Dental Materials

Properties and Manipulation

Author: John M. Powers,John C. Wataha

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323058647

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 8988

Focusing on the dental materials most commonly used, this comprehensive text covers the tasks that dental assistants and hygienists typically perform. It describes current and emerging dental materials, how to properly mix and apply them, and how to explain them to patients. With this edition, you'll stay on top of the rapidly developing field of dental materials! A total of over 250 detailed illustrations are included in this edition. Learning Objectives list the knowledge you should gain in each chapter. Margin notes help you understand and remember key points and important terminology. Tables make it easy to compare different brands and to compare components and properties within materials. Quick Review boxes help you remember essential material and prepare for self-tests. Self-tests in each chapter help you evaluate your understanding of the material. Conversion Factors on the inside back cover offer a convenient list of commonly used metric measurements. The glossary lists all important terms in one accessible section. Supplementary Readings in each chapter list resources to promote further study. Instructional videos on the Evolve website provide a clear, step-by-step guide to taking and pouring impressions, and trimming models. More than 60 new illustrations have been added, and are clearer than ever. Content updates keep you current with the latest changes in dental materials.

Dental Materials

Properties and Manipulation

Author: John M. Powers,John C. Wataha

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323316387

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 7263

Get an in-depth understanding of the dental materials and tasks that dental professionals encounter every day with Dental Materials: Foundations and Applications, 11th Edition. Trusted for nearly 40 years, Powers and Wataha’s text walks readers through the nature, categories, and uses of clinical and laboratory dental materials in use today. Increased coverage of foundational basics and clinical applications and an expanded art program help make complex content easier to grasp. If you’re looking to effectively stay on top of the rapidly developing field of dental materials, look no further than this proven text. Comprehensive and cutting-edge content describes the latest materials commonly used in dental practice, including those in esthetics, ceramics, dental implants, and impressions. Approximately 500 illustrations and photographs make it easier to understand properties and differences in both materials and specific types of products. Review questions provide an excellent study tool with 20 to 30 self-test questions in each chapter. Quick Review boxes summarize the material in each chapter. Note boxes highlight key points and important terminology throughout the text. Key terms are bolded at their initial mention in the text and defined in the glossary. Expert authors are well recognized in the fields of dental materials, oral biomaterials, and restorative dentistry. A logical and consistent format sets up a solid foundation before progressing into discussions of specific materials, moving from the more common and simple applications such as composites to more specialized areas such as polymers and dental implants. Learning objectives in each chapter focus readers’ attention on essential information. Supplemental readings in each chapter cite texts and journal articles for further research and study. Conversion Factors on the inside back cover provides a list of common metric conversions. NEW! Foundations and Applications subtitle emphasizes material basics and clinical applications to mirror the educational emphasis. NEW! More clinical photos and conceptual illustrations help bring often-complex material into context and facilitate comprehension.

Dental Materials

Arabic Bilingual Edition

Author: John M. Powers,John C. Wataha

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723438005

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 6250

Focusing on the dental materials most commonly used, this comprehensive text covers the tasks that dental assistants and hygienists typically perform. It describes current and emerging dental materials, how to properly mix and apply them, and how to explain them to patients. With this edition, you'll stay on top of the rapidly developing field of dental materials! A total of over 250 detailed illustrations are included in this edition. Learning Objectives list the knowledge you should gain in each chapter. Margin notes help you understand and remember key points and important terminology. Tables make it easy to compare different brands and to compare components and properties within materials. Quick Review boxes help you remember essential material and prepare for self-tests. Self-tests in each chapter help you evaluate your understanding of the material. Conversion Factors on the inside back cover offer a convenient list of commonly used metric measurements. The glossary lists all important terms in one accessible section. Supplementary Readings in each chapter list resources to promote further study. Instructional videos on the Evolve website provide a clear, step-by-step guide to taking and pouring impressions, and trimming models. More than 60 new illustrations have been added, and are clearer than ever. Content updates keep you current with the latest changes in dental materials.

