Complexity Theory

Current Research

Author: Klaus Ambos-Spies,Steven Homer,Uwe Schoening

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521442206

Category: Mathematics

Page: 321

View: 5877

This volume brings together the recent research of a group of the invited participants in the workshop on Structure and Complexity Theory held in Dagstuhl, Germany in February 1992. The aim of the meeting was to present and discuss new developments in central, active areas of complexity theory and to formulate future goals and research directions. The eleven articles collected in this volume reflect the state of the art in complexity theory and provide a current view of the work of some of its strongest researchers.

Komplexitätstheorie und Kryptologie

Eine Einführung in Kryptokomplexität

Author: Jörg Rothe

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540797459

Category: Computers

Page: 535

View: 6407

Während die Kryptologie Konzepte und Methoden aus der Komplexitätstheorie verwendet, ist die Forschung in der Komplexitätstheorie wiederum oft durch Fragen aus der Kryptologie motiviert. Der Band hebt die enge Verflechtung dieser beiden Gebiete hervor und führt auf verständlicher Weise in das faszinierende Gebiet der „Kryptokomplexität" ein. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Abbildungen und Übungsaufgaben sowie ein ausführliches Stichwort- und Literaturverzeichnis. Es eignet sich für Studierende der Informatik, Mathematik oder Ingenieurswissenschaften.

Complexity Theory and Cryptology

An Introduction to Cryptocomplexity

Author: Jörg Rothe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540285202

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 2695

Modern cryptology increasingly employs mathematically rigorous concepts and methods from complexity theory. Conversely, current research topics in complexity theory are often motivated by questions and problems from cryptology. This book takes account of this situation, and therefore its subject is what may be dubbed "cryptocomplexity'', a kind of symbiosis of these two areas. This book is written for undergraduate and graduate students of computer science, mathematics, and engineering, and can be used for courses on complexity theory and cryptology, preferably by stressing their interrelation. Moreover, it may serve as a valuable source for researchers, teachers, and practitioners working in these fields. Starting from scratch, it works its way to the frontiers of current research in these fields and provides a detailed overview of their history and their current research topics and challenges.

Complexity Theory

Retrospective II

Author: Alan L. Selman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387949734

Category: Computers

Page: 339

View: 834

This volume provides a survey of the subject in the form of a collection of articles written by experts, that together provides a comprehensive guide to research. The editors'aim has been to provide an accessible description of the current stae of complexity theory, and to demonstrate the breadth of techniques and results that make this subject so exciting. Thus, papers run the gamut from sublogarithmic space to exponential time, and from new combinatorial techniques to interactive proof systems.

Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Author: Michael Wolf-Branigin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199829462

Category: Social Science

Page: 196

View: 8556

Complexity theory provides a promising framework for conducting social work research and evaluation. Readers will gain an understanding of the background, current applications, and agent-based modeling as a new approach for creating simulations. To advance this line of inquiry a complexity research agenda for social work is developed.

Handbook of Research on Chaos and Complexity Theory in the Social Sciences

Author: Erçetin, ?efika ?ule

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522501495

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 1759

The concept of “chaos”, and chaos theory, though it is a field of study specifically in the field of mathematics with applications in physics, engineering, economics, management, and education, has also recently taken root in the social sciences. As a method of analyzing the way in which the digital age has connected society more than ever, chaos and complexity theory serves as a tactic to tie world events and cope with the information overload that is associated with heightened social connectivity. The Handbook of Research on Chaos and Complexity Theory in the Social Sciences explores the theories of chaos and complexity as applied to a variety of disciplines including political science, organizational and management science, economics, and education. Presenting diverse research-based perspectives on mathematical patterns in the world system, this publication is an essential reference source for scholars, researchers, mathematicians, social theorists, and graduate-level students in a variety of disciplines.

Complexity in World Politics

Concepts and Methods of a New Paradigm

Author: Neil E. Harrison

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791481492

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 7804

Demonstrates that world politics is more complex than conventional models can account for.

