Integrating the Balkans

Conflict Resolution and the Impact of EU Expansion

Author: Máire Braniff

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1848856695

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 7716

Emerging from a decade of violent ethnic and inter-state conflict during the 1990s, the countries of the Western Balkans entered a phase of rebuilding and reconciliation. This title explores EU's considerable efforts to influence and shape the nature of state, society and foreign relations in the region.

European Union Enlargement

Material interests, community norms and anomie

Author: Thomas Mehlhausen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317479297

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 6305

The continuous expansion of the European Union has transformed its very own self-conception. While Eastern enlargement was widely celebrated as the ‘reuniting of Europe’, the sheer number of applicants, their low economic development and the need for new states to transform in accordance with EU values required considerable adjustments to the EU’s self-image. By examining the European Council’s contentious approval of the Mediterranean and Central and Eastern European countries in the 1970s and 1990s, this book investigates why the European Union enlarges. Based on new and hitherto not analysed data, it introduces the concept of ‘anomie’ to the discourse and, in doing so, makes a timely contribution to the literature of constitutional politics and enlargement of the European Union. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of the European Union, area studies (European studies, central and east European studies, Mediterranean studies) and more broadly comparative politics and constitutional politics.

The European Union’s Approach to Conflict Resolution

Transformation or Regulation in the Western Balkans?

Author: Laurence Cooley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351043463

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 3816

This book investigates and explains the European Union’s approach to conflict resolution in three countries of the Western Balkans: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo. In doing so, it critically interrogates claims that the EU acts as an agent of conflict transformation in its engagement with conflict-affected states. The book argues, contrary to the assumptions of much of the existing literature, that rather than seeking the transformation of conflicts, the EU pursues a more conservative strategy based on the regulation of conflict through the promotion of institutional mechanisms such as consociational power sharing and decentralisation. Drawing on discourse analysis of documents, speeches, and interviews conducted by the author with European Union officials and policy-makers in Brussels and the case-study countries, the book offers a theoretically grounded, methodologically rigorous and empirically detailed analysis of EU policy preferences, of the ideas that underpin them, and of how those preferences are legitimised. This book will be of key interest to scholars, students and practitioners interested in ethnic conflict and conflict resolution, the politics of the Balkans, and the external and foreign policies of the EU.

The European Union and the Cyprus Conflict

Modern Conflict, Postmodern Union

Author: Thomas Diez

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719060793

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 2049

This book is a multi-faceted exploration of the Cyprus conflict in Europe, which investigates the international settling of the conflict, its modernist features, particularly European influences over identity, and postmodernization as a possible solution. The contributors to this book not only pursue fresh theoretical perspectives in an area that has so far been largely under-theorized, but also critically examine current European policies in search of alternatives.

Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement

The Fortress Empire

Author: Warwick Armstrong,James Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134301324

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5606

Under the impact of accelerated globalization, transnational integration and international security concerns, the geopolitics of Europe's borders and border regions has become an area of critical interest. The progressive enlargement of the EU has positioned its borders at the heart of recent discussions on the changing nature of the EU, the meaning of 'Europe' and what constitutional shape a more politically unified Europe might take. With enlargement, the EU must elaborate strategies to contend with a fiercely competitive world - and to build fortress-like defences against perceived tensions arising from greater cultural mixing and threats such as terrorism. The authors build up an integral picture of the EU's internal and external borders and borderlands to reveal the processes of re-bordering and social change currently taking place in Europe. They explore issues such as security, immigration, economic development and changing social and political attitudes, as well as the EU's relations with the Islamic world and other world powers. The book embraces an array of disciplinary, ideological and theoretical perspectives, offering detailed case studies of different border regions and the concerns of the local inhabitants, while engaging in broader discussions of developments across Europe, state policies and the EU's relations with neighbouring states. Geopolitics of European Union Enlargement will be of key interest to students and researchers in the fields of European politics, geography, international studies, sociology and anthropology.

The Responsive Union

National Elections and European Governance

Author: Christina J. Schneider

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108472311

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 346

View: 3508

The EU's perceived lack of responsiveness to ordinary citizens has created a serious crisis of democratic legitimacy that threatens its very survival. In this timely book, Schneider presents a comprehensive account of how EU governments signal responsiveness to the interests of their citizens over European policies.

