The New Urban Paradigm

Critical Perspectives on the City

Author: Joe R. Feagin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847684991

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 3753

As economic, political, and cultural centers, cities are at the heart of most contemporary societies, as they have been for millennia. In spite of the Cassandras who periodically lament their demise or imminent death, cities have a way of coming back from their low points of surviving economic crises, outmigration, and vexing social dilemmas. Today, many large US cities once thought to be dying have rebounded not only because of economic restructuring or high-tech industries but also because of the vigor of new migrants coming into the urban system. Significantly, the ongoing boom-bust cycles in the cities are linked ultimately to major decisions made by those at the helm of the now globalized system of contemporary capitalism. In this book, Joe R. Feagin assesses urban questions from the 'new urban sociology' perspective that has developed since the 1980s. One of the leading figures in this tradition of thought, Feagin places class and racial domination at the heart of the analysis of city life, change, and development. His approach takes into account political-economic histories and the rise and fall of their social institutions; the character and impact of their underlying systems of capitalism, racism, and patriarchy; and how these dynamics play out in the everyday lives of contemporary urbanites. Framing urban questions this way not only puts the actions of elites at the forefront of analysis, but also raises questions about their ill-gotten privileges. It features the historical conditions and institutions that protect class and racial privileges making it clear why people in cities rebel and why we as social scientists must take a lesson from these urban rebellions, focusing future research on large-scale urban transformation."

Business Elites and Urban Development

Case Studies and Critical Perspectives

Author: Scott Cummings

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887065781

Category: Political Science

Page: 395

View: 9731

Written in a non-technical, narrative style, this book is an invaluable resource for anyone concerned with current trends in urban development. During the Reagan era, responsibility for urban planning and development was transferred from government to private business. This private sector hegemony over urban development differs markedly from the liberal policy initiatives of the 1960s and 1970s. Through a series of case studies, this book examines these shifting trends and shows that private sector efforts to revitalize America’s central cities have not been uniformly successful. The contributors, who are among America’s leading social scientists, utilize neo-Marxist urban theory to explain the conditions under which private initiative enhances or erodes downtown redevelopment.

Urban Regeneration in the UK

Author: Andrew Tallon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136629629

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9044

Striking transformations are taking place in the urban landscape. The regeneration of urban areas in the UK and around the world has become an increasingly important issue amongst governments and populations since the global economic downturn. This textbook provides an accessible and critical synthesis of urban regeneration in the UK, analyzing key policies, approaches, issues and debates. It places the historical and contemporary regeneration agenda in context. The second edition has been extensively revised and updated to incorporate advances in literature, policy and case study examples, as well as giving greater discussion to the New Labour period of urban policy, and the urban agenda and regeneration policies of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition government elected in 2010. The book is divided into five sections, with Section I establishing the conceptual and political framework for urban regeneration in the UK. Section II traces policies that have been adopted by central government to influence the social, economic and physical development of cities, including early town and country and housing initiatives, community-focused urban policies of the late 1960s, entrepreneurial property-led regeneration of the 1980s, competition for urban funds in the 1990s, urban renaissance and neighborhood renewal policies of the late 1990s and early 2000s, and new approaches since 2010 which have sought to stimulate enterprise and embrace localism in an age of austerity resulting from the global economic downturn. Section III illustrates the key thematic policies and strategies that have been pursued by cities themselves, focusing particularly on improving economic competitiveness, tackling social disadvantage and promoting sustainable urban regeneration. Section IV summarizes key issues and debates facing urban regeneration in the early 2010s, and speculates upon future directions in an era of economic and political uncertainty. Urban Regeneration in the UK combines the approaches taken by central government and cities themselves to regenerate urban areas, providing a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of the field. Each chapter also contains case studies, study questions, suggested further reading and websites, making this an essential resource for undergraduate students interested in Urban Studies, Geography, Planning and the Built Environment.

The Politics of Urban Cultural Policy

Global Perspectives

Author: Carl Grodach,Daniel Silver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415683785

Category: Architecture

Page: 272

View: 8504

The Politics of Urban Cultural Policy brings together a range of international experts to critically analyze the ways that governmental actors and non-governmental entities attempt to influence the production and implementation of urban policies directed at the arts, culture, and creative activity. Presenting a global set of case studies that span five continents and 22 cities, the essays in this book advance our understanding of how the dynamic interplay between economic and political context, institutional arrangements, and social networks affect urban cultural policy-making and the ways that these policies impact urban development and influence urban governance. The volume comparatively studies urban cultural policy-making in a diverse set of contexts, analyzes the positive and negative outcomes of policy for different constituencies, and identifies the most effective policy directions, emerging political challenges, and most promising opportunities for building effective cultural policy coalitions. The volume provides a comprehensive and in-depth engagement with the political process of urban cultural policy and urban development studies around the world. It will be of interest to students and researchers interested in urban planning, urban studies and cultural studies.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Economic Transformation in Canadian City-Regions

Author: David A. Wolfe

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 6434

In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

Urban Geography

A Critical Introduction

Author: Andrew E. G. Jonas,Eugene McCann,Mary Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405189800

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 8758

"Reveals both the diversity of ordinary urban geographies and the networks, flows and relations which increasingly connect cities and urban spaces at the global scale"--

Urban communication

production, text, context

Author: Timothy A. Gibson,Mark Douglas Lowes

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 4052

City leaders now confront a global competition for economic investment, and urban elites are casting about for strategies that promise to secure a share of this future of global economic growth. However, many of these strategies are largely symbolic in nature. City leaders, for example, compete for the Olympics so they can broadcast spectacular urban vistas to global television audiences. Officials pour public funds into tourist amenities to cultivate an image of vitality and renewal. But how are the local politics of urban redevelopment intertwined with the global politics of circulating vital urban images? Urban Communication brings together scholars from communication, cultural studies, and urban sociology to explore the symbolic dimensions of contemporary city-building, drawing on case studies from around the world.

