Deepening Local Democracy in Latin America

Participation, Decentralization, and the Left

Author: Benjamin Goldfrank

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271037946

Category: Political Science

Page: 299

View: 5215

"Addresses the question of why institutions meant to attract citizen participation succeed in strengthening civil society and improving state responsiveness and transparency in some places, but fail in others. Focuses on urban politics in Porto Alegre (Brazil), Montevideo (Uruguay), and Caracas (Venezuela)"--Provided by publisher.

Demokratie und Krise

Zum schwierigen Verhältnis von Theorie und Empirie

Author: Wolfgang Merkel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658059451

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 6513

Es gibt kaum einen Begriff in den Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften, der so häufig benutzt wird wie der Begriff Krise. Krise des Sozialstaats, Krise der politischen Parteien, Krise des Parlaments, Eurokrise, Krise im Mittleren Osten, Krise der Diktaturen und schon immer auch: Krise der Demokratie. Steckt die Demokratie tatsächlich in der Krise, oder ist dieses verbreitete Urteil eine Erfindung von Theoretikern und Medien? Die Beiträge dieses Buchs untersuchen den gegenwärtigen Zustand der etablierten Demokratien auf der Grundlage eines gemeinsamen Demokratie- und Krisenverständnisses. Dem Leser wird aus drei theoretischen Perspektiven ein empirisch gehaltvoller Blick auf die zentralen Ebenen der Demokratie in der OECD-Welt geöffnet: der Partizipation, der Repräsentation und des Regierens. Die Krisenphänomene sind vielschichtig und variieren von Institution zu Institution, von Politikbereich zu Politikbereich und von Land zu Land. Von einer allgemeinen oder gar existenziellen Krise kann nicht die Rede sein. Dennoch gibt es keinen Grund zur Entwarnung. Die Legitimationsachsen der Demokratie verschieben sich. Die Demokratie steht vor großen Herausforderungen.

Deepening Democracy

Global Governance and Political Reform in Latin America

Author: Francis Adams

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275979713

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 5594

Adams surveys the impact of transnational organizations and NGOs on Latin American politics since 1990. Latin America is offered as a prime example of the increased influence transnational authorities have over political decisions that had long been the exclusive prerogative of national governments.

The Resurgence of the Latin American Left

Author: Steven Levitsky,Kenneth M. Roberts

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421401614

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 5768

Featuring a new typology of Left parties in Latin America, an original framework for identifying and categorizing variation among these governments, and contributions from prominent and influential scholars of Latin American politics, this historical-institutional approach to understanding the region’s left turn—and variation within it—is the most comprehensive explanation to date on the topic.

Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics

Author: Peter Kingstone,Deborah J. Yashar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 632

View: 2808

Latin America has been one of the critical areas in the study of comparative politics. The region’s experiments with installing and deepening democracy and promoting alternative modes of economic development have generated intriguing and enduring empirical puzzles. In turn, Latin America’s challenges continue to spawn original and vital work on central questions in comparative politics: about the origins of democracy; about the relationship between state and society; about the nature of citizenship; about the balance between state and market. The richness and diversity of the study of Latin American politics makes it hard to stay abreast of the developments in the many sub-literatures of the field. The Routledge Handbook of Latin American Politics offers an intellectually rigorous overview of the state of the field and a thoughtful guide to the direction of future scholarship. Kingstone and Yashar bring together the leading figures in the study of Latin America to present extensive empirical coverage, new original research, and a cutting-edge examination of the central areas of inquiry in the region.

The Imperative of Good Local Governance

Challenges for the Next Decade of Decentralization

Author: Joakim Öjendal,Anki Dellnäs

Publisher: United Nations University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 412

View: 6969

This is a true state-of-the-art volume in the fields of local governance, decentralization, and local democracy. It summarizes many of the insights emerging from original research of the past decade. It is also a future-looking volume with explicit policy relevance, paving the way for innovative thinking, and acting, on the next phase of development in the field. In a unique way this book brings together authoritative contributions from authors who to a large extent have been defining the field for the last decade or more. It looks at how good governance is created from top-down and bottom-up perspectives, illustrated through a wide variety of case studies. The case studies were selected for their relevance to the theoretical perspectives offered, as well as for their paradigmatic power in the current global evolution of decentralized policies and politics. The volume concludes that overall, local development and local politics will not go away--it has a huge potential--but also that the field is full of unfulfilled promises, some of which could be remedied through the perspectives revealed in this volume.

