Criminology at the Crossroads

Feminist Readings in Crime and Justice

Author: Kathleen Daly,Lisa Maher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195113440

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 909

Criminology at the Crossroads: Feminist Readings in Crime and Justice is an edited collection of accessible articles on gender, crime, and justice. It contains key works in criminology and law by well-known feminist scholars including Carol Smart, Kristin Bumiller, Hilary Allen, Meda Chesney-Lind, Kathleen Ferraro, Laureen Snider, and Regina Austin. The 14 selections, chosen for their empirical focus and sophisticated modes of interpretation, raise difficult, unresolved problems for feminist work in criminology. Themes include the construction of women in feminist, legal, and criminological discourses; the blurred boundaries of victimization and criminalization; masculinities and violence; and the crossroads and intersections of class-race-gender, politics, and justice. Daly and Mahers introductory essay offers a brief overview of the field, past and present, and analyzes the shifts that occurred in feminist thinking between the 1970s and the 1990s. The editors suggest that feminists need to move beyond the familiar critiques of androcentrism in the field. They propose that instead of asking Where are the women? or Where is sex/gender in criminology?, feminists should say Here are the women (and men) and Here is sex/gender in criminal law, lawbreaking, and state responses to harm. While acknowledging the current vitality and energy of feminist scholarship, Daly and Maher also suggest that feminists in criminology stand at the crossroads of discourse and realism and of academic and activist knowledge. Criminology at the Crossroads: Feminist Readings in Crime and Justice will challenge and provoke students, making it an essential text not only for graduates and advanced undergraduates in criminology, law, and the social sciences, but also for scholars interested in becoming more familiar with feminist work.

The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology

Author: Sophie Body-Gendrot,Mike Hough,Klara Kerezsi,René Lévy,Sonja Snacken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136185496

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 4929

This new book brings together some of the leading criminologists across Europe, to showcase the best of European criminology. This Handbook aims to reflect the range and depth of current work in Europe, and to counterbalance the impact of the – sometimes insular and ethnocentric – Anglo-American criminological tradition. The end-product is a collection of twenty-eight chapters illustrating a truly comparative and interdisciplinary European criminology. The editors have assembled a cast of leading voices to reflect on differences and commonalities, elaborate on theoretically grounded comparisons and reflect on emerging themes in criminology in Europe. After the editors’ introduction, the book is organised in three parts: five chapters offering historical, theoretical and policy oriented overviews of European issues in crime and crime control; seven chapters looking at different dimensions of crime in Europe, includingcrime trends, state crime, gender and crime and urban safety; fifteen chapters examining the variety of institutional responses, exploring issues such as policing, juvenile justice, punishment, green crime and the role of the victim. This book gives some indication of the richness and scope of the emerging comparative European criminology and will be required reading for anyone who wants to understand trends in crime and its control across Europe. It will also be a valuable teaching resource, especially at postgraduate level, as well as an important reference point for researchers and scholars of criminology across Europe.

Delinquency Theories

Appraisals and Applications

Author: John P. Hoffmann

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136855394

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 7805

This book provides an overview of theories of juvenile delinquency. Each chapter describes a particular theory by telling the tale of a delinquent youth and thoroughly reviewing the theories and research designed to explain the youth’s delinquent behavior. By linking the theories to a real-world example, they may be "brought to life" and made more relevant to the reader.

Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment

Author: David Levinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761922582

Category: Social Science

Page: 1914

View: 3183

"Authoritative and comprehensive, this multivolume set includes hundreds of articles in the field of criminal justice. Impressive arrays of authors have contributed to this resource, addressing such diverse topics as racial profiling, money laundering, torture, prisoner literature, the KGB, and Sing Sing. Written in an accessible manner and attractively presented, the background discussions, definitions, and explanations of important issues and future trends are absorbing. Interesting sidebars and facts,reference lists, relevant court cases, tables, and black-and-white photographs supplement the entries. Appendixes cover careers in criminal justice, Web resources, and professional organizations. A lengthy bibliography lists relevant works."--"The Best of the Best Reference Sources," American Libraries, May 2003.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

Author: Rosemary Gartner,Bill McCarthy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199397295

