The New Urban Paradigm

Critical Perspectives on the City

Author: Joe R. Feagin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847684991

Category: Social Science

Page: 357

View: 1849

As economic, political, and cultural centers, cities are at the heart of most contemporary societies, as they have been for millennia. In spite of the Cassandras who periodically lament their demise or imminent death, cities have a way of coming back from their low points of surviving economic crises, outmigration, and vexing social dilemmas. Today, many large US cities once thought to be dying have rebounded not only because of economic restructuring or high-tech industries but also because of the vigor of new migrants coming into the urban system. Significantly, the ongoing boom-bust cycles in the cities are linked ultimately to major decisions made by those at the helm of the now globalized system of contemporary capitalism. In this book, Joe R. Feagin assesses urban questions from the 'new urban sociology' perspective that has developed since the 1980s. One of the leading figures in this tradition of thought, Feagin places class and racial domination at the heart of the analysis of city life, change, and development. His approach takes into account political-economic histories and the rise and fall of their social institutions; the character and impact of their underlying systems of capitalism, racism, and patriarchy; and how these dynamics play out in the everyday lives of contemporary urbanites. Framing urban questions this way not only puts the actions of elites at the forefront of analysis, but also raises questions about their ill-gotten privileges. It features the historical conditions and institutions that protect class and racial privileges making it clear why people in cities rebel and why we as social scientists must take a lesson from these urban rebellions, focusing future research on large-scale urban transformation."

Urban Regeneration in the UK

Author: Andrew Tallon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135278482

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 3382

Exploring the streets of London, Manchester, Belfast, Edinburgh or Cardiff, one cannot help but notice the striking transformations taking place in the urban landscapes. This prominent regeneration of urban areas in the UK and around the world has become an increasingly important issue amongst governments and populations. The growing concern has been a result of the impacts of the decline of cities since the collapse of manufacturing industries and the heightening of global competition. A range of innovative approaches to tackle urban problems have been taken over many decades to attempt to regenerate the fortunes of towns and cities across the UK. This text provides an accessible, yet critical, synthesis of urban regeneration in the UK incorporating key policies, approaches, issues and debates. The central objective of the book is to place the historical and contemporary regeneration agenda into context. Section one sets up the conceptual and policy framework for urban regeneration in the UK. SectiontTwo traces policies that have been adopted by central government to influence the social, economic and physical development of cities, including early municipal interventions in the late nineteenth century, community-focused urban policies of the late 1960s, entrepreneurial property-led regeneration of the 1980s and competition for urban funds in the 1990s. The penultimate section illustrates the key thematic policies and strategies that have been pursued by cities themselves, focusing particularly on improving economic competitiveness and tackling social disadvantage. These approaches are contextualized by discussions covering, for example, urban competitiveness policies and the focus on sustainable urban regeneration. The final section summarizes key issues and debates facing urban regeneration, and speculates upon future directions. Urban Regeneration in the UK blends the approaches taken by central government programmes and cities themselves in the regeneration process. The latest ideas and examples from across disciplines and across the UK’s urban areas are illustrated. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis that will fill a significant gap in the current literature on regeneration and will be a tool for students as well as a seminal read for practitioners and researchers.

Business Elites and Urban Development

Case Studies and Critical Perspectives

Author: Scott Cummings

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887065774

Category: Social Science

Page: 395

View: 1749

Written in a non-technical, narrative style, this book is an invaluable resource for anyone concerned with current trends in urban development. During the Reagan era, responsibility for urban planning and development was transferred from government to private business. This private sector hegemony over urban development differs markedly from the liberal policy initiatives of the 1960s and 1970s. Through a series of case studies, this book examines these shifting trends and shows that private sector efforts to revitalize America's central cities have not been uniformly successful. The contributors, who are among America's leading social scientists, utilize neo-Marxist urban theory to explain the conditions under which private initiative enhances or erodes downtown redevelopment.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Economic Transformation in Canadian City-Regions

Author: David A. Wolfe

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 8226

In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

The Gentrification Debates

A Reader

Author: Japonica Brown-Saracino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134725647

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 4718

Uniquely well suited for teaching, this innovative text-reader strengthens students’ critical thinking skills, sparks classroom discussion, and also provides a comprehensive and accessible understanding of gentrification.

Future Office

Author: Christopher Grech

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134170904

Category: Architecture

Page: 176

View: 7836

Developments in IT and the resulting knowledge-based economy have challenged traditional concepts of office design, as well as many of the larger architectural and urban design models. This book examines the implications of this revolution on current urban design and identifies potential new trends in office design from an international perspective. Six themes are addressed: IT and building infrastructure new office/new community organizational change high performance building envelopes interior environment value added sustainable design. These forward-thinking essays have been contributed by practitioners and academics from a wide spectrum of interests to deliver an illuminating look into the unfolding possibilities and challenges ahead.

