Criminology

Theory, Research, and Policy

Author: Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs,Ronald M. Holmes

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763730017

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 9275

Across America, Crime Is A Constant Public Concern. Criminology: Theory, Research, And Policy, Second Edition Provides Comprehensive Coverage Of The Leading Criminological Theories Using Sociology, Psychology, Biology, And Ecology To Explain How And Why Crime Occurs. The Text Combines Classical Criminology With Timely Topics Including Substance Abuse, Gang Violence, Internet Crimes, And Terrorism. Using A Social Sciences Approach, The Authors Discuss How Criminology Influences Public Policy Throughout The Text.

Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy

Author: Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763766658

Category: Law

Page: 502

View: 3031

Ideal for allied health and pre-nursing students, Alcamos Fundamentals of Microbiology, Body Systems Edition, retains the engaging, student-friendly style and active learning approach for which award-winning author and educator Jeffrey Pommerville is known. It presents diseases, complete with new content on recent discoveries, in a manner that is directly applicable to students and organized by body system. A captivating art program, learning design format, and numerous case studies draw students into the text and make them eager to learn more about the fascinating world of microbiology.

Deviance and Crime

Theory, Research and Policy

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Desmond Ellis,Shahid Alvi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317522850

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 7025

This book sensitizes the reader to the fact that there is substantial disagreement within the academic community, and among policymakers and the general public, over what behaviors, conditions (e.g., physical attributes), and people should be designated as deviant or criminal. Normative conceptions, the societal reaction/labeling approach, and the critical approach are offered as frameworks within which to study these definitions. A comprehensive explanation of theory and social policy on deviance is constructed.

Criminology, Theory, Research, And Policy

Sociology, Criminology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467203750

Category: Education

Page: 33

View: 9751

Facts101 is your complete guide to Criminology, Theory, Research, And Policy. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Deviance and Crime, Theory, Research and Policy

Sociology, Criminology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478421169

Category: Education

Page: 28

View: 9453

Facts101 is your complete guide to Deviance and Crime, Theory, Research and Policy. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

e-Study Guide for: Criminology : Theory, Research, and Policy by Vito Gennaro F., ISBN 9780763730017

Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478434783

Category: Education

Page: 43

View: 5702

Never Highlight a Book Again! Just the FACTS101 study guides give the student the textbook outlines, highlights, practice quizzes and optional access to the full practice tests for their textbook.

Criminology

Connecting Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Aida Y. Hass,Chris Moloney,William J. Chambliss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317497473

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 3409

Connections among theory, research, and practice are the heart and soul of criminology. This book offers a comprehensive and balanced introduction to criminology, demonstrating the value of understanding the relationships between criminological theory, research, and practice in the study of crime and criminal behavior. Utilising a range of case studies and thought-provoking features, it encourages students to think critically and provides a foundation for understanding criminology as a systematic, theoretically grounded science. It includes: A comprehensive overview of crime in American society, including the nature and meaning of crime and American criminal law as well as the scientific study of crime, A concise, straightforward, and practical approach to the study of the American criminal justice system and its various components, including individual chapters on police, courts, and corrections, An overview of criminological theory, including classical, biological, psychological and sociological approaches, A survey of typologies of criminological behavior including interpersonal violent crimes, property crime, public order crime, organized and white collar crime, state crime, environmental harm and cybercrime, Concluding thoughts exploring challenges facing criminal justice policy and the future of criminological theory. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and includes brand new chapters on corrections, courts, criminal law, law enforcement, and technology and cybercrime. It is packed with useful and instructive features such as themed boxed case studies in every chapter, critical thinking questions, lists of further reading, and links to e-resources. A companion website includes PowerPoint slides for lecturers, links to useful resources, and lists of further reading.

The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior

Theory, Research and Practical Applications

Author: Julien Morizot,Lila Kazemian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319087207

Category: Social Science

Page: 564

View: 8521

This edited book summarizes the current state of knowledge on the development of criminal and antisocial behavior over the life course. It focuses mainly on the developmental perspective, which has had a paradigmatic influence on current theoretical and empirical works in criminology. With a multidisciplinary perspective, the book reviews: (a) the fundamental concepts of developmental criminology; (b) the risk factors and developmental processes related to the most salient personal (e.g., genetics, personality) and environmental (e.g., family, peers, school) domains explaining the development of criminal and antisocial behavior; (c) the developmental issues related to a number a special themes (e.g., women criminality, street gangs) and (d) the applied and policy implications of research in developmental criminology. In each chapter, prominent researchers from different disciplines such as criminology and psychology summarize the state of knowledge on a specific topic, identify the shortcomings of past research, offer recommendations for future research needs.

Violent Offenders: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice

Author: Matt DeLisi,Peter J. Conis

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763797901

Category: Law

Page: 470

View: 7124

Although the public interest in criminal predators is extensive, the criminology of criminal predators is fragmented. Violent Offenders: Theory, Research, Policy and Practice, Second Edition aims to demystify the many different types of violent offenders we hear about in the media. This newly revised and updated Second Edition is a compilation of original scholarship from an international collection of applied and academic criminologists. Based not only on history and academic research but also on the experiences of author Peter Conis as a 25 year veteran of law enforcement, it provides students with a realistic view of why people commit violent crimes and how our criminal justice system, as a whole, responds to these offenders and these violent acts. It contains cutting-edge material on the broad category of criminal predators, including homicide offenders, sex offenders, financial predators, and conventional street criminals. Unlike other texts on the subject that narrowly focus on one type of criminal (e.g., serial killers), this updated Second Edition illustrates the systemic importance of predation in antisocial behavior. This book is divided into two parts; part one covers the theoretical and disciplinary foundations of the study of violent behavior, spanning the disciplines of sociology, psychology, biology, and neuroscience. Part two covers the policy and practice of responding to violent offenders from the insightful perspectives of people who work among them on a daily basis. New and Key Features of the Second Edition: • Contains 10 NEW chapters (5 in theory and research and 5 in policy and practice). These additions provide greater overall coverage of sociological theory, evolutionary psychology theory, and female offenders. The section on policy and practice is organized to be consistent with the criminal justice system, from law enforcement through the courts, to corrections. • Hands-on research and practitioner expertise illustrate today’s study of criminal predation • Provides clear explanations of how criminological theory relates to the formation of a criminal offender to help students understand the reasons behind a person’s violent actions Instructor Resources: - Test Bank - Lecture Outline (Word doc.) - PowerPoint Lecture Outlines

Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

Author: Glenn D. Walters

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449688462

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 3904

Surveys administered to high school students, studies carried out on jail and prison inmates, and interviews conducted with substance abusers undergoing treatment all point to the same conclusion: drugs and crime are strongly connected. Why they are connected is less well understood, however. Written for middle to upper-level undergraduate courses on drugs and crime or substance abuse and crime, this book examines the drug-crime connection in a systematic and comprehensive way. Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships covers the entire drug-crime spectrum, starting with a review of drug and crime terminology, classification, theory, and ending with policy implications for prevention, harm reduction, and macro-level management of the drug-crime problem. The opening chapters discuss drugs and crime separately for the purpose of setting the stage for later discussions on drug-crime relationships. As the book proceeds, the boundaries between drugs and crime blur, thus revealing the complex and intimate relationship that links these two behaviors. Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships is divided into four sections. The first section offers an introduction and overview of theories on drugs, crime, and their relationships. The second section explores the relevant research on the biological, psychological, sociological, and static/situational correlates of drug-crime relationships. The third section considers the practical implications of drug-crime connections for the criminal justice system, offender assessment, and treatment programming. The fourth and final section examines the policy implications of the drug-crime relationship in the form of prevention, harm reduction, and society’s response to drugs and drug-related crime. Students will enjoy the engaging writing style, instructors will welcome the logical manner in which the text is organized, and scholars will appreciate the comprehensiveness of coverage and the range of citations. Key Features: -Provides a step-by-step breakdown and synthesis of the drug-crime connection. -Organized logically so that a student first progresses through chapters that treat drugs and crime separately, gradually replaced by overlapping discussion of drugs and crime, up until the final section (policy) where the overlap is nearly complete. -Covers core topics, including the history of drugs and crime in America, theories of substance abuse, DSM-IV criteria for substance abuse, antisocial personality disorder, theories of crime, and neurotransmitters and drugs. Also includes discussions on important topics not commonly found in other texts including, meta-analysis, genetics of drug use and crime, drug diversion programs, Prison-based treatment programs for drug offenders, evidence-based intervention, harm reduction, Portuguese and Dutch experiments, and much more. -Pedagogical features: Chapter opening learning objectives and chapter ending summary and critical thinking questions. *List of key words in each chapter.