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 7355

Research on gender, sex, and crime today remains focused on topics that have been a mainstay of the field for several decades, but it has also recently expanded to include studies from a variety of disciplines, a growing number of countries, and on a wider range of crimes. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime reflects this growing diversity and provides authoritative overviews of current research and theory on how gender and sex shape crime and criminal justice responses to it. The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime offers an unparalleled and comprehensive view of the connections among gender, sex, and crime in the United States and in many other countries. Its insights illuminate both traditional areas of study in the field and pathways for developing cutting-edge research questions.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248364

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 1115

'For any criminologist looking to make sense of recent developments in the field, this is the go-to book. In essays by leading specialists, it provides the latest updates on traditional theories whilst charting new directions. It also offers intepretive frameworks for criminology's current flux and fragmentation and closely examines relationships among theory, policy, and criminal justice practice. Invaluable and indispensible!' - Nicole Rafter, Professor, Northeastern University The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory re-centres theory in the boldest, most thought-provoking form possible within the criminological enterprise. Written by a team of internationally respected specialists, it provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the variety of theoretical positions - traditional, emergent and desirable - that are constitutive of the discipline at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Each chapter has been specially commissioned to include the following: " A brief historical overview of the theoretical perspective " Core ideas and key associated concepts " A critical review of the contemporary status of the perspective " Reflections on future developments In addition the Handbook features a substantive introduction by the editors, providing a review of the development of criminological theory, the state of contemporary criminological theory and emergent issues and debates. The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory is an indispensable international resource for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

Drugs and the American Dream

An Anthology

Author: Patricia A. Adler,Peter Adler,Patrick K. O'Brien

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470670274

Category: Self-Help

Page: 405

View: 5261

Drugs and the American Dream presents an up-to-date anthology of chiefly contemporary readings that explore the myriad sociological correlates of licit and illicit drug use in the United States. Unique approach to the topic that offers an organizing theme of sociological concepts-age, social class, ethnicity, gender, as well as societal response to drug use including drug education, treatment, and policy. The book is interdisciplinary in terms of approach, making it useful in a variety of contexts. Includes a wide array of ethnographic articles that place reader directly into the perspectives of drug users through their own voices Brief framing introductions to each article provide "interconnective tissue," guiding the student to the heart of what's important in the piece that follows. Offers a balanced approach to various substances-tobacco, alcohol, prescription drugs, and illegal drugs. Provides students with a realistic perspective on the extent of substance use in American society as well as a critical appreciation of the real versus imagined harms associated with use of various substances.

The New Primer in Radical Criminology

Critical Perspectives on Crime, Power, and Identity

Author: Michael J. Lynch,Raymond J. Michalowski,W. Byron Groves

Publisher: Willow Tree Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 2886

The third edition of this text defines radical criminology as a way of doing criminology that frames the problem of crime in terms of class, race, gender, culture and history. Whereas the preceding edition, published in 1989, viewed social class as the central focus of radical criminology, over the past decade the scope of radical criminology has expanded to include race, gender, culture, history, post-modernism and left-realism, among other movements.

Crime, Justice, and Society

Criminology and the Sociological Imagination

Author: Ronald J. Berger,Marvin D. Free,Patricia Searles

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 9780072896138

Category: Crime

Page: 524

View: 3641

This is a criminology text that is explicitly sociological in orientation and is designed to help students cultivate a sociological imagination to guide their thinking about crime and criminal justice. The book takes a critical approach and places questions of social inequality and power at the center of criminological inquiry. It views class, race/ethnicity, and gender as pivotal organizing principles of social life - prisms through which we come to know ourselves and our social world and as central mechanisms by which social relationships are patterned.

Criminology

A Sociological Approach

Author: Piers Beirne,James W. Messerschmidt

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195394764

Category: Social Science

Page: 444

View: 6210

Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns. The text is divided into three Parts: * Part I focuses on three questions: "What is crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How can we compare rates of crime in different societies?" * Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development. * Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime. Written in student-friendly language, Criminology uses abundant illustrations, examples, and case studies to elucidate key points. The text also offers many helpful learning aids, including chapter previews, lists of key terms, chapter reviews, questions for class discussion, and suggestions for further study. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION * Moves the theory chapters to earlier in the book, helping to better connect them with one another * Reorganizes the chapters on theory to showcase the self-contained, internally coherent nature of criminology--rather than criminology's place in the historical record * Adds examples throughout * Presents new and up-to-date empirical data in all sections * Discusses many new topics, including cultural criminology and green criminology * Covers numerous types of crime that were not discussed in previous editions (e.g., whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state- sanctioned torture)

Gendered (in)justice

Theory and Practice in Feminist Criminology

Author: Pamela J. Schram,Barbara Koons-Witt

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: 9781577663287

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 7198

This collection examines the gender and environmental factors that precede criminal behavior and the effects of gender on how the criminal justice system perceives and treats adult women offenders. Divided into four sections, section I is an overview of feminist theory in criminology, from its early influence to its recent contributions. Section II addresses gender issues important to understanding women and the crimes they commit and emphasizes the need to study how gender organizes criminal activity. The articles in section III discuss the laws and policies affecting women offenders, including the effects of stereotypes on sentencing and the rising rates of incarceration due to drug laws. The final section analyzes the treatment of women in prison and programs for female offenders from a feminist perspective.

Researching Theories of Crime and Deviance

Author: Thomas Dain Stucky,Marvin D. Krohn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195340860

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 650

This new book from noted criminologists Charis Kubrin, Thomas Stucky and Marvin Krohn is a unique supplement for criminological theory courses, graduate level research methods courses, or seminars that take a close look at the development of criminological theory and/or methods. This book is intended to bridge the gap between theory and research in the study of crime and deviant behavior. There are a number of textbooks that provide excellent summaries of criminological theories. Many ofthese include critiques of the theories discussing the empirical evidence that has been rendered in support (or not) of those theories. However, empirical evidence is only as good as the research methods that were used to generate it. Theory texts do not critically evaluate the research methods that generate the findings they cite. The student, therefore, obtains an impression of the utility of the theory based on an uncritical assessment of the research evidence. The purpose of this book is to explicitly assess the research methods that have been used to test nine theoretical perspectives of crime. Specifically, the authors focus on sampling, measurement, and analytical issues in doing theoretically directed research.

The Criminal Justice System and Women

Offenders, Prisoners, Victims, and Workers

Author: Barbara R. Price,Natalie J. Sokoloff

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 589

View: 4641

Consisting of original essays commissioned for the volume from leading scholars, as well as a number of recently published, important articles in the field, this anthology provides a comprehensive overview of the ways in which women affect and are affected by crime and the criminal justice system. Analysis is grounded in feminist scholarship and activism, and anchored in perspectives that orient women's crime, imprisonment, victimization, and survival in a race, class, and gender perspective.

Women, Law, and Social Control

Author: Alida V. Merlo,Joycelyn M. Pollock

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205442072

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 3292

A collection of original articles written by leading scholars in the field that examines women as offenders, professionals, and victims. This integrated approach explores current issues – including the increase in women's imprisonment rates, women as rape survivors, women who kill in abusive relationships, and women working within the criminal justice system–which illuminates the special sanctions women face today.

Are Prisons Obsolete?

Author: Angela Y. Davis

Publisher: Seven Stories Press

ISBN: 1609801040

Category: Political Science

Page: 129

View: 2580

With her characteristic brilliance, grace and radical audacity, Angela Y. Davis has put the case for the latest abolition movement in American life: the abolition of the prison. As she quite correctly notes, American life is replete with abolition movements, and when they were engaged in these struggles, their chances of success seemed almost unthinkable. For generations of Americans, the abolition of slavery was sheerest illusion. Similarly,the entrenched system of racial segregation seemed to last forever, and generations lived in the midst of the practice, with few predicting its passage from custom. The brutal, exploitative (dare one say lucrative?) convict-lease system that succeeded formal slavery reaped millions to southern jurisdictions (and untold miseries for tens of thousands of men, and women). Few predicted its passing from the American penal landscape. Davis expertly argues how social movements transformed these social, political and cultural institutions, and made such practices untenable. In Are Prisons Obsolete?, Professor Davis seeks to illustrate that the time for the prison is approaching an end. She argues forthrightly for "decarceration", and argues for the transformation of the society as a whole.