Contract as Promise

A Theory of Contractual Obligation

Author: Charles Fried

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190240172

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 7309

Contract as Promise is a study of the philosophical foundations of contract law in which Professor Fried effectively answers some of the most common assumptions about contract law and strongly proposes a moral basis for it while defending the classical theory of contract. This book provides two purposes regarding the complex legal institution of the contract. The first is the theoretical purpose to demonstrate how contract law can be traced to and is determined by a small number of basic moral principles. At the theory level the author shows that contract law does have an underlying, and unifying structure. The second is a pedagogic purpose to provide for students the underlying structure of contract law. At this level of doctrinal exposition the author shows that structure can be referred to moral principles. Together the two purposes support each other in an effective and comprehensive study of contract law. This second edition retains the original text, and includes a new Preface. It also includes a substantial new essay entitled Contract as Promise in the Light of Subsequent Scholarship--Especially Law and Economics which serves as a retrospective of the work accomplished in the last thirty years, while responding to present and future work in the field.

From Promise to Contract

Towards a Liberal Theory of Contract

Author: Dori Kimel

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841132128

Category: Law

Page: 149

View: 2904

The book offers a careful philosophical investigation of the similarities and the much-overlooked differences between contract and promise.

A Theory of Contract Law

Empirical Insights and Moral Psychology

Author: Peter A. Alces

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195371607

Category: Law

Page: 332

View: 9895

In the past few decades, scholars have offered positive, normative, and most recently, interpretive theories of contract law. This title confronts the leading interpretive theories of contract and demonstrates their interpretive doctrinal failures.

Reasonableness and Responsibility: A Theory of Contract Law

Author: Martín Hevia

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400746040

Category: Law

Page: 184

View: 9846

If, as John Rawls famously suggests, justice is the first virtue of social institutions, how are we to understand the institution of contract law? This book proposes a Rawlsian theory of contract law. It argues that justice requires that we understand contract rules in terms of the idea of reasonable, terms of interaction – that is, terms that would be accepted by reasonable persons moved by a desire for a social world in which they, as free and equal, can cooperate with others on terms they accept. On that basis, the book explains the main doctrines of contract law, including those governing third parties, in both the Common Law and the Civil Law.

Contract as Assumption

Essays on a Theme

Author: Brian Coote

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184731578X

Category: Law

Page: 246

View: 7146

It has many times been said that contracts involve assumptions of obligation or liability, but what that means, and what it is that is assumed, have not often been discussed. It is to further such discussion that some of the author's previously published writings around this subject have been brought together in this book. His basic premises are that contractual obligation and liability in this context are two sides to the same coin and that an assumption of one is an assumption of both. Parties are bound not because liability has been imposed upon them by law as a result of their having entered into a contract but because, in the act of assuming, they have imposed it upon themselves. Contract provides a facility the purpose of which is to enable this to be done within the limits prescribed by law. The implication of these premises are much more significant than might be supposed when applied to such areas of contract as formation, consideration, intention to contract, exception clauses, privity and damages. The book concludes with a treatment of the role of assumption in tort. Because of the importance of its subject matter and its wide-ranging treatment, this book should appeal not only to teachers and postgraduate students of contract but also to practitioners in the field and to anyone else with an interest in contract theory.

Bibliography of Law and Economics

Author: B. Bouckaert,G. de Geest

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401708932

Category: Law

Page: 667

View: 2244

Law and economics can be considered as the most exciting development in legal scholarship in recent decades. This volume is the first all-encompassing bibliography in this area. It lists approximately 7000 publications, covering the whole area of law and economics, including `old' law and economics (topics such as antitrust law, labor law, tax law, social security, economic regulation, etc.) as well as `new' law and economics with such topics as tort law, contract law, family law, procedure, criminal law, etc.). The volume also includes the literature on the philosophical foundations and the fundamental concepts of the approach. Part Two gives a special survey of law and economics publications in Europe, written in other languages than English. The Bibliography of Law and Economics is an invaluable reference work for students, scholars, lawyers, economists and other people interested in this field.

Law, Economics, and Morality

Author: Eyal Zamir,Barak Medina

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199707200

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 2563

Law, Economics, and Morality examines the possibility of combining economic methodology and deontological morality through explicit and direct incorporation of moral constraints into economic models. Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the goodness of their outcomes, standard cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is normatively objectionable. Moderate deontology prioritizes such values as autonomy, basic liberties, truth-telling, and promise-keeping over the promotion of good outcomes. It holds that there are constraints on promoting the good. Such constraints may be overridden only if enough good (or bad) is at stake. While moderate deontology conforms to prevailing moral intuitions and legal doctrines, it is arguably lacking in methodological rigor and precision. Eyal Zamir and Barak Medina argue that the normative flaws of economic analysis can be rectified without relinquishing its methodological advantages and that moral constraints can be formalized so as to make their analysis more rigorous. They discuss various substantive and methodological choices involved in modeling deontological constraints. Zamir and Medina propose to determine the permissibility of any act or rule infringing a deontological constraint by means of mathematical threshold functions. Law, Economics, and Morality presents the general structure of threshold functions, analyzes their elements and addresses possible objections to this proposal. It then illustrates the implementation of constrained CBA in several legal fields, including contract law, freedom of speech, antidiscrimination law, the fight against terrorism, and legal paternalism.

