Descartes' Error

Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain

Author: Antonio Damasio

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101640138

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 7141

Since Descartes famously proclaimed, "I think, therefore I am," science has often overlooked emotions as the source of a person’s true being. Even modern neuroscience has tended, until recently, to concentrate on the cognitive aspects of brain function, disregarding emotions. This attitude began to change with the publication of Descartes’ Error in 1995. Antonio Damasio—"one of the world’s leading neurologists" (The New York Times)—challenged traditional ideas about the connection between emotions and rationality. In this wondrously engaging book, Damasio takes the reader on a journey of scientific discovery through a series of case studies, demonstrating what many of us have long suspected: emotions are not a luxury, they are essential to rational thinking and to normal social behavior.

Descartes' Error

Emotion, Reason and the Human Brain

Author: Antonio Damasio

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1407072064

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 948

In the centuries since Descartes famously proclaimed, 'I think, therefore I am,' science has often overlooked emotions as the source of a person's true being. Even modern neuroscience has tended until recently to concentrate on the cognitive aspects of brain function, disregarding emotions. This attitude began to change with the publication of Descartes' Error. Antonio Damasio challenged traditional ideas about the connection between emotions and rationality. In this wonderfully engaging book, Damasio takes the reader on a journey of scientific discovery through a series of case studies, demonstrating what many of us have long suspected: emotions are not a luxury, they are essential to rational thinking and to normal social behaviour.

Looking for Spinoza

Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain

Author: Antonio Damasio

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547541716

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2811

A famed neuroscientist explores the emotions that make life worth living in “clear, accessible, and at times eloquent prose” (San Francisco Chronicle). In the seventeenth century, the philosopher Spinoza examined the role emotion played in human survival and culture. Yet, the neurobiological roots of joy and sorrow remained a mystery. Today, we spend countless resources doctoring our feelings with alcohol, prescription drugs, health clubs, therapy, vacation retreats, and other sorts of consumption; yet the inner workings of our minds—what feelings are, how they work, and what they mean—are still largely an unexplored frontier. Here, bestselling author and distinguished scientist Antonio Demasio concludes the groundbreaking trilogy he began with Descartes’ Error by drawing on his innovative research and experience with neurological patients to examine the cerebral processes of human emotion. With scientific expertise and “a flair for writing,” he navigates the neurology of feelings (The New York Review of Books). “Damasio has the rare talent of rendering science intelligible while also being gifted in philosophy, literature and wit.” —Margaret Jacob, Los Angeles Times “Exceptionally engaging and profoundly gratifying . . . Achieves a unique combination of scientific exposition, historical discovery and deep personal statement regarding the human condition.” —Nature “Damasio . . . succeeds in making the latest brain research accessible to the general reader, while his passionate Spinozist reflections make that data relevant to everyday life.” —Publishers Weekly

Self Comes to Mind

Constructing the Conscious Brain

Author: Antonio Damasio

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 030747495X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 1504

A leading neuroscientist addresses key questions about the origins and mechanisms of human consciousness, drawing on decades of research to challenge beliefs about the separateness of consciousness from the body while presenting a revisionist perspective built on traditional approaches. By the author of Descartes' Error. Reprint.

The Feeling of what Happens

Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness

Author: Antonio R. Damasio

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780156010757

Category: Medical

Page: 386

View: 7208

A new theory of consciousness and the construction of identity focuses on the body's reaction to its world, postulating that a complex relationship between body, emotion, and mind is required to configure the self. Reprint. 50,000 first printing.

The Strange Order of Things

Life, Feeling, and the Making of Cultures

Author: Antonio R. Damasio

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0307908755

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6942

he Strange Order of Thingsis a pathbreaking investigation into homeostasis, the condition of regulating life within the range that makes possible not only the survival but also the flourishing of life. Antonio Damasio makes clear that we descend biologically, psychologically, and even socially from a long lineage that begins with single living cells; that our minds and cultures are linked by an invisible thread to the ways and means of ancient unicellular life and other life-forms; and that inherent in the very chemistry of life is a powerful force, a striving toward life maintenance that governs life in all its guises, including the development of genes that help regulate and transmit life. The Strange Order of Thingsoffers us a new way of understanding the world and our place in it.

Minds behind the Brain : A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries

