Data Handling and Analysis

Author: Andrew Blann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0198812213

Category:

Page: 248

View: 5382

Biomedical scientists are the foundation of modern healthcare, from cancer screening to diagnosing HIV, from blood transfusion for surgery to food poisoning and infection control. Without biomedical scientists, the diagnosis of disease, the evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment, andresearch into the causes and cures of disease would not be possible.The Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series has been written to reflect the challenges of practicing biomedical science today. It draws together essential basic science with insights into laboratory practice to show how an understanding of the biology of disease is coupled to the analyticalapproaches that lead to diagnosis. Assuming only a minimum of prior knowledge, the series reviews the full range of disciplines to which a Biomedical Scientist may be exposed - from microbiology to cytopathology to transfusion science. Data Handling and Analysis is the most relevant and useful statistics and data analysis text for biomedical science students. Providing a broad review of the quantitative skills needed to be an effective biomedical scientist, the text spans the collection, presentation, and analysis of data. Itdraws on relevant examples throughout, creating an ideal introduction to the subject for any student of biomedical science.

Data Handling and Analysis

Author: Andrew Blann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199667918

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 6734

Biomedical scientists are the foundation of modern healthcare, from cancer screening to diagnosing HIV, from blood transfusion for surgery to food poisoning and infection control. Without biomedical scientists, the diagnosis of disease, the evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment, andresearch into the causes and cures of disease would not be possible. The Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series is written to reflect the challenges of practicing biomedical science today. It draws together essential basic science with insights into laboratory practice to show how an understanding of the biology of disease is coupled to the analytical approachesthat lead to diagnosis. The series* Understands the complex roles of Biomedical Scientists in the modern practice of medicine* Understands the development needs of employers and the Profession* Addresses the need for understanding of a range of fundamental sciences in the context of Biomedicine* Places the theoretical aspects of Biomedical Science in their practical context The series is developed in partnership with and endorsed by the Institute of Biomedical Science. See a href="https://www.ibms.org/"ibms.org/a for more information. Data Handling and Analysis provides a broad review of the quantitative skills needed to be an effective biomedical scientist. Spanning the collection, presentation, and analysis of data - and drawing on relevant examples throughout - Data Handling and Analysis is the ideal introduction to thesubject for any student of biomedical science. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Data Handling and Analysis features: For registered adopters of the book:* Figures from the book, available to download

Biomedical Science Practice

Author: Nessar Ahmed,Hedley Glencross,Qiuyu Wang

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198717318

Category:

Page: 432

View: 4143

Biomedical scientists are the foundation of modern healthcare, from cancer screening to diagnosing HIV, from blood transfusion for surgery to food poisoning and infection control. Without biomedical scientists, the diagnosis of disease, the evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment, andresearch into the causes and cures of disease would not be possible. The Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series has been written to reflect the challenges of practicing biomedical science today. It draws together essential basic science with insights into laboratory practice to show how an understanding of the biology of disease is coupled to the analyticalapproaches that lead to diagnosis. Assuming only a minimum of prior knowledge, the series reviews the full range of disciplines to which a Biomedical Scientist may be exposed - from microbiology to cytopathology to transfusion science. A core text in the Fundamentals of Biomedical Science series, Biomedical Science Practice gives a comprehensive overview of the key laboratory techniques and professional skills that students need to master. The text is supported throughout with engaging clinical case studies, written to emphasizethe link between theory and practice, providing a strong foundation for beginning biomedical science students.

