Computer Systems

An Integrated Approach to Architecture and Operating Systems

Author: Umakishore Ramachandran,William Leahy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780321624802

Category: Computer architecture

Page: 784

View: 1889

In the early days of computing, hardware and software systems were designed separately. Today, as multicore systems predominate, this separation is becoming impractical.Computer Systems examines the key elements of all computer systems using an integrated approach that treats hardware and software as part of the same, larger system. Students gain important insights into the interplay between hardware and software and leave the course with a better understanding of a modern computer system

Computer Systems

An Integrated Approach to Architecture and Operating Systems

Author: Umakishore Ramachandran,William Leahy

Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780321486134

Category: Computers

Page: 756

View: 440

In the early days of computing, hardware and software systems were designed separately. Today, as multicore systems predominate, this separation is becoming impractical. Computer Systems examines the key elements of all computer systems using an integrated approach that treats hardware and software as part of the same, larger system. Students gain important insights into the interplay between hardware and software and leave the course with a better understanding of a modern computer system

Operating Systems

Concurrent and Distributed Software Design

Author: Jean Bacon,Tim Harris

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780321117892

Category: Computers

Page: 877

View: 954

Both theory and practice are blended together in order to learn how to build real operating systems that function within a distributed environment. An introduction to standard operating system topics is combined with newer topics such as security, microkernels and embedded systems. This book also provides an overview of operating system fundamentals. For programmers who want to refresh their basic skills and be brought up-to-date on those topics related to operating systems.

Computer Architecture and Organization

An Integrated Approach

Author: Miles J. Murdocca,Vincent P. Heuring

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471733881

Category: Computers

Page: 544

View: 1451

An accessible introduction to computer systems and architecture Anyone aspiring to more advanced studies in computer-related fields must gain an understanding of the two parallel aspects of the modern digital computer: programming methodology and the underlying machine architecture. The uniquely integrated approach of Computer Architecture and Organization connects the programmer's view of a computer system with the associated hardware and peripheral devices, providing a thorough, three-dimensional view of what goes on inside the machine. Covering all the major topics normally found in a first course in computer architecture, the text focuses on the essentials including the instruction set architecture (ISA), network-related issues, and programming methodology. Using "real world" case studies to put the information into perspective, the chapters examine: * Data representation * Arithmetic * The instruction set architecture * Datapath and Control * Languages and the machine * Memory * Buses and peripherals * Networking and communication * Advanced computer architecture A valuable feature of this book is the use of ARC, a subset of the SPARC processor, for an instruction set architecture. A platform-independent ARCTools suite, containing an assembler and simulator for the ARC ISA, that supports the examples used in the book is available. Better yet, the content is supplemented by online problem sets available through WileyPlus. Balanced and thoughtfully designed for use as either a classroom text or self-study guide, Computer Architecture and Organization: An Integrated Approach will put you solidly on track for advancing to higher levels in computer-related disciplines. About the Author: MILES MURDOCCAserves as the President and CEO of Internet Institute USA (IIUSA), a private postsecondary information technology (IT) school specializing in networking, operating systems, IP telephony, programming, and security. Previously, Dr. Murdocca has been a computer science faculty member at Rutgers University and a research scientist at AT&T Bell Laboratories working in computer architecture, networking, and digital optical computing. He is the author of A Digital Design Methodology for Optical Computing and Principles of Computer Architecture and a contributing author to Computer Systems Design and Architecture, Second Edition as well as the author of dozens of professional papers and patents relating to information technology. VINCE HEURING is an associate professor and acting chair of the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He has been at the university since 1984, and prior to that he spent three years at the University of Cincinnati. Professor Heuring's research encompasses computer architectures and programming language design implementation. He and his colleague, Harry Jordan, designed and built the world's first stored program optical computer, "SPOC."

