Designing Public Policies

Principles and Instruments

Author: Department of Political Science Michael Howlett,Michael Howlett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136879005

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7394

This textbook provides a concise and accessible introduction to the principles and elements of policy design in contemporary governance. Howlett seeks to examine in detail the range of substantive and procedural policy instruments that together comprise the toolbox from which governments select specific tools expected to resolve policy problems. Guiding students through the study of the instruments used by governments in carrying out their tasks, adapting to, and altering, their environments, this book: Discusses several current trends in instrument use often linked to factors such as globalization and the increasingly networked nature of modern society. Considers the principles behind the selection and use of specific types of instruments in contemporary government. Evaluates in detail the merits, demerits and rationales for the use of specific organization, regulatory, financial and information-based tools and the trends visible in their use Addresses the issues of instrument mixes and their (re)design in a discussion of the future research agenda of policy design. Providing a comprehensive overview of this essential component of modern governance and featuring helpful definitions of key concepts and further reading, this book is essential reading for all students of public policy, administration and management.

Designing Public Policies

Principles and Instruments

Author: Michael Howlett

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0203838637

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 5524

This textbook provides a concise and accessible introduction to the principles and elements of policy design in contemporary governance. Howlett seeks to examine in detail the range of substantive and procedural policy instruments that together comprise the toolbox from which governments select specific tools expected to resolve policy problems. Guiding students through the study of the instruments used by governments in carrying out their tasks, adapting to, and altering, their environments, this book: Discusses several current trends in instrument use often linked to factors such as globalization and the increasingly networked nature of modern society. Considers the principles behind the selection and use of specific types of instruments in contemporary government. Evaluates in detail the merits, demerits and rationales for the use of specific organization, regulatory, financial and information-based tools and the trends visible in their use Addresses the issues of instrument mixes and their (re)design in a discussion of the future research agenda of policy design. Providing a comprehensive overview of this essential component of modern governance and featuring helpful definitions of key concepts and further reading, this book is essential reading for all students of public policy, administration and management.

Designing Public Policies

An Approach Based on Multi-Criteria Analysis and Computable General Equilibrium Modeling

Author: Francisco J. André,M. Alejandro Cardenete,Carlos Romero

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642121838

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 7753

This monograph provides a novel approach to the evaluation of economic policy by combining two different analytical strategies. On the one hand, the computable general equilibrium (CGE) analysis, a standard tool mostly used to quantify the impact of economic measures or changes in the structural data of the economy. On the other hand, the multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) approach, an op- misation technique that deals with problems with more than one objective. Ty- cally, CGE is well suited for the analysis of the interactions of multiple agents from the point of view of a planner single objective. Combining this technique with the MCDM approach allows developing models in which we ?nd many interacting agents and a decision maker with several objectives. The contribution of this work is partly methodological and partly applied. It provides a framework for the analysis of this type of problems, as well as a series of applications in which the strength of the approach is made clear. The consideration of environmental problems, as a speci?c ?eld in which this technique of analysis can be used, is particularly well chosen. The environmental concern keeps growing steadily and has already become an issue in most of the standard economic decisions. It is therefore extremely important to ?nd systematic ways to introduce such a concern in the models with which we evaluate the impact of policy measures.

Designing Public Policy for Co-production

Theory, Practice and Change

Author: Durose, Catherine,Richardson, Liz

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144731669X

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 4481

Drawing on twelve compelling international contributions, this important book argues that traditional technocratic ways of designing policy are now inadequate and suggest co-production as a more democratic alternative. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers and students.

Designing Government

From Instruments to Governance

Author: F. Pearl Eliadis,Margaret M. Hill,Michael Howlett

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773528451

Category: Political Science

Page: 454

View: 414

Moving beyond the traditional regulatory sphere and its preoccupations with deregulation and efficiency, the authors trace the complex relationships between instrument choices and governance. Designing Government encourages the reader to consider factors in the design of complex mixes, such as issues of redundancy, context, the rule of law and accountability. These latter factors are especially central in today's world to the design and implementation of effective instrument choices by governments and, ultimately, to good governance. The authors conclude, in fact, that seeing instrument choice itself as part and parcel of designing government and achieving good governance is both the promise and the challenge for instrument-based perspectives in the years ahead.

