lessons for policy research. Illustrative figures help students understand the stages of policy research, and end-of-chapter tools such as discussion questions, assignments and activities, and case studies "at a glance" help students master not only the particulars of each case but the broader skills needed in future research. Applied Policy Research, Second Edition will be essential reading in all policy research courses with a focus on practical outcomes and student preparation for public service.?

Designing Public Procurement Policy in Developing Countries

How to Foster Technology Transfer and Industrialization in the Global Economy

Author: Murat A. Yülek,Travis K. Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461414423

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 7449

This book presents effective strategies for developing countries to leverage their public sector demand for manufactured imports to promote industrialization, trade, and technology transfer. Technology transfer and its absorption is considered one of the most crucial and complicated challenges for developing countries, which are characterized by insufficient infrastructure, low technological intensity of the domestic capital stock, and high levels of manufactured imports. Which strategies and policy tools can governments employ to link demand with technology transfer, thereby enhancing absorption capacity and development in emerging economies? This book is part of a broader project launched by PGlobal Global Advisory and Training Services Ltd., in cooperation with Istanbul Commerce University (İTUCU) and the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK). The contributors to this book are policymakers, academicians, and experts who are working together to identify problems and develop policy recommendations for public procurement with respect to economic development. The book includes theoretical, empirical, and case study analyses of technology transfer mechanisms, public procurement policies, and countertrade and offset strategies. The lessons learned from these chapters will be of interest to both academics and policymakers concerned with technology transfer, industrial policy, and economic development.

Policy Design for Democracy

Author: Anne L. Schneider,Helen M. Ingram

Publisher: Lawrence : University Press of Kansas

ISBN: 9780700608430

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 6305

How can democracy be improved in an age when people are profoundly disenchanted with government? Part of the answer lies in the design of public policy that unmistakably works to advance citizenship by listening to, educating, and involving ordinary people. Schneider and Ingram evaluate the current approaches to policy theory and recommend a series of reforms that will improve policy designs and help restore citizen confidence in government. Policy Design for Democracy is one of the first books to examine systematically the broader implications of the substantive aspects of public policy.

Designing Prostitution Policy

Intention and Reality in Regulating the Sex Trade

Author: Wagenaar, Hendrik,Sietske Altink,Amesberger, Helga

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447324242

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2439

The book offers a detailed analysis of the design and implementation of prostitution policy at the local level.

Urban Sprawl and Public Health

Designing, Planning, and Building for Healthy Communities

Author: Howard Frumkin,Lawrence Frank,Richard J. Jackson

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597266310

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 387

In Urban Sprawl and Public Health, Howard Frumkin, Lawrence Frank, and Richard Jackson, three of the nation's leading public health and urban planning experts explore an intriguing question: How does the physical environment in which we live affect our health? For decades, growth and development in our communities has been of the low-density, automobile-dependent type known as sprawl. The authors examine the direct and indirect impacts of sprawl on human health and well-being, and discuss the prospects for improving public health through alternative approaches to design, land use, and transportation. Urban Sprawl and Public Health offers a comprehensive look at the interface of urban planning, architecture, transportation, community design, and public health. It summarizes the evidence linking adverse health outcomes with sprawling development, and outlines the complex challenges of developing policy that promotes and protects public health. Anyone concerned with issues of public health, urban planning, transportation, architecture, or the environment will want to read Urban Sprawl and Public Health.