Computational Complexity Theory

Author: Juris Hartmanis

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821801317

Category: Mathematics

Page: 128

View: 2733

Computational complexity theory is the study of the quantitative laws that govern computing. During the last 25 years, this field has grown into a rich mathematical theory. Currently one of the most active research areas in computer science, complexity theory is of considerable interest to mathematicians as well, since some of the key open problems in this field raise basic questions about the nature of mathematics. Many experts in complexity theory believe that, in coming decades, the strongest influence on the development of mathematics will come from the extended use of computing and from concepts and problems arising in computer science.This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS Short Course on Computational Complexity Theory, held at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Atlanta in January 1988. The purpose of the short course was to provide an overview of complexity theory and to describe some of the current developments in the field. The papers presented here represent contributions by some of the top experts in this burgeoning area of research.

Quantitative Methods in Tourism

A Handbook

Author: Rodolfo Baggio,Jane Klobas

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 9781845412111

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 3195

Tourism studies often deal with complex mixes of external and local factors and the attitudes, perceptions and actions of tourists themselves. In seeking to understand individual elements of this mix, or the results of interactions between them, tourism authorities, managers and researchers often collect quantitative data, but until now the few existing guides to understanding quantitative data have been either very simple or very complicated. This book provides a guide to dealing with real-world data and goes beyond the methods usually covered in introductory textbooks. The first part considers key issues associated with using well known methods to produce valid and reliable models of real-world phenomena, emphasizing issues in data selection, approaches to factor and cluster analysis, and mathematical modelling using regression methods (including logistic regression) and structural equation modelling. The second part covers new approaches to modelling: maximum likelihood estimation, simulation and agent-based modelling. Each chapter includes extensive references to additional reading, and an appendix summarises the software introduced in the book. The book provides many practical examples of applications to tourism research, considers practical issues associated with application of quantitative techniques, and discusses common pitfalls and how to identify and remedy them. The result is a guide to quantitative methods in tourism that de-mystifies both simple and apparently complex techniques and makes them more accessible to tourism researchers.

Chaos and Complexity Theory for Management: Nonlinear Dynamics

Nonlinear Dynamics

Author: Banerjee, Santo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466625104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 904

Although chaos theory refers to the existence between seemingly random events, it has been gaining the attention of science, technology and managements fields. The shift from traditional procedures to the dynamics of chaos and complexity theory has resulted in a new element of complexity thinking, allowing for a greater capability for analyzing and understanding key business processes. Chaos and Complexity Theory for Management: Nonlinear Dynamics explores chaos and complexity theory and its relationship with the understanding of natural chaos in the business environment. Utilizing these theories aids in comprehending the development of businesses as a complex adaptive system.

Chaos and Complexity Theory in World Politics

Author: Erçetin, ?efika ?ule

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466660716

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 865

As an important research field in mathematics, chaos theory impacts many different disciplines such as physics, engineering, economics, and biology. Most recently, however, chaos theory has also been applied to the social sciences, helping to explain the complex and interdependent nature of international politics. Chaos and Complexity Theory in World Politics aims to bring attention to new developments in global politics within the last few years. Demonstrating various issues in international relations and the application of chaos theory within this field, this publication serves as an essential reference for researchers and professionals, as well as useful educational material for academicians and students.

Complexity Theory and Network Centric Warfare

Author: James Moffat

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437915272

Category:

Page: 160

View: 4671

A report by the Dept. of Defense¿s Command and Control Research Program. Contents: (1) Complexity in Natural and Economic Systems; (2) Concepts for Warfare from Complexity Theory; (3) Evidence for Complex Emergent Behavior in Historical Data; (4) Mathematical Modeling of Complexity, Knowledge, and Conflict; (5) An Extended Example of the Dynamics of Local Collaboration and Clustering, and Some Final Thoughts. Appendix: Optimal Control with a Unique Control Solution. Tables and figures.

Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education

Author: Mark Mