Cities and Urbanisation

Author: Mike Witherick

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN: 9781844892204

Category: Education

Page: 111

View: 3277

Contemporary Case Studies feature up-to-date case studies on key topics in AS and A2 Geography. Written by highly experienced authors, examiners and teachers, each title opens with an introductory framework that identifies the relevant key concepts and then follows with a series of short cases that include succinct analysis of the issues raised. In the Using case studies boxes, specific questions are posed and examiner guidance is provided on how the material can be used to tackle them; exercises based on one or more of the case studies are also included. The concluding section provides more detailed advice on making the most of the case studies in the examination.

The Global Cities Reader

Author: Neil Brenner,Roger Keil

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415323444

Category: Architecture

Page: 436

View: 4254

Since the mid-1990s, research on global cities has exploded throughout the social sciences. It has now become one of the most exciting, if controversial, approaches to the study of urban life today.

Urbanisation in the Third World

Author: Rob Potter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: 48

View: 1956

Looks at the urban explosion in the Third World, the problems assoicated with many Third World cities and discusses the link between urbanization and development. Includes case studies on urban planning in Nigeria and Cuba. Suggested level: secondary.

AS/A2 Geography Contemporary Case Studies: Food and Famine

Author: Michael Witherick

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1444192558

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 9719

Contemporary Case Studies feature up-to-date case studies on key topics in AS and A2 Geography. Written by highly experienced authors, examiners and teachers, each title opens with an introductory framework that identifies the relevant key concepts and then follows with a series of short cases that include succinct analysis of the issues raised. In the Using case studies boxes, specific questions are posed and examiner guidance is provided on how the material can be used to tackle them; exercises based on one or more of the case studies are also included. The concluding section provides more detailed advice on making the most of the case studies in the examination.

Cities in the 21st Century

Author: Oriol Nel-lo,Renata Mele

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317312422

Category: Architecture

Page: 340

View: 4240

Cities in the 21st Century provides an overview of contemporary urban development. Written by more than thirty major academic specialists from different countries, it provides information on and analysis of the global network of cities, changes in urban form, environmental problems, the role of technologies and knowledge, socioeconomic developments, and finally, the challenge of urban governance. In the mid-20th century, architect and planner Josep Lluís Sert wondered if cities could survive; in the early 21st century, we see that cities have not only survived but have grown as never before. Cities today are engines of production and trade, forges of scientific and technological innovation, and crucibles of social change. Urbanization is a major driver of change in contemporary societies; it is a process that involves acute social inequalities and serious environmental problems, but also offers opportunities to move towards a future of greater prosperity, environmental sustainability, and social justice. With case studies on thirty cities in five continents and a selection of infographics illustrating these dynamic cities, this edited volume is an essential resource for planners and students of urbanization and urban change.

Cities People Planet

Urban Development and Climate Change

Author: Herbert Girardet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: 9780470772706

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 3281

Herbert Girardet looks at how ecologically-sound architecture and urban design can favourably impact the life of the planet. With leading-edge ideas and examples of architectural and urban design from around the world, the book details how cities of today are tackling regeneration and sustainability development.

Cities and Development

Author: Jo Beall,Sean Fox,Tom Goodfellow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134166710

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5243

By 2030 more than sixty percent of the world's population will live in urban areas, with most of the world’s population growth over the next twenty-five years being absorbed by cities and towns in low and middle income countries. What are the consequences of this shift? Demographic pressure already strains the capacity of local and national governments to manage urban change. Today, nearly one billion people live in slums, and in the absence of significant intervention that number is set to double in the next two decades. Will our future be dominated by mega-cities of poverty and despair, or can urbanization be harnessed to advance human and economic development? Cities and Development provides a critical exploration of the dynamic relationship between urbanism and development. Highlighting both the challenges and opportunities associated with rapid urban change, the book surveys: the historical relationship between urbanization and development the role cities play in fostering economic growth in a globalizing world the unique characteristics of urban poverty and the poor record of interventions designed to tackle it the complexities of managing urban environments; issues of urban crime, violence, war and terrorism in contemporary cities the importance of urban planning, governance and politics in shaping city futures. This book brings into conversation debates from urban and development studies and highlights the strengths and weaknesses of current policy and planning responses to the contemporary urban challenge. It includes research orientated supplements in the form of summaries, boxed case studies, development questions and further reading. The book is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students interested in urban, international and development studies, as well as policy-makers and planners concerned with equitable and sustainable urban development.

Urban Geography

Author: Tim Hall,Heather Barrett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317313534

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3143

This revised fifth edition not only examines the new geographical patterns forming within and between cities, but also investigates the way geographers have sought to make sense of this urban transformation. It is structured into three sections: 'contexts', 'themes' and 'issues' that move students from a foundation in urban geography through its major themes to contemporary and pressing issues. The text critically synthesizes key literatures in the following areas: the urban world changing approaches to urban geography urban form and structure economy and the city urban politics planning, regeneration and urban policy cities and culture architecture and urban landscapes images of the city experiencing the city housing and residential segregation transport and mobility in cities sustainability and the city. This edition builds on the success of the comprehensively revised fourth edition and provides revised chapters on transport/mobility and urban futures, with additional updating of readings and some case studies. The book synthesises a wide range of literature on each subject and presents the material in a lively engaging way, supported by an expanded range of student friendly features, including exercises and suggestions for further study.

