This illustrated guide to 100 of the world's most important concert halls and opera houses examines their architecture and engineering and discusses their acoustical quality as judged by conductors and music critics. The descriptions and photographs will serve as a valuable guide for today's peripatetic performers and music lovers. With technical discussions relegated to appendices, the book can be read with pleasure by anyone interested in musical performance. The photographs (specially commissioned for this book) and architectural drawings (all to the same scale) together with modern acoustical data on each of the halls provide a rich and unmatched resource on the design of halls for presenting musical performances. Together with the technical appendices, the data and drawings will serve as an invaluable reference for architects and engineers involved in the design of spaces for the performance of music.
Music, Acoustics, and Architecture
Author: Leo Beranek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The leading guide to acoustics for architects, engineers, and interior designers A widely recognized, comprehensive reference to acoustic principles for all concerned with the built environment, Architectural Acoustics, Second Edition provides design professionals with up-to-date information on basic concepts, acoustical materials, and technologies for controlling wanted or unwanted sound within and around buildings. Written by a team of internationally recognized experts and experienced consultants, this Second Edition covers fundamental acoustic principles, design criteria, acoustical materials, control strategies, and methods for a wide variety of building types, including educational, healthcare, recreational, residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation facilities. Particular attention is given to places for listening and performance such as theaters, churches, concert and recital halls, outdoor arenas, classrooms, multiuse auditoria, libraries, music practice and rehearsal rooms, recording and broadcast studios, sports venues, home theaters, and other spaces that people meet to communicate and enjoy performance. Updated throughout, this edition features: New information on acoustical standards and guidelines for sustainable building design Additional, richly detailed case studies demonstrating real-world applications, including the acclaimed Walt Disney Concert Hall and many other building types Nearly two hundred photos and illustrations that further elucidate specific principles, applications, and techniques New developments in sound reinforcement and audio visual systems and their integration in room design Progress in research and future directions in acoustical modeling With fundamental conceptual understanding of basic acoustical principles provided by Architectural Acoustics, Second Edition, building designers can confidently create aesthetically and aurally pleasing spaces, while avoiding problems that could be very costly, if not impossible, to solve later.
Principles and Practice
Author: William J. Cavanaugh,Gregory C. Tocci,Joseph A. Wilkes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Unite the science of sound and the principles of design toenhance any space Architectural Acoustics Illustrated translates thequantitative and qualitative content of acoustics into the graphiclanguage of architecture. This highly-visual guide includes over350 illustrations that outline the physics of sound and the bestdesign practices for limiting or mitigating noise in buildings byusing the latest in materials and techniques. Each chapter includesa summary checklist of design guidelines to help prevent mistakesand oversights, and the Instructor's website offers videoanimations demonstrating acoustical concepts. Designed as a "firstlook" at the interaction of sound and space, the book explains theprinciples of architectural acoustics and their practicalapplications, providing a comprehensive guide for designing withacoustics in mind. Architectural acoustics is more than just concert halls –it may determine building placement, division of interior space,exterior construction, and even siting. When addressed early in thedesign process, the resulting space can be free of unwanted soundand promote good hearing; if left unaddressed, the problems withthe space can lead to lawsuits and costly post-constructionremediation. Architectural Acoustics Illustrated helpsdesigners solve most acoustical problems in advance, by enablingreaders to: Understand the physical science underlying the behavior ofsound Consider the interactions of sound and space in the initialdesign approach Mitigate building sounds such as those produced by HVAC andplumbing with early design planning Design spaces for listening, and incorporate acoustics bestpractices into every plan The highly visual format of the book helps readers grasp complexconcepts quickly, and thorough discussion of each concept'sreal-world application ties the science directly into the designprocess. All design professionals need to have a fundamentalunderstanding of acoustics, and Architectural AcousticsIllustrated is a comprehensive, practical guide in aneasy-to-read format.
Author: Michael Ermann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
In Sensing Sound Nina Sun Eidsheim offers a vibrational theory of music that radically re-envisions how we think about sound, music, and listening. Eidsheim shows how sound, music, and listening are dynamic and contextually dependent, rather than being fixed, knowable, and constant. She uses twenty-first-century operas by Juliana Snapper, Meredith Monk, Christopher Cerrone, and Alba Triana as case studies to challenge common assumptions about sound—such as air being the default medium through which it travels—and to demonstrate the importance a performance's location and reception play in its contingency. By theorizing the voice as an object of knowledge and rejecting the notion of an a priori definition of sound, Eidsheim releases the voice from a constraining set of fixed concepts and meanings. In Eidsheim's theory, music consists of aural, tactile, spatial, physical, material, and vibrational sensations. This expanded definition of music as manifested through material and personal relations suggests that we are all connected to each other in and through sound. Sensing Sound will appeal to readers interested in sound studies, new musicology, contemporary opera, and performance studies.