Latin American Democracy

Emerging Reality Or Endangered Species?

Author: Richard L. Millett,Jennifer S. Holmes,Orlando J. Pérez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135854165

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4366

Nearly thirty years have passed since Latin America began the arduous task of transitioning from military-led rule to democracy. In this time, more countries have moved toward the institutional bases of democracy than at any time in the region’s history. Nearly all countries have held free, competitive elections and most have had peaceful alternations in power between opposing political forces. Despite these advances, however, Latin American countries continue to face serious domestic and international challenges to the consolidation of stable democratic governance. The challenges range from weak political institutions, corruption, legacies of militarism, transnational crime and globalization among others. In Latin American Democracy contributors – both academics and practitioners, North Americans and Latin Americans – explore and assess the state of democratic consolidation in Latin America by focusing on the specific issues and challenges confronting democratic governance in the region.

Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World

First Global Report by United Cities and Local Governments 2008

Author: United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821377352

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 396

'Decentralization and Local Democracy in the World' constitutes a global reference on decentralization by presenting the contemporary situation of local governments in all regions of the world. The report analyzes local authorities in each continent under three main themes: the evolution of territorial structures; responsibilities and power, management and finances; and local democracy. An additional chapter is dedicated to the governance of large metropolises, where rapid growth presents major challenges, in particular in the fast-developing countries of the South. This report also offers a comparative overview of the different realities concerning the state of decentralization, and how the basic indispensable mechansims for local democracy do, or do not exist in come countries. Relationships between the state and local authorities are evolving toward innovative forms of cooperation. In this context, the role of local authorities in the development of global policies is increasingly recognized. The first Global Observatory on Local Democracy and Decentralization (GOLD) Report is one of the main products of United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG). The GOLD Report is the first of what will be a triennial publication. UCLG represents and defends the interests of local governments on the world stage, regardless of the size of the communities they serve. Headquartered in Barcelona, the organization's stated mission is: To be the united voice and world advocate of democratic local self-government, promoting its values, objectives and interests, through cooperation between local governments, and within the wider international community.

Violent Democracies in Latin America

Author: Daniel M. Goldstein,Enrique Desmond Arias

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822392038

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 7187

Despite recent political movements to establish democratic rule in Latin American countries, much of the region still suffers from pervasive violence. From vigilantism, to human rights violations, to police corruption, violence persists. It is perpetrated by state-sanctioned armies, guerillas, gangs, drug traffickers, and local community groups seeking self-protection. The everyday presence of violence contrasts starkly with governmental efforts to extend civil, political, and legal rights to all citizens, and it is invoked as evidence of the failure of Latin American countries to achieve true democracy. The contributors to this collection take the more nuanced view that violence is not a social aberration or the result of institutional failure; instead, it is intimately linked to the institutions and policies of economic liberalization and democratization. The contributors—anthropologists, political scientists, sociologists, and historians—explore how individuals and institutions in Latin American democracies, from the rural regions of Colombia and the Dominican Republic to the urban centers of Brazil and Mexico, use violence to impose and contest notions of order, rights, citizenship, and justice. They describe the lived realities of citizens and reveal the historical foundations of the violence that Latin America suffers today. One contributor examines the tightly woven relationship between violent individuals and state officials in Colombia, while another contextualizes violence in Rio de Janeiro within the transnational political economy of drug trafficking. By advancing the discussion of democratic Latin American regimes beyond the usual binary of success and failure, this collection suggests more sophisticated ways of understanding the challenges posed by violence, and of developing new frameworks for guaranteeing human rights in Latin America. Contributors: Enrique Desmond Arias, Javier Auyero, Lilian Bobea, Diane E. Davis, Robert Gay, Daniel M. Goldstein, Mary Roldán, Todd Landman, Ruth Stanley, María Clemencia Ramírez

