Computational Partial Differential Equations

Numerical Methods and Diffpack Programming

Author: Hans Petter Langtangen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662011700

Category: Mathematics

Page: 685

View: 461

Targeted at students and researchers in computational sciences who need to develop computer codes for solving PDEs, the exposition here is focused on numerics and software related to mathematical models in solid and fluid mechanics. The book teaches finite element methods, and basic finite difference methods from a computational point of view, with the main emphasis on developing flexible computer programs, using the numerical library Diffpack. Diffpack is explained in detail for problems including model equations in applied mathematics, heat transfer, elasticity, and viscous fluid flow. All the program examples, as well as Diffpack for use with this book, are available on the Internet. XXXXXXX NEUER TEXT This book is for researchers who need to develop computer code for solving PDEs. Numerical methods and the application of Diffpack are explained in detail. Diffpack is a modern C++ development environment that is widely used by industrial scientists and engineers working in areas such as oil exploration, groundwater modeling, and materials testing. All the program examples, as well as a test version of Diffpack, are available for free over the Internet.

Computational Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB

Author: Jichun Li,Yi-Tung Chen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420089059

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 9174

This textbook introduces several major numerical methods for solving various partial differential equations (PDEs) in science and engineering, including elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic equations. It covers traditional techniques that include the classic finite difference method and the finite element method as well as state-of-the-art numerical methods, such as the high-order compact difference method and the radial basis function meshless method. Helps Students Better Understand Numerical Methods through Use of MATLAB® The authors uniquely emphasize both theoretical numerical analysis and practical implementation of the algorithms in MATLAB, making the book useful for students in computational science and engineering. They provide students with simple, clear implementations instead of sophisticated usages of MATLAB functions. All the Material Needed for a Numerical Analysis Course Based on the authors’ own courses, the text only requires some knowledge of computer programming, advanced calculus, and difference equations. It includes practical examples, exercises, references, and problems, along with a solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Students can download MATLAB code from www.crcpress.com, enabling them to easily modify or improve the codes to solve their own problems.

Advanced Topics in Computational Partial Differential Equations

Numerical Methods and Diffpack Programming

Author: Hans Petter Langtangen,Aslak Tveito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642182372

Category: Mathematics

Page: 663

View: 4689

A gentle introduction to advanced topics such as parallel computing, multigrid methods, and special methods for systems of PDEs. The goal of all chapters is to ‘compute’ solutions to problems, hence algorithmic and software issues play a central role. All software examples use the Diffpack programming environment - some experience with Diffpack is required. There are also some chapters covering complete applications, i.e., the way from a model, expressed as systems of PDEs, through to discretization methods, algorithms, software design, verification, and computational examples. Suitable for readers with a background in basic finite element and finite difference methods for partial differential equations.

Numerical Approximation of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Alfio Quarteroni,Alberto Valli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540852689

Category: Mathematics

Page: 544

View: 2065

Everything is more simple than one thinks but at the same time more complex than one can understand Johann Wolfgang von Goethe To reach the point that is unknown to you, you must take the road that is unknown to you St. John of the Cross This is a book on the numerical approximation ofpartial differential equations (PDEs). Its scope is to provide a thorough illustration of numerical methods (especially those stemming from the variational formulation of PDEs), carry out their stability and convergence analysis, derive error bounds, and discuss the algorithmic aspects relative to their implementation. A sound balancing of theoretical analysis, description of algorithms and discussion of applications is our primary concern. Many kinds of problems are addressed: linear and nonlinear, steady and time-dependent, having either smooth or non-smooth solutions. Besides model equations, we consider a number of (initial-) boundary value problems of interest in several fields of applications. Part I is devoted to the description and analysis of general numerical methods for the discretization of partial differential equations. A comprehensive theory of Galerkin methods and its variants (Petrov Galerkin and generalized Galerkin), as wellas ofcollocationmethods, is devel oped for the spatial discretization. This theory is then specified to two numer ical subspace realizations of remarkable interest: the finite element method (conforming, non-conforming, mixed, hybrid) and the spectral method (Leg endre and Chebyshev expansion).

Numerical Partial Differential Equations in Finance Explained

An Introduction to Computational Finance

Author: Karel in 't Hout

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137435690

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 1035

This book provides a first, basic introduction into the valuation of financial options via the numerical solution of partial differential equations (PDEs). It provides readers with an easily accessible text explaining main concepts, models, methods and results that arise in this approach. In keeping with the series style, emphasis is placed on intuition as opposed to full rigor, and a relatively basic understanding of mathematics is sufficient. The book provides a wealth of examples, and ample numerical experiments are givento illustrate the theory. The main focus is on one-dimensional financial PDEs, notably the Black-Scholes equation. The book concludes with a detailed discussion of the important step towards two-dimensional PDEs in finance.

