Continued Fractions

Author: Aleksandr I?Akovlevich Khinchin,Herbert Eagle

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486696300

Category: Mathematics

Page: 95

View: 4505

Elementary-level text by noted Soviet mathematician offers superb introduction to positive-integral elements of theory of continued fractions. Clear, straightforward presentation of the properties of the apparatus, the representation of numbers by continued fractions, and the measure theory of continued fractions. 1964 edition. Prefaces.

Analytic Theory of Continued Fractions

Author: Hubert Stanley Wall

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486830446

Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 9622

One of the most authoritative and comprehensive books on the subject of continued fractions, this monograph has been widely used by generations of mathematicians and their students. Dr. Hubert Stanley Wall presents a unified theory correlating certain parts and applications of the subject within a larger analytic structure. Prerequisites include a first course in function theory and knowledge of the elementary properties of linear transformations in the complex plane. Some background in number theory, real analysis, and complex analysis may also prove helpful. The two-part treatment begins with an exploration of convergence theory, addressing continued fractions as products of linear fractional transformations, convergence theorems, and the theory of positive definite continued fractions, as well as other topics. The second part, focusing on function theory, covers the theory of equations, matrix theory of continued fractions, bounded analytic functions, and many additional subjects.

Analysis and Control of Complex Dynamical Systems

Robust Bifurcation, Dynamic Attractors, and Network Complexity

Author: Kazuyuki Aihara,Jun-ichi Imura,Tetsushi Ueta

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431550135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 211

View: 1792

This book is the first to report on theoretical breakthroughs on control of complex dynamical systems developed by collaborative researchers in the two fields of dynamical systems theory and control theory. As well, its basic point of view is of three kinds of complexity: bifurcation phenomena subject to model uncertainty, complex behavior including periodic/quasi-periodic orbits as well as chaotic orbits, and network complexity emerging from dynamical interactions between subsystems. Analysis and Control of Complex Dynamical Systems offers a valuable resource for mathematicians, physicists, and biophysicists, as well as for researchers in nonlinear science and control engineering, allowing them to develop a better fundamental understanding of the analysis and control synthesis of such complex systems.

Algebraic Theory of Quadratic Numbers

Author: Mak Trifković

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461477174

Category: Mathematics

Page: 197

View: 7569

By focusing on quadratic numbers, this advanced undergraduate or master’s level textbook on algebraic number theory is accessible even to students who have yet to learn Galois theory. The techniques of elementary arithmetic, ring theory and linear algebra are shown working together to prove important theorems, such as the unique factorization of ideals and the finiteness of the ideal class group. The book concludes with two topics particular to quadratic fields: continued fractions and quadratic forms. The treatment of quadratic forms is somewhat more advanced than usual, with an emphasis on their connection with ideal classes and a discussion of Bhargava cubes. The numerous exercises in the text offer the reader hands-on computational experience with elements and ideals in quadratic number fields. The reader is also asked to fill in the details of proofs and develop extra topics, like the theory of orders. Prerequisites include elementary number theory and a basic familiarity with ring theory.

Numerical Software Verification

10th International Workshop, NSV 2017, Heidelberg, Germany, July 22-23, 2017, Proceedings

Author: Alessandro Abate,Sylvie Boldo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319635018

Category: Computers

Page: 115

View: 7469

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Numerical Software Verification, NSV 2017, held in Heidelberg, Germany, in July 2017 - colocated with the International Workshop on Formal Methods for Rigorous Systems Engineering of Cyber-Physical Systems, RISE4CPS 2017, a one-time, invited-only event.The 3 full papers presented together with 3 short papers, 2 keynote abstracts and 4 invited abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions.The NSV 2017 workshop is dedicated to the development of logical and mathematical techniques for the reasoning about programmability and reliability.