Die gute Regierung

Author: Pierre Rosanvallon

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868546731

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 5286

Überlegungen zu einer demokratischen Revolution - das aktuelle Buch eines der international renommiertesten Forscher zur Demokratiegeschichte und zu aktuellen Fragen der sozialen Gerechtigkeit Die meisten politischen Systeme der westlichen Welt gelten als demokratisch – legitimiert durch freie Wahlen und einen Rechtsstaat, der sich zu den individuellen Freiheitsrechten bekennt und diese schützt. Laut Rosanvallon führen diese Legitimationsprinzipien zu einer Vorherrschaft der Exekutive: "Unsere politischen Systeme können als demokratisch bezeichnet werden, doch demokratisch regiert werden wir nicht." Die demokratische Betätigung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger reduziert sich auf die Wahl von Repräsentanten und Regierenden, d. h. auf ein simples Verfahren zur Beglaubigung von Mächtigen und zur Bestätigung von allgemeinen politischen Zielsetzungen. Diese Formen von Genehmigungsdemokratien führen zu sozialen Verwerfungen und können im schlimmsten Fall sogar diktatorische Züge aufweisen (wie z. B. in Weißrussland). Auf der Grundlage demokratiegeschichtlicher Entwicklungen entwirft Rosanvallon das Modell einer Betätigungsdemokratie als Garant einer guten Regierung. Eine Betätigungsdemokratie verkörpert die positive Seite des demokratischen Universalismus und ist der Schlüssel zum demokratischen Fortschritt. Voraussetzung ist, dass nicht nur die Exekutive, sondern auch Behörden, verschiedene Ebenen der Justiz und der gesamte öffentliche Dienst Umwandlungsprozesse vollziehen. Rosanvallon fordert nicht weniger als eine demokratische Revolution, die über eine Neudefinition der Beziehungen zwischen Regierenden und Regierten führt, erst dann wird die Realisierung einer Gesellschaft der Gleichen denkbar.

Latin American Responses to Globalization in the 21st Century

Author: M. Nilsson,J. Gustafsson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113700312X

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 9828

Written by a diverse group of scholars and practitioners from Latin America, the US and Europe and taking into consideration the recent global financial crisis,the book offers a multifaceted insight into the expectations as well as the possible threats related to Latin America's incorporation into the sphere of global interconnectedness.

Struggles for Local Democracy in the Andes

Author: John Cameron

Publisher: First Forum Press

ISBN: 9781935049166

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 1898

John Cameron draws on power-based approaches to the study of democratization as he thoughtfully explores efforts by indigenous and peasant groups to gain control of local governments and deepen democracy in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. Cameron addresses three fundamental questions: What factors best explain the success or failure of local political movements in the Andes? What forms of democracy are emerging in indigenous- and peasant-controlled municipalities? What are the impacts of municipal democratization on the well-being and political identities of the citizenry? As he elucidates his results, he reminds readers that, in the midst of some of the most exclusionary and elite-dominated systems of local government in Latin America, political struggles for democracy are having a profound impact.

Radicals in Power

The Workers' Party and Experiments in Urban Democracy in Brazil

Author: Gianpaolo Baiocchi

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842771730

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 9225

This book throws real light on the single most strategic tendency in Brazilian politics in recent years.

Latin American Democratic Transformations

Institutions, Actors, Processes

Author: William C. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405197587

Category: Political Science

Page: 381

View: 5996

Latin American Democratic Transformations explores the manner in which Latin American societies seek to consolidate and deepen their democracies in adverse domestic and international circumstances. The contributors engage recent debates on liberal and illiberal democracy and probe the complex connections between democratic politics and neoliberal, market-oriented reforms.

Beyond neoliberalism in Latin America?

societies and politics at the crossroads

Author: John Burdick,Philip Oxhorn,Kenneth M. Roberts

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230611795

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 7530

While the neoliberal model continues to dominate economic and political life in Latin America, people throughout the region have begun to strategize about how to move beyond this model. What are the alternatives they imagine? Do these alternatives represent a genuine break? Twelve cutting-edge papers investigate how Latin Americans are struggling to articulate a future in which neoliberalism is reconfigured.