Computer Systems Architecture

Author: Aharon Yadin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482231069

Category: Computers

Page: 467

View: 8305

Computer Systems Architecture provides IT professionals and students with the necessary understanding of computer hardware. It addresses the ongoing issues related to computer hardware and discusses the solutions supplied by the industry. The book describes trends in computing solutions that led to the current available infrastructures, tracing the initial need for computers to recent concepts such as the Internet of Things. It covers computers’ data representation, explains how computer architecture and its underlying meaning changed over the years, and examines the implementations and performance enhancements of the central processing unit (CPU). It then discusses the organization, hierarchy, and performance considerations of computer memory as applied by the operating system and illustrates how cache memory significantly improves performance. The author proceeds to explore the bus system, algorithms for ensuring data integrity, input and output (I/O) components, methods for performing I/O, various aspects relevant to software engineering, and nonvolatile storage devices, such as hard drives and technologies for enhancing performance and reliability. He also describes virtualization and cloud computing and the emergence of software-based systems’ architectures. Accessible to software engineers and developers as well as students in IT disciplines, this book enhances readers’ understanding of the hardware infrastructure used in software engineering projects. It enables readers to better optimize system usage by focusing on the principles used in hardware systems design and the methods for enhancing performance.

The Elements of Computing Systems

Building a Modern Computer from First Principles

Author: Noam Nisan,Shimon Schocken

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262140874

Category: Computers

Page: 325

View: 4644

This title gives students an integrated and rigorous picture of applied computer science, as it comes to play in the construction of a simple yet powerful computer system.

Embedded Systems: An Integrated Approach

Author: LyLa B. Das

Publisher: Pearson Education India

ISBN: 9332511675

Category:

Page: 784

View: 8811

Embedded Systems: An Integrated Approach is exclusively designed for the undergraduate courses in electronics and communication engineering as well as computer science engineering. This book is well-structured and covers all the important processors and their applications in a sequential manner. It begins with a highlight on the building blocks of the embedded systems, moves on to discuss the software aspects and new processors and finally concludes with an insightful study of important applications. This book also contains an entire part dedicated to the ARM processor, its software requirements and the programming languages. Relevant case studies and examples supplement the main discussions in the text.

Creating Urban Agricultural Systems

An Integrated Approach to Design

Author: Gundula Proksch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317751558

Category: Architecture

Page: 368

View: 5973

Creating Urban Agriculture Systems provides you with background, expertise, and inspiration for designing with urban agriculture. It shows you how to grow food in buildings and cities, operate growing systems, and integrate them with natural cycles and existing infrastructures. It teaches you the essential environmental inputs and operational strategies of urban farms, and inspires community and design tools for innovative operations and sustainable urban environments that produce fresh, local food. Over 70 projects and 16 in-depth case studies of productive, integrated systems, located in North America, Europe, and Asia ,are organized by their emphasis on nutrient, water, and energy management, farm operation, community integration and design approaches so that you can see innovative strategies in action. Interviews with leading architecture firms, including WORKac, Kiss + Cathcart, Weber Thompson, CJ Lim/Studio 8, and SOA Architectes, highlight the challenges and rewards you face when creating urban agriculture systems. Catalogs of growing and building systems, a glossary, bibliography, and abstracts will help you find information fast.

Cognitive Science

An Introduction to the Study of Mind

Author: Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483347427

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 3808

In Cognitive Science 3e Friedenberg and Silverman provide a solid understanding of the major theoretical and empirical contributions of cognitive science. Their text, thoroughly updated for this new third edition, describes the major theories of mind as well as the major experimental results that have emerged within each cognitive science discipline. Throughout history, different fields of inquiry have attempted to understand the great mystery of mind and answer questions like: What is the mind? How do we see, think, and remember? Can we create machines that are conscious and capable of self-awareness? This books examines these questions and many more. Focusing on the approach of a particular cognitive science field in each chapter, the authors describe its methodology, theoretical perspective, and findings and then offer a critical evaluation of the field. Features: Offers a wide-ranging, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary introduction to the field of cognitive science and issues of mind. Interdisciplinary Crossroads” sections at the end of each chapter focus on research topics that have been investigated from multiple perspectives, helping students to understand the link between varying disciplines and cognitive science. End-of-chapter “Summing Up” sections provide a concise summary of the major points addressed in each chapter to facilitate student comprehension and exam preparation “Explore More” sections link students to the Student Study Site where the authors have provided activities to help students more quickly master course content and prepare for examinations Supplements: A password-protected Instructor’s Resource contains PowerPoint lectures, a test bank and other pedagogical material.The book's Study Site features Web links, E-flash cards, and interactive quizzes.