Polynomials

Author: E.J. Barbeau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387406275

Category: Mathematics

Page: 455

View: 7674

The book extends the high school curriculum and provides a backdrop for later study in calculus, modern algebra, numerical analysis, and complex variable theory. Exercises introduce many techniques and topics in the theory of equations, such as evolution and factorization of polynomials, solution of equations, interpolation, approximation, and congruences. The theory is not treated formally, but rather illustrated through examples. Over 300 problems drawn from journals, contests, and examinations test understanding, ingenuity, and skill. Each chapter ends with a list of hints; there are answers to many of the exercises and solutions to all of the problems. In addition, 69 "explorations" invite the reader to investigate research problems and related topics.

CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Second Edition

Author: Eric W. Weisstein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420035223

Category: Mathematics

Page: 3252

View: 2804

Upon publication, the first edition of the CRC Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics received overwhelming accolades for its unparalleled scope, readability, and utility. It soon took its place among the top selling books in the history of Chapman & Hall/CRC, and its popularity continues unabated. Yet also unabated has been the dedication of author Eric Weisstein to collecting, cataloging, and referencing mathematical facts, formulas, and definitions. He has now updated most of the original entries and expanded the Encyclopedia to include 1000 additional pages of illustrated entries. The accessibility of the Encyclopedia along with its broad coverage and economical price make it attractive to the widest possible range of readers and certainly a must for libraries, from the secondary to the professional and research levels. For mathematical definitions, formulas, figures, tabulations, and references, this is simply the most impressive compendium available.

Lectures on Elementary Mathematics

Author: Joseph Louis Lagrange

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486155021

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 1967

One of the 18th century's greatest mathematicians delivered these lectures at a training school for teachers. An exemplar among elementary expositions, they combine original ideas and elegant expression. 1898 edition.

Elementary Theory of Numbers

Author: William J. LeVeque

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150763

Category: Mathematics

Page: 160

View: 788

Superb introduction to Euclidean algorithm and its consequences, congruences, continued fractions, powers of an integer modulo m, Gaussian integers, Diophantine equations, more. Problems, with answers. Bibliography.

Understanding Infinity

The Mathematics of Infinite Processes

Author: Anthony Gardiner

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486425382

Category: Mathematics

Page: 308

View: 1583

Conceived by the author as an introduction to "why the calculus works," this volume offers a 4-part treatment: an overview; a detailed examination of the infinite processes arising in the realm of numbers; an exploration of the extent to which familiar geometric notions depend on infinite processes; and the evolution of the concept of functions. 1982 edition.

GAMMA

Eulers Konstante, Primzahlstrände und die Riemannsche Vermutung

Author: Julian Havil

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540484965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 3686

Jeder kennt p = 3,14159..., viele kennen e = 2,71828..., einige i. Und dann? Die "viertwichtigste" Konstante ist die Eulersche Zahl g = 0,5772156... - benannt nach dem genialen Leonhard Euler (1707-1783). Bis heute ist unbekannt, ob g eine rationale Zahl ist. Das Buch lotet die "obskure" Konstante aus. Die Reise beginnt mit Logarithmen und der harmonischen Reihe. Es folgen Zeta-Funktionen und Eulers wunderbare Identität, Bernoulli-Zahlen, Madelungsche Konstanten, Fettfinger in Wörterbüchern, elende mathematische Würmer und Jeeps in der Wüste. Besser kann man nicht über Mathematik schreiben. Was Julian Havil dazu zu sagen hat, ist spektakulär.

Geschichte der Analysis

Author: Hans Niels Jahnke

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827403926

Category: Mathematics

Page: 564

View: 868

"Geschichte der Analysis" ist von einem internationalen Expertenteam geschrieben und stellt die gegenwärtig umfassendste Darstellung der Herausbildung und Entwicklung dieser mathematischen Kerndisziplin dar. Der tiefgreifende begriffliche Wandel, den die Analysis im Laufe der Zeit durchgemacht hat, wird ebenso dargestellt, wie auch der Einfluß, den vor allem physikalische Probleme gehabt haben. Biographische und philosophische Hintergründe werden ausgeleuchtet und ihre Relevanz für die Theorieentwicklung gezeigt. Neben der eigentlichen Geschichte der Analysis bis ungefähr 1900 enthält das Buch Spezialkapitel über die Entwicklung der analytischen Mechanik im 18. Jahrhundert, Randwertprobleme der mathematischen Physik im 19. Jahrhundert, die Theorie der komplexen Funktionen, die Grundlagenkrise sowie historische Überblicke über die Variationsrechnung, Differentialgleichungen und Funktionalanalysis.