Phillips' Science of Dental Materials - E-Book

Author: Kenneth J. Anusavice,Chiayi Shen,H. Ralph Rawls

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323242057

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 6205

Learn the most up-to-date information on materials used in the dental office and laboratory today. Emphasizing practical, clinical use, as well as the physical, chemical, and biological properties of materials, this leading reference helps you stay current in this very important area of dentistry. This new full-color edition also features an extensive collection of new clinical photographs to better illustrate the topics and concepts discussed in each chapter. Organization of chapters and content into four parts (General Classes and Properties of Dental Materials; Auxiliary Dental Materials; Direct Restorative Materials; and Indirect Restorative Materials) presents the material in a logical and effective way for better comprehension and readability. Balance between materials science and manipulation bridges the gap of knowledge between dentists and lab technicians. Major emphasis on biocompatibility serves as a useful guide for clinicians and educators on material safety. Distinguished contributor pool lends credibility and experience to each topic discussed. Critical thinking questions appearing in boxes throughout each chapter stimulate thinking and encourage classroom discussion of key concepts and principles. Key terms presented at the beginning of each chapter helps familiarize readers with key terms so you may better comprehend text material. NEW! Full color illustrations and line art throughout the book make text material more clear and vivid. NEW! Chapter on Emerging Technologies keeps you up to date on the latest materials in use. NEW! Larger trim size allows the text to have fewer pages and makes the content easier to read.

Algae Based Polymers, Blends, and Composites

Chemistry, Biotechnology and Materials Science

Author: Khalid Mahmood Zia,Mohammad Zuber,Muhammad Ali

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128123613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 6949

Algae Based Polymers, Blends, and Composites: Chemistry, Biotechnology and Material Sciences offers considerable detail on the origin of algae, extraction of useful metabolites and major compounds from algal bio-mass, and the production and future prospects of sustainable polymers derived from algae, blends of algae, and algae based composites. Characterization methods and processing techniques for algae-based polymers and composites are discussed in detail, enabling researchers to apply the latest techniques to their own work. The conversion of bio-mass into high value chemicals, energy, and materials has ample financial and ecological importance, particularly in the era of declining petroleum reserves and global warming. Algae are an important source of biomass since they flourish rapidly and can be cultivated almost everywhere. At present the majority of naturally produced algal biomass is an unused resource and normally is left to decompose. Similarly, the use of this enormous underexploited biomass is mainly limited to food consumption and as bio-fertilizer. However, there is an opportunity here for materials scientists to explore its potential as a feedstock for the production of sustainable materials. Provides detailed information on the extraction of useful compounds from algal biomass Highlights the development of a range of polymers, blends, and composites Includes coverage of characterization and processing techniques, enabling research scientists and engineers to apply the information to their own research and development Discusses potential applications and future prospects of algae-based biopolymers, giving the latest insight into the future of these sustainable materials

Materials Science and Engineering

An Introduction

Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118324578

Category: Science

Page: 960

View: 1793

Building on the extraordinary success of eight best-selling editions, Callister's new Ninth Edition of Materials Science and Engineering continues to promote student understanding of the three primary types of materials (metals, ceramics, and polymers) and composites, as well as the relationships that exist between the structural elements of materials and their properties. This edition is again supported by WileyPLUS, an integrated online learning environment, (when ordered as a package by an instructor). Also available is a redesigned version of Virtual Materials Science and Engineering (VMSE). This resource contains interactive simulations and animations that enhance the learning of key concepts in materials science and engineering (e.g., crystal structures, crystallographic planes/directions, dislocations) and, in addition, a comprehensive materials property database. WileyPLUS sold separately from text.

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309165488

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 2229

Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.

Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras

Author: Junichi Nakamura

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351836978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 1008

Shrinking pixel sizes along with improvements in image sensors, optics, and electronics have elevated DSCs to levels of performance that match, and have the potential to surpass, that of silver-halide film cameras. Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras captures the current state of DSC image acquisition and signal processing technology and takes an all-inclusive look at the field, from the history of DSCs to future possibilities. The first chapter outlines the evolution of DSCs, their basic structure, and their major application classes. The next few chapters discuss high-quality optics that meet the requirements of better image sensors, the basic functions and performance parameters of image sensors, and detailed discussions of both CCD and CMOS image sensors. The book then discusses how color theory affects the uses of DSCs, presents basic image processing and camera control algorithms and examples of advanced image processing algorithms, explores the architecture and required performance of signal processing engines, and explains how to evaluate image quality for each component described. The book closes with a look at future technologies and the challenges that must be overcome to realize them. With contributions from many active DSC experts, Image Sensors and Image Processing for Digital Still Cameras offers unparalleled real-world coverage and opens wide the door for future innovation.

Engineering of Crystalline Materials Properties

State of the Art in Modeling, Design and Applications

Author: Juan J. Novoa,Dario Braga,Lia Addadi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402068232

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 518

View: 1447

This volume collects the state of the art in molecular materials. It collects the lecture notes of a series of lectures given by some of the best specialists in the field at the 2007 Erice International School of Crystallography, and also a NATO-ASI course. The school first established "where we are" in terms of modeling, design, synthesis and applications of crystalline solids with predefined properties and then defined current and possible futuristic lines of development.

Thermoplastic Materials

Properties, Manufacturing Methods, and Applications

Author: Christopher C. Ibeh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420093835

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 7252

Practical and affordable, thermoplastics account for more than 90 percent of all plastic materials manufactured. That so many varieties are now available, speaks to the idea that while there is no one perfect material, it is possible to find a material that fits for every application. However, selecting that right material is no small challenge. Answering the needs of manufacturers and product developers, Thermoplastic Materials: Properties, Manufacturing Methods, and Applications provides all the information required to confidently select the right thermoplastic for any application. Based on a course taught to engineering students, the book starts with an overview of the plastics industry, looking at the major companies involved and how their products influence society. It then discusses various topics essential to the understanding and manufacturing of thermoplastics before getting to the core of the book, more than 400 pages of consistently formatted entries, organized according to 19 thermoplastics families and groupings. Each chapter covers raw materials, manufacturing methods, properties, costs, and applications. Among many topics related to thermoplastic resins, this seminal work: Provides micro and quasi-macro perspectives on their behavior Evaluates major manufacturing methods Discusses crystallinity and permeability Elaborates on the properties that make them useful barrier and packaging materials Written by Christopher Ibeh, professor of plastics engineering technology and director of the Center for Nanocomposites and Multifunctional Materials at Pittsburg State University, this book goes beyond current practices to look at emerging materials, including nanocomposites, and discusses sustainability as it relates to plastics. It also includes a chapter on functionalized thermoplastics, written by Andrey Beyle.

Biomaterials and Designer Functional Applications in Oral Cavity

Author: Victoria Tamara Perchyonok

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781634847797

Category: Biomedical materials

Page: 274

View: 9719

Dental biomaterials and natural products represent two growing research fields, revealing that plant-derived compounds may play a role not only as nutraceuticals in affecting oral health but also in improving physicochemical properties of biomaterials used in dentistry. Recently, the role of free radicals in healthcare has attracted tremendous interest in the field of medicine, dentistry and molecular biology. Free radicals can be either harmful or helpful to the human body. When there is an imbalance between input and output of free radicals, a condition called "oxidative stress" develops. To counteract oxidative stress, the body has protective antioxidant mechanisms, which aid in lowering the incidence of various human morbidities and mortalities. The implication of oxidative stress in the etiology of many chronic and degenerative diseases suggests that antioxidant therapy represents a promising avenue for treatment. Thus, various forms of antioxidants have been introduced as an approach to fight dental diseases and improve general gingival health. The implication of oxidative stress in the etiology of chronic and degenerative diseases as well as the body's protective antioxidant mechanisms and the role dietary antioxidants play, suggests that antioxidant therapy could act as a beneficial treatment. The aim of this book is to present all available data concerning and linking free radicals, antioxidants and bio-active scaffolds in the utilisation of vitamins, proteins and extracts rich in bio-active phytochemicals as an avenue for creating innovative dental biomaterials. These materials are capable of promoting genuine tissue/cell interface integration and gaining insight into molecular origin of the mechanism to combat oral diseases in vitro and eventually in vivo.

