Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathematics

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux,Alain Connes

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691004051

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 6656

Do numbers and the other objects of mathematics enjoy a timeless existence independent of human minds, or are they the products of cerebral invention? Do we discover them, as Plato supposed and many others have believed since, or do we construct them? Does the physical world actually obey mathematical laws, or does it seem to conform to them simply because physicists have increasingly been able to make mathematical sense of it? Does mathematics constitute a universal language that in principle would permit human beings to communicate with extraterrestrial civilizations elsewhere in the universe, or is it merely an earthly language that owes its accidental existence to the peculiar evolution of neuronal networks in our brains? Jean-Pierre Changeux, an internationally renowned neurobiologist, and Alain Connes, one of the most eminent living mathematicians, find themselves deeply divided by these questions. Why order should exist in the world at all, and why it should be comprehensible to human beings, is the question that lies at the heart of these remarkable dialogues.

Before Tomorrow

Epigenesis and Rationality

Author: Catherine Malabou

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745691528

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1548

Is contemporary continental philosophy making a break with Kant? The structures of knowledge, taken for granted since Kants Critique of Pure Reason, are now being called into question: the finitude of the subject, the phenomenal given, a priori synthesis. Relinquish the transcendental: such is the imperative of postcritical thinking in the 21st century. Questions that we no longer thought it possible to ask now reemerge with renewed vigor: can Kant really maintain the difference between a priori and innate? Can he deduce, rather than impose, the categories, or justify the necessity of nature? Recent research into brain development aggravates these suspicions, which measure transcendental idealism against the thesis of a biological origin for cognitive processes. In her important new book Catherine Malabou lays out Kants response to his posterity. True to its subject, the book evolves as an epigenesis – the differentiated growth of the embryo – for, as those who know how to read critical philosophy affirm, this is the very life of the transcendental and contains the promise of its transformation.

Mathematics and the Aesthetic

New Approaches to an Ancient Affinity

Author: Nathalie Sinclair,William Higginson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387381459

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 7173

This collection of essays explores the ancient affinity between the mathematical and the aesthetic, focusing on fundamental connections between these two modes of reasoning and communicating. From historical, philosophical and psychological perspectives, with particular attention to certain mathematical areas such as geometry and analysis, the authors examine ways in which the aesthetic is ever-present in mathematical thinking and contributes to the growth and value of mathematical knowledge.

Gedankenmaterie

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux,Alain Connes

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662073943

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 2253


The Number Sense

How the Mind Creates Mathematics, Revised and Updated Edition

Author: Stanislas Dehaene

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199910391

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 6485

Our understanding of how the human brain performs mathematical calculations is far from complete, but in recent years there have been many exciting breakthroughs by scientists all over the world. Now, in The Number Sense, Stanislas Dehaene offers a fascinating look at this recent research, in an enlightening exploration of the mathematical mind. Dehaene begins with the eye-opening discovery that animals--including rats, pigeons, raccoons, and chimpanzees--can perform simple mathematical calculations, and that human infants also have a rudimentary number sense. Dehaene suggests that this rudimentary number sense is as basic to the way the brain understands the world as our perception of color or of objects in space, and, like these other abilities, our number sense is wired into the brain. These are but a few of the wealth of fascinating observations contained here. We also discover, for example, that because Chinese names for numbers are so short, Chinese people can remember up to nine or ten digits at a time--English-speaking people can only remember seven. The book also explores the unique abilities of idiot savants and mathematical geniuses, and we meet people whose minute brain lesions render their mathematical ability useless. This new and completely updated edition includes all of the most recent scientific data on how numbers are encoded by single neurons, and which brain areas activate when we perform calculations. Perhaps most important, The Number Sense reaches many provocative conclusions that will intrigue anyone interested in learning, mathematics, or the mind. "A delight." --Ian Stewart, New Scientist "Read The Number Sense for its rich insights into matters as varying as the cuneiform depiction of numbers, why Jean Piaget's theory of stages in infant learning is wrong, and to discover the brain regions involved in the number sense." --The New York Times Book Review "Dehaene weaves the latest technical research into a remarkably lucid and engrossing investigation. Even readers normally indifferent to mathematics will find themselves marveling at the wonder of minds making numbers." --Booklist

Is God a Mathematician?

Author: Mario Livio

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781416594437

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 4443

Bestselling author and astrophysicist Mario Livio examines the lives and theories of history’s greatest mathematicians to ask how—if mathematics is an abstract construction of the human mind—it can so perfectly explain the physical world. Nobel Laureate Eugene Wigner once wondered about “the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics” in the formulation of the laws of nature. Is God a Mathematician? investigates why mathematics is as powerful as it is. From ancient times to the present, scientists and philosophers have marveled at how such a seemingly abstract discipline could so perfectly explain the natural world. More than that—mathematics has often made predictions, for example, about subatomic particles or cosmic phenomena that were unknown at the time, but later were proven to be true. Is mathematics ultimately invented or discovered? If, as Einstein insisted, mathematics is “a product of human thought that is independent of experience,” how can it so accurately describe and even predict the world around us? Physicist and author Mario Livio brilliantly explores mathematical ideas from Pythagoras to the present day as he shows us how intriguing questions and ingenious answers have led to ever deeper insights into our world. This fascinating book will interest anyone curious about the human mind, the scientific world, and the relationship between them.

What Makes Us Think?

A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue about Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux,Paul Ricoeur

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691092850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 8745

Will understanding our brains help us to know our minds? Or is there an unbridgeable distance between the work of neuroscience and the workings of human consciousness? In an exchange between neuroscientist Jean-Pierre Changeux and philosopher Paul Ricoeur, this book explores the fraught territory between these divergent approaches--and comes to a deeper, more complex perspective on human nature. Ranging across diverse traditions, from phrenology to PET scans and from Spinoza to Charles Taylor, this book revolves around a central issue: the relation between the facts (or "what is") of science and the prescriptions (or "what ought to be") of ethics. Changeux and Ricoeur bring an unusual depth of engagement and breadth of knowledge to each other's subject. In doing so, they make two often hostile disciplines speak to one another in surprising and instructive ways--and speak with all the subtlety and passion of conversation at its best.--From publisher description.

The Good, the True, and the Beautiful

A Neuronal Approach

Author: Jean-Pierre Changeux

Publisher: Odile Jacob

ISBN: 2738147488

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 7487

“I wrote this book out of my experiences during thirty years of teaching at the Collège de France. In it I look both at culture and art – music and painting – as well as life in society, ethics, and the meaning of death; languages and writing, as well as the neural and molecular bases of memory and learning. This book is a fresco that brings together a great amount of varied data, discussions, and hypotheses. It anchors the substance of contemporary science in the history of a range of disciplines: neurology, ethology, the biology of evolution, the biology of development, the study of consciousness, as well as experimental psychology and genomics. Finally, this book attempts to show that it is up to us to relentlessly inspire the minds of humans to invent a future that will enable humanity to attain a life of more solidarity, a happier life for and with each one of us.” J.-P. C. Jean-Pierre Changeux is honorary professor at the Collège de France and at the Institut Pasteur, a member of the French Academy of Sciences. In addition to L’Homme neuronal [Neuronal Man] he is the author of Raison et Plaisir and L’Homme de vérité. He is also co-author, with Alain Connes, of Matière à penser [Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathematics] and, with Paul Ricœur, of La Nature et la Règle [What Makes Us Think?]. All thought-provoking works.

Developing mathematical reasoning in grades K-12

Author: Lee Stiff,Frances R. Curcio

Publisher: Natl Council of Teachers of

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 6958

A collection of 23 chapters devoted to understanding and promoting mathematical reasoning by teachers and students. After a section explaining four views of how reasoning works, sections are devoted to early, middle, and high school grades. The articles present empirical and theoretical evidence to explain how students think about measurement, statistics, algebra, and the connection of math to the real world. Finally a section devoted to the development of mathematical reasoning, the professional development of teachers, and possible curricular approaches is presented.

Yearbook

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780873534666

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3315


Why Numbers Count

Quantitative Literacy for Tomorrow's America

Author: Lynn Arthur Steen

Publisher: College Board

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 194

View: 3799

Discusses the kind of quantitative skills students will need to reason and solve problems in the computer age

Where Mathematics Comes from

How the Embodied Mind Brings Mathematics Into Being

Author: George Lakoff,Rafael E. Núñez

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 493

View: 9091

Provides an in-depth analysis of the cognitive science of mathematical ideas that argues that conceptual metaphor plays a definitive role in mathematical ideas, exploring such concepts as arithmetic, algebra, sets, logic, and infinity. 20,000 first printing.

Unser mathematisches Universum

Auf der Suche nach dem Wesen der Wirklichkeit

Author: Max Tegmark

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710783

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 5824

„Max Tegmark, Prophet der Parallelwelten, flirtet mit der Unendlichkeit.“ ULF VON RAUCHHAUPT, FRANKFURTER ALLGEMEINE SONNTAGSZEITUNG WORUM GEHT ES? Max Tegmark entwickelt eine neue Theorie des Kosmos: Das Universum selbst ist reine Mathematik. In diesem Buch geht es um die physikalische Realität des Kosmos, um den Urknall und die „Zeit davor“ und um die Evolution des Weltalls. Welche Rollen spielen wir dabei – die Wesen, die klug genug sind, das alles verstehen zu wollen? Tegmark findet, dieses Terrain sollte nicht länger den Philosophen überlassen bleiben. Denn die Physiker von heute haben die besseren Antworten auf die ewigen Fragen. WAS IST BESONDERS? „Eine hinreißende Expedition, die jenseits des konventionellen Denkens nach der wahren Bedeutung von Realität sucht.“ BBC „Tegmark behandelt die großen Fragen der Kosmologie und der Teilchenphysik weitaus verständlicher als Stephen Hawking.“ THE TIMES WER LIEST? • Jeder, der das Universum verstehen will • Die Leser von Richard Dawkins und Markus Gabriel

Winnicott

Author: Adam Phillips

Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783525401576

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 3512

Donald W. Winnicott (1896-1971) war einer der Ersten, der sich mit den Seelenzustanden von Kindern befasste. Er entwickelte unter anderem die Konzepte des Ubergangsobjekts sowie der ausreichend guten Mutter. Wer und was beeinflusste diesen faszinierenden Menschen, der oft gegen den Strom der zeitgenossischen Psychoanalyse schwamm? Adam Phillips beleuchtet Winnicotts Lebensweg und zeichnet seine Gedanken nach, die von ungebrochener Aktualitat sind, auch wenn sie keine Schule begrundet haben.