Rapid Urbanisation, Urban Food Deserts and Food Security in Africa

Author: Jonathan Crush,Jane Battersby

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319435671

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 6903

This book investigates food security and the implications of hyper-urbanisation and rapid growth of urban populations in Africa. By means of a series of case studies involving African cities of various sizes, it argues that, while the concept of food security holds value, it needs to be reconfigured to fit the everyday realities and distinctive trajectory of urbanisation in the region. The book goes on to discuss the urban context, where food insecurity is more a problem of access and changing consumption patterns than of insufficient food production. In closing, it approaches food insecurity in Africa as an increasingly urban problem that requires different responses from those applied to rural populations.

Globalization and Urbanization

The Global Urban Ecosystem

Author: James H. Spencer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442214767

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 5524

This innovative book sees contemporary urban settlement as the new human ecosystems defining people’s lives across the planet. Just as so-called natural ecosystems have defined our view of the symbiosis between humans and their environments, James H. Spencer argues that it is an urban ecosystem found across the planet that defines the twenty-first century. Using the globally diverse cases of Ho Chi Minh City, Addis Ababa, Honolulu, and New York, the book draws out the commonalities in how our intertwined built and social environments express a shared humanity across continents and cultures.

Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities

A Global Assessment

Author: Thomas Elmqvist,Michail Fragkias,Julie Goodness,Burak Güneralp,Peter J. Marcotullio,Robert I. McDonald,Susan Parnell,Maria Schewenius,Marte Sendstad,Karen C. Seto,Cathy Wilkinson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 940077088X

Category: Science

Page: 755

View: 8546

Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions: Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and China Urban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversity Urban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhere Future urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

Urbanisation and Planning in the Third World

Spatial Perceptions and Public Participation

Author: Robert Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113686203X

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 605

First published in 1985, this book reconsiders the whole question of urbanisation and planning in the Third World. It argues that public involvement, which is now an accepted part of Western planning, should be used more in Third World cities. It shows that many inhabitants of Third World cities are migrants from rural areas and have very definite ideas about what the function of the city should be and what it ought to offer; and it goes on to argue that therefore a planning process which involves more public participation would better serve local needs and would do much more to solve problems than the contemporary approach.

The Creative Capital of Cities

Interactive Knowledge Creation and the Urbanization Economies of Innovation

Author: Stefan Krätke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444342258

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9474

This book challenges the new urban growth concepts of the creative class and creative industries from a critical urban theory perspective. Critiques Richard Florida's popular books about cities and the creative class Presents an alternative approach based on analyses of empirical research data concerning the German urban system and the case study regions, Hanover and Berlin Underscores that the culture industry takes a leading role in conforming with neoliberal conceptions of labor markets

Reshaping City Governance

London, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad

Author: Nirmala Rao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317581539

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 5436

India’s cities are in the midst of an unprecedented urban expansion. While India is acknowledged as a rising power, poised to emerge into the front rank of global economies, the pace and scale of its urbanisation calls for more effective metropolitan management if that growth is not to be constrained by gathering urban crisis. This book addresses some key issues of governance and management for India’s principal urban areas of Mumbai, Kolkata and Hyderabad. As three of the greatest Indian cities, they have evolved in recent decades into large metropolitan regions with complex, overlapping and often haphazard governance arrangements. All three cities exemplify the challenges of urbanisation and serve here as case studies to explore the five dimensions of urban governance in terms of devolution, planning, structures of delivery, urban leadership and civic participation. London, with its recent establishment of a directly elected Mayor, provides a reference point for this analysis, and signifies the extent to which urban leadership has moved to the top of the urban governance agenda. In arguing the case for reform of metropolitan governance, the book demonstrates that it would be too simplistic to imagine that London’s institutional structure can be readily transposed on to the very different political and cultural fabric of India’s urban life. Confronting India’s urban crisis with a comparative analysis that identifies the limits of policy transfer, the book will be particularly valuable to students and scholars of Politics, Governance, and Urban studies.

Cross-Cultural Urban Design

Global or Local Practice?

Author: Catherin Bull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136792619

Category: Architecture

Page: 241

View: 8912

Unprecedented in its scope, Cross-Cultural Urban Design: Global or Local Practice? explores how urban design has responded to recent trends towards global standardisation. Following analysis of its practice in the local domain, the book looks at how urban planning and design should be repositioned for the future. It looks at: population movement urbanization suburbanization tourism commercialization environmental degradation flows of capital. Mapping out how urban practitioners, researchers and educators are currently responding to these issues in their work, this volume presents and discusses cases and theories of urbanism from across the globe. Contributions are framed in three sections: Re-conceptualising the city; presenting ways to read the contemporary city and re-think work within it, Experiments in practice; presenting and discussing case studies where practitioners have confronted new conditions and Learning cross-cultural urban design; presenting and discussing learning as a field of research and its contribution to practice. A unique collection, Cross-cultural Urban Design outlines a new way of thinking about urban design within the complex context of the contemporary world and points a way forward – as a cross-cultural practice that supports and develops sustainability.

Urbanization in a Global Context

Author: Alison Bain,Linda Peake

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199021536

Category:

Page: 496

View: 429

Urbanization in a Global Context is a contributed text that helps Canadian students understand the process of urbanization by examining cities outside Canada across the global North and South. Truly international in its approach, it emphasizes the interconnectedness of urban places and fostersanalysis that identifies the similarities and differences between cities in different world regions. Each chapter focuses on different contemporary urban issues - ranging from urban policy, climate change, and gender to transportation and water governance - and introduces current urban scholarlydebates, grounding them in international case studies. How these issues resonate with the Canadian urban context is discussed in text boxes, which employ descriptive accounts, drawing on examples from a selection of small-, mid-, and large-sized Canadian cities. Activities and questions at the endof each chapter prompt students to collaborate with peers to further critically reflect upon how these urban issues could relate to their lived experience in Canadian cities.