Toyota Production System

An Integrated Approach to Just-In-Time

Author: Y. Monden

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461597145

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 424

View: 8527

The Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing system is an internal system in use by its founder, Toyota Motor Corporation, but it has taken on a new look. Toyota Production System, Second Edition systematically describes the changes that have occurred to the most efficient production system in use today. Since the publication of the first edition of this book in 1983, Toyota has integrated JIT with computer integrated manufacturing technology and a strategic informa tion system. The JIT goal of producing the necessary items in the necessary quantity at the necessary time is an internal driver of production and operations management. The addition of computer integrated technology (including expert systems by artificial intelligence) and information systems technology serve to further reduce costs, increase quality, and improve lead time. The new Toyota production system considers how to adapt production schedules to the demand changes in the marketplace while satisfying the goals of low cost, high quality, and timely delivery. The first edition of this book, Toyota Production System, published in 1983, is the basis for this book. It was translated into many languages including Spanish, Russian, Italian, Japanese, etc., and has played a definite role in inspiring production management systems throughout the world.

Operating Systems

An Introduction

Author: R. Garg,G. Verma

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1942270410

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 433

Designed as a “teach-yourself” text, the book provides a step-by-step approach to clarify all of the key concepts, architectures, and components of operating systems. The book covers all of the topics from the basics to the latest mobile devices, and features key operating systems e.g., Android, iOS, Linux, and Windows 10. This book would be very useful not only as an introductory text for undergraduate students of computer science, but also for those professionals who need to review modern operating systems. Features: * A chapter on the latest mobile operating systems, e.g., Android, iOS, and Windows * Covers basic concepts such as architecture, CPU scheduling, memory management, file systems, I/O, and more * Features a separate chapter on Windows 10 including shortcut keys, system tabs for settings, and security * Additional chapter on the Linux operating system with detailed explanation of its architecture, components, main features, and also Red Hat Linux * Designed as a teach-yourself text with integrated “self-quizzes” and end of chapter exercises to reinforce concepts.

Embedded Systems Architecture

A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers

Author: Tammy Noergaard

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123821975

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 2211

Embedded Systems Architecture is a practical and technical guide to understanding the components that make up an embedded system’s architecture. This book is perfect for those starting out as technical professionals such as engineers, programmers and designers of embedded systems; and also for students of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering. It gives a much-needed ‘big picture’ for recently graduated engineers grappling with understanding the design of real-world systems for the first time, and provides professionals with a systems-level picture of the key elements that can go into an embedded design, providing a firm foundation on which to build their skills. Real-world approach to the fundamentals, as well as the design and architecture process, makes this book a popular reference for the daunted or the inexperienced: if in doubt, the answer is in here! Fully updated with new coverage of FPGAs, testing, middleware and the latest programming techniques in C, plus complete source code and sample code, reference designs and tools online make this the complete package Visit the companion web site at http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780123821966/ for source code, design examples, data sheets and more A true introductory book, provides a comprehensive get up and running reference for those new to the field, and updating skills: assumes no prior knowledge beyond undergrad level electrical engineering Addresses the needs of practicing engineers, enabling it to get to the point more directly, and cover more ground. Covers hardware, software and middleware in a single volume Includes a library of design examples and design tools, plus a complete set of source code and embedded systems design tutorial materials from companion website

Information Security Architecture

An Integrated Approach to Security in the Organization, Second Edition

Author: Jan Killmeyer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 113550430X

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 5691

Information Security Architecture, Second Edition incorporates the knowledge developed during the past decade that has pushed the information security life cycle from infancy to a more mature, understandable, and manageable state. It simplifies security by providing clear and organized methods and by guiding you to the most effective resources available. In addition to the components of a successful Information Security Architecture (ISA) detailed in the previous edition, this volume also discusses computer incident/emergency response. The book describes in detail every one of the eight ISA components. Each chapter provides an understanding of the component and details how it relates to the other components of the architecture. The text also outlines how to establish an effective plan to implement each piece of the ISA within an organization. The second edition has been modified to provide security novices with a primer on general security methods. It has also been expanded to provide veteran security professionals with an understanding of issues related to recent legislation, information assurance, and the latest technologies, vulnerabilities, and responses.

Multicore and GPU Programming

An Integrated Approach

Author: Gerassimos Barlas

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124171400

Category: Computers

Page: 698

View: 6197

Multicore and GPU Programming offers broad coverage of the key parallel computing skillsets: multicore CPU programming and manycore "massively parallel" computing. Using threads, OpenMP, MPI, and CUDA, it teaches the design and development of software capable of taking advantage of today’s computing platforms incorporating CPU and GPU hardware and explains how to transition from sequential programming to a parallel computing paradigm. Presenting material refined over more than a decade of teaching parallel computing, author Gerassimos Barlas minimizes the challenge with multiple examples, extensive case studies, and full source code. Using this book, you can develop programs that run over distributed memory machines using MPI, create multi-threaded applications with either libraries or directives, write optimized applications that balance the workload between available computing resources, and profile and debug programs targeting multicore machines. Comprehensive coverage of all major multicore programming tools, including threads, OpenMP, MPI, and CUDA Demonstrates parallel programming design patterns and examples of how different tools and paradigms can be integrated for superior performance Particular focus on the emerging area of divisible load theory and its impact on load balancing and distributed systems Download source code, examples, and instructor support materials on the book's companion website

Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128119063

Category: Computers

Page: 936

View: 6281

Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises

Software Essentials

Design and Construction

Author: Adair Dingle

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439841217

Category: Computers

Page: 436

View: 5956

Winner of a 2015 Alpha Sigma Nu Book Award, Software Essentials: Design and Construction explicitly defines and illustrates the basic elements of software design and construction, providing a solid understanding of control flow, abstract data types (ADTs), memory, type relationships, and dynamic behavior. This text evaluates the benefits and overhead of object-oriented design (OOD) and analyzes software design options. With a structured but hands-on approach, the book: Delineates malleable and stable characteristics of software design Explains how to evaluate the short- and long-term costs and benefits of design decisions Compares and contrasts design solutions, such as composition versus inheritance Includes supportive appendices and a glossary of over 200 common terms Covers key topics such as polymorphism, overloading, and more While extensive examples are given in C# and/or C++, often demonstrating alternative solutions, design—not syntax—remains the focal point of Software Essentials: Design and Construction. About the Cover: Although capacity may be a problem for a doghouse, other requirements are usually minimal. Unlike skyscrapers, doghouses are simple units. They do not require plumbing, electricity, fire alarms, elevators, or ventilation systems, and they do not need to be built to code or pass inspections. The range of complexity in software design is similar. Given available software tools and libraries—many of which are free—hobbyists can build small or short-lived computer apps. Yet, design for software longevity, security, and efficiency can be intricate—as is the design of large-scale systems. How can a software developer prepare to manage such complexity? By understanding the essential building blocks of software design and construction.

Whole System Design

An Integrated Approach to Sustainable Engineering

Author: Peter Stasinopoulos

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849773777

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 7418

Whole System Design is increasingly being seen as one of the most cost-effective ways to both increase the productivity and reduce the negative environmental impacts of an engineered system. A focus on design is critical as the output from this stage of the project locks in most of the economic and environmental performance of the designed system throughout its life which can span from a few years to many decades. Indeed it is now widely acknowledged that all designers - particularly engineers architects and industrial designers - need to be able to understand and implement a whole system design approach. This book provides a clear design methodology based on leading efforts in the field and is supported by worked examples that demonstrate how advances in energy materials and water productivity can be achieved through applying an integrated approach to sustainable engineering. Chapters 1-5 outline the approach and explain how it can be implemented to enhance the established Systems Engineering framework. Chapters 6-10 demonstrate through detailed worked examples the application of the approach to industrial pumping systems passenger vehicles electronics and computer systems temperature control of buildings and domestic water systems. Published with The Natural Edge Project the World Federation of Engineering Organizations UNESCO and the Australian Government.

An Integrated Approach to Software Engineering

Author: Pankaj Jalote

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738579

Category: Computers

Page: 375

View: 3934

It is clear that the development of large software systems is an extremely complex activity, which is full of various opportunities to introduce errors. Software engineering is the discipline that provides methods to handle this complexity and enables us to produce reliable software systems with maximum productivity. An Integrated Approach to Software Engineering is different from other approaches because the various topics are not covered in isolation. A running case study is employed throughout the book, illustrating the different activity of software development on a single project. This work is important and instructive because it not only teaches the principles of software engineering, but also applies them to a software development project such that all aspects of development can be clearly seen on a project.