Biosensors Nanotechnology

Author: Ashutosh Tiwari,Anthony P. F. Turner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118773810

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 5914

This book provides detailed reviews of a range of nanostructures used in the construction of biosensors as well as the applications of these biosensor nanotechnologies in the biological, chemical, and environmental monitoring fields Biological sensing is a fundamental tool for understanding living systems, but also finds practical application in medicine, drug discovery, process control, food safety, environmental monitoring, defense, and personal security. Moreover, a deeper understanding of the bio/electronic interface leads us towards new horizons in areas such as bionics, power generation, and computing. Advances in telecommunications, expert systems, and distributed diagnostics prompt us to question the current ways we deliver healthcare, while robust industrial sensors enable new paradigms in R&D and production. Despite these advances, there is a glaring absence of suitably robust and convenient sensors for body chemistries. This book examines some of the emerging technologies that are fueling scientific discovery and underpinning new products to enhance the length and quality of our lives. The 14 chapters written by leading experts cover such topics as: ZnO and graphene microelectrode applications in biosensing Assembly of polymers/metal nanoparticles Gold nanoparticle-based electrochemical biosensors Impedimetric DNA sensing employing nanomaterials Graphene and carbon nanotube-based biosensors Computational nanochemistry study of the BFPF green fluorescent protein chromophore Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles Bioconjugated-nanoporous gold films in electrochemical biosensors The combination of molecular imprinting and nanotechnology Principles and properties of multiferroics and ceramics

Tooth-colored Restoratives

Principles and Techniques

Author: Harry F. Albers

Publisher: PMPH-USA

ISBN: 9781550091557

Category: Medical

Page: 302

View: 9249

"Written for dental students and seasoned practitioners alike, Tooth-Colored Restoratives: Principles and Techniques Ninth Edition is comprised of a primer on dental materials and a guide to creating highly esthetic, long-lasting direct restorations. Preparation designs and simplified techniques for creating more durable, more esthetic restorations are well supported by this abundantly illustrated book featuring 400 illustrations."--BOOK JACKET.

Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Coursebook with CD-ROM

Author: Lawrie Ryan,Roger Norris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107638453

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 4999

Fully revised and updated content matching new Cambridge International Examinations 9701 syllabus for first examination in 2016. Endorsed by Cambridge International Examinations, this digital edition comprehensively covers all the knowledge and skills students need during the A Level Chemistry course (9701), for first examination in 2016, in a reflowable format, adapting to any screen size or device. Written by renowned experts in Chemistry teaching, the text is written in an accessible style with international learners in mind. Self-assessment questions allow learners to track their progress, and exam-style questions help learners to prepare thoroughly for their examinations. Answers to all the questions from within the Coursebook are provided.

Handbook of Nanoceramic and Nanocomposite Coatings and Materials

Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Dieter Scharnweber

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0444633820

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 612

View: 729

In this new handbook, top researchers from around the world discuss recent academic and industrial advances in designing ceramic coatings and materials. They describe the role of nanotechnology in designing high performance nanoceramic coatings and materials in terms of the unique advantages that can be gained from the nano scale, including the latest techniques for the synthesis and processing of ceramic and composite coatings for different applications. Focuses on the most advanced technologies for industry-oriented nano-ceramic and nano-composite coatings, including recent challenges for scaling up nano-based coatings in industry Covers the latest evaluation methods for measuring coatings performance Discusses novel approaches for improving the performance of ceramic and composite coatings and materials via nanotechnology Provides the most recent and advanced techniques for surface characterization

Swift Heavy Ions for Materials Engineering and Nanostructuring

Author: Devesh Kumar Avasthi,Girijesh Kumar Mehta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400712294

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 8566

Ion beams have been used for decades for characterizing and analyzing materials. Now energetic ion beams are providing ways to modify the materials in unprecedented ways. This book highlights the emergence of high-energy swift heavy ions as a tool for tailoring the properties of materials with nanoscale structures. Swift heavy ions interact with materials by exciting/ionizing electrons without directly moving the atoms. This opens a new horizon towards the 'so-called' soft engineering. The book discusses the ion beam technology emerging from the non-equilibrium conditions and emphasizes the power of controlled irradiation to tailor the properties of various types of materials for specific needs.

Biostatistics, a foundation for analysis in the health sciences

Author: Wayne W. Daniel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 734

View: 6878

This classic text takes an applied and computer-oriented approach to its topical coverage. The book is intended for one or two semester courses in biostatistics at the undergraduate or graduate level offered by departments of biostatistics, statistics, mathematics, nursing and other allied health disciplines, and is also used in some departments of forestry and animal husbandry. Nearly all the examples and exercises make use of real data from actual research projects and reports from health sciences literature. Where appropriate, Minitab, SPSS and SAS commands and printouts are included as part of the examples and solutions to exercises.

Review Questions and Answers for Dental Assisting - E-Book

Author: Betty Ladley Finkbeiner,Mosby

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323065988

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 7355

Be sure you have the knowledge you need to become a Certified Dental Assistant or pass your local and state exams! Three simulated practice certification exams – 960 multiple-choice questions in all – closely mirror the content you'll be tested on, so you get the best preparation possible. This title includes additional digital media when purchased in print format. For this digital book edition, media content is not included. Three simulated Certified Dental Assistant (CDA) practice exams are organized into CDA exam sections, with the same number of questions you can expect to see in each section – General Chairside, Infection Control, and Radiation Health and Safety. Photos and illustrations pictured with the exam questions provide a realistic exam simulation. Rationales for correct and incorrect answers help you assess your understanding and gauge your exam readiness. Web links to national organizations and relevant dental sites help you know where to look for additional information.

Hazardous Chemicals Handbook

Author: P A CARSON

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008052379X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 9213

Summarizes core information for quick reference in the workplace, using tables and checklists wherever possible. Essential reading for safety officers, company managers, engineers, transport personnel, waste disposal personnel, environmental health officers, trainees on industrial training courses and engineering students. This book provides concise and clear explanation and look-up data on properties, exposure limits, flashpoints, monitoring techniques, personal protection and a host of other parameters and requirements relating to compliance with designated safe practice, control of hazards to people's health and limitation of impact on the environment. The book caters for the multitude of companies, officials and public and private employees who must comply with the regulations governing the use, storage, handling, transport and disposal of hazardous substances. Reference is made throughout to source documents and standards, and a Bibliography provides guidance to sources of wider ranging and more specialized information. Dr Phillip Carson is Safety Liaison and QA Manager at the Unilever Research Laboratory at Port Sunlight. He is a member of the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health, of the Institution of Chemical Engineers' Loss Prevention Panel and of the Chemical Industries Association's `Exposure Limits Task Force' and `Health Advisory Group'. Dr Clive Mumford is a Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at the University of Aston and a consultant. He lectures on several courses of the Certificate and Diploma of the National Examining Board in Occupational Safety and Health. [Given 5 star rating] - Occupational Safety & Health, July 1994 - Loss Prevention Bulletin, April 1994 - Journal of Hazardous Materials, November 1994 - Process Safety & Environmental Prot., November 1994