Biomedical Texture Analysis

Fundamentals, Tools and Challenges

Author: Adrien Depeursinge,Omar S Al-Kadi,J.Ross Mitchell

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128123214

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 849

Biomedical Texture Analysis: Fundamentals, Applications, Tools and Challenges describes the fundamentals and applications of biomedical texture analysis (BTA) for precision medicine. It defines what biomedical textures (BTs) are and why they require specific image analysis design approaches when compared to more classical computer vision applications. The fundamental properties of BTs are given to highlight key aspects of texture operator design, providing a foundation for biomedical engineers to build the next generation of biomedical texture operators. Examples of novel texture operators are described and their ability to characterize BTs are demonstrated in a variety of applications in radiology and digital histopathology. Recent open-source software frameworks which enable the extraction, exploration and analysis of 2D and 3D texture-based imaging biomarkers are also presented. This book provides a thorough background on texture analysis for graduate students, and biomedical engineers from both industry and academia who have basic image processing knowledge. Medical doctors and biologists with no background in image processing will also find available methods and software tools for analyzing textures in medical images. •Defines biomedical texture precisely and describe how it is different from general texture information considered in computer vision •Define the general problem to translate 2D and 3D texture patterns from biomedical images to visually and biologically relevant measurements •Describes, using intuitive concepts, how the most popular biomedical texture analysis approaches (e.g., gray-level matrices, fractals, wavelets, deep convolutional neural networks) work, what they have in common, and how they are different •Identifies the strengths, weaknesses, and current challenges of existing methods including both handcrafted and learned representations, as well as deep learning. The goal is to establish foundations for building the next generation of biomedical texture operators •Showcases applications where biomedical texture analysis has succeeded and failed •Provides details on existing, freely available texture analysis software, helping experts in medicine or biology develop and test precise research hypothesis

Cell Structure & Function

Author: Guy Orchard,Brian Nation

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199652473

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 8109

Describes the structural and functional features of the various types of cell from which the human body is formed, focusing on normal cellular structure and function and giving students and trainees a firm grounding in the appearance and behavior of healthy cells and tissues on which can be built a robust understanding of cellular pathology.

Transfusion and Transplantation Science

Author: Neil Avent

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198735731

Category:

Page: 368

View: 5224

Synthesizes the wide-ranging concepts essential to transfusion and transplantation science and presents them within the practical framework of the hospital banking and transplantation centre, providing you with the knowledge and skills to specialize in this discipline.

Histopathology

Author: Guy Orchard,Brian Nation

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199574340

Category: Medical

Page: 396

View: 3669

Histopathology describes the processes and practices that are central to the role of the histopathologist within a functioning diagnostic laboratory, from pre-sampling to diagnosis to laboratory management.

Lecture Notes: Clinical Biochemistry

Author: Geoffrey Beckett,Simon W. Walker,Peter Rae,Peter Ashby

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111868706X

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 8955

The new edition of the best-selling Lecture Notes title is a concise introduction to clinical biochemistry that presents the fundamental science underpinning common biochemical investigations used in clinical practice. Lecture Notes: Clinical Biochemistry allows the reader to make efficient and informed use of the diagnostic services offered by their clinical biochemistry department. The result is a text that serves as a reference to the practitioner as well as the student. The book takes a system-based approach, with the underlying physiological rationale for any test explained in the context of disruption by disease. This leads naturally to an integrated and practical understanding of biochemical diagnostics. Including multiple choice questions (MCQs) alongside end-of-chapter case studies to help develop test-selection skills, Lecture Notes: Clinical Biochemistry provides the essential background to biochemical investigations and is an ideal course companion and revision guide for medical students, junior doctors on the Foundation Programme, general practitioners, and nurses and laboratory technicians.

Data Assimilation: Methods, Algorithms, and Applications

Author: Mark Asch,Marc Bocquet,Maelle Nodet

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611974542

Category: Mathematics

Page: 306

View: 7408

Data assimilation is an approach that combines observations and model output, with the objective of improving the latter. This book places data assimilation into the broader context of inverse problems and the theory, methods, and algorithms that are used for their solution. It provides a framework for, and insight into, the inverse problem nature of data assimilation, emphasizing ?why? and not just ?how.? Methods and diagnostics are emphasized, enabling readers to readily apply them to their own field of study. Readers will find a comprehensive guide that is accessible to nonexperts; numerous examples and diverse applications from a broad range of domains, including geophysics and geophysical flows, environmental acoustics, medical imaging, mechanical and biomedical engineering, economics and finance, and traffic control and urban planning; and the latest methods for advanced data assimilation, combining variational and statistical approaches.

Statistical Modeling for Biomedical Researchers

A Simple Introduction to the Analysis of Complex Data

Author: William D. Dupont

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643819

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 8348

The second edition of this standard text guides biomedical researchers in the selection and use of advanced statistical methods and the presentation of results to clinical colleagues. It assumes no knowledge of mathematics beyond high school level and is accessible to anyone with an introductory background in statistics. The Stata statistical software package is again used to perform the analyses, this time employing the much improved version 10 with its intuitive point and click as well as character-based commands. Topics covered include linear, logistic and Poisson regression, survival analysis, fixed-effects analysis of variance, and repeated-measure analysis of variance. Restricted cubic splines are used to model non-linear relationships. Each method is introduced in its simplest form and then extended to cover more complex situations. An appendix will help the reader select the most appropriate statistical methods for their data. The text makes extensive use of real data sets available at http://biostat.mc.vanderbilt.edu/dupontwd/wddtext/.

Electrochemical Science and Technology: Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Keith Oldham,Jan Myland,Alan Bond

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119966841

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 4767

Electrochemistry is a discipline of wide scientific and technological interest. Scientifically, it explores the electrical properties of materials and especially the interfaces between different kinds of matter. Technologically, electrochemistry touches our lives in many ways that few fully appreciate; for example, materials as diverse as aluminum, nylon, and bleach are manufactured electrochemically, while the batteries that power all manner of appliances, vehicles, and devices are the products of electrochemical research. Other realms in which electrochemical science plays a crucial role include corrosion, the disinfection of water, neurophysiology, sensors, energy storage, semiconductors, the physics of thunderstorms, biomedical analysis, and so on. This book treats electrochemistry as a science in its own right, albeit resting firmly on foundations provided by chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Early chapters discuss the electrical and chemical properties of materials from which electrochemical cells are constructed. The behavior of such cells is addressed in later chapters, with emphasis on the electrodes and the reactions that occur on their surfaces. The role of transport to and from electrodes is a topic that commands attention, because it crucially determines cell efficiency. Final chapters deal with voltammetry, the methodology used to investigate electrode behavior. Interspersed among the more fundamental chapters are chapters devoted to applications of electrochemistry: electrosynthesis, power sources, “green electrochemistry”, and corrosion. Electrochemical Science and Technology is addressed to all who have a need to come to grips with the fundamentals of electrochemistry and to learn about some of its applications. It will constitute a text for a senior undergraduate or graduate course in electrochemistry. It also serves as a source of material of interest to scientists and technologists in various fields throughout academia, industry, and government – chemists, physicists, engineers, environmentalists, materials scientists, biologists, and those in related endeavors. This book: Provides a background to electrochemistry, as well as treating the topic itself. Is accessible to all with a foundation in physical science, not solely to chemists. Is addressed both to students and those later in their careers. Features web links (through www.wiley.com/go/EST) to extensive material that is of a more tangential, specialized, or mathematical nature. Includes questions as footnotes to support the reader’s evolving comprehension of the material, with fully worked answers provided on the web. Provides web access to Excel® spreadsheets which allow the reader to model electrochemical events. Has a copious Appendix of relevant data.

Haematology

Author: Gary Moore,Gavin Knight,Andrew Blann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668868

Category:

Page: 728

View: 7152

Haematology provides a broad-ranging overview of the study of blood, the dynamic fluid that interfaces with all organs and tissues to mediate essential transport and regulatory functions. Written with the needs of the biomedical scientist centre-stage, it provides a firm grounding in the physiology of blood, and the key pathophysiological states that can arise. It demonstrates throughout how an understanding of the physiologyunderpins the key investigations carried out by a biomedical scientist to forge a clear link between science and practice. The second edition includes a new chapter on acquired disorders of haemostasis.

The Fourier Transform in Biomedical Engineering

Author: Terry M. Peters,Jacqueline C. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461206375

Category: Mathematics

Page: 199

View: 1928

In 1994, in my role as Technical Program Chair for the 17th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, I solicited proposals for mini-symposia to provide delegates with accessible summaries of important issues in research areas outside their particular specializations. Terry Peters and his colleagues submitted a proposal for a symposium on Fourier Trans forms and Biomedical Engineering whose goal was "to demystify the Fourier transform and describe its practical application in biomedi cal situations". This was to be achieved by presenting the concepts in straightforward, physical terms with examples drawn for the parti cipants work in physiological signal analysis and medical imaging. The mini-symposia proved to be a great success and drew a large and appreciative audience. The only complaint being that the time allocated, 90 minutes, was not adequate to allow the participants to elaborate their ideas adequately. I understand that this feedback helped the authors to develop this book.

