Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Chor Pang Lo,Albert K. W. Yeung

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131495029

Category: Computers

Page: 532

View: 7019

Fully updated to reflect advances in GIS concepts and techniques, this guide approaches the subject from the broader context of information technology. Gives complete, up-to-date coverage to the concepts and techniques pertaining to every stage of the systems development life cycle of GIS, as well as its applications to various areas of spatial problem solving and decision making. For GIS specialists, GIS technologists, GIS sales directors, urban planners, natural resource managers, land surveyors, geomatics engineers, and foresters who want a complete understanding of GIS and how GIS applies to their fields of interest.

Key Concepts and Techniques in GIS

Author: Jochen Albrecht

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446230732

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 6661

Key Concepts and Techniques in GIS is a concise overview of the fundamental ideas that inform geographic information science. It provides detailed descriptions of the concepts and techniques that anyone using GIS software must fully understand to analyse spatial data. Short and clearly focussed chapters provide explanations of: spatial relationships and spatial data the creation of digital data, the use and access of existing data, the combination of data the use of modelling techniques and the essential functions of map algebra spatial statistics and spatial analysis geocomputation - including discussion of neural networks, cellular automata, and agent-based modelling Illustrated throughout with explanatory figures, the text also includes a glossary, cross referenced to discussion in the text. Written very much from a user's perspective, Key Concepts and Techniques in GIS is highly readable refresher course for intermediate level students and practitioners of GIS in the social and the natural sciences.

Geographic Information Systems in Ecology

Author: Carol A Johnston

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632038596

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 4076

Geographical information systems are one of the most revolutionary and important tools that have become available to ecological researchers in recent years. Many ecologists are unaware, however, of the full power of GIS techniques and are not using them to their full advantage. By providing examples of ecological applications at scales ranging from organisms to landscapes, this new book offers basic information on the variety of analyses available using GIS. Also discussed is the full scope for linkage to related technologies like remote sensing and methods like spatially explicit modelling. Researchers will find this an invaluable guide to applying and getting the most out of GIS techniques. Presumes no previous GIS experience. A practical guide to using GIS in ecological research. Uses numerous and varied experimental examples and data.

A Primer of GIS, Second Edition

Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concepts

Author: Francis Harvey

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462522181

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 7223

This accessible text prepares students to understand and work with geographic information systems (GIS), offering a detailed introduction to essential theories, concepts, and skills. The book is organized in four modular parts that can be used in any sequence in entry-level and more specialized courses. Basic cartographic principles are integrated with up-to-date discussions of GIS technologies and applications. Coverage includes everything from what geographic information is to its many uses and societal implications. Practical examples and exercises invite readers to explore the choices involved in producing reliable maps and other forms of geographic information. Illustrations include 170 figures (with 15 in color). The companion website provides links to Web resources for each chapter, plus downloadable PowerPoint slides of most of the figures. New to This Edition *Chapter on online mapping and Big Data. *New and updated discussions of remote sensing, vector and raster data models, location privacy, uses of geocoding, and other timely topics. *Chapter on the many uses of GIS, such as in market analyses, emergency responding, and tracking of epidemics. *Section overviews and an end-of-book glossary. Pedagogical Features *Modules and individual chapters can be used sequentially or in any order. *End-of-chapter review questions with answers, exercises, and extended exercises for applying theories and concepts. *"In-Depth" sidebars offering a closer look at key concepts and applications. *End-of-chapter links to relevant Web resources.

Computing in Geographic Information Systems

Author: Narayan Panigrahi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482223147

Category: Mathematics

Page: 303

View: 3148

Capable of acquiring large volumes of data through sensors deployed in air, land, and sea, and making this information readily available in a continuous time frame, the science of geographical information system (GIS) is rapidly evolving. This popular information system is emerging as a platform for scientific visualization, simulation, and computation of spatio-temporal data. New computing techniques are being researched and implemented to match the increasing capability of modern-day computing platforms and easy availability of spatio-temporal data. This has led to the need for the design, analysis, development, and optimization of new algorithms for extracting spatio-temporal patterns from a large volume of spatial data. Computing in Geographic Information Systems considers the computational aspects, and helps students understand the mathematical principles of GIS. It provides a deeper understanding of the algorithms and mathematical methods inherent in the process of designing and developing GIS functions. It examines the associated scientific computations along with the applications of computational geometry, differential geometry, and affine geometry in processing spatial data. It also covers the mathematical aspects of geodesy, cartography, map projection, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and coordinate transformation. The book discusses the principles of bathymetry and generation of electronic navigation charts. The book consists of 12 chapters. Chapters one through four delve into the modeling and preprocessing of spatial data and prepares the spatial data as input to the GIS system. Chapters five through eight describe the various techniques of computing the spatial data using different geometric and statically techniques. Chapters nine through eleven define the technique for image registration computation and measurements of spatial objects and phenomenon. Examines cartographic modeling and map projection Covers the mathematical aspects of different map projections Explores some of the spatial analysis techniques and applications of GIS Introduces the bathymetric principles and systems generated using bathymetric charts Explains concepts of differential geometry, affine geometry, and computational geometry Discusses popular analysis and measurement methods used in GIS This text outlines the key concepts encompassing GIS and spatio-temporal information, and is intended for students, researchers, and professionals engaged in analysis, visualization, and estimation of spatio-temporal events.