Singing and Listening as Vibrational Practice
Author: Nina Sun Eidsheim
Publisher: Duke University Press
Das Geheimnis des guten Tons liegt im Verständnis der jeder Musik- oder Sprachaufnahme zugrunde liegenden Gesetzmäßigkeiten. Dies umfasst so unterschiedliche Themen wie Schallerzeugung, Raumakustik und Schallwahrnehmung, Schallwandlertechnik, Signalverarbeitung sowie analoge und digitale Übertragungstechnik. Dieses Lehrbuch gibt einen Einblick in die Tontechnik von den akustischen und nachrichtentechnischen Grundlagen über Aufbau und Funktion der verschiedenen Studiogeräte bis hin zu Mehrkanaltechnik und Klangsynthese. In allen Kapiteln liegt ein besonderer Schwerpunkt auf dem Bezug zur Praxis: Warum klingt ein Saxofon anders als eine Klarinette, wie funktioniert ein Faltungseffekt, was macht ein Noise Shaper und wie bekommt man aus zwei Mikrofonsignalen ein virtuelles Mikrofon? Mit zahlreichen Bildern und Tabellen, Beispielen und Herleitungen sowie mit einem umfangreichen Sachwortverzeichnis dient dieses Buch gleichermaßen als Lehrbuch und als Nachschlagewerk für die tägliche Arbeit in Tonstudio und Konzertsaal. Die vierte Auflage wurde komplett durchgesehen und aktualisiert.
Hören, Schallwandler, Impulsantwort und Faltung, digitale Signale, Mehrkanaltechnik, tontechnische Praxis
Author: Thomas Görne
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Category: Technology & Engineering
This book establishes how musical taste and style affected architecture, and how in turn buildings and their acoustics influenced musical composition. Michael Forsyth examines the emergence of the purpose-built music room; the evolution of the opera house; the development of Romantic music related to the great nineteenth-century concert halls and opera houses; and the growth of acoustic science. The evolution of the twentieth-century concert hall is paralleled with the emergence of modern music, recording techniques and the influence of cinema design. Finally, present and future trends in music and acoustics are seen beside the growth of electronics and the adjustable auditorium. Buildings for Music draws together architecture, acoustics and musical sociology and presents them in a scholarly but very readable text, beautifully illustrated with contemporary plans, paintings, prints and photographs.
The Architect, the Musician, and the Listener from the Seventeenth Century to the Present Day
Author: Michael Forsyth
Publisher: CUP Archive
Author: Antoine Pecqueur,Guillaume de Laubier
The Orchestra: A Very Short Introduction considers the structure, roots, and day-to-day functioning of the modern philharmonic society. Far from an anachronistic organization that cannot long survive, it is shown to be powerful political and social force, occupying critical positions in cultural diplomacy, national identity, and civic pride.
Author: D. Kern Holoman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
With this definitive guide to sound reinforcement design and optimization, Bob McCarthy shares his expert knowledge and effective methodology developed from decades of field and teaching experience. This book is written for the field professional as well as the consultant or student, in a clear and easy-to-read style and illustrated with color diagrams and screenshots throughout. McCarthy's unique guide reveals the proven techniques to ensure that your sound system design can be optimized for maximum uniformity over the space. The book follows the audio signal path from the mix console to the audience and provides comprehensive information as to how the sound is spread over the listening area. The complex nature of the physics of speaker interaction over a listening space is revealed in terms readily understandable to audio professionals. Complex speaker arrays are broken down systematically and the means to design systems that are capable of being fully optimized for maximum spatial uniformity is shown. The methods of alignment are shown, including measurement mic placement, and step-by-step recipes for equalization, delay setting, level setting, speaker positioning and acoustic treatment. These principles and techniques are applicable to the simplest and most complex systems alike, from the single speaker to the multi-element "line array.
Modern Techniques and Tools for Sound System Design and Alignment
Author: Bob McCarthy
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Technology & Engineering
In the opening chapters, Dr. Beranek presents a fascinating look at the ways in which the acoustics of concert halls affect composers, musicians, and listeners. From interviews with musicians and music critics he places many of the world's renowned halls into categories of acoustical excellence. The main body of the book is devoted to descriptions, seating plans, photographs, and drawings of the world's top 66 concert halls and ten opera houses. The remaining chapters consider how shape, size, balconies, boxes, seats, surface arrangements, and suspended elements influence a hall's acoustics.
