Elementary Cryptanalysis

Author: Abraham Sinkov,Todd Feil

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883856475

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 7166

An introduction to the basic mathematical techniques involved in cryptanalysis.

Viewpoints

Mathematical Perspective and Fractal Geometry in Art

Author: Marc Frantz,Annalisa Crannell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400839056

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 3995

An undergraduate textbook devoted exclusively to relationships between mathematics and art, Viewpoints is ideally suited for math-for-liberal-arts courses and mathematics courses for fine arts majors. The textbook contains a wide variety of classroom-tested activities and problems, a series of essays by contemporary artists written especially for the book, and a plethora of pedagogical and learning opportunities for instructors and students. Viewpoints focuses on two mathematical areas: perspective related to drawing man-made forms and fractal geometry related to drawing natural forms. Investigating facets of the three-dimensional world in order to understand mathematical concepts behind the art, the textbook explores art topics including comic, anamorphic, and classical art, as well as photography, while presenting such mathematical ideas as proportion, ratio, self-similarity, exponents, and logarithms. Straightforward problems and rewarding solutions empower students to make accurate, sophisticated drawings. Personal essays and short biographies by contemporary artists are interspersed between chapters and are accompanied by images of their work. These fine artists--who include mathematicians and scientists--examine how mathematics influences their art. Accessible to students of all levels, Viewpoints encourages experimentation and collaboration, and captures the essence of artistic and mathematical creation and discovery. Classroom-tested activities and problem solving Accessible problems that move beyond regular art school curriculum Multiple solutions of varying difficulty and applicability Appropriate for students of all mathematics and art levels Original and exclusive essays by contemporary artists Forthcoming: Instructor's manual (available only to teachers)

Cryptology

Author: Albrecht Beutelspacher

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883855041

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 156

View: 2382

The art & science of secret writing. Provides ideal methods to solve the problems of transmitting information secretly & securely.

Cryptography, a primer

Author: Alan G. Konheim

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 6976

Foundations of cryptography. Secrety systems. Monalphabetic sasubstitution. Polyalphabetic systems. Rotor systems. Block ciphers and the data encryption standard. Key management. Public key systems. Digital signatures and authentications. File security. References. Appendixes: Probability theory. The variance ...

Algebra for Cryptologists

Author: Alko R. Meijer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319303961

Category: Mathematics

Page: 301

View: 5967

This textbook provides an introduction to the mathematics on which modern cryptology is based. It covers not only public key cryptography, the glamorous component of modern cryptology, but also pays considerable attention to secret key cryptography, its workhorse in practice. Modern cryptology has been described as the science of the integrity of information, covering all aspects like confidentiality, authenticity and non-repudiation and also including the protocols required for achieving these aims. In both theory and practice it requires notions and constructions from three major disciplines: computer science, electronic engineering and mathematics. Within mathematics, group theory, the theory of finite fields, and elementary number theory as well as some topics not normally covered in courses in algebra, such as the theory of Boolean functions and Shannon theory, are involved. Although essentially self-contained, a degree of mathematical maturity on the part of the reader is assumed, corresponding to his or her background in computer science or engineering. Algebra for Cryptologists is a textbook for an introductory course in cryptography or an upper undergraduate course in algebra, or for self-study in preparation for postgraduate study in cryptology.

All the Math That's Fit to Print

Articles from The Guardian

Author: Keith Devlin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780883855157

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 9455

Do you expect to find articles about mathematics in your daily newspaper? If you are a reader of The Guardian you do, or at least you did during the second half of the 1980s. This volume collects many of the columns Keith Devlin wrote for The Guardian. Read them and assign them to your students to read. This is a book for delving in, and is accessible to anyone with an interest in things mathematical. Devlin takes mathematical discoveries and explains them to the interested lay reader. The topics range from computer discoveries dealing with large prime numbers to much deeper results, such as Fermat's Last Theorem. You will find articles on the traveling salesman problem, on cryptology, and on procedures for working out claims for traveling expenses. Although the individual pieces are short and easily read, many contain references to mathematical articles and can form the basis for student research papers.