Rural tourism development

localism and cultural change

Author: E. Wanda George,Heather Mair,Donald G. Reid

Publisher: Channel View Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 2063

Forces of economic, social, cultural, environmental, and political change are working to re-define rural spaces the world over and broad global transformations in consumption and transportation patterns have re-shaped leisure behaviour and travel. This book of cases about rural tourism development in Canada demonstrates the different ways that tourism has been positioned as a local response to political and economic shifts in a nation that is itself undergoing rapid change, both continentally and globally.

Reconstructing Times Square

politics and culture in urban development

Author: Alexander J. Reichl

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 8940

When the big ball drops on New Year's Eve, thousands are there to witness that great glittering sight, while millions more watch on national television. Times Square may be the cultural hub of America, the "Crossroads of the World, " but its lights have not always shone as brightly as they do now.

Authentic New Orleans

Tourism, Culture, and Race in the Big Easy

Author: Kevin Fox Gotham

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814732069

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6632

Honorable Mention for the 2008 Robert Park Outstanding Book Award given by the ASA’s Community and Urban Sociology Section Mardi Gras, jazz, voodoo, gumbo, Bourbon Street, the French Quarter—all evoke that place that is unlike any other: New Orleans. In Authentic New Orleans, Kevin Fox Gotham explains how New Orleans became a tourist town, a spectacular locale known as much for its excesses as for its quirky Southern charm. Gotham begins in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina amid the whirlwind of speculation about the rebuilding of the city and the dread of outsiders wiping New Orleans clean of the grit that made it great. He continues with the origins of Carnival and the Mardi Gras celebration in the nineteenth century, showing how, through careful planning and promotion, the city constructed itself as a major tourist attraction. By examining various image-building campaigns and promotional strategies to disseminate a palatable image of New Orleans on a national scale Gotham ultimately establishes New Orleans as one of the originators of the mass tourism industry—which linked leisure to travel, promoted international expositions, and developed the concept of pleasure travel. Gotham shows how New Orleans was able to become one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States, especially through the transformation of Mardi Gras into a national, even international, event. All the while Gotham is concerned with showing the difference between tourism from above and tourism from below—that is, how New Orleans’ distinctiveness is both maximized, some might say exploited, to serve the global economy of tourism as well as how local groups and individuals use tourism to preserve and anchor longstanding communal traditions.

Urban America in transformation

perspectives on urban policy and development

Author: Benjamin Kleinberg

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 2631

Urban America in Transformation analyzes the changing federal system of urban policy making as an evolving complex of interorganizational networks and relates it to the restructuring of American urbanism over the past half century. Comparing the major perspectives (ecological and Marxist), the book provides a thorough review of the evolution of the urban policy system in the 20th century, and explores its significance for the postindustrial transition of older big cities. This book is timely and innovative in its approach and suggests a new method of analyzing the federal system of urban-related policy making. Advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and scholars in policy studies, political science, sociology, and urban planning will find this book to be an innovative and valuable contribution to the field.

Gendering the City

Women, Boundaries, and Visions of Urban Life

Author: Kristine B. Miranne,Alma H. Young

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847694518

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 1380

Extrait de la couverture : "Gendering the city provides a significant contribution to urban studies, balancing critiques of domination with analyses of how groups and individuals have actively carved out spaces that resist and recofigure dominant gender regimes. The collection draws on a wide range of empirical work, conducted in both canada and the United States, to explore the diversity of women's experiences. It is both grounded and provocative. - Ann Forsyth, Harvard University Graduate School of Design"

Proteus

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6493


Urban Canada

Sociological Perspectives

Author: Harry H. Hiller

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 6661

Today, almost 80% of Canadian residents live in urban areas, as compared to about 50% in 1931. Canadian society is highly urbanized, and this change is reflected in numerous ways, from the economy and the sorts of jobs people have, to the loss of farmland and environmental degradation. From a sociological perspective, there are two different but complementary approaches to understanding urbanization. One is demographic, focusing on the movement of people to cities or the growing size and density of cities and the increasing heterogeneity of urban populations. The second view ismore socio-cultural and emphasizes the pervasiveness of urban-oriented thinking, culture, and organization throughout society. In this view, it not where you live that is important but how you live. Urban Canada: Sociological Perspectives provides a succinct discussion on urban issues with specific focus on Canadian materials and the Canadian context. Several features include Aboriginal urbanization in Canada, extensive focus oon both the rural and urban economy, immigration, crime, andgender. The overall emphasis of the text is to unite experts in the field of urban sociological issues from a Canadian perspective.