Designing Public Procurement Policy in Developing Countries

How to Foster Technology Transfer and Industrialization in the Global Economy

Author: Murat A. Yülek,Travis K. Taylor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461414423

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 8787

This book presents effective strategies for developing countries to leverage their public sector demand for manufactured imports to promote industrialization, trade, and technology transfer. Technology transfer and its absorption is considered one of the most crucial and complicated challenges for developing countries, which are characterized by insufficient infrastructure, low technological intensity of the domestic capital stock, and high levels of manufactured imports. Which strategies and policy tools can governments employ to link demand with technology transfer, thereby enhancing absorption capacity and development in emerging economies? This book is part of a broader project launched by PGlobal Global Advisory and Training Services Ltd., in cooperation with Istanbul Commerce University (İTUCU) and the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK). The contributors to this book are policymakers, academicians, and experts who are working together to identify problems and develop policy recommendations for public procurement with respect to economic development. The book includes theoretical, empirical, and case study analyses of technology transfer mechanisms, public procurement policies, and countertrade and offset strategies. The lessons learned from these chapters will be of interest to both academics and policymakers concerned with technology transfer, industrial policy, and economic development.

Democratic constitutional design and public policy

analysis and evidence

Author: Roger D. Congleton,Birgitta Swedenborg

Publisher: The MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262033497

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 373

View: 4421

Leading scholars in rational choice analysis present the public choice, new institutionalist, and new political economy perspectives on the political and economic effects of constitutional design and review the accumulating empirical evidence.

Reforming Higher Education

Public Policy Design and Implementation

Author: Christine Musselin,Pedro N. Teixeira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400770286

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 5066

This book analyzes the reforms that led to a differentiated landscape of higher education systems after university practices and governance were considered poorly adapted to contemporary settings and to their new missions. This has led to a growing institutional differentiation in many higher education systems. This differentiation has certainly contributed to making the institutional landscape more diverse across and within higher education systems. This book covers this diversity. Each part corresponds to a different but complementary way of looking at reforms and highlights what can be learnt on specific cases by adopting a specific perspective. The first part analyzes the ongoing reforms and their evolution, identifies their internal contradictions, as well as the redefinitions and reorientations they experience, and reveals the ideas, representations, ideologies and theories on which they are built. The second part includes comparison between countries but also other comparative perspectives such as how one reform is developed in different regions of the same country, as well as how comparable reforms are declined to different sectors. The last part addresses the impact of the reforms. What is known about the effectiveness of such instruments on higher education systems? This part shows that reforms provoke new power games and reconfigure power relations.

Integrating Health Impact Assessment with the Policy Process

Lessons and experiences from around the world

Author: Monica O'Mullane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019166314X

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 6980

Health Impact Assessment is a policy-support instrument and approach that seeks to assess the health impacts of projects, programmes and policies on population health. The ultimate goal of HIA is to systematically predict health impacts and subsequently inform the intersectoral decision- and policy-making processes of these impacts. Integrating Health Impact Assessment with the Policy Process examines how the process of integrating HIA with policy can take place. Introductory chapters outline the HIA process and provide a conceptual foundation for the book. Then, drawing from experiences of HIA practice and research globally, country specific experiences are presented to examine HIA's relationship with the policy process. Throughout the book checklists and learning points are provided to assist the readers' understanding of the concepts and examples discussed. This practical and conceptually-grounded guide represents a convergence of theory and practice from the disciplines of public health, environmental health and the social sciences, and will appeal to practitioners and professionals in these fields, as well as policy-makers, decision-makers, planners at regional and national government levels as well as academics, educators and students.

Retrospectives on Public Finance

Author: Norman Paterson School of International Affairs,Carleton University. Dept. of Economics,Carleton University. School of Public Administration