Die Lehre von den Kettenbrüchen

Band I: Elementare Kettenbrüche

Author: Oskar Perron

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663122891

Category: Mathematics

Page: 194

View: 8415

eigenen Begriffssystemen bereichert worden, die man nicht gerade als jedermann geläufig voraussetzen darf. Die Versuchung lag nahe, durch Heranziehung solcher Theorien den Kettenbrüchen einen gelehrteren Anstrich zu geben. Aber dadurch wäre nicht nur die Lektüre unnötig erschwert, sondern das Wesen der Dinge zumeist verschleiert worden, und es bestände die Gefahr, daß mancher Leser den künstlichen Anstrich für das Wesentliche halten und die harmlose Unschuld, die sich darunter verbirgt, vielleicht gar nicht mehr sehen würde. Deshalb habe ich auf logistische Hieroglyphen, geheimnisvolle "Räume" usw. verzichtet und bin bei der klassischen Wortsprache und den klassischen Rechenmethoden ge blieben. Lediglich zweireihige Matrizes wurden gelegentlich verwandt, nämlich da, wo sie einen wirklichen methodischen Vorteil bieten. Der Matrixkalkül ist ja heute in viel weiteren Kreisen bekannt als vor 40 Jahren und gehört fast schon zu den Elementen; ich habe ihn trotzdem nicht vorausgesetzt, sondern in § 5 das Wenige, was davon gebraucht wird, kurz zusammengestellt. In neuerer Zeit haben die Kettenbrüche auch in der augewandten Mathematik, z. B. in der Elektrotechnik und bei analytischen Approximationsmethoden, Verwendung ge funden. Auch den Vertretern dieser Disziplinen, sowie manchen interessierten Laien, die es trotz unseres materialistischen Zeitalters doch immer noch gibt, glaube ich durch leichte Verständlichkeit besser zu dienen als durch Paradieren mit einer übertriebenen Gelehrsamkeit. Auf die Beigabe einer möglichst lückenlosen Bibliographie habe ich ebenso wie früher verzichtet; man findet eine solche, die von den Anfängen bis ins erste Jahrzehnt unseres Jahrhunderts reicht, bei Wölffing 1.

Lehrbuch Der Algebra

Author: Heinrich Weber

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821832581

Category: Mathematics

Page: 703

View: 6181

Weber's three-volume set on algebra was for many years the standard text on algebra. Published at the end of the nineteenth century, it helped usher group theory to a central place in twentieth century mathematics. Volume 1 covers foundational material. Volume 2 covers group theory and its applications, plus the theory of algebraic numbers. Volume 3 covers advanced topics, such as algebraic functions, elliptic functions and class field theory. Although notations have changed somewhat and algebra has become more abstract that it was in Weber's day, many of the same themes and ideas important today are central topics in Weber's book, which may be why it has become a classic.

Excursions in Number Theory

Author: Charles Stanley Ogilvy,John Timothy Anderson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486257785

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 4131

Challenging, accessible mathematical adventures involving prime numbers, number patterns, irrationals and iterations, calculating prodigies, and more. No special training is needed, just high school mathematics and an inquisitive mind. "A splendidly written, well selected and presented collection. I recommend the book unreservedly to all readers." — Martin Gardner.

The Red Book of Mathematical Problems

Author: Kenneth S. Williams,Kenneth Hardy

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486151824

Category: Mathematics

Page: 192

View: 3634

Handy compilation of 100 practice problems, hints, and solutions indispensable for students preparing for the William Lowell Putnam and other mathematical competitions. Preface to the First Edition. Sources. 1988 edition.