Comparative Dental Morphology

Selected Papers of the 14th International Symposium on Dental Morphology, August 27-30, 2008, Greifswald, Germany

Author: Thomas Koppe,Georg Meyer,Kurt W. Alt

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805592299

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 8864

Teeth and their surrounding structures are exceptional sources for addressing significant questions in numerous disciplines. In this publication, an international, multidisciplinary team of researchers addresses important issues on current aspects of dental morphology research from evolutionary, anatomical, clinical and archaeological perspectives. In combining leading-edge methods of data acquisition and analyses, such as molecular analyses and highly advanced non-destructive imaging technologies, the book demonstrates how information about various aspects of dental morphology can be used to explore the evolution of vertebrate life histories, a subject most relevant to our own species. The chapters provide profound discussions on dental evolution, dental morphology, dental tissues, dental growth and development, as well as on clinical aspects of dental morphology. As a special feature, the publication provides new information about the role of teeth as tools in reconstructing the nature and behaviour of past populations. This book will serve as an important reference for researchers of dental sciences, anatomy, evolutionary biology, paleoanthropology, paleontology, archaeology, prehistoric anthropology, comparative anatomy, genetics, embryology, and forensic medicine.

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapiens

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316805719

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2199

All humans share certain components of tooth structure, but show variation in size and morphology around this shared pattern. This book presents a worldwide synthesis of the global variation in tooth morphology in recent populations. Research has advanced on many fronts since the publication of the first edition, which has become a seminal work on the subject. This revised and updated edition introduces new ideas in dental genetics and ontogeny and summarizes major historical problems addressed by dental morphology. The detailed descriptions of 29 dental variables are fully updated with current data and include details of a new web-based application for using crown and root morphology to evaluate ancestry in forensic cases. A new chapter describes what constitutes a modern human dentition in the context of the hominin fossil record.

Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology

Author: Chris Vinyard,Matthew J. Ravosa,Christine Wall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387765840

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 6592

Primate Craniofacial Function and Biology is an integrative volume with broad coverage of current research on primate craniofacial biology and function. Topic headings include: the mammalian perspective on primate craniofacial form and function, allometric and comparative morphological studies of primate heads, in vivo research on primate mastication, modeling of the primate masticatory apparatus, primate dental form and function, and palaeoanthropologic studies of primate skulls. Additionally, the volume includes introductory chapters discussing how primatologists study adaptations in primates and a discussion of in vivo approaches for studying primate performance. At present, there are no texts with a similar focus on primate craniofacial biology and no sources that approach this topic from such a wide range of research perspectives. This breadth of research covered by leaders in their respective fields make this volume a unique and innovative contribution to biological anthropology.

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Genetics, Evolution, Variation

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139619500

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3109

Researchers have long had an interest in dental morphology as a genetic proxy to reconstruct population history. Much interest was fostered by the use of standard plaques and associated descriptions that comprise the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System, developed by Christy G. Turner, II and students. This system has served as the foundation for hundreds of anthropological studies for over 30 years. In recognition of that success, this volume brings together some of the world's leading dental morphologists to expand upon the concepts and methods presented in the popular The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth (Cambridge, 1997), leading the reader from method to applied research. After a preparatory section on the current knowledge of heritability and gene expression, a series of case studies demonstrate the utility of dental morphological study in both fossil and more recent populations (and individuals), from local to global scales.

Wheeler's Dental Anatomy, Physiology and Occlusion - E-Book

Author: Stanley J. Nelson

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437721966

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 7333

Now in full color, this essential text features a visually oriented presentation of dental anatomy, physiology, and occlusion — the foundation for all of the dental sciences. Coverage includes discussions of clinical considerations, dentitions, pulp formation, and the sequence of eruptions. In addition to detailed content on dental macromorphology and evidence-based chronologies of the human dentitions, this edition also includes flash cards, an updated Companion CD-ROM, and Evolve resources that make this text a comprehensive resource for dental anatomy. Understand the standards of tooth formation and apply them to clinical presentations with the Development and Eruption of the Teeth chapter. Focus on the functions and esthetics of disorders you’ll encounter in daily practice with content on TMJ and muscle disorders. Get a concise review of dentition development from in-utero to adolescence to adulthood with the appendix of tooth morphology. All line drawings and essential photos have been replaced with full-color pieces. Sharpen your knowledge with interactive learning tools and expanded content on the Companion CD-ROM including study questions, 360-degree rotational tooth viewing, and animations. Test your knowledge on labeling, tooth numbering, and tooth type traits and prepare for Board exams with flash cards. Find even more study opportunities on the Evolve website with a PowerPoint presentation, flash cards, a test bank, and labeling exercises.

