Conserving Africa's Mega-Diversity in the Anthropocene

The Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park Story

Author: Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt,Sally Archibald,Norman Owen-Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107031761

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 450

View: 6914

Centring on South Africa's Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, this book synthesizes a century of insights from the ecology and conservation management of one of Africa's oldest protected wildlife areas. The park provides important lessons for conservation management, as it has maintained conservation values rivalling those of much larger parks sometimes through, and sometimes despite, strong management interventions, including the rescue of the white rhino from extinction. In addition, the book highlights the ecological science produced in the park, much of which has become widely influential, including the megaherbivore concept, new functional approaches to understanding biomes, and new understandings about the role of consumers in shaping ecosystems. The volume is ideal for researchers and policymakers interested in the conservation of relatively small, isolated and protected areas.

Sacred Species and Sites

Advances in Biocultural Conservation

Author: Gloria Pungetti,Gonzalo Oviedo,Della Hooke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510126

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 4334

It is being increasingly recognised that cultural and biological diversity are deeply linked and that conservation programmes should take into account the ethical, cultural and spiritual values of nature. With contributions from a range of scholars, practitioners and spiritual leaders from around the world, this book provides new insights into biocultural diversity conservation. It explores sacred landscapes, sites, plants and animals from around the world to demonstrate the links between nature conservation and spiritual beliefs and traditions. Key conceptual topics are connected to case studies, as well as modern and ancient spiritual insights, guiding the reader through the various issues from fundamental theory and beliefs to practical applications. It looks forward to the biocultural agenda, providing guidelines for future research and practice and offering suggestions for improved integration of these values into policy, planning and management.

National Park Science

A Century of Research in South Africa

Author: Jane Carruthers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107191440

Category: Nature

Page: 548

View: 1811

South Africa is renowned for its wildlife and environmental conservation in iconic national parks such as the Kruger, one of the world's first formal protected areas. However, this is the first book to thoroughly analyse and explain the interesting and changing scientific research that has been accomplished in South Africa's national parks during the twentieth century. Providing a fascinating and thorough historical narrative based on an extensive range of sources, this text details the evolution of traditional natural history pursuits to modern conservation science in South Africa, covering all research areas of conservation biology and all the national parks around the country. It reveals the interaction between the international context, government, learning institutions and the public that has shaped the present conservation arena. A complex story that will interest and inform not only those involved in conservation science of South Africa, but worldwide.

The Ecology of a Garden

The First Fifteen Years

Author: Jennifer Owen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521343350

Category: Nature

Page: 403

View: 2172

Many suburban gardens are recognized as being rich in wildlife. Published accounts of their natural history, however, are largely antecdotal with little quantitative basis. This is, therefore, a unique documentation of the wildlife that existed in the author's Leicestershire garden over a fifteen-year period between 1972 and 1986. After an introduction to urban wildlife, gardens, and the natural history of Leicestershire, the author describes her garden and the techniques employed for trapping, collecting, and recording of species. In total, the diversity, abundance and yearly fluctuations of 1757 species of animal and 422 species of plant were recorded. It is clear that the author views the suburban garden as an ecological habitat, and one of the most important conclusions reached by Dr. Owen is that with increasing despoliation of the countryside, gardens will have considerable significance for conservation.

Ant Ecology

Author: Lori Lach,Catherine Parr,Kirsti Abbott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199544638

Category: Nature

Page: 402

View: 9255

The incredible global diversity of ants, and their important ecological roles, mean that we cannot ignore the significance of ants in ecological systems. Ant Ecology takes the reader on a journey of discovery from the beginnings of ants many hundreds of thousands of years ago, through to the makings of present day distributions.

Conservation Biology for All

Author: Navjot S. Sodhi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199554234

Category: Nature

Page: 344

View: 3296

Conservation Biology for All provides cutting-edge but basic conservation science to a global readership. A series of authoritative chapters have been written by the top names in conservation biology with the principal aim of disseminating cutting-edge conservation knowledge as widely as possible. Important topics such as balancing conversion and human needs, climate change, conservation planning, designing and analyzing conservation research, ecosystem services, endangered species management, extinctions, fire, habitat loss, and invasive species are covered. Numerous textboxes describing additional relevant material or case studies are also included. The global biodiversity crisis is now unstoppable; what can be saved in the developing world will require an educated constituency in both the developing and developed world. Habitat loss is particularly acute in developing countries, which is of special concern because it tends to be these locations where the greatest species diversity and richest centres of endemism are to be found. Sadly, developing world conservation scientists have found it difficult to access an authoritative textbook, which is particularly ironic since it is these countries where the potential benefits of knowledge application are greatest. There is now an urgent need to educate the next generation of scientists in developing countries, so that they are in a better position to protect their natural resources.