Crime and Law: Theory, Research, and Policy

Author: Anne Wade

Publisher: Society Publishing

ISBN: 9781773613451

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 8760

Crime and law: theory, research, and policy examines theoretical, research and policy aspects of law including an extensive overview of crime and criminology. It includes definitions of crime, psychology, violence, and other abuses. Also, it includes future aspects of crime and law. Provides the reader with insights into the development of its theory, so as to understand the criminal's mind, motivations, arguments, backgrounds and what laws are applicable in which type of crimes.

Offender Rehabilitation

Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Gwen Robinson,Iain D Crow

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026895

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 1992

'Robinson and Crow have achieved the seemingly impossible: a book about rehabilitation that transcends the "medical model", that is original and contemporary yet grounded in a sophisticated history, and most of all that is fun to read. It will become a new classic text in a field that has been crying out for one' - Professor Shadd Maruna, Queen's University, Belfast 'In an age where there is much public and political confusion about many criminal justice matters, this book brings considerable clarity to the idea of rehabilitation, its theoretical and historical roots, and contemporary practical application. This is an accessible, lively, and critical account of a concept which is central to the shape of the criminal justice system in pursuance of something that will "work" to reduce reoffending. "Rehabilitation" seems to go in and out of fashion depending on the politics of the day, but the careful and thorough examination of the different contexts in which it operates and competing perspectives on its potential offered here highlights its enduring qualities. This is a fascinating and engaging book by two established and "real world" scholars which will serve students and policy makers alike in the fields of criminal justice and social policy' - Loraine Gelsthorpe, Reader in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, 'What Works?', desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy. It offers the following essential features: " theoretical grounding - providing students with all the essential background they need in order to fully understand the subject " historical context - enabling the reader to see how ideas, policies and practices have developed over time " research focus - introducing the reader to questions about how rehabilitative approaches have been evaluated and debates about 'what works' for particular groups of offenders, such as sexual offenders and drug misusers " study questions and further reading - giving students the tools both to revise and to expand their knowledge Offender Rehabilitation both advances thinking about the notion of rehabilitation, and ensures that students of crime and justice can keep abreast of the most recent developments in this area.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248364

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 2962

'For any criminologist looking to make sense of recent developments in the field, this is the go-to book. In essays by leading specialists, it provides the latest updates on traditional theories whilst charting new directions. It also offers intepretive frameworks for criminology's current flux and fragmentation and closely examines relationships among theory, policy, and criminal justice practice. Invaluable and indispensible!' - Nicole Rafter, Professor, Northeastern University The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory re-centres theory in the boldest, most thought-provoking form possible within the criminological enterprise. Written by a team of internationally respected specialists, it provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the variety of theoretical positions - traditional, emergent and desirable - that are constitutive of the discipline at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Each chapter has been specially commissioned to include the following: " A brief historical overview of the theoretical perspective " Core ideas and key associated concepts " A critical review of the contemporary status of the perspective " Reflections on future developments In addition the Handbook features a substantive introduction by the editors, providing a review of the development of criminological theory, the state of contemporary criminological theory and emergent issues and debates. The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory is an indispensable international resource for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

Advancing Critical Criminology

Theory and Application

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Barbara Perry

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739112533

Category: Law

Page: 273

View: 3064

Advancing Critical Criminology constitutes a timely addition to the growing body of knowledge on critical criminology scholarship. DeKeseredy and Perry have assembled a volume that provides scholars with an in-depth review of the extant literature on several major branches of criminology as well as examples of how critical criminologists apply their theoretical perspectives to substantive topics, such as drugs, interpersonal violence, and rural crime. Accordingly, this work is divided into two main sections: overviews of theories and applications. Each chapter provides a summary of work in a specific area, along with suggestions for moving the field forward. This reader is unique in its choice of topics, which have often been overlooked in the past. An expert collection of international scholars, Advancing Critical Criminology is certain to stimulate lively debates and generate further critical social scientific work in this field.

Contemporary Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135263981

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 7091

The concept of critical criminology – that crime and the present day processes of criminalization are rooted in the core structures of society – is of more relevance today than it has been at any other time. Written by an internationally renowned scholar, Contemporary Critical Criminology introduces the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. In its exploration of this material, the book also challenges the erroneous but widely held notion that the critical criminological project is restricted to mechanically applying theories to substantive topics, or to simple calling for radical political, economic, cultural, and social transformations. This book is an essential source of reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of Criminology, Criminal Theory, Social Policy, Research Methodology, and Penology.

Psychopathy

Theory, Research and Implications for Society

Author: D.J. Cooke,Adelle E. Forth,Robert D. Hare

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401139652

Category: Psychology

Page: 428

View: 846

Psychopathy is a very important concept for those working in the field of criminal justice - investigators, prosecutors, and those who have to evaluate, manage and treat offenders. In Psychopathy: Theory, Research and Implications for Society, detailed, empirically based contributions by the world's leading researchers describe the relevance of the construct to practical and policy issues, examining its relevance to such topics as treatment, risk management and recidivism. The use of the concept in a range of populations is discussed, including juveniles, children, and the mentally disordered, as well as across cultures. The major strength of the volume is that the validity of the psychopathy construct is enhanced by the extensive empirical support: contributors explore topics including the genetic, biological, affective, interpersonal and information processing models that underpin the disorder. Audience: All those dealing with offenders - psychologists, psychiatrists, lawyers, judges, prison administrators and those who formulate policy in the criminal justice system.

The Road

Author: Jack London

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813540127

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 8524

In 1894, eighteen-year-old Jack London quit his job shoveling coal, hopped a freight train, and left California on the first leg of a ten thousand-mile odyssey. His adventure was an exaggerated version of the unemployed migrations made by millions of boys, men, and a few women during the original “great depression” of the 1890s. By taking to the road, young wayfarers like London forged a vast hobo subculture that was both a product of the new urban industrial order and a challenge to it. As London’s experience suggests, this hobo world was born of equal parts desperation and fascination. “I went on ‘The Road,’” he writes, “because I couldn't keep away from it . . . because I was so made that I couldn’t work all my life on ‘one same shift’; because—well, just because it was easier to than not to.” The best stories that London wrote about his hoboing days can be found in The Road, a collection of nine essays with accompanying illustrations, most of which originally appeared in Cosmopolitan magazine between 1907 and 1908. His virile persona spoke to white middle-class readers who vicariously escaped their desk-bound lives and followed London down the hobo trail. The zest and humor of his tales, as Todd DePastino explains in his lucid introduction, often obscure their depth and complexity. The Road is as much a commentary on London’s disillusionment with wealth, celebrity, and the literary marketplace as it is a picaresque memoir of his youth.

Victimisation

Theory, Research and Policy

Author: Pamela Davies,Peter Francis,V. Jupp

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403921796

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1526

Victimisation provides an accessible but critical review of the study of victims and victimisation, particularly in the areas of theory, research, policy and practice. It aims to provide students with an introduction and overview of the core areas relating to the study of victims and victimisation including: the causes of victimisation; its nature, extent and impact; methods of research; issues of class, age, race, gender and community; the policy context; mechanisms for tackling victimisation and the comparative context. Each contributor to the volume explores a range of historical and contemporary debates and developments surrounding particular aspects of the victimological enterprise, and by doing so outlines their own agenda for the futures of the discipline.

Offender Supervision

New Directions in Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Fergus McNeill,Peter Raynor,Chris Trotter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136840079

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 4196

This major new book brings together leading researchers in the field in order to describe and analyse internationally significant theoretical and empirical work on offender supervision, and to address the policy and practice implications of this work within and across jurisdictions. Arising out of the work of the international Collaboration of Researchers for the Effective Development of Offender Supervision (CREDOS), this book examines questions and issues that have arisen both within effectiveness research, and from research on desistance from offending. The book draws out the lessons that can be learned not just about ‘what works?’, but about how and why particular practices support desistance in specific jurisdictional, cultural and local contexts. Key themes addressed in this book include: New directions in theory and paradigms for practice Staff skills and effective offender supervision Different issues and challenges in improving offender supervision The role of families, ‘significant others’ and social networks Understanding and supporting compliance within supervision Exploring the social, political, organisational and historical contexts of offender supervision Offender Supervision will be essential reading for academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students, policy makers, managers and practitioners interested in offender supervision.