A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries

Author: Department of Psychology Washington University Stanley Finger Professor

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198024681

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 9530

Attractively illustrated with over a hundred halftones and drawings, this volume presents a series of vibrant profiles that trace the evolution of our knowledge about the brain. Beginning almost 5000 years ago, with the ancient Egyptian study of "the marrow of the skull," Stanley Finger takes us on a fascinating journey from the classical world of Hippocrates, to the time of Descartes and the era of Broca and Ramon y Cajal, to modern researchers such as Sperry. Here is a truly remarkable cast of characters. We meet Galen, a man of titanic ego and abrasive disposition, whose teachings dominated medicine for a thousand years; Vesalius, a contemporary of Copernicus, who pushed our understanding of human anatomy to new heights; Otto Loewi, pioneer in neurotransmitters, who gave the Nazis his Nobel prize money and fled Austria for England; and Rita Levi-Montalcini, discoverer of nerve growth factor, who in war-torn Italy was forced to do her research in her bedroom. For each individual, Finger examines the philosophy, the tools, the books, and the ideas that brought new insights. Finger also looks at broader topics--how dependent are researchers on the work of others? What makes the time ripe for discovery? And what role does chance or serendipity play? And he includes many fascinating background figures as well, from Leonardo da Vinci and Emanuel Swedenborg to Karl August Weinhold--who claimed to have reanimated a dead cat by filling its skull with silver and zinc--and Mary Shelley, whose Frankenstein was inspired by such experiments. Wide ranging in scope, imbued with an infectious spirit of adventure, here are vivid portraits of giants in the field of neuroscience--remarkable individuals who found new ways to think about the machinery of the mind.

Damasio's Error and Descartes' Truth

An Inquiry Into Consciousness, Epistemology, and Metaphysics

Author: Andrew Lee Gluck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 3178

The question of the relationship between mind and body as posed by Descartes, Spinoza, and others remains a fundamental debate for philosophers. In Damasio’s Error and Descartes’ Truth, Andrew Gluck constructs a pluralistic response to the work of neurologist Antonio Damasio. Gluck critiques the neutral monistic assertions found in Descartes’ Error and Looking for Spinoza from a philosophical perspective, advocating an adaptive theory—physical monism in the natural sciences, dualism in the social sciences, and neutral monism in aesthetics. Gluck’s work is a significant and refreshing take on a historical debate.

Insight and Psychosis

Author: Xavier Francisco Amador,Anthony S. David

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195084977

Category: Psychology

Page: 366

View: 3228

Recent advances in the cognitive and neurosciences have provided an ideal opportunity to synthesize the work from the varied disciplines studying self-awareness. By bringing together hitherto disparate approaches to the problem of insight in psychosis, this volume provides a deeper understanding of the phenomenology, origins, and clinical implications of insight. The chapters are written by an international panel of experts in their fields. The authors describe how their own orientations and work have contributed to illuminating the questions regarding the nature of insight in psychosis, while remaining mindful of the overarching goal of this book: to bring together in a single volume the most important and up-to-date exemplars of the diverse approaches to understanding insight and its role in the treatment of psychotic disorders.

How We Decide

Author: Jonah Lehrer

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618620117

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 6443

Offers a fascinating look at the new science of decision-making--and how it can help us make better choices.

Mapping the Mind

The Secrets of the Human Brain and How It Works

Author: Joel Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780735100916

Category: Psychology

Page: 289

View: 6914

Discusses the complexities of the human brain and explores how it works

Anxious

Author: Joseph LeDoux

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780747683

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 4273

Anxiety is the most prevalent psychiatric problem of our time. Decades of research have gone into probing its mysteries and developing treatments. But what if we’ve been thinking about fear and anxiety in the wrong way for all these years? This is the groundbreaking premise behind a wave of new research, led by the lab of renowned neuroscientist Joseph LeDoux. He believes that fear and anxiety are not innate states, simply waiting to be unleashed in the brain. Rather they are assembled experiences, and that has huge implications for patients. By mapping brain circuits, LeDoux explains the origins of anxiety disorders and reveals discoveries that can restore sufferers to normality. As impressive as it is timely, Anxious is a comprehensive survey of cutting-edge research revolutionising the way we treat our most pressing mental health issue.

The Disordered Mind

What Unusual Brains Tell Us About Ourselves

Author: Eric R. Kandel

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374716102

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8249

Eric R. Kandel, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his foundational research into memory storage in the brain, is one of the pioneers of modern brain science. His work continues to shape our understanding of how learning and memory work and to break down age-old barriers between the sciences and the arts. In his seminal new book, The Disordered Mind, Kandel draws on a lifetime of pathbreaking research and the work of many other leading neuroscientists to take us on an unusual tour of the brain. He confronts one of the most difficult questions we face: How does our mind, our individual sense of self, emerge from the physical matter of the brain? The brain’s 86 billion neurons communicate with one another through very precise connections. But sometimes those connections are disrupted. The brain processes that give rise to our mind can become disordered, resulting in diseases such as autism, depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s, addiction, and post-traumatic stress disorder. While these disruptions bring great suffering, they can also reveal the mysteries of how the brain produces our most fundamental experiences and capabilities—the very nature of what it means to be human. Studies of autism illuminate the neurological foundations of our social instincts; research into depression offers important insights on emotions and the integrity of the self; and paradigm-shifting work on addiction has led to a new understanding of the relationship between pleasure and willpower. By studying disruptions to typical brain functioning and exploring their potential treatments, we will deepen our understanding of thought, feeling, behavior, memory, and creativity. Only then can we grapple with the big question of how billions of neurons generate consciousness itself.