Habitat Suitability and Distribution Models

with Applications in R

Author: Antoine Guisan,Wilfried Thuiller,Niklaus E. Zimmermann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521765137

Category: Nature

Page: 498

View: 9758

This book introduces the key stages of niche-based habitat suitability model building, evaluation and prediction required for understanding and predicting future patterns of species and biodiversity. Beginning with the main theory behind ecological niches and species distributions, the book proceeds through all major steps of model building, from conceptualization and model training to model evaluation and spatio-temporal predictions. Extensive examples using R support graduate students and researchers in quantifying ecological niches and predicting species distributions with their own data, and help to address key environmental and conservation problems. Reflecting this highly active field of research, the book incorporates the latest developments from informatics and statistics, as well as using data from remote sources such as satellite imagery. A website at www.unil.ch/hsdm contains the codes and supporting material required to run the examples and teach courses.

The Landscape Ecology of Fire

Author: Donald McKenzie,Carol Miller,Donald A. Falk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400703018

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 9546

Global warming is expected to change fire regimes, likely increasing the severity and extent of wildfires in many ecosystems around the world. What will be the landscape-scale effects of these altered fire regimes? Within what theoretical contexts can we accurately assess these effects? We explore the possible effects of altered fire regimes on landscape patch dynamics, dominant species (tree, shrub, or herbaceous) and succession, sensitive and invasive plant and animal species and communities, and ecosystem function. Ultimately, we must consider the human dimension: what are the policy and management implications of increased fire disturbance, and what are the implications for human communities?

Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Implications for Conservation

Author: Mario Melletti,James Burton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061108

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 516

Covering all thirteen species of wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading experts on the biology, evolution, conservation status and management of the tribe Bovini, providing: • A comprehensive review of current knowledge on systematic, anatomy and ecology of all wild cattle species (chapters 1 to 8); • A clear understanding of the conservation status of each species and the gaps in our current knowledge (chapters 9 to 20); • A number of case studies on conservation activities and an investigation of some of the most threatened and poorly understood species (chapters 21 to 27). An invaluable resource for students, researchers, and professionals in behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology, this beautifully illustrated reference work reveals the extraordinary link between wild cattle and humans, the benefits some of these species have brought us, and their key roles in their natural ecosystems.

Elements of Logical Reasoning

Author: Jan von Plato

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867768

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 4427

Some of our earliest experiences of the conclusive force of an argument come from school mathematics: faced with a mathematical proof, we cannot deny the conclusion once the premises have been accepted. Behind such arguments lies a more general pattern of 'demonstrative arguments' that is studied in the science of logic. Logical reasoning is applied at all levels, from everyday life to advanced sciences, and a remarkable level of complexity is achieved in everyday logical reasoning, even if the principles behind it remain intuitive. Jan von Plato provides an accessible but rigorous introduction to an important aspect of contemporary logic: its deductive machinery. He shows that when the forms of logical reasoning are analysed, it turns out that a limited set of first principles can represent any logical argument. His book will be valuable for students of logic, mathematics and computer science.

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands

Author: Dieter Mueller-Dombois,F.R. Fosberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441986863

Category: Science

Page: 733

View: 2978

Written by the leading authorities on the plant diversity and ecology of the Pacific islands, this book is a magisterial synthesis of the vegetation and landscapes of the islands of the Pacific Ocean. It is organized by island group, and includes information on geography, geology, phytogeographic relationships, and human influences on vegetation. Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands features over 400 color photographs, plus dozens of maps and climate diagrams. The authors’ efforts in assembling the existing information into an integrated, comprehensive book will be welcomed by biogeographers, plant ecologists, conservation biologists, and all scientists with an interest in island biology.

Plant Conservation Science and Practice

The Role of Botanic Gardens

Author: Stephen Blackmore,Sara Oldfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107148146

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 7030

Only a green world, rich in plants, can sustain us and the millions of other species with which we share this planet. But, in an era of global change, nature is on the retreat. Like the communities they form, many plant species are becoming rarer, threatened even to the point of extinction. The worldwide community of almost three thousand botanic gardens are holders of the most diverse living collections of plants and have the unique potential to conserve plant diversity. Conservation biology is a fast moving and often controversial field, and, as the contributions within these pages from experts in the field demonstrate, plant conservation is multifaceted, mirroring the complexity of the biodiversity it aims to protect, and striving not just to protect threatened plants but to preserve ecosystem services and secure the integrity of the biosphere.

Serengeti IV

Sustaining Biodiversity in a Coupled Human-Natural System

Author: Anthony R. E. Sinclair,Kristine L. Metzger,Simon A. R. Mduma,John M. Fryxell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022619616X

Category: Science

Page: 841

View: 3064

The vast savannas and great migrations of the Serengeti conjure impressions of a harmonious and balanced ecosystem. But in reality, the history of the Serengeti is rife with battles between human and non-human nature. In the 1890s and several times since, the cattle virus rinderpest—at last vanquished in 2008—devastated both domesticated and wild ungulate populations, as well as the lives of humans and other animals who depended on them. In the 1920s, tourists armed with the world’s most expensive hunting gear filled the grasslands. And in recent years, violence in Tanzania has threatened one of the most successful long-term ecological research centers in history. Serengeti IV, the latest installment in a long-standing series on the region’s ecology and biodiversity, explores the role of our species as a source of both discord and balance in Serengeti ecosystem dynamics. Through chapters charting the complexities of infectious disease transmission across populations, agricultural expansion, and the many challenges of managing this ecosystem today, this book shows how the people and landscapes surrounding crucial protected areas like Serengeti National Park can and must contribute to Serengeti conservation. In order to succeed, conservation efforts must also focus on the welfare of indigenous peoples, allowing them both to sustain their agricultural practices and to benefit from the natural resources provided by protected areas—an undertaking that will require the strengthening of government and education systems and, as such, will present one of the greatest conservation challenges of the next century.