The Mathematics of Encryption: An Elementary Introduction

Author: Margaret Cozzens, Steven J. Miller

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821883216

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 6807

How quickly can you compute the remainder when dividing by 120143? Why would you even want to compute this? And what does this have to do with cryptography? Modern cryptography lies at the intersection of mathematics and computer sciences, involving number theory, algebra, computational complexity, fast algorithms, and even quantum mechanics. Many people think of codes in terms of spies, but in the information age, highly mathematical codes are used every day by almost everyone, whether at the bank ATM, at the grocery checkout, or at the keyboard when you access your email or purchase products online. This book provides a historical and mathematical tour of cryptography, from classical ciphers to quantum cryptography. The authors introduce just enough mathematics to explore modern encryption methods, with nothing more than basic algebra and some elementary number theory being necessary. Complete expositions are given of the classical ciphers and the attacks on them, along with a detailed description of the famous Enigma system. The public-key system RSA is described, including a complete mathematical proof that it works. Numerous related topics are covered, such as efficiencies of algorithms, detecting and correcting errors, primality testing and digital signatures. The topics and exposition are carefully chosen to highlight mathematical thinking and problem solving. Each chapter ends with a collection of problems, ranging from straightforward applications to more challenging problems that introduce advanced topics. Unlike many books in the field, this book is aimed at a general liberal arts student, but without losing mathematical completeness.

Mathematical Mind-Benders

Author: Peter Winkler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1568815077

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 3041

Peter Winkler is at it again. Following the enthusiastic reaction to Mathematical Puzzles: A Connoisseur's Collection, Peter has compiled a new collection of elegant mathematical puzzles to challenge and entertain the reader. The original puzzle connoisseur shares these puzzles, old and new, so that you can add them to your own anthology. This book is for lovers of mathematics, lovers of puzzles, lovers of a challenge. Most of all, it is for those who think that the world of mathematics is orderly, logical, and intuitive-and are ready to learn otherwise! A pdf with errata is updated by the author and can be accessed here

A Guide to Plane Algebraic Curves

Author: Keith Kendig

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 0883853531

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

View: 2617

This Guide is a friendly introduction to plane algebraic curves. It emphasizes geometry and intuition, and the presentation is kept concrete. You'll find an abundance of pictures and examples to help develop your intuition about the subject, which is so basic to understanding and asking fruitful questions. Highlights of the elementary theory are covered, which for some could be an end in itself, and for others an invitation to investigate further. Proofs, when given, are mostly sketched, some in more detail, but typically with less. References to texts that provide further discussion are often included. Computer algebra software has made getting around in algebraic geometry much easier. Algebraic curves and geometry are now being applied to areas such as cryptography, complexity and coding theory, robotics, biological networks, and coupled dynamical systems. Algebraic curves were used in Andrew Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, and to understand string theory, you need to know some algebraic geometry. There are other areas on the horizon for which the concepts and tools of algebraic curves and geometry hold tantalizing promise. This introduction to algebraic curves will be appropriate for a wide segment of scientists and engineers wanting an entrance to this burgeoning subject.

A Course in Mathematical Cryptography

Author: Gilbert Baumslag,Benjamin Fine,Martin Kreuzer,Gerhard Rosenberger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311038616X

Category: Computers

Page: 389

View: 1124

The subject of this book is mathematical cryptography. By this we mean the mathematics involved in cryptographic protocols. As the field has expanded, using both commutative and noncommutative algebraic objects as cryptographic platforms, a book describing and explaining all these mathematical methods is of immeasurable value.

Elementary Number Theory in Nine Chapters

Author: James J. Tattersall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521850148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 430

View: 4875

This textbook is intended to serve as a one-semester introductory course in number theory and in this second edition it has been revised throughout and many new exercises have been added. At the heart of the book are the major number theoretic accomplishments of Euclid, Fermat, Gauss, Legendre, and Euler, and to fully illustrate the properties of numbers and concepts developed in the text, a wealth of exercises have been included. For students new to number theory, whatever their background, this is a stimulating and entertaining introduction to the subject.

Mathematical Foundations of Public Key Cryptography

Author: Xiaoyun Wang,Guangwu Xu,Mingqiang Wang,Xianmeng Meng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498702244

Category: Computers

Page: 220

View: 9196

In Mathematical Foundations of Public Key Cryptography, the authors integrate the results of more than 20 years of research and teaching experience to help students bridge the gap between math theory and crypto practice. The book provides a theoretical structure of fundamental number theory and algebra knowledge supporting public-key cryptography. Rather than simply combining number theory and modern algebra, this textbook features the interdisciplinary characteristics of cryptography—revealing the integrations of mathematical theories and public-key cryptographic applications. Incorporating the complexity theory of algorithms throughout, it introduces the basic number theoretic and algebraic algorithms and their complexities to provide a preliminary understanding of the applications of mathematical theories in cryptographic algorithms. Supplying a seamless integration of cryptography and mathematics, the book includes coverage of elementary number theory; algebraic structure and attributes of group, ring, and field; cryptography-related computing complexity and basic algorithms, as well as lattice and fundamental methods of lattice cryptanalysis. The text consists of 11 chapters. Basic theory and tools of elementary number theory, such as congruences, primitive roots, residue classes, and continued fractions, are covered in Chapters 1-6. The basic concepts of abstract algebra are introduced in Chapters 7-9, where three basic algebraic structures of groups, rings, and fields and their properties are explained. Chapter 10 is about computational complexities of several related mathematical algorithms, and hard problems such as integer factorization and discrete logarithm. Chapter 11 presents the basics of lattice theory and the lattice basis reduction algorithm—the LLL algorithm and its application in the cryptanalysis of the RSA algorithm. Containing a number of exercises on key algorithms, the book is suitable for use as a textbook for undergraduate students and first-year graduate students in information security programs. It is also an ideal reference book for cryptography professionals looking to master public-key cryptography.