The Human Fossil Record: Terminology and craniodental morphology of genus Homo (Europe)

Author: Jeffrey H. Schwartz,Ian Tattersall,Ralph L. Holloway

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1864

The Human Fossil Record Volume one Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe) Jeffrey H. Schwartz Ian Tattersall The Human Fossil Record series is the most authoritative and comprehensive documentation of the fossil evidence relevant to the study of our evolutionary past. This first volume covers the craniodental remains from Europe that have been attributed to the genus Homo. Here the authors also clearly define the terminology and descriptive protocol that is applied uniformly throughout the series. Organized alphabetically by site name, each entry includes clear descriptions and original, expertly taken photographs, as well as: * Morphology * Location information * History of discovery * Previous systematic assessments of the fossils * Geological, archaeological, and faunal contexts * Dating * References to the primary literature The Human Fossil Record series is truly a must-have reference for anyone seriously interested in the study of human evolution.

Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,Greg C. Nelson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468111

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7233

Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.

The Human Fossil Record: Terminology and craniodental morphology of genus Homo (Europe)

Author: Jeffrey H. Schwartz,Ian Tattersall,Ralph L. Holloway

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1406

The Human Fossil Record Volume one Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe) Jeffrey H. Schwartz Ian Tattersall The Human Fossil Record series is the most authoritative and comprehensive documentation of the fossil evidence relevant to the study of our evolutionary past. This first volume covers the craniodental remains from Europe that have been attributed to the genus Homo. Here the authors also clearly define the terminology and descriptive protocol that is applied uniformly throughout the series. Organized alphabetically by site name, each entry includes clear descriptions and original, expertly taken photographs, as well as: * Morphology * Location information * History of discovery * Previous systematic assessments of the fossils * Geological, archaeological, and faunal contexts * Dating * References to the primary literature The Human Fossil Record series is truly a must-have reference for anyone seriously interested in the study of human evolution.

Issues in Japanese Phonology and Morphology

Author: Jeroen Maarten van de Weijer,Tetsuo Nishihara

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110169584

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 403

View: 1101

The book contains a number of studies in Japanese phonology and morphology, all analyses by leading scholars in the field. It presents an overview of the work that has been done in Japan and other countries and offers new solutions to long-standing problems. In the phonology chapters, it focuses on segmental as well as suprasegmental issues, including voicing and tone, approaching these issues from a variety of perspectives, including Optimality Theory and Government Phonology. In the morphology chapters, attention is given to truncation patterns and the possibilities for compound formation.

Hominoid Evolution and Climatic Change in Europe: Volume 2

Phylogeny of the Neogene Hominoid Primates of Eurasia

Author: Louis de Bonis,George D. Koufos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521660754

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 8051

What is the place of Europe in the origin of humankind? Our earliest human ancestors may have come out of Africa, but many of our more recent ancestors have been found in Europe and the Near East. This volume examines these Eurasian fossils and discusses what we can learn from them using biostratigraphic and ecological frameworks. As it also explories new methods of analysing and reconstructing fossil hominoids, including CT-based and computer-assisted virtual 3-D reconstructions, this volume is invaluable for all practising palaeoanthropologists and palaeontologists.

Evolution of the Human Diet

The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable

Author: Peter S. Ungar

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195183460

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 3343

Diet is key to understanding the ecology and evolution of our distant ancestors and thier kin, the early hominins. An appreciation of the range of foods eaten by our progenitorsalso underscores just how unhealthy many of our diets are today.

McDonald and Avery Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent - E-Book

Author: Jeffrey A. Dean,David R. Avery,Ralph E. McDonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323079660

Category: Medical

Page: 720

View: 3994

A leading text in pediatric dentistry, McDonald and Avery’s Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent provides expert, complete coverage of oral care for infants, children, and teenagers. All the latest diagnostic and treatment recommendations are included! Comprehensive discussions are provided on pediatric examination, development, morphology, eruption of the teeth, and dental caries. This edition helps you improve patient outcomes with up-to-date coverage of restorative materials, cosmetic tooth whitening, care of anxious patients, and sedation techniques for children. Complete, one-source coverage includes the best patient outcomes for all of the major pediatric treatments in prosthodontics, restorative dentistry, trauma management, occlusion, gingivitis and periodontal disease, and facial esthetics. A clinical focus includes topics such as such as radiographic techniques, dental materials, pit and fissure sealants, and management of cleft lip and palate. Practical discussions include practice management and how to deal with child abuse and neglect. Full-color photographs and illustrations accurately depict trauma, restorative, implants, and prosthetics. A new Pediatric Oral Surgery chapter discusses the latest developments in office-based pediatric oral surgery, along with head and neck infections and medical conditions in the pediatric patient. Emphasis is added to preventive care and to treatment of the medically compromised patient. An Evolve website includes case studies, an image library, links to ADEA, ADA, and CDC reports on pediatric dentistry, and other web links.