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822311157

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 409

View: 9220

Retrospectives on Public Finance contains original analyses by internationally recognized public finance scholars, including Carl Sumner Shoup, one of the discipline's most famous practitioners. Shoup, along with Richard Musgrave and his students, pioneered the "prescriptive" or "political economy school" of public finance known for its hands-on approach and its commitment to applying theory to real world problems. Each contributor provides a retrospective on Shoup's various contributions to the field, reviewing the literature and assessing its relevance to current problems in public finance theory and policy. The essays highlight and analyze fiscal theory and public policy developments from the 1930s to the present in four areas: the Shoup tax missions to Japan, Venezuela, and Liberia; the tax mix; the expenditure mix; and macro public finance. Contributors. Lorraine Eden, Carl S. Shoup, Malcolm Gillis, Minoru Nakazato, Charles E. McLure Jr., John Bossons, Richard Goode, William Vickery, Wayne Thirsk, John Graham, Stanley Winer, W. Irwin Gillespie, Melville L. McMillan, Cliff Walsh, John G. Head, Enid Slack, Edwin G. West, Richard M. Bird, Peggy B. Musgrave, Douglas A. L. Auld, John B. Burbidge, Jack M. Mintz, John Sargent, Richard A. Musgrave

Design for Policy

Author: Mr Christian Bason

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472413520

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 7468

Design for Policy charts, for the first time, the emergence of collaborative design approaches to innovation in public policy. It is a rich resource for policy makers, public managers, the academic community and advisers to government. The book is structured in three main sections, covering the global context of the rise of design for policy, in-depth case studies of the application of design to policy making, and a guide to concrete design tools for policy intent, insight, ideation and implementation. The summary chapter lays out a future agenda for design in government, suggesting how to position design more firmly on the public policy stage.

Field Experiments in Political Science and Public Policy

Practical Lessons in Design and Delivery

Author: Peter John

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317680170

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 8336

Field experiments -- randomized controlled trials -- have become ever more popular in political science, as well as in other disciplines, such as economics, social policy and development. Policy-makers have also increasingly used randomization to evaluate public policies, designing trials of tax reminders, welfare policies and international aid programs to name just a few of the interventions tested in this way. Field experiments have become successful because they assess causal claims in ways that other methods of evaluation find hard to emulate. Social scientists and evaluators have rediscovered how to design and analyze field experiments, but they have paid much less attention to the challenges of organizing and managing them. Field experiments pose unique challenges and opportunities?for the researcher and evaluator which come from working in the field. The research experience can be challenging and at times hard to predict. This book aims to help researchers and evaluators plan and manage their field experiments so they can avoid common pitfalls. It is also intended to open up discussion about the context and backdrop to trials so that these practical aspects of field experiments are better understood. The book sets out ten steps researchers can use to plan their field experiments, then nine threats to watch out for when they implement them. There are cases studies of voting and political participation, elites, welfare and employment, nudging citizens, and developing countries.

Public Policy and Social Issues

Jewish Sources and Perspectives

Author: Marshall J. Breger

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275981655

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 8089

Jewish scholars and commentators address various social issues and public policies from a Jewish perspective.

Handbook of Public Policy

Author: B Guy Peters,Jon Pierre

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206785

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 1212

'The new handbook by Peters and Pierre provides an invaluable addition to the literature. It offers new scholars and practitioners a means to navigate many of the complex theoretical and practical issues in contemporary policy analysis' - Mark Considine, University of Melbourne The public policies of governments affect the lives and livelihoods of citizens every day in every country around the world. This handbook provides a comprehensive review and guide to the study, theory and practice of public policy today. Section One, Making Policy, introduces the policy making process - the means by which public policies are formulated, adopted and implemented - and serves to review the many competing conceptualizations within the field. Section Two, Substantive Policy Areas, focuses on a number of substantive policy areas to consider both diversity and commonalties across different sectoral policy areas. Section Three, Evaluating Public Policy, addresses issues of policy analysis more directly and assesses successes and failures in public policy in an attempt to answer the question 'what is good policy?'. The concluding chapter considers the different disciplinary contributions to the research and study of public policy both retrospectively and prospectively. Drawing contributions from leading academics and policy analysts from around the world, the handbook illustrates the changing role of governments vis-à-vis the public and private sector and the different policy actors (national and international, governmental and non-governmental) involved in the policy making process. It will be an essential companion for all advanced undergraduates, graduates, academics and practitioners across public policy and public administration, public management, government and political science.

