Cybernetics Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine

Author: Norbert Wiener

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262730099

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 2804

"This book represents the outcome, after more than a decade, of a program of work undertaken jointly with Dr. Arturo Rosenblueth. The author and Rosenbleuth, as well as other scientists, became aware of the essential unity of the set of problems centering about communication, control, and statistical mechanics, whether in the machine or in living tissue. They were also hampered by the lack of unity of the literature concerning these problems, and by the absence of any common terminology. They decided to call the entire field of control and communication theory, whether in the machine or in the animal, by the name cybernetics. This book focuses on cybernetics, from its earlier history with computing machines to its more modern uses. This second edition includes both the first edition from 1846 and supplementary chapters from 1961"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

Cybernetics

Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine

Author: Norbert Wiener

Publisher: Quid Pro Books

ISBN: 1610271807

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 8209

One of the most influential and prescient books of the last century. Its Second Edition is presented in a quality ebook edition, featuring linked and active Contents, Index, Endnotes, and cross-references to fornulae and expressions. This book is on virtually everyone's short list of the most influential nonfiction works in the 20th Century, and now its Second Edition--the one also used for paperback reprintings in 1965 and later--is accurately presented as an affordable ebook by Quid Pro Books.

Schlüsselwerke der Systemtheorie

Author: Dirk Baecker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531140841

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8454

Die Systemtheorie ist ein Versuch, Beschreibungen für Phänomene zu finden, die weder so einfach sind, dass sie kausal, noch so zufällig, dass sie statistisch beschrieben werden können. Es handelt sich um Phänomene der Selbstorganisation. Die Systemtheorie ist ein Versuch, eine Begrifflichkeit zu entwickeln, mit denen diese Phänomene beschrieben werden können, mit der der Beobachter zu begreifen vermag, dass er mit seinen Beschreibungen ein Teil der Welt ist und nicht in einem imaginären Außerhalb agiert. Die klassische Unterscheidung zwischen Subjekt und Objekt wird dabei unterlaufen und durch die Entdeckung einer Vielzahl von Beobachterpositionen in der Welt ersetzt.

Die Rechenmaschine und das Gehirn

Author: John von Neumann

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486819666

Category: Computers

Page: 77

View: 5318

"The Computer and the Brain" war der Titel von John von Neumanns letzter hinterlassener Arbeit, in der er den wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen der Rechenmaschine und dem menschlichen Denk- und Nervensystem nachgeht. Diese Arbeit gibt ein zusammengefaßtes Zeugnis seiner eindringlichen und unorthodoxen Denkweise. John von Neumann gilt heute als einer der Pioniere der modernen Rechentechnik.

Philosophy and Technology II

Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice

Author: Carl Mitcham,Alois Huning

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400945124

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 4757

Until recently, the philosophy and history of science proceeded in a separate way from the philosophy and history of technology, and indeed with respect to both science and technology, philosophical and historical inquiries were also following their separate ways. Now we see in the past quarter-century how the philosophy of science has been profoundly in fluenced by historical studies of the sciences, and no longer concerned so single-mindedly with the analysis of theory and explanation, with the re lation between hypotheses and experimental observation. Now also we see the traditional historical studies of technology supplemented by phi losophical questions, and no longer so plainly focussed upon contexts of application, on invention and practical engineering, and on the mutually stimulating relations between technology and society. Further, alas, the neat division of intellectual labor, those clearly drawn distinctions be tween science and technology, between the theoretical and the applied, between discovery and justification, between internalist and externalist approaches . . . all, all have become muddled! Partly, this is due to internal revolutions within the philosophy and his tory of science (the first result being recognition of their mutual rele vance). Partly, however, this state of 'muddle' is due to external factors: science, at the least in the last half-century, has become so intimately connected with technology, and technological developments have cre ated so many new fields of scientific (and philosophical) inquiry that any critical reflection on scientific and technological endeavors must hence forth take their interaction into account.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition

Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 9734

Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

Further Adventures of The Dialectic of Sex

Critical Essays on Shulamith Firestone

Author: M. Merck,S. Sandford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230109993

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 5615

In these eleven essays scholars from diverse disciplines address the argument, reception, and implications of The Dialectic of Sex and make a compelling, critical case for its contemporary salience.