Species Conservation

Lessons from Islands

Author: Jamieson A. Copsey,Simon A. Black,Jim J. Groombridge,Carl G. Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0521899397

Category: Nature

Page: 396

View: 9149

Biodiversity studied by researching island species recovery and management.

The Pygmy Hippo Story

West Africa's Enigma of the Rainforest

Author: Phillip T. Robinson,Gabriella L. Flacke,Knut M. Hentschel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190611863

Category: Science

Page: 475

View: 9048

Though the pygmy hippopotamus has been designated as a flagship species of West African forests (meaning that by raising conservation efforts for a single species, an entire ecological region could benefit), very little research has been published on the animal. They are solitary, nocturnal, and highly evasive, and until recent developments in "camera trap" technology, they were considered the least-photographed large mammal species in the world. The information currently available on this endangered species is scattered, limited, redundant, and often inaccurate, and no major volume exists as a resource for those interested in the conservation effort for the species, until now. Phillip Robinson and his coauthors provide a treatment of the natural history, biology, and ecology of the pygmy hippo, along with a discussion of the rare animal's taxonomic niche and a summary of the research initiatives involving it up to this point. The authors show the ways in which the pygmy hippo has come into contact with people in West African countries, both in terms of ecological and cultural impact. This creature has been the subject of local folktales, and is treated as almost mythic in some regions. Information on issues related to captivity, breeding, and zoos is provided. The book is heavily illustrated with original photographs and anatomic drawings. The project should be of use to conservation biologists, zoologists and natural history readers, and will be the definitive single-volume account of an animal that the scientific community has designated to be ecologically significant to West Africa.

Triage in Conservation

Author: Matt W. Hayward,J. Guy Castley,Ricardo Baldi

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889454355

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8270

Ecosystems and their constituent species the world over face a barrage of ongoing, and often escalating, threats. Conservation efforts aim to reduce the impact of these threats to ensure that global biodiversity continues to provide essential ecosystem services. As is most often the case, these efforts to protect threatened species and their environments are constrained by limited resources. Conservation biologists have therefore had to increase the efficiency of their conservation practices to deliver the greatest benefit at the lowest cost. This requires decision making using the best available knowledge to prioritise actions. A concept that has received considerable attention in this area is that of conservation triage. This eBook brings together perspectives from researchers and conservation practitioners who share their views and results in an effort to extend the discussion on this topic. A number of the papers in this eBook tackle the philosophical elements of conservation triage, while others take a more directed practical approach providing examples from conservation practice globally.

Zoo Conservation Biology

Author: John E. Fa,Stephan M. Funk,Donnamarie O'Connell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498622

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 8571

In the face of ever-declining biodiversity, zoos have a major role to play in species conservation. Written by professionals involved in in situ conservation and restoration projects internationally, this is a critical assessment of the contribution of zoos to species conservation through evidence amassed from a wide range of sources. The first part outlines the biodiversity context within which zoos should operate, introducing the origins and global spread of zoos and exploring animal collection composition. The second part focuses on the basic elements of keeping viable captive animal populations. It considers the consequences of captivity on animals, the genetics of captive populations and the performance of zoos in captive breeding. The final part examines ways in which zoos can make a significant difference to conservation now and in the future. Bridging the gap between pure science and applied conservation, this is an ideal resource for both conservation biologists and zoo professionals.

There's Something in the Woods

A Transatlantic Hunt for Monsters and the Mysterious

Author: Nick Redfern

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781933665320

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 180

View: 4077

What's in the Woods? Bigfoot? Check. Phantom black dogs? Check. Werewolves? Check. Giant mystery birds? They're here, too. Toss in some haunted woods, spooky cemeteries, crop circles, and crashed UFOs and you've got Nick Redfern's latest road trip across two continents for all things cryptozoological or otherwise mysterious. This is the third in a series of excursions into the occult fringe for the indefatigable Redfern. It all started with "Three Men Seeking Monsters," which Booklist called "lively and entertaining," and was followed by "Memoirs of a Monster Hunter," which his colleagues have called "wild and wooly" and "fascinating." Now, in this latest volume, Redfern defies all the laws of self-preservation and offers himself as bait in the face of the unknown -- to learn, if indeed, "There's Something in the Woods."