Conceptual Structures in Practice

Author: Pascal Hitzler,Henrik Scharfe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420060638

Category: Computers

Page: 425

View: 3460

Exploring fundamental research questions, Conceptual Structures in Practice takes you through the basic yet nontrivial task of establishing conceptual relations as the foundation for research in knowledge representation and knowledge mining. It includes contributions from leading researchers in both the conceptual graph and formal concept analysis (FCA) communities. This accessible, self-contained book begins by providing the formal background in FCA and conceptual graphs. It then describes various software tools for analysis and computation, including the ToscanaJ suite. Written by the original visionaries of the field, the next section discusses the history and future directions of conceptual structures. The final chapters explore prominent application areas in computer science, including text analysis, web semantics, and intelligent systems. An unprecedented, state-of-the-art overview from innovators in the field, this volume discusses how FCA and conceptual graphs can be used in many computer science areas. It serves as a benchmark of research on conceptual structures, inspiring further exploration in this discipline.

The Semantic Web - ISWC 2010

9th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2010, Shanghai, China, November 7-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Peter F. Patel-Schneider,Yue Pan,Pascal Hitzler,Peter Mika,Lei Zhang,Jeff Z. Pan,Ian Horrocks,Birte Glimm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642177484

Category: Computers

Page: 373

View: 5490

The two-volume set LNCS 6496 and 6497 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2010, held in Shanghai, China, during November 7-11, 2010. Part I contains 51 papers out of 578 submissions to the research track. Part II contains 18 papers out of 66 submissions to the semantic Web in-use track, 6 papers out of 26 submissions to the doctoral consortium track, and also 4 invited talks. Each submitted paper were carefully reviewed. The International Semantic Web Conferences (ISWC) constitute the major international venue where the latest research results and technical innovations on all aspects of the Semantic Web are presented. ISWC brings together researchers, practitioners, and users from the areas of artificial intelligence, databases, social networks, distributed computing, Web engineering, information systems, natural language processing, soft computing, and human computer interaction to discuss the major challenges and proposed solutions, the success stories and failures, as well the visions that can advance research and drive innovation in the Semantic Web.

Stochastic Relations

Foundations for Markov Transition Systems

Author: Ernst-Erich Doberkat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584889427

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 7910

Collecting information previously scattered throughout the vast literature, including the author’s own research, Stochastic Relations: Foundations for Markov Transition Systems develops the theory of stochastic relations as a basis for Markov transition systems. After an introduction to the basic mathematical tools from topology, measure theory, and categories, the book examines the central topics of congruences and morphisms, applies these to the monoidal structure, and defines bisimilarity and behavioral equivalence within this framework. The author views developments from the general theory of coalgebras in the context of the subprobability functor. These tools show that bisimilarity and behavioral and logical equivalence are the same for general modal logics and for continuous time stochastic logic with and without a fixed point operator. With numerous problems and several case studies, this book is an invaluable study of an important aspect of computer science theory.

Context-Aware Computing and Self-Managing Systems

Author: Waltenegus Dargie

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420077728

Category: Mathematics

Page: 405

View: 8432

Bringing together an extensively researched area with an emerging research issue, Context-Aware Computing and Self-Managing Systems presents the core contributions of context-aware computing in the development of self-managing systems, including devices, applications, middleware, and networks. The expert contributors reveal the usefulness of context-aware computing in developing autonomous systems that have practical application in the real world. The first chapter of the book identifies features that are common to both context-aware computing and autonomous computing. It offers a basic definition of context-awareness, covers fundamental aspects of self-managing systems, and provides several examples of context information and self-managing systems. Subsequent chapters on context-awareness demonstrate how a context can be employed to make systems smart, how a context can be captured and represented, and how dynamic binding of context sources can be possible. The chapters on self-management illustrate the need for "implicit knowledge" to develop fault-tolerant and self-protective systems. They also present a higher-level vision of future large-scale networks. Through various examples, this book shows how context-aware computing can be used in many self-managing systems. It enables researchers of context-aware computing to identify potential applications in the area of autonomous computing. The text also supports researchers of autonomous computing in defining, modeling, and capturing dynamic aspects of self-managing systems.

Semantic Web

Grundlagen

Author: Pascal Hitzler,Markus Krötzsch,Sebastian Rudolph,York Sure

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540339949

Category: Computers

Page: 277

View: 1703

Das Buch Semantic Web – Grundlagen vermittelt als erstes deutschsprachiges Lehrbuch die Grundlagen des Semantic Web in verständlicher Weise. Es ermöglicht einen einfachen und zügigen Einstieg in Methoden und Technologien des Semantic Web und kann z.B. als solide Grundlage für die Vorbereitung und Durchführung von Vorlesungen genutzt werden. Die Autoren trennen dabei sauber zwischen einer intuitiven Hinführung zur Verwendung semantischer Technologien in der Praxis einerseits, und der Erklärung formaler und theoretischer Hintergründe andererseits. Nur für letzteres werden Grundkenntnisse in Logik vorausgesetzt, die sich bei Bedarf jedoch durch zusätzliche Lektüre und mit Hilfe eines entsprechenden Kapitels im Anhang aneignen lassen. Das Lehrbuch richtet sich primär an Studenten mit Grundkenntnissen in Informatik sowie an interessierte Praktiker welche sich im Bereich Semantic Web fortbilden möchten. Aus den Rezensionen: "... RDF, RDF-S und OWL. Diese Sprachen ... werden von den Autoren dargestellt. Bei der Darstellung ... fallen sie selten zu schwierigen Fachslang, sondern liefern eine gut nachvollziehbare Schilderung mit einfachen Beispielen, auch Übungsaufgaben runden die Kapitel ab. ... Semantic Web ist ein einfach geschriebenes und anschauliches Buch, das In die Grundkonzepte der Semantic-Web-Techniken einführt. Wer sich schnell in RDF, RDF-S und Co. einarbeiten muss und etwas Vorbildung in Logik und Algebra mitbringt, der trifft mit diesem Lehrbuch sicherlich eine gute Wahl ..." (http://www.literaturnetz.com/content/view/8742/44/)

Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 6446

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development

Author: Ting Yu,Nitesh Chawla,Simeon Simoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895953

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 8435

Going beyond performing simple analyses, researchers involved in the highly dynamic field of computational intelligent data analysis design algorithms that solve increasingly complex data problems in changing environments, including economic, environmental, and social data. Computational Intelligent Data Analysis for Sustainable Development presents novel methodologies for automatically processing these types of data to support rational decision making for sustainable development. Through numerous case studies and applications, it illustrates important data analysis methods, including mathematical optimization, machine learning, signal processing, and temporal and spatial analysis, for quantifying and describing sustainable development problems. With a focus on integrated sustainability analysis, the book presents a large-scale quadratic programming algorithm to expand high-resolution input-output tables from the national scale to the multinational scale to measure the carbon footprint of the entire trade supply chain. It also quantifies the error or dispersion between different reclassification and aggregation schemas, revealing that aggregation errors have a high concentration over specific regions and sectors. The book summarizes the latest contributions of the data analysis community to climate change research. A profuse amount of climate data of various types is available, providing a rich and fertile playground for future data mining and machine learning research. The book also pays special attention to several critical challenges in the science of climate extremes that are not handled by the current generation of climate models. It discusses potential conceptual and methodological directions to build a close integration between physical understanding, or physics-based modeling, and data-driven insights. The book then covers the conservation of species and ecologically valuable land. A case study on the Pennsylvania Dirt and Gravel Roads Program demonstrates that multiple-objective linear programming is a more versatile and efficient approach than the widely used benefit targeting selection process. Moving on to renewable energy and the need for smart grids, the book explores how the ongoing transformation to a sustainable energy system of renewable sources leads to a paradigm shift from demand-driven generation to generation-driven demand. It shows how to maximize renewable energy as electricity by building a supergrid or mixing renewable sources with demand management and storage. It also presents intelligent data analysis for real-time detection of disruptive events from power system frequency data collected using an existing Internet-based frequency monitoring network as well as evaluates a set of computationally intelligent techniques for long-term wind resource assessment. In addition, the book gives an example of how temporal and spatial data analysis tools are used to gather knowledge about behavioral data and address important social problems such as criminal offenses. It also applies constraint logic programming to a planning problem: the environmental and social impact assessment of the regional energy plan of the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Sustainable development problems, such as global warming, resource shortages, global species loss, and pollution, push researchers to create powerful data analysis approaches that analysts can then use to gain insight into these issues to support rational decision making. This volume shows both the data analysis and sustainable development communities how to use intelligent data analysis tools to address practical problems and encourages researchers to develop better methods.

Begriffliche Wissensverarbeitung

Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Gerd Stumme,Rudolf Wille

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642572170

Category: Computers

Page: 389

View: 7575

Dieses Buch stellt Methoden der Begrifflichen Wissensverarbeitung vor und präsentiert Anwendungen aus unterschiedlichen Praxisfeldern. Im Methodenteil wird in moderne Techniken der Begrifflichen Datenanalyse und Wissensverarbeitung eingeführt. Hierbei werden die mathematischen Grundlagen abgehandelt und durch zahlreiche Beispiele anschaulich gemacht. Der zweite Teil des Buches richtet sich verstärkt an potentielle Anwender. An ausgewählten Anwendungen wird die Vorgehensweise bei der Datenanalyse und dem Information Retrieval mit den Methoden der Begrifflichen Wissensverarbeitung vorgestellt und ihr Potential aufgezeigt.

Angewandte Bioinformatik

Eine Einführung

Author: Paul M. Selzer,Richard J. Marhöfer,Oliver Koch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662541351

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 3078

Für Studierende und Wissenschaftler der Lebenswissenschaften schafft dieses Buch einen schnellen, strukturierten Zugang zur Angewandten Bioinformatik ohne Programmierkenntnisse oder tiefgehende Informatikkenntnisse vorauszusetzen. Es bietet eine Einführung in die tägliche Anwendung der vielfältigen bioinformatischen Werkzeuge und gibt einen ersten Überblick über das sehr komplexe Fachgebiet. Die Kontrolle des vermittelten Stoffs wird durch Übungsbeispiele mit Lösungen gewährleistet. Ein Glossar der zugrundeliegenden Fachtermini sowie ein ausführliches Sachverzeichnis runden das Buch ab. Für die 2. Auflage wurde das Werk umfassend aktualisiert.