Kybernetik und Kulturkritik. Zu Friedrich Jünger und Arnold Gehlen

Author: Philipp Brunner

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668122849

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 31

View: 9351

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Germanistik - Komparatistik, Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft, Note: 5, Universität Bern (Germanistik), Veranstaltung: Denkformen der Kulturkritik – 17.-20. Jahrhundert, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich unter anderem mit der Frage, auf welchen Grundlagen es überhaupt zur Ausbildung des Wissenschaftszweiges der Kybernetik gekommen war. Ausserdem soll im gleichen Rahmen ein Überblick über die verschiedenen (Teil-) Disziplinen der Kybernetik geschaffen werden. Es sei an dieser Stelle vermerkt, dass dies jeweils aus zwei Gründen geschieht. Zum einen soll diese Übersicht einen – wenigstens kleinen - Einblick in das vielfältige Programm der Kybernetik bieten und zeigen, dass wir fast täglich mit der Kybernetik zu tun haben, ohne dabei diesem Begriff je bewusst begegnet zu sein. Zweitens möchte ich darauf verweisen, dass immer, wenn über eine spezielle Disziplin der Kybernetik gesprochen wird, eine Brücke zur Kulturkritik (im Sinne Ernst Jüngers und Arnold Gehlens) geschaffen werden kann. Nach einem knappen Überblick über die Kybernetik und ihr Erbe, werde ich auf die Relevanz der Texte Friedrich Jüngers und Arnold Gehlens bezüglich einer Kulturkritik zu sprechen kommen. Dazu werde ich die Hauptpunkte der Texte kurz umreissen, um dann zu versuchen, einen allgemeine Bogen zur Relevanz der Geschichte der Kybernetik zu schlagen. Am Ende einer Arbeit wie dieser finden sich üblicherweise ‚lediglich’ bibliographische Angaben zu den verwendeten Werken, oder zumindest zu jenen Werken, die das Schreiben der Arbeit ausgelöst oder inspiriert haben. Ich habe, wie auch immer, eine etwas längere Liste zu weiterführenden Literatur betreffend aller Gebiete der Kybernetik angefügt, die in dieser Arbeit gestreift werden. Diese ausgedehnte Liste soll dem interessierten Leser eine Hilfe für eigene Nachforschungen bieten. Zum gleichen Zweck habe ich eine kleine Sammlung angefügt, welche auf interessante Internetseiten zum Thema verweist. Zu guter letzt findet sich auch eine kleine Auswahl an Science-Fiction-Literatur.

Rhetoric and Ethics in the Cybernetic Age

The Transhuman Condition

Author: Jeff Pruchnic

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135022658

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 220

View: 2640

It has become increasingly difficult to ignore the ways that the centrality of new media and technologies — from the global networking of information systems and social media to new possibilities for altering human genetics — seem to make obsolete our traditional ways of thinking about ethics and persuasive communication inherited from earlier humanist paradigms. This book argues that rather than devoting our critical energies towards critiquing humanist touchstones, we should instead examine the ways in which media and technologies have always worked as crucial cultural forces in shaping ethics and rhetoric. Pruchnic combines this historical itinerary with critical interrogations of diverse cultural and technological sites — the logic of video games and artificial intelligence, the ethics of life extension in contemporary medicine, the transition to computer-automated trading in world stock markets, the state of critical theory in the contemporary humanities — along with innovative analyses of the works of such figures as the Greek Sophists, Kenneth Burke, Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Gilles Deleuze. This book argues that our best strategies for crafting persuasive communication and producing ethical relations between individuals will be those that creatively replicate and appropriate, rather than resist, the logics of dominant forms of media and technology.