Analytic Mapping and Geographic Databases

Author: G. David Garson,Robert S. Biggs

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803947528

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 2212

The techniques of analytic mapping and of geographic information systems (GIS) have become increasingly important tools for analyzing census, crime, environmental and consumer data. The authors of this significant volume discuss data access, transformation and preparation issues, and how to select the appropriate analytic graphics techniques through a review of various GIS and common data sources, such as census products, TIGER files, and CD-ROM access. They describe each procedure, review its assumptions and requirements and provide illustrative output for sample data using selected software. Researchers and administrators who need to manage data of geographic locations will find this book a useful guide to systems for storing, retrieving,

Geographical Information Systems and Computer Cartography

Author: Chris B. Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317900251

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 311

A concise text presenting the fundamental concepts in Geographical Information Systems (GIS), emphasising an understanding of techniques in management, analysis and graphic display of spatial information. Divided into five parts - the first part reviews the development and application of GIS, followed by a summary of the characteristics and representation of geographical information. It concludes with an overview of the functions provided by typical GIS systems. Part Two introduces co-ordinate systems and map projections, describes methods for digitising map data and gives an overview of remote sensing. Part Three deals with data storage and database management, as well as specialised techniques for accessing spatial data. Spatial modelling and analytical techniques for decision making form the subject of Part Four, while the final part is concerned with graphical representation, emphasising issues of graphics technology, cartographic design and map generalisation.

Geographic Information Systems in Business

Author: Pick, James

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591404010

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 9628

This book contains state-of-the-art research studies on the concepts, theory, processes, and real world applications of geographical information systems (GIS) in business. Its chapters are authored by many of the leading experts in applying GIS and geospatial science to business. The book utilizes a wide variety of approaches and methodologies including conceptual theory development, research frameworks, quantitative and qualitative methods, case studies, systems design, DSS theory, and geospatial analysis combined with point-of-sale. Since relatively little research has been published on GIS in business, this book is pioneering and should be the principal compendium of the latest research in this area. The book impacts not only the underlying definitions, concepts, and theories of GIS in business and industry, but its practice as well.

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences

Investigating Space and Place

Author: Steven J. Steinberg,Sheila L. Steinberg

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506319610

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3031

Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

GIS for Environmental Applications

A practical approach

Author: Xuan Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134094507

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 8014

GIS for Environmental Applications provides a practical introduction to the principles, methods, techniques and tools in GIS for spatial data management, analysis, modelling and visualisation, and their applications in environmental problem solving and decision making. It covers the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques in spatial data, spatial data management, spatial analysis and modelling, spatial visualisation, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and remote sensing data analysis, as well as demonstrates the typical environmental applications of GIS, including terrain analysis, hydrological modelling, land use analysis and modelling, ecological modelling, and ecosystem service valuation. Case studies are used in the text to contextualise these subjects in the real world, examples and detailed tutorials are provided in each chapter to show how the GIS techniques and tools introduced in the chapter can be implemented using ESRI ArcGIS (a popular GIS software system for environmental applications) and other third party extensions to ArcGIS to address. The emphasis is placed on how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS through illustrative examples with step-by-step instructions and numerous annotated screen shots. The features include: Over 350 figures and tables illustrating how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS Learning objectives along with the end-of-chapter review questions Authoritative references at the end of each chapter GIS data files for all examples as well as PowerPoint presentations for each chapter downloadable from the companion website. GIS for Environmental Applications weaves theory and practice together, assimilates the most current GIS knowledge and tools relevant to environmental research, management and planning, and provides step-by-step tutorials with practical applications. This volume will be an indispensable resource for any students taking a module on GIS for the environment.

Geospatial Analysis

A Comprehensive Guide to Principles, Techniques and Software Tools

Author: Michael John De Smith,Michael F. Goodchild,Paul Longley

Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1905886608

Category: Mathematics

Page: 394

View: 4229

Addresses a range of analytical techniques that are provided within modern Geographic Information Systems and related geospatial software products. This guide covers: the principal concepts of geospatial analysis; core components of geospatial analysis; and, surface analysis, including surface form analysis, gridding and interpolation methods.

Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems

Author: Michael N. DeMers

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0470129069

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 3531

Locate your place in the exciting field of GIS In existence since 1962, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) arereally coming into their own today. And not just in your car's GPSsystem or your cell phone's tracking capabilities. GIS is findingapplications throughout science, government, business, andindustry, from regional and community planning, architecture, andtransportation to public health, crime mapping, and nationaldefense. Michael DeMers's Fundamentals of Geographic Information, FourthEdition brings an already essential text up to date, capturing thesignificant developments in the field and responding to the needsof a diverse set of readers, from geographers to students in a hostof other fields. If you are a non-geographer or new to GIS, get a quick introductionto the "lay of the land" of GIS through the new "Spatial Learner'sPermit" section. Then join in the excitement of discovery with GISdatabases as you absorb the such concepts and skills as digitalgeographic data and maps, GIS data models, spatial analysis,measurement and classification, cartographic modeling, and GISdesign. Responding to both the needs and technical skills of today'sstudents, this Fourth Edition: * Makes concepts accessible to students from a wide range ofbackgrounds * Offers more practical and relevant coverage of GIS design andimplementation * Reflects the latest changes in GIS applications * Examines in greater depth the underlying computer science behindGIS * Uncovers the most recent developments on GIS research * Expands coverage of the increasingly robust literature oncartographic visualization * Includes Web-based labs and links to current and updated datasetresources Taking an open-ended, hands-on approach that gets you to ask yourown questions about the underlying concepts, the Fourth Editionhelps you not only master the basics but acquire the activeproblem-solving skills that are a key component of success in theGIS industry.

Geographic Information Systems and Science

Author: Paul A. Longley,Mike Goodchild,David J. Maguire,David W. Rhind

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470721448

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 3601

The Third Edition of this bestselling textbook has been fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in the field and still retains its accessible format to appeal to a broad range of students. Now divided into five clear sections the book investigates the unique, complex and difficult problems that are posed by geographic information and together they build into a holistic understanding of the key principles of GIS. This is the most current, authoritative and comprehensive treatment of the field, that goes from fundamental principles to the big picture of: GIS and the New World Order security, health and well-being digital differentiation in GIS consumption the core organizing role of GIS in Geography the greening of GIS grand challenges of GIScience science and explanation Key features: Four-colour throughout Associated website with free online resources Teacher’s manual available for lecturers A complete learning resource, with accompanying instructor links, free online lab resources and personal syllabi Includes learning objectives and review boxes throughout each chapter New in this edition: Completely revised with a new five part structure: Foundations; Principles; Techniques; Analysis; Management and Policy All new personality boxes of current GIS practitioners New chapters on Distributed GIS, Map Production, Geovisualization, Modeling, and Managing GIS

Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466620390

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2102

View: 9748

Developments in technologies have evolved in a much wider use of technology throughout science, government, and business; resulting in the expansion of geographic information systems. GIS is the academic study and practice of presenting geographical data through a system designed to capture, store, analyze, and manage geographic information. Geographic Information Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a collection of knowledge on the latest advancements and research of geographic information systems. This book aims to be useful for academics and practitioners involved in geographical data.

Spatial Databases

With Application to GIS

Author: Philippe Rigaux,Michel O. Scholl,Agnès Voisard

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558605886

Category: Computers

Page: 410

View: 8847

Spatial Databases is the first unified, in-depth treatment of special techniques for dealing with spatial data, particularly in the field of geographic information systems (GIS). This book surveys various techniques, such as spatial data models, algorithms, and indexing methods, developed to address specific features of spatial data that are not adequately handled by mainstream DBMS technology. The book also reviews commercial solutions to geographic data handling: ArcInfo, ArcView, and Smallworld GISs; and two extensions to the relational model, PostgreSQL and Oracle Spatial. The authors examine these underlying GIS technologies, assess their strengths and weaknesses, and consider specific uses for which each product is best suited. * Examines the strengths of various query languages and approaches to query processing. * Explains the use of computational geometry in spatial databases GISs, providing necessary background and an in-depth look at key algorithms. * Covers spatial access methods, including the R-tree and several space-driven structures, and is filled with dozens of helpful illustrations.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Author: Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203484738

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 3961

Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

Spatial Statistics and Geostatistics

Theory and Applications for Geographic Information Science and Technology

Author: Yongwan Chun,Daniel A Griffith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291626

Category: Reference

Page: 200

View: 7045

"Ideal for anyone who wishes to gain a practical understanding of spatial statistics and geostatistics. Difficult concepts are well explained and supported by excellent examples in R code, allowing readers to see how each of the methods is implemented in practice" - Professor Tao Cheng, University College London Focusing specifically on spatial statistics and including components for ArcGIS, R, SAS and WinBUGS, this book illustrates the use of basic spatial statistics and geostatistics, as well as the spatial filtering techniques used in all relevant programs and software. It explains and demonstrates techniques in: spatial sampling spatial autocorrelation local statistics spatial interpolation in two-dimensions advanced topics including Bayesian methods, Monte Carlo simulation, error and uncertainty. It is a systematic overview of the fundamental spatial statistical methods used by applied researchers in geography, environmental science, health and epidemiology, population and demography, and planning. A companion website includes digital R code for implementing the analyses in specific chapters and relevant data sets to run the R codes.