Dental Hard Tissues and Bonding

Interfacial Phenomena and Related Properties

Author: George Eliades,David C. Watts,Theodore Eliades

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540234081

Category: Medical

Page: 198

View: 8495

This text comprehensively reviews bonding to enamel, dentin and cementum, and analyses relevent adhesion mechanisms. Emphasis is placed on the characterization of material interfaces with dental tissues in situ.

Macropods

The Biology of Kangaroos, Wallabies, and Rat-kangaroos

Author: Graeme Coulson,Mark Derek Bruce Eldridge

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643096620

Category: Nature

Page: 408

View: 3221

A major symposium on macropods (kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos), sponsored by the Australian Mammal Society, was held in July 2006 at the University of Melbourne. It brought together the many recent advances in the biology of this diverse group of mammals and looked at: structure and function; neglected macropods; population biology; and macropod management. A total of 78 authors have contributed 34 chapters to the book, which concentrates on new developments in macropod biology, including topics such as genomics, landscape ecology, endangered species and fertility control.

Ancestors in Our Genome

The New Science of Human Evolution

Author: Eugene E. Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978204

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 9758

In 2001, scientists were finally able to determine the full human genome sequence, and with the discovery began a genomic voyage back in time. Since then, we have sequenced the full genomes of a number of mankind's primate relatives at a remarkable rate. The genomes of the common chimpanzee (2005) and bonobo (2012), orangutan (2011), gorilla (2012), and macaque monkey (2007) have already been identified, and the determination of other primate genomes is well underway. Researchers are beginning to unravel our full genomic history, comparing it with closely related species to answer age-old questions about how and when we evolved. For the first time, we are finding our own ancestors in our genome and are thereby gleaning new information about our evolutionary past. In Ancestors in Our Genome, molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents us with a complete and up-to-date account of the evolution of the human genome and our species. Written from the perspective of population genetics, and in simple terms, the book traces human origins back to their source among our earliest human ancestors, and explains many of the most intriguing questions that genome scientists are currently working to answer. For example, what does the high level of discordance among the gene trees of humans and the African great apes tell us about our respective separations from our common ancestor? Was our separation from the apes fast or slow, and when and why did it occur? Where, when, and how did our modern species evolve? How do we search across genomes to find the genomic underpinnings of our large and complex brains and language abilities? How can we find the genomic bases for life at high altitudes, for lactose tolerance, resistance to disease, and for our different skin pigmentations? How and when did we interbreed with Neandertals and the recently discovered ancient Denisovans of Asia? Harris draws upon extensive experience researching primate evolution in order to deliver a lively and thorough history of human evolution. Ancestors in Our Genome is the most complete discussion of our current understanding of the human genome available.

Meat-Eating and Human Evolution

Author: Craig B. Stanford,Henry T. Bunn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195351293

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 8716

When, why, and how early humans began to eat meat are three of the most fundamental unresolved questions in the study of human origins. Before 2.5 million years ago the presence and importance of meat in the hominid diet is unknown. After stone tools appear in the fossil record it seems clear that meat was eaten in increasing quantities, but whether it was obtained through hunting or scavenging remains a topic of intense debate. This book takes a novel and strongly interdisciplinary approach to the role of meat in the early hominid diet, inviting well-known researchers who study the human fossil record, modern hunter-gatherers, and nonhuman primates to contribute chapters to a volume that integrates these three perspectives. Stanford's research has been on the ecology of hunting by wild chimpanzees. Bunn is an archaeologist who has worked on both the fossil record and modern foraging people. This will be a reconsideration of the role of hunting, scavenging, and the uses of meat in light of recent data and modern evolutionary theory. There is currently no other book, nor has there ever been, that occupies the niche this book will create for itself.

Acoustical Imaging

Author: Michael Halliwell,Peter N.T. Wells

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306465167

Category: Medical

Page: 565

View: 8351

The International Symposium of Acoustical Imaging has been widely recognized as the premier forum for presentations of advanced research result in both theoretical and experimental development. Held regularly since 1968, the symposium brings together international leading researchers in the area of acoustical imaging. The proceedings from the 25th meeting contains articles on the following topics: Mathematics and Physics of Acoustical Imaging, Transducers and Arrays, Nondestructive Evaluation, Geophysical and Underwater Ultrasonics, Microscopy and Microscanning, Scattering by Blood and Tissue, Medical and Biological Image Formation, Tissue Characterization, Tissue and Motion and Blood Flow, Elasticity Imaging, Hard Tissues, and Novel and Emerging Methods.