Mind, Brain, & Education

Neuroscience Implications for the Classroom

Author: David A. Sousa

Publisher: Solution Tree Press

ISBN: 1935542214

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 1964

Understanding how the brain learns helps teachers do their jobs more effectively. Primary researchers share the latest findings on the learning process and address their implications for educational theory and practice. Explore applications, examples, and suggestions for further thought and research; numerous charts and diagrams; strategies for all subject areas; and new ways of thinking about intelligence, academic ability, and learning disability.

Lesion Analysis in Neuropsychology

Author: Hanna Damasio,Antonio R. Damasio

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195039191

Category: Medical

Page: 227

View: 8705

Knowledge about brain neuroanatomy has played a major role in elucidating the brain mechanisms underlying psychological processes. Nowhere has the role been stronger than in the study of the relation between specific areas of brain damage and changes in perception, memory, and language. This book is about that particular approach to brain and behavior studies--the lesion method--as applied to humans. It reviews advances made with modern neuroimaging methods (such as x-ray computerized tomography and magnetic resonance scanning) and discusses how the new findings are modifying neuropsychological thinking and helping develop new theories about the neural substrates of cognition. The book also describes a method for the analysis of neuroimaging data that helps researchers and clinicians in neuropsychology to use imaging techniques as a source of neuroanatomical data. Included in the book are magnetic resonance (MR) and computerized tomographic (CT) images of exceptional quality. Based on a decade's work by two neuroscientists of worldwide reputation, this unique volume will be of value to neurologists, neuropsychologists, basic neuroscientists, cognitive psychologists, neurolinguists and other researchers and clinicians interested in the relation between brain structure and behavior.

The Rationality of Emotion

Author: Ronald De Sousa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262540575

Category: Philosophy

Page: 373

View: 4985

In this urbane and witty book, Ronald de Sousa disputes the widespread notion that reason and emotion are natural antagonists. He argues that emotions are a kind of perception, that their roots in the paradigm scenarios in which they are learned give them an essentially dramatic structure, and that they have a crucial role to-play in rational beliefs, desires, and decisions by breaking the deadlocks of pure reason.The book's twelve chapters take up the following topics: alternative models of mind and emotion; the relation between evolutionary, physiological, and social factors in emotions; a taxonomy of objects of emotions; assessments of emotions for correctness and rationality; the regulation by emotions of logical and practical reasoning; emotion and time; the mechanism of emotional self-deception; the ethics of laughter; and the roles of emotions in the conduct of life. There is also an illustrative interlude, in the form of a lively dialogue about the ideology of love, jealousy, and sexual exclusiveness.Ronald de Sousa teaches philosophy at the University of Toronto. A Bradford Book.

Beyond the Brain

How Body and Environment Shape Animal and Human Minds

Author: Louise Barrett

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838349

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 4862

When a chimpanzee stockpiles rocks as weapons or when a frog sends out mating calls, we might easily assume these animals know their own motivations--that they use the same psychological mechanisms that we do. But as Beyond the Brain indicates, this is a dangerous assumption because animals have different evolutionary trajectories, ecological niches, and physical attributes. How do these differences influence animal thinking and behavior? Removing our human-centered spectacles, Louise Barrett investigates the mind and brain and offers an alternative approach for understanding animal and human cognition. Drawing on examples from animal behavior, comparative psychology, robotics, artificial life, developmental psychology, and cognitive science, Barrett provides remarkable new insights into how animals and humans depend on their bodies and environment--not just their brains--to behave intelligently. Barrett begins with an overview of human cognitive adaptations and how these color our views of other species, brains, and minds. Considering when it is worth having a big brain--or indeed having a brain at all--she investigates exactly what brains are good at. Showing that the brain's evolutionary function guides action in the world, she looks at how physical structure contributes to cognitive processes, and she demonstrates how these processes employ materials and resources in specific environments. Arguing that thinking and behavior constitute a property of the whole organism, not just the brain, Beyond the Brain illustrates how the body, brain, and cognition are tied to the wider world.

Blue Mind

The Surprising Science That Shows How Being Near, In, On, or Under Water Can Make You Happier, Healthier, More Connected, and Better at What You Do

Author: Wallace J. Nichols

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 0316252077

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 5125

A landmark book by marine biologist Wallace J. Nichols on the remarkable effects of water on our health and well-being. Why are we drawn to the ocean each summer? Why does being near water set our minds and bodies at ease? In BLUE MIND, Wallace J. Nichols revolutionizes how we think about these questions, revealing the remarkable truth about the benefits of being in, on, under, or simply near water. Combining cutting-edge neuroscience with compelling personal stories from top athletes, leading scientists, military veterans, and gifted artists, he shows how proximity to water can improve performance, increase calm, diminish anxiety, and increase professional success. BLUE MIND not only illustrates the crucial importance of our connection to water-it provides a paradigm shifting "blueprint" for a better life on this Blue Marble we call home.

Biopsychology

Physiological Psychology

Author: Sheila Hayward

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349138851

Category: Clinical psychology

Page: 224

View: 8475

Biopsychology provides an examination of the human physiological mechanisms and structures and the influence that these have over the thoughts and behaviours of the individual. In addition, it discusses the influence of the mind over the body. The text is well-illustrated and clearly presents the student with topics covered by A-level syllabuses.