Routledge Handbook of Policy Design

Author: Michael Howlett,Ishani Mukherjee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351252909

Category: Political Science

Page: 474

View: 805

Uniting theoretical bases and advancements in practice, the Routledge Handbook of Policy Design brings together leading experts in the academic field of policy design in a pioneering effort of scholarship. Each chapter provides a multi-topic overview of the state of knowledge on how, why, where or when policies are designed and how such designs can be improved. These experts address how a new emphasis on effective policy design has re-emerged ​in public policy studies in recent years ​and ​clarify the role of historical policy decisions, policy capacities and government intentions in promoting a design orientation towards ​policy formulation and policy-making more generally. They examine many previously unexplored aspects of policy designs and designing activities, which focus upon analyzing and improving the sets of policy tools adopted by governments to correct policy problems. Ranging from the fundamentals of policy design and its place in greater policy studies, to new questions regarding policy design content and ​effectiveness, to contemporary design trends such as the use of digital tools and big data, the Routledge Handbook of Policy Design is a comprehensive reference for students and scholars of public policy, public administration and public management, government and business.

The Public Policy Primer

Managing the Policy Process

Author: Xun Wu,M. Ramesh,Michael Howlett,Scott A. Fritzen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136930825

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 5048

This short guide provides a concise and accessible overview of the entire policy cycle taking the reader through the various stages of agenda setting, policy formulation, decision making, policy implementation and policy evaluation. Public officials at every level of government play a vital role in the development, adoption and implementation of government policies. Yet existing works focus only on senior politicians and public officials and, thus, fail to provide an insight into the work of the vast majority of other officials. This book provides an introduction to the key policy functions, the challenges they entail, and how the challenges may be addressed by public officials. Written from a comparative perspective, the authors include examples from a diverse range of countries at different stages of development, highlighting key principles and practices through which officials can effectively manage their policy processes and outcomes. This important tool offers students of public policy and policy practitioners’ guidance on how to make, implement and evaluate public policies in ways that improve citizens’ lives.

Education, Law and Diversity

Author: Neville Harris

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847312934

Category: Law

Page: 504

View: 7452

Education is fundamentally concerned with realising the potential of every child, but an increasing social diversity presents enormous challenges for the state in terms of its commitment to providing an appropriate education for all. Factors such as ethnicity, disability and material deprivation are associated with inequality, social exclusion and the risk of low educational attainment. Diversity also reflects divergent cultural values and norms. In responding to the challenges posed by diversity, public education authorities are to some extent constrained by individual or group rights. This book examines the nature of these rights, including those under the European Convention on Human Rights, and the ways and contexts in which they operate. Their social effects are also considered. Areas discussed include the curriculum, special educational needs and choice of school. A key theme in the book is the promotion and enforcement of equal access to education, including higher education. Issues of multiculturalism, the social integration of minorities, religion in education and the recognition of children's independent rights are among those that are also discussed. The book centres on England and Wales and covers the evolving legislative framework, including the Education and Inspections Bill 2006, but relevant legal developments in other states are also highlighted.

Transforming Public Services by Design

Re-Orienting Policies, Organizations and Services around People

Author: Sabine Junginger

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317007875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 4596

For policy makers and policy implementers, design challenges abound. Every design challenge presents an opportunity for change and transformation. To get from policy intent to policy outcome, however, is not a straightforward journey. It involves people and services as much as it involves policies and organizations. Of all organizations, perhaps government agencies are perceived to be the least likely to change. They are embedded in enormous bureaucratic structures that have grown over decades, if not centuries. In effect, many people have given up hope that such an institution can ever change its ways of doing business. And yet, from a human-centered design perspective, they present a fabulous challenge. Designed by people for people, they have a mandate to be citizen-centered, but they often fall short of this goal. If human-centered design can make a difference in this organizational context, it is likely to have an equal or greater impact on an organization that shows more flexibility; for example, one that is smaller in size and less entangled in legal or political frameworks. Transforming Public Services by Design offers a human-centered design perspective on policies, organizations and services. Three design projects by large-scale government agencies illustrate the implications for organizations and the people involved in designing public services: the Tax Forms Simplification Project by the Internal Revenue Service (1978-1983), the Domestic Mail Manual Transformation Project by the United States Postal Service (2001-2005) and the Integrated Tax Design Project by the Australian Tax Office. These case studies offer a unique demonstration of the role of human-centered design in policy context. This book aims to support designers and managers of all backgrounds who want to know more about reorienting policies, organizations and services around people.