The NewMediaReader

Author: Noah Wardrip-Fruin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262232272

Category: Social Science

Page: 823

View: 9748

A sourcebook of historical written texts, video documentation, and working programs that form the foundation of new media. This reader collects the texts, videos, and computer programs--many of them now almost impossible to find--that chronicle the history and form the foundation of the still-emerging field of new media. General introductions by Janet Murray and Lev Manovich, along with short introductions to each of the texts, place the works in their historical context and explain their significance. The texts were originally published between World War II--when digital computing, cybernetic feedback, and early notions of hypertext and the Internet first appeared--and the emergence of the World Wide Web--when they entered the mainstream of public life. The texts are by computer scientists, artists, architects, literary writers, interface designers, cultural critics, and individuals working across disciplines. The contributors include (chronologically) Jorge Luis Borges, Vannevar Bush, Alan Turing, Ivan Sutherland, William S. Burroughs, Ted Nelson, Italo Calvino, Marshall McLuhan, Jean Baudrillard, Nicholas Negroponte, Alan Kay, Bill Viola, Sherry Turkle, Richard Stallman, Brenda Laurel, Langdon Winner, Robert Coover, and Tim Berners-Lee. The CD accompanying the book contains examples of early games, digital art, independent literary efforts, software created at universities, and home-computer commercial software. Also on the CD is digitized video, documenting new media programs and artwork for which no operational version exists. One example is a video record of Douglas Engelbart's first presentation of the mouse, word processor, hyperlink, computer-supported cooperative work, video conferencing, and the dividing up of the screen we now call non-overlapping windows; another is documentation of Lynn Hershman's Lorna, the first interactive video art installation.

Scanner leben vergebens

Erzählung

Author: Cordwainer Smith

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641192331

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 1451

Die geheime Pflicht der Scanner Weit in der Zukunft hat die Menschheit das Geheimnis des interstellaren Fluges entdeckt: Dank des „Ersten Effekts“ lassen sich die gewaltigen Distanzen zwischen den Sternen überwinden. Doch der Erste Effekt ist so schmerzhaft, dass nur bestimmte, zuvor veränderte Menschen, die sogenannten Scanner oder Habermänner, ihn ertragen können. Martel ist ein solcher Habermann. Wie sein Leben war, ehe er halb Mensch, halb Maschine wurde, weiß er schon gar nicht mehr. Aber das Menschsein ist selbst in der Zukunft nur schwer abzulegen ... Die Erzählung „Scanner leben vergebens“ erscheint als exklusives eBook Only bei Heyne und ist zusammen mit weiteren Stories von Cordwainer Smith auch in dem Sammelband „Was aus den Menschen wurde“ enthalten. Sie umfasst ca. 52 Buchseiten.

Beautiful Circuits

Modernism and the Mediated Life

Author: Mark Goble

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231518404

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 400

View: 8054

Considering texts by Henry James, Gertrude Stein, James Weldon Johnson, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright, James Agee, and William Carlos Williams, alongside film, painting, music, and popular culture, Mark Goble explores the development of American modernism as it was shaped by its response to technology and an attempt to change how literature itself could communicate. Goble's original readings reinterpret the aesthetics of modernism in the early twentieth century, when new modes of communication made the experience of technology an occasion for profound experimentation and reflection. He follows the assimilation of such "old" media technologies as the telegraph, telephone, and phonograph and their role in inspiring fantasies of connection, which informed a commitment to the materiality of artistic mediums. Describing how relationships made possible by technology became more powerfully experienced with technology, Goble explores a modernist fetish for media that shows no signs of abating. The "mediated life" puts technology into communication with a series of shifts in how Americans conceive the mechanics and meanings of their connections to one another, and therefore to the world and to their own modernity.

Pause for Transition

An Analysis of the Relation of Man Mind and Society

Author: Bart Landheer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401193657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 3830

The idea of the present study is basically a simple one. It attempts to reconcile the concept of social evolution with that of the structural unity of Man, an idea that is becoming increasingly dominant in the exact as well as in the social sciences. The idea of structure as it emerges from the social field is applied to the human mind as the ultimate cause of society. While pragmatism interpreted the mind as reacting as a whole, the concept of structure places the relation of Man versus his Environment in a different light, and attempts to determine the possible limits of social development. These problems are analyzed in a number of introductory chapters while the basic approach is illustrated by an analysis of some aspects of the growth of Western civilization. Some fictitious "case-studies" have been added in order to leave room for an imaginative interpretation which sometimes can bring out points which are more difficult to explain in "objective" language.