Urban communication

production, text, context

Author: Timothy A. Gibson,Mark Douglas Lowes

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 5105

City leaders now confront a global competition for economic investment, and urban elites are casting about for strategies that promise to secure a share of this future of global economic growth. However, many of these strategies are largely symbolic in nature. City leaders, for example, compete for the Olympics so they can broadcast spectacular urban vistas to global television audiences. Officials pour public funds into tourist amenities to cultivate an image of vitality and renewal. But how are the local politics of urban redevelopment intertwined with the global politics of circulating vital urban images? Urban Communication brings together scholars from communication, cultural studies, and urban sociology to explore the symbolic dimensions of contemporary city-building, drawing on case studies from around the world.

The Routledge Companion to Urban Regeneration

Author: Michael E. Leary,John McCarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136266534

Category: Architecture

Page: 616

View: 632

In the past decade, urban regeneration policy makers and practitioners have faced a number of difficult challenges, such as sustainability, budgetary constraints, demands for community involvement and rapid urbanization in the Global South. Urban regeneration remains a high profile and important field of government-led intervention, and policy and practice continue to adapt to the fresh challenges and opportunities of the 21st century, as well as confronting long standing intractable urban problems and dilemmas. This Companion provides cutting edge critical review and synthesis of recent conceptual, policy and practical developments within the field. With contributions from 70 international experts within the field, it explores the meaning of ‘urban regeneration’ in differing national contexts, asking questions and providing informed discussion and analyses to illuminate how an apparently disparate field of research, policy and practice can be rendered coherent, drawing out common themes and significant differences. The Companion is divided into six sections, exploring: globalization and neo-liberal perspectives on urban regeneration; emerging reconceptualizations of regeneration; public infrastructure and public space; housing and cosmopolitan communities; community centred regeneration; and culture-led regeneration. The concluding chapter considers the future of urban regeneration and proposes a nine-point research agenda. This Companion assembles a diversity of approaches and insights in one comprehensive volume to provide a state of the art review of the field. It is a valuable resource for both advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students in Urban Planning, Built Environment, Urban Studies and Urban Regeneration, as well as academics, practitioners and politicians.

Rural tourism development

localism and cultural change

Author: E. Wanda George,Heather Mair,Donald G. Reid

Publisher: Channel View Books


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 6227

Forces of economic, social, cultural, environmental, and political change are working to re-define rural spaces the world over and broad global transformations in consumption and transportation patterns have re-shaped leisure behaviour and travel. This book of cases about rural tourism development in Canada demonstrates the different ways that tourism has been positioned as a local response to political and economic shifts in a nation that is itself undergoing rapid change, both continentally and globally.

Urban America in transformation

perspectives on urban policy and development

Author: Benjamin Kleinberg

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc


Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3431

Urban America in Transformation analyzes the changing federal system of urban policy making as an evolving complex of interorganizational networks and relates it to the restructuring of American urbanism over the past half century. Comparing the major perspectives (ecological and Marxist), the book provides a thorough review of the evolution of the urban policy system in the 20th century, and explores its significance for the postindustrial transition of older big cities. This book is timely and innovative in its approach and suggests a new method of analyzing the federal system of urban-related policy making. Advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and scholars in policy studies, political science, sociology, and urban planning will find this book to be an innovative and valuable contribution to the field.

Urban Canada

Sociological Perspectives

Author: Harry H. Hiller

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 9156

Today, almost 80% of Canadian residents live in urban areas, as compared to about 50% in 1931. Canadian society is highly urbanized, and this change is reflected in numerous ways, from the economy and the sorts of jobs people have, to the loss of farmland and environmental degradation. From a sociological perspective, there are two different but complementary approaches to understanding urbanization. One is demographic, focusing on the movement of people to cities or the growing size and density of cities and the increasing heterogeneity of urban populations. The second view ismore socio-cultural and emphasizes the pervasiveness of urban-oriented thinking, culture, and organization throughout society. In this view, it not where you live that is important but how you live. Urban Canada: Sociological Perspectives provides a succinct discussion on urban issues with specific focus on Canadian materials and the Canadian context. Several features include Aboriginal urbanization in Canada, extensive focus oon both the rural and urban economy, immigration, crime, andgender. The overall emphasis of the text is to unite experts in the field of urban sociological issues from a Canadian perspective.


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Urban Geography

A Critical Introduction

Author: Andrew E. G. Jonas,Eugene McCann,Mary Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405189800

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 6694

"Reveals both the diversity of ordinary urban geographies and the networks, flows and relations which increasingly connect cities and urban spaces at the global scale"--