Topics in Computational Number Theory Inspired by Peter L. Montgomery

Author: Joppe W. Bos,Arjen K. Lenstra

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108666671

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5412

Peter L. Montgomery has made significant contributions to computational number theory, introducing many basic tools such as Montgomery multiplication, Montgomery simultaneous inversion, Montgomery curves, and the Montgomery ladder. This book features state-of-the-art research in computational number theory related to Montgomery's work and its impact on computational efficiency and cryptography. Topics cover a wide range of topics such as Montgomery multiplication for both hardware and software implementations; Montgomery curves and twisted Edwards curves as proposed in the latest standards for elliptic curve cryptography; and cryptographic pairings. This book provides a comprehensive overview of integer factorization techniques, including dedicated chapters on polynomial selection, the block Lanczos method, and the FFT extension for algebraic-group factorization algorithms. Graduate students and researchers in applied number theory and cryptography will benefit from this survey of Montgomery's work.

First Steps for Math Olympians

Using the American Mathematics Competitions

Author: J. Douglas Faires

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883858240

Category: Mathematics

Page: 307

View: 1108

Provide students with the tools to solve problems that are found on mathematical problem-solving exams.

RC4 Stream Cipher and Its Variants

Author: Goutam Paul,Subhamoy Maitra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439831378

Category: Computers

Page: 311

View: 7459

RC4 Stream Cipher and Its Variants is the first book to fully cover the popular software stream cipher RC4. With extensive expertise in stream cipher cryptanalysis and RC4 research, the authors focus on the analysis and design issues of RC4. They also explore variants of RC4 and the eSTREAM finalist HC-128. After an introduction to the vast field of cryptology, the book reviews hardware and software stream ciphers and describes RC4. It presents a theoretical analysis of RC4 KSA, discussing biases of the permutation bytes toward secret key bytes and absolute values. The text explains how to reconstruct the secret key from known state information and analyzes the RC4 PRGA in detail, including a sketch of state recovery attacks. The book then describes three popular attacks on RC4: distinguishing attacks, Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) protocol attacks, and fault attacks. The authors also compare the advantages and disadvantages of several variants of RC4 and examine stream cipher HC-128, which is the next level of evolution after RC4 in the software stream cipher paradigm. The final chapter emphasizes the safe use of RC4. With open research problems in each chapter, this book offers a complete account of the most current research on RC4.

An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography

Author: Jeffrey Hoffstein,Jill Pipher,Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493917110

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 4777

This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cryptography, including primality testing, factorization algorithms, probability theory, information theory, and collision algorithms; an in-depth treatment of important cryptographic innovations, such as elliptic curves, elliptic curve and pairing-based cryptography, lattices, lattice-based cryptography, and the NTRU cryptosystem. The second edition of An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography includes a significant revision of the material on digital signatures, including an earlier introduction to RSA, Elgamal, and DSA signatures, and new material on lattice-based signatures and rejection sampling. Many sections have been rewritten or expanded for clarity, especially in the chapters on information theory, elliptic curves, and lattices, and the chapter of additional topics has been expanded to include sections on digital cash and homomorphic encryption. Numerous new exercises have been included.

Discovering Discrete Dynamical Systems

Author: Aimee S. A. Johnson,Kathleen M. Madden,Ayşe A. Şahin

Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America

ISBN: 0883857936

Category: Mathematics

Page: 130

View: 6919

A dynamical system is a collection of possible states and a rule (or rules) that describes evolution of these states over time. The main purpose of this book is to introduce important concepts in dynamical systems - including fixed and periodic points, attractors and repellers, chaos and fractals - in a way that encourages readers to explore, discover , and learn independently. The book differs from other dynamical system textbooks in that topics have been carefully chosen both to give a coherent introduction to dynamical systems and to support inquiry-based learning.

The Code Book

How to Make It, Break It, Hack It, Crack it

Author: Simon Singh

Publisher: Ember

ISBN: 0385730624

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 263

View: 708

Provides a review of cryptography, its evolution over time, and its purpose throughout history from the era of Julius Caesar to the modern day.