Cato Supreme Court Review, 2007-2008

Author: Ilya Shapiro

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1935308106

Category: Law

Page: 250

View: 5955

Published every September in celebration of Constitution Day, the Cato Supreme Court Review brings together leading legal scholars to analyze the most important cases of the Court's most recent term. It is the first scholarly review to appear after the term's end and the only on to critique the court from a Madisonian perspective.

Europäisches Vertragsrecht

Author: Hein Kötz

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161537677

Category: Law

Page: 549

View: 2282

English summary: This volume deals with the contract law of the European legal systems. What are the essential rules of these systems on the formation and validity of contracts? What rules apply to a party's right to bring a claim for performance, to terminate the contract or to claim damages for breach? While the discussion is based on the national rules, they are taken into account only as local variations on a European theme. To what extent is it therefore possible to speak of a common European law of contract? What contributions do the "Principles of European Contract Law" and the proposal of the "Draft Common Frame of Reference" make? This book is not only aimed at helping to teach young Europeans lawyers, but also strives to assist those engaged in the reform of national contract law or the drafting of uniform European legislation. The first 1996 edition of the volume has now been updated and completed. German description: Unter "Europaischem Vertragsrecht" versteht dieses Buch die Regeln, die den Rechtsordnungen der europaischen Lander gemeinsam sind: Wie kommt ein gultiger Vertrag zustande? Nach welchen Regeln wird beurteilt, ob eine Vertragspartei die Erfullung des Vertrages verlangen, von dem Vertrag Abstand nehmen, ihn widerrufen oder kundigen oder den Kontrahenten auf Schadensersatz in Anspruch nehmen kann? Lassen sich auf dem Gebiet des Vertragsrechts gemeineuropaische Strukturen auffinden? Gibt es allgemein akzeptierte Regeln? Wie sind sie zu formulieren, wenn man die "Prinzipien des Europaischen Vertragsrechts" oder die Vorschlage des "Draft Common Frame of Reference" berucksichtigt? Dabei werden die Losungen der nationalen Rechtsordnungen ausfuhrlich - wenn auch stets nur als nationale Variationen eines europaischen Themas - behandelt. Das Buch kann deshalb bei der rechtsvergleichenden Ausbildung der jungen europaischen Juristen eine Rolle spielen, ferner auch dort, wo e s um die Vorbereitung europaischen Gesetzesrechts oder um die Reform der nationalen Vertragsrechte geht. Das Buch ist in einer ersten unvollstandigen Auflage schon 1996 erschienen. Die Neuauflage bringt den Text auf den neuen Stand und erganzt ihn um die damals noch fehlenden Abschnitte.

Boilerplate

The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Author: Margaret Jane Radin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400844835

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 8894

Boilerplate--the fine-print terms and conditions that we become subject to when we click "I agree" online, rent an apartment, enter an employment contract, sign up for a cellphone carrier, or buy travel tickets--pervades all aspects of our modern lives. On a daily basis, most of us accept boilerplate provisions without realizing that should a dispute arise about a purchased good or service, the nonnegotiable boilerplate terms can deprive us of our right to jury trial and relieve providers of responsibility for harm. Boilerplate is the first comprehensive treatment of the problems posed by the increasing use of these terms, demonstrating how their use has degraded traditional notions of consent, agreement, and contract, and sacrificed core rights whose loss threatens the democratic order. Margaret Jane Radin examines attempts to justify the use of boilerplate provisions by claiming either that recipients freely consent to them or that economic efficiency demands them, and she finds these justifications wanting. She argues, moreover, that our courts, legislatures, and regulatory agencies have fallen short in their evaluation and oversight of the use of boilerplate clauses. To improve legal evaluation of boilerplate, Radin offers a new analytical framework, one that takes into account the nature of the rights affected, the quality of the recipient's consent, and the extent of the use of these terms. Radin goes on to offer possibilities for new methods of boilerplate evaluation and control, among them the bold suggestion that tort law rather than contract law provides a preferable analysis for some boilerplate schemes. She concludes by discussing positive steps that NGOs, legislators, regulators, courts, and scholars could take to bring about better practices.

Europäisches Vertragsrecht

Author: Reiner Schulze,Fryderyk Zoll

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft

ISBN: 9783832959548

Category:

Page: 311

View: 3198

Den Kerngebieten des BGB und des HGB liegt heute das Europaische Vertragsrecht zugrunde - vom Verbraucherschutz uber das Kaufrecht bis zum Handelsvertreterrecht. Der Vorschlag der Europaischen Kommission hat zu einer eigenen europaischen Systematik auf diesem Gebiet gefuhrt. Das vorliegende Lehrbuch enthalt erstmals eine Gesamtdarstellung des Europaischen Vertragsrechts und - gibt einen umfassenden Uberblick uber alle Kernbereiche des Vertragsrechts auf europaischer Ebene. - bezieht die aktuellen Entwicklungen hinsichtlich des Vorschlags der Kommission fur ein Gemeinsames Europaisches Kaufrecht mit ein. - erleichtert den Lesern durch den Abdruck der einschlagigen Rechtstexte und Urteilspassagen den Zugang zu dieser noch sehr neuen Materie. - berucksichtigt den Kommissionvorschlag fur das Gemeinsame Europaische Kaufrecht, die neue Verbraucherrechte-Richtlinie und den Entwurf des Gemeinsamen Referenzrahmens.

English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield

Author: James Oldham

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807864005

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 1122

In the eighteenth century, the English common law courts laid the foundation that continues to support present-day Anglo-American law. Lord Mansfield, Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, 1756-1788, was the dominant judicial force behind these developments. In this abridgment of his two-volume book, The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century, James Oldham presents the fundamentals of the English common law during this period, with a detailed description of the operational features of the common law courts. This work includes revised and updated versions of the historical and analytical essays that introduced the case transcriptions in the original volumes, with each chapter focusing on a different aspect of the law. While considerable scholarship has been devoted to the eighteenth-century English criminal trial, little attention has been given to the civil side. This book helps to fill that gap, providing an understanding of the principal body of substantive law with which America's founding fathers would have been familiar. It is an invaluable reference for practicing lawyers, scholars, and students of Anglo-American legal history.

Common law

Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428121519

Category: Common law

Page: 423

View: 2995


The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law

Contracts

Author: Randy E. Barnett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996393

Category: Law

Page: 284

View: 9271

Written by a leading expert in the field, The Oxford Introductions to U.S. Law: Contracts provides students with ready access to the basic doctrines of contract law, the story behind their evolution, and the rationales for their continued existence. An engaging book that allows students to grasp the "big picture" of contract law, it is organized around the principle that lies at the heart of contracts: consent. Beginning with the premise of "consent," the book provides a cohesive framework in which to understand the various aspects of contract law.

The Varieties of Restitution

Author: Ian McNeil Jackman

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862872936

Category: Law

Page: 186

View: 5234

The law of restitution is commonly described in terms of a unifying principle of "unjust enrichment at the plaintiffs expense." Jackman challenges that view, revealing that much of the law of restitution does not concern cases where the defendant has been "enriched" or where the plaintiff has suffered "expense." Demonstrating that there are several distinct concepts of "injustice" at stake, he then identifies three fundamentally distinct categories of legal thought in this area: the reversal of non-voluntary transactions; the fulfilment of non-contractual promises; and the protection of the private legal facilities of proprietary rights and fiduciary relationships. In so doing, the author highlights the central and disparate principles of restitution so often masked by the concern for uniformity.

Risk and Citizenship

Key Issues in Welfare

Author: Rosalind Edwards,Judith Glover

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134548834

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 6342

Contemporary welfare provision poses serious challenges for social policy. Large and rapid changes are said to be taking place in the way we live, work and relate to each other, characterised by anxiety and insecurity.Risk and Citizenship explores how new and diffrent forms of citizenship are evolving in the context of this 'risk society' and the implications for the development of social policy at both the macro and micro level. This spirited and informed collection of papers by leading analysts addresses key questions related to welfare, citizenship and risk including: the nature of insecurity and social protection; the balance between inequality and egalitarianism; the relationship between governments and citizens; the parameters of citizenship; and the impact of risk assessment and risk management. Risk and Citizenship offers a thought-provoking reading for student, practitioner or policy-maker. It provides: * a review of current debates about risk, citizenship and welfare * in-depth analysis of specific policy initiatives in social security and community care * a new typology of welfare citizenship.

Patients with Passports

Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics

Author: I. Glenn Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190218193

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 9365

Can your employer require you to travel to India for a hip replacement as a condition of insurance coverage? If injury results, can you sue the doctor, hospital or insurer for medical malpractice in the country where you live? Can a country prohibit its citizens from helping a relative travel to Switzerland for assisted suicide? What about travel for abortion? In Patients with Passports, I. Glenn Cohen tackles these important questions, and provides the first comprehensive legal and ethical analysis of medical tourism. Medical tourism is a growing multi-billion dollar industry involving millions of patients who travel abroad each year to get health care. Some seek legitimate services like hip replacements and travel to avoid queues, save money, or because their insurer has given them an incentive to do so. Others seek to circumvent prohibitions on accessing services at home and go abroad to receive abortions, assisted suicide, commercial surrogacy, or experimental stem cell treatments. In this book, author I. Glenn Cohen focuses on patients traveling for cardiac bypass and other legal services to places like India, Thailand, and Mexico, and analyzes issues of quality of care, disease transmission, liability, private and public health insurance, and the effects of this trade on foreign health care systems. He goes on to examine medical tourism for services illegal in the patient's home country, such as organ purchase, abortion, assisted suicide, fertility services, and experimental stem cell treatments. Here, Cohen examines issues such as extraterritorial criminalization, exploitation, immigration, and the protection of children. Through compelling narratives, expert data, and industry explanations Patients with Passports enables the reader to connect with the most prevalent legal and ethical issues facing medical tourism today.