Britain's Failure to Enter the European Community, 1961-63

The Enlargement Negotiations and Crises in European, Atlantic, and Commonwealth Relations

Author: George Wilkes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714646879

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 275

View: 8322

The essays collected here outline a number of factors which made the EC too young to be able to assimilate Britain's important interests, and the British over-optimistic in their approach to negotiations with the Community. The role of conflict over Western strategy and European political union in the breakdown of the negotiations is re-assessed, and the negotiations over agriculture and the Commonwealth are revealed in an entirely new light.

Enlarging the European Union

The Commission Seeking Influence, 1961-1973

Author: M. Geary

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137315571

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 7217

The book presents a new history of the first enlargement of the EU. It charts the attempts by the European Commission to influence the outcome of the British and Irish bids to join the Common Market during the 1960s and 1970s. The most politically divisive EU enlargement is examined through extensive research in British, Irish, EU, and US archives.

Das politische System der EU

Author: Ingeborg Tömmel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486858602

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 5195

Auf den ersten Blick erscheint die EU als ein undurchschaubares Labyrinth: Die Kommission will alles verregeln, Ratssitzungen enden im Streit, das Parlament blockiert Entscheidungen. Hinzu kommt die Kakophonie zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten: Deutschland fordert eisernes Sparen, Frankreich eine verstärkte Ausgabenpolitik, die Briten liebäugeln mit dem Austritt. Dieses Buch bietet den roten Faden durch das Labyrinth. In zwölf konsistent aufgebauten und verständlich geschriebenen Kapiteln entwickelt es schrittweise ein klares Bild vom politischen System der EU. Das reicht von Erklärungsansätzen zur europäischen Integration über den historischen Werdegang des Integrationsprozesses bis hin zu Struktur und Funktionsweise der europäischen Organe. Weitere Themen sind die kontinuierliche Erweiterung und Ausdifferenzierung des EU-Systems sowie seine Effizienz, Effektivität und demokratischen Verfasstheit. Den Abschluss bildet eine theoriegeleitete Zusammenfassung der Analyseergebnisse. Für die vierte Auflage wurde das Buch völlig überarbeitet und auf den neuesten Stand nach dem Vertragsschluss von Lissabon und dem Ausbruch der Eurokrise gebracht. Der Band richtet sich an Studierende der Politikwissenschaft in allen Studienphasen. Er bietet Einsteigern wie Fortgeschrittenen gleichermaßen Informationen und Denkanreize.

European Union Foreign and Security Policy

Towards a Neighbourhood Strategy

Author: Roland Dannreuther

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415322973

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 451

The end of the Cold War presented a major challenge to Western Europe and to the European Union. It led not only to a whole new set of countries seeking to join the EU, but also to a strong demand for a more intensive EU engagement in the broader regional context. This book assesses whether the EU has successfully faced up to this challenge and has adapted its policies towards its immediate neighbourhood in a coherent and strategic manner. This volume examines EU policy from all its major regional dimensions including assessments of: * the enlargement process to East Central Europe * the increasing engagement of the EU in conflict resolution, most notably in the Balkans, but also in the Arab-Israeli conflict * policies towards the countries of the former Soviet Union, such as Russia, Ukraine and the Caucasus * the complexities of EU policy towards Turkey and the Middle East * the transatlantic dimensions of the EU's neighbourhood policies.