Introduction to Partial Differential Equations

A Computational Approach

Author: Aslak Tveito,Ragnar Winther

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387227733

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 5368

Combining both the classical theory and numerical techniques for partial differential equations, this thoroughly modern approach shows the significance of computations in PDEs and illustrates the strong interaction between mathematical theory and the development of numerical methods. Great care has been taken throughout the book to seek a sound balance between these techniques. The authors present the material at an easy pace and exercises ranging from the straightforward to the challenging have been included. In addition there are some "projects" suggested, either to refresh the students memory of results needed in this course, or to extend the theories developed in the text. Suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics and engineering.

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Finite Difference and Finite Volume Methods

Author: Sandip Mazumder

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128035048

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 9577

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations: Finite Difference and Finite Volume Methods focuses on two popular deterministic methods for solving partial differential equations (PDEs), namely finite difference and finite volume methods. The solution of PDEs can be very challenging, depending on the type of equation, the number of independent variables, the boundary, and initial conditions, and other factors. These two methods have been traditionally used to solve problems involving fluid flow. For practical reasons, the finite element method, used more often for solving problems in solid mechanics, and covered extensively in various other texts, has been excluded. The book is intended for beginning graduate students and early career professionals, although advanced undergraduate students may find it equally useful. The material is meant to serve as a prerequisite for students who might go on to take additional courses in computational mechanics, computational fluid dynamics, or computational electromagnetics. The notations, language, and technical jargon used in the book can be easily understood by scientists and engineers who may not have had graduate-level applied mathematics or computer science courses. Presents one of the few available resources that comprehensively describes and demonstrates the finite volume method for unstructured mesh used frequently by practicing code developers in industry Includes step-by-step algorithms and code snippets in each chapter that enables the reader to make the transition from equations on the page to working codes Includes 51 worked out examples that comprehensively demonstrate important mathematical steps, algorithms, and coding practices required to numerically solve PDEs, as well as how to interpret the results from both physical and mathematic perspectives

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

An Introduction

Author: Vitoriano Ruas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119111374

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 6724

Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction Vitoriano Ruas, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC - Université Paris 6, France A comprehensive overview of techniques for the computational solution of PDE's Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction covers the three most popular methods for solving partial differential equations: the finite difference method, the finite element method and the finite volume method. The book combines clear descriptions of the three methods, their reliability, and practical implementation aspects. Justifications for why numerical methods for the main classes of PDE's work or not, or how well they work, are supplied and exemplified. Aimed primarily at students of Engineering, Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics and Chemistry among others this book offers a substantial insight into the principles numerical methods in this class of problems are based upon. The book can also be used as a reference for research work on numerical methods for PDE’s. Key features: A balanced emphasis is given to both practical considerations and a rigorous mathematical treatment The reliability analyses for the three methods are carried out in a unified framework and in a structured and visible manner, for the basic types of PDE's Special attention is given to low order methods, as practitioner's overwhelming default options for everyday use New techniques are employed to derive known results, thereby simplifying their proof Supplementary material is available from a companion website.

Essential Partial Differential Equations

Analytical and Computational Aspects

Author: David F. Griffiths,John W. Dold,David J. Silvester

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 2974

This volume provides an introduction to the analytical and numerical aspects of partial differential equations (PDEs). It unifies an analytical and computational approach for these; the qualitative behaviour of solutions being established using classical concepts: maximum principles and energy methods. Notable inclusions are the treatment of irregularly shaped boundaries, polar coordinates and the use of flux-limiters when approximating hyperbolic conservation laws. The numerical analysis of difference schemes is rigorously developed using discrete maximum principles and discrete Fourier analysis. A novel feature is the inclusion of a chapter containing projects, intended for either individual or group study, that cover a range of topics such as parabolic smoothing, travelling waves, isospectral matrices, and the approximation of multidimensional advection–diffusion problems. The underlying theory is illustrated by numerous examples and there are around 300 exercises, designed to promote and test understanding. They are starred according to level of difficulty. Solutions to odd-numbered exercises are available to all readers while even-numbered solutions are available to authorised instructors. Written in an informal yet rigorous style, Essential Partial Differential Equations is designed for mathematics undergraduates in their final or penultimate year of university study, but will be equally useful for students following other scientific and engineering disciplines in which PDEs are of practical importance. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with the basic concepts of calculus and linear algebra.