Case Studies in Infectious Disease

Author: Peter Lydyard,Michael Cole,John Holton,Will Irving,Nino Porakishvili,Pradhib Venkatesan,Kate Ward

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 0203856872

Category: Medical

Page: 609

View: 5648

Case Studies in Infectious Disease presents forty case studies featuring the most important human infectious diseases worldwide. Written for students of microbiology and medicine this book describes the natural history of infection from point of entry of the pathogen through pathogenesis, followed by clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment. Five core sets of questions are posed in each case. What is the nature of the infectious agent, how does it gain access to the body, what cells are infected, and how does the organism spread? What are the host defense mechanisms against the agent and how is the disease caused? What are the typical manifestations of the infection and the complications that can occur? How is the infection diagnosed and what is the differential diagnosis? How is the infection managed, and what preventative measures can be taken to avoid infection? This standardized approach provides the reader with a logical basis for understanding these diverse and medically important organisms, fully integrating microbiology and immunology throughout.

Applied Categorical and Count Data Analysis

Author: Wan Tang,Hua He,Xin M. Tu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439806241

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 9976

Developed from the authors’ graduate-level biostatistics course, Applied Categorical and Count Data Analysis explains how to perform the statistical analysis of discrete data, including categorical and count outcomes. The authors describe the basic ideas underlying each concept, model, and approach to give readers a good grasp of the fundamentals of the methodology without using rigorous mathematical arguments. The text covers classic concepts and popular topics, such as contingency tables, logistic models, and Poisson regression models, along with modern areas that include models for zero-modified count outcomes, parametric and semiparametric longitudinal data analysis, reliability analysis, and methods for dealing with missing values. R, SAS, SPSS, and Stata programming codes are provided for all the examples, enabling readers to immediately experiment with the data in the examples and even adapt or extend the codes to fit data from their own studies. Designed for a one-semester course for graduate and senior undergraduate students in biostatistics, this self-contained text is also suitable as a self-learning guide for biomedical and psychosocial researchers. It will help readers analyze data with discrete variables in a wide range of biomedical and psychosocial research fields.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1080

View: 7360

Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Fundamentals of Biomechanics

Author: Duane Knudson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475752989

Category: Medical

Page: 337

View: 1994

Fundamentals of Biomechanics introduces the exciting world of how human movement is created and how it can be improved. Teachers, coaches and physical therapists all use biomechanics to help people improve movement and decrease the risk of injury. The book presents a comprehensive review of the major concepts of biomechanics and summarizes them in nine principles of biomechanics. Fundamentals of Biomechanics concludes by showing how these principles can be used by movement professionals to improve human movement. Specific case studies are presented in physical education, coaching, strength and conditioning, and sports medicine.

Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis

Author: Hernando Ombao,Martin Lindquist,Wesley Thompson,John Aston

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482220989

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 8120

This book explores various state-of-the-art aspects behind the statistical analysis of neuroimaging data. It examines the development of novel statistical approaches to model brain data. Designed for researchers in statistics, biostatistics, computer science, cognitive science, computer engineering, biomedical engineering, applied mathematics, physics, and radiology, the book can also be used as a textbook for graduate-level courses in statistics and biostatistics or as a self-study reference for Ph.D. students in statistics, biostatistics, psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

Nanobioelectronics - for Electronics, Biology, and Medicine

Author: Andreas Offenhäusser,Ross Rinaldi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387094595

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 7612

The combination of biological elements with electronics is of great interest for many research areas. Inspired by biological signal processes, scientists and engineers are exploring ways of manipulating, assembling, and applying biomolecules and cells on integrated circuits, joining biology with electronic devices. The overall goal is to create bioelectronic devices for biosensing, drug discovery, and curing diseases, but also to build new electronic systems based on biologically inspired concepts. This research area called bioelectronics requires a broad interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach to biology and material science. Even though at the frontier of life science and material science, bioelectronics has achieved in the last years many objectives of scientific and industrial relevance, including aspects of electronics and biotechnology. Although the first steps in this field combined biological and electronic units for sensor applications (e. g. , glucose oxidase on an oxygen electrode), we see now many applications in the fields of genomics, proteomics, and celomics as well as electronics. This approach challenges both the researcher and the student to learn and think outside of their zones of comfort and training. Today, one can fabricate electrically active structures that are commensurate in size with biomolecules. The advancement of nanotechnology has influenced bioelectronics to a large extent.

Biology of Disease

Author: Roz Gibbs,Sheelagh Heugh

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199539574

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 702

Biology of Disease addresses the pathophysiology of specific disease states and evaluates the multidisciplinary approach to disease diagnosis and management. Starting with an introduction to the basic concepts of health and disease, the book graduates to an in-depth discussion of disease states, while illustrating how theory is linked to practice.