Enlargement of the European Union

Author: Allan F. Tatham

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041124632

Category: Political Science

Page: 555

View: 2925

The development of EU enlargement has raised many thorny issues unanticipated by the framers of the EC Treaty. A significant upshot of these issues is that the concept of European identity - defined in terms of such factors as culture, history and economics - has supplanted the long-dominant theme of 'widening and deepening, ' particularly since the Union's expansion has become primarily eastward. The major contribution of this important book lies in its analysis of the conceptualization and perception of enlargement from various points of view, focusing on the concerns of stakeholders and the 'identity' conflicts and uncertainties incurred by enlargement initiatives. In the course of its presentation, it details the actual pre-accession Europeanization process and its complex history. Among the key elements discussed are the following: the conflict between 'widening' and 'deepening' and the effect on EU institutional reform; institutional requirements on candidate countries; pre-accession criteria and negotiations; administrative capacity, judicial capacity, and legal approximation in accession states; capacity of the EU to absorb new Member States; and EC law as part of European identity. Also covered are specific historical details of particular pre-accession negotiations (e.g., Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, and Cyprus), the still inconclusive negotiations with Turkey and the Western Balkan states, and political factors involved in the non-accession of Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. Assembling powerful evidence and applying incisive analysis, the author's conclusion shows that, absent further (and major) EU institutional reform, it will be difficult for an enlarging Union to continue to 'deliver the goods.' A watershed in the continuing great debate on the fulfilment of the EC Treaty's determination to foster and promote 'an ever closer union of the peoples of Europe, ' this book will prove invaluable to anybody interested in the European integration project, particularly lawyers, academics, officials and policymakers in the EU Member States.

The European Union as a Global Conflict Manager

Author: Richard Whitman,Stefan Wolff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136293612

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 1403

In recent years the European Union (EU) has played an increasingly important role as a manager of global conflicts. This book provides a comprehensive assessment of how the EU has performed in facilitating mediation, conflict resolution and peacebuilding across the globe. Offering an accessible introduction to the theories, processes and practice of the EU’s role in managing conflict, the book features a broad range of case studies including Afghanistan, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Cyprus, Israel-Palestine, Macedonia and Moldova and examines both the institutional and policy aspects including the common foreign, security and defence policy. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, this will be of great interest to students of European Foreign Policy, the EU as a global actor and conflict resolution and management.

Turkey and the European Union

Domestic Politics, Economic Integration and International Dynamics

Author: Ali Carkoglu,Barry Rubin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135761191

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 8223

These papers examine the history behind Turkey's application for EU membership. The contributors tackle the thorny issues of Cyprus, Turkey's attitude towards a common defence policy and Turkish parliamentarians' views on the nation's relations with the European Union.

EU Foreign Policy and Post-Soviet Conflicts

Stealth Intervention

Author: Nicu Popescu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136851895

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8913

This book examines EU intervention and non-intervention in conflict resolution, with a specific focus on the EU’s role in the post-soviet conflicts of Moldova, Abkhazia and South Ossetia in Georgia and Azerbaijan.

Resolving the Cyprus Conflict

Negotiating History

Author: M. Michael

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230103383

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 837

By placing the conflict in its historical, ideological, ethno-political and geostrategic context, the book extends beyond conventional realist approaches and lays bare those less visible dimensions that are often ignored by analysts and policy-makers alike.

Peace and Conflict: Europe and Beyond

Author: Alexander I Gray,Ibrahim Al-Marashi

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 8498305195

Category: Political Science

Page: 146

View: 8448

Peace and Conflict Studies is an increasingly observed discipline, as researchers seek to investigate complex issues and to aid in the building of knowledge which can be used towards transforming conflict. Analyzing case studies from Europe and beyond, this edited volume seeks to provide theoretical tools and alternative approaches for examining the root causes of violence, and to extrapolate possibilities for transcending peace through conflict transformation. The reader is presented with specific case studies from the Middle East, South Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean rim and South America. What differentiates this work is that more than just analyzing the conflicts, contributors offer either methodological or theoretical alternatives for their transformation. While not discarding the value of traditional approaches to conflict resolution a new generation of peace workers is emerging and proposing that a certain level of conflict is a natural and sometimes necessary aspect of human relations. There is a growing recognition that it would be almost impossible to rid society of conflict altogether. A view that is gaining increasing currency is one which promotes the idea of conflict transformation. This approach entails transforming levels of conflict in order to alleviate discord, avoid violence and create circumstances for future peace-building.

The Europeanisation of Conflict Resolutions

Regional Integration and Conflicts from the 1950s to the 21st Century

Author: Boyka Stefanova

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719083397

Category: Political Science

Page: 237

View: 8100

This book is about the EU's role in conflict resolution and reconciliation in Europe. It examines critically important cases: the exemplary process of the Franco-German reconciliation during the 1950s, the EU's involvement in reconstructing peace in Northern Ireland, the conflict in Cyprus, and Kosovo's independence.