how they sound
Author: Leo Leroy Beranek
Publisher: Acoustical Society of Amer
“Worship Space Acoustics: 3 Decades of Design is a beautiful collection of recent work. This is a comprehensive compendium that far surpasses previous publications in the field in its depth, design, and information. Worship spaces of all major U.S. religions are covered. This book should be an obligatory reference for any consultant involved in church architecture and acoustics.” -Mendel Kleiner, author of Worship Space Acoustics, Acoustics: Information and Communication Series (J. Ross Publishing 2010) “All involved in their design will appreciate this presentation of recent rooms for religious worship.” -Leo L. Beranek, author of Concert Halls and Opera Houses: Music, Acoustics, and Architecture (Springer-Verlag 2004) “Through descriptions, photos, drawings, and acoustical data, this book provides valuable information on existing worship spaces designed during the past thirty years. This very well-edited book, including the Editors' Preface and six excellent essays from key people involved in worship space design, provides valuable information and ideas on the aesthetic, acoustic, and liturgical design of worship spaces for a number of faiths and in several countries.” -Robert Coffeen, principle at R. C. Coffeen, Consultant in Acoustics LLC, Lawrence, Kansas This book takes the reader on a wide-ranging tour through churches, synagogues, mosques, and other worship spaces designed during the past 30 years. The book begins with a series of essays on topics ranging from the soundscape of worship spaces to ecclesiastical design at the turn of the 21st Century. Perspective pieces from an architect, audio designer, music director, and worship space owner are also included. The core of the book presents the acoustical and architectural design of a wide variety of individual worship space venues. Acoustical consulting firms, architects, and worship space designers from across the world contributed their recent innovative works in the area of worship space acoustics. The contributions include detailed renderings and architectural drawings, as well as informative acoustic data graphs and evocative descriptions of the spaces. Filled with beautiful photography and fascinating modern design, this book is a must-read for anyone interested in religious architecture, acoustical design, or musical performance.
3 Decades of Design
Author: David T. Bradley,Erica E. Ryherd,Lauren M. Ronsse
Category: Technology & Engineering
Author: Audio Engineering Society
Popular music plays a substantial role in most people’s life. The demand and financial revenue of Rock and Pop concerts is large and still increasing with the decreased revenue on recorded music. Based on the first ever scientific investigations on recommendable acoustics for amplified music conducted by the author, this book sets forward precise guidelines for acoustical engineers to optimize the acoustics in existing or future halls for amplified music. Gives precise guidelines on how to design the acoustics in venues that present amplified music Debates essential construction details, including placement of sound system and use of possible building materials, in the architectural design of new venues or the renovation of old ones Portrays 75 well-known European Rock & Pop venues, their architecture and acoustic properties. 20 venues were rated for their acoustics by music professionals leading to an easy-to-use assessment methodology ”Acoustics are important within pop and rock venues to ensure a great experience for audiences and performers. This book fills an important gap of knowledge on the acoustics of venues. It will be of value to sound engineers as well as building owners and operators and building design professionals”. Rob Harris, Arup Acoustics ”With this book, many future amplified music concerts will sound better, for the joy of audiences and musicians alike. This enormous work demonstrates a rare degree of passion and insight, from the hand of the key researcher in the field”. Dr. Per V. Brüel
Acoustic and Architectural Design
Author: Niels Werner Adelman-Larsen
Category: Technology & Engineering
Acoustics: Sound Fields and Transducers is a thoroughly updated version of Leo Beranek's classic 1954 book that retains and expands on the original's detailed acoustical fundamentals while adding practical formulas and simulation methods. Serving both as a text for students in engineering departments and as a reference for practicing engineers, this book focuses on electroacoustics, analyzing the behavior of transducers with the aid of electro-mechano-acoustical circuits. Assuming knowledge of electrical circuit theory, it starts by guiding readers through the basics of sound fields, the laws governing sound generation, radiation, and propagation, and general terminology. It then moves on to examine: Microphones (electrostatic and electromagnetic), electrodynamic loudspeakers, earphones, and horns Loudspeaker enclosures, baffles, and waveguides Miniature applications (e.g., MEMS in I-Pods and cellphones) Sound in enclosures of all sizes, such as school rooms, offices, auditoriums, and living rooms Numerical examples and summary charts are given throughout the text to make the material easily applicable to practical design. It is a valuable resource for experimenters, acoustical consultants, and to those who anticipate being engineering designers of audio equipment. An update for the digital age of Leo Beranek's classic 1954 book Acoustics Provides detailed acoustic fundamentals, enabling better understanding of complex design parameters, measurement methods, and data Extensive appendices cover frequency-response shapes for loudspeakers, mathematical formulas, and conversion factors
Author: Leo L. Beranek,Tim Mellow
Publisher: Academic Press
Author: Heinrich Kuttruff
Category: Absorption of sound
a personal account
Author: Vilhelm Lassen Jordan
Publisher: Elsevier Applied Science
Author: Acoustical Society of America
Category: Acoustical engineering