Computational Optimization of Systems Governed by Partial Differential Equations

Author: Alfio Borzi,Volker Schulz

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 1611972043

Category: Mathematics

Page: 282

View: 5697

This book provides a bridge between continuous optimization and PDE modelling and focuses on the numerical solution of the corresponding problems. Intended for graduate students in PDE-constrained optimization, it is also suitable as an introduction for researchers in scientific computing or optimization.

Domain Decomposition Methods for the Numerical Solution of Partial Differential Equations

Author: Tarek Mathew

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354077209X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 770

View: 2892

Domain decomposition methods are divide and conquer computational methods for the parallel solution of partial differential equations of elliptic or parabolic type. The methodology includes iterative algorithms, and techniques for non-matching grid discretizations and heterogeneous approximations. This book serves as a matrix oriented introduction to domain decomposition methodology. A wide range of topics are discussed include hybrid formulations, Schwarz, and many more.

Finite Difference Methods for Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

Steady-State and Time-Dependent Problems

Author: Randall J. LeVeque

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 9780898717839

Category: Differential equations

Page: 339

View: 1841

This book introduces finite difference methods for both ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) and discusses the similarities and differences between algorithm design and stability analysis for different types of equations. A unified view of stability theory for ODEs and PDEs is presented, and the interplay between ODE and PDE analysis is stressed. The text emphasizes standard classical methods, but several newer approaches also are introduced and are described in the context of simple motivating examples.

Computational Partial Differential Equations for Engineering Sciences

Author: Ozlem Ozgun,Bernardino D'Acunto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781617286773

Category: Differential equations, Partial

Page: 569

View: 8101

Metamaterials - artificial materials with engineered electromagnetic properties - is a young, but rapidly growing topic that breaks down traditional rules, and fascinates scientists in the field of physics, optics and electromagnetics. One of the major breakthroughs in the development of metamaterials is the cloaking device for obtaining electromagnetic invisibility, which can bend light around an object as if it weren't there. The design of the cloaking device is realised by the co-ordinate transformation technique, which is based on the fact that Maxwell's equations are form-invariant under co-ordinate transformations. This book presents a variety of transformation media, based on two interpretations of the co-ordinate transformation technique.

The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

Author: Granville Sewell

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814635111

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 6355

This book presents methods for the computational solution of differential equations, both ordinary and partial, time-dependent and steady-state. Finite difference methods are introduced and analyzed in the first four chapters, and finite element methods are studied in chapter five. A very general-purpose and widely-used finite element program, PDE2D, which implements many of the methods studied in the earlier chapters, is presented and documented in Appendix A. The book contains the relevant theory and error analysis for most of the methods studied, but also emphasizes the practical aspects involved in implementing the methods. Students using this book will actually see and write programs (FORTRAN or MATLAB) for solving ordinary and partial differential equations, using both finite differences and finite elements. In addition, they will be able to solve very difficult partial differential equations using the software PDE2D, presented in Appendix A. PDE2D solves very general steady-state, time-dependent and eigenvalue PDE systems, in 1D intervals, general 2D regions, and a wide range of simple 3D regions. Contents:Direct Solution of Linear SystemsInitial Value Ordinary Differential EquationsThe Initial Value Diffusion ProblemThe Initial Value Transport and Wave ProblemsBoundary Value ProblemsThe Finite Element MethodsAppendix A — Solving PDEs with PDE2DAppendix B — The Fourier Stability MethodAppendix C — MATLAB ProgramsAppendix D — Answers to Selected Exercises Readership: Undergraduate, graduate students and researchers. Key Features:The discussion of stability, absolute stability and stiffness in Chapter 1 is clearer than in other textsStudents will actually learn to write programs solving a range of simple PDEs using the finite element method in chapter 5In Appendix A, students will be able to solve quite difficult PDEs, using the author's software package, PDE2D. (a free version is available which solves small to moderate sized problems)Keywords:Differential Equations;Partial Differential Equations;Finite Element Method;Finite Difference Method;Computational Science;Numerical AnalysisReviews: "This book is very well written and it is relatively easy to read. The presentation is clear and straightforward but quite rigorous. This book is suitable for a course on the numerical solution of ODEs and PDEs problems, designed for senior level undergraduate or beginning level graduate students. The numerical techniques for solving problems presented in the book may also be useful for experienced researchers and practitioners both from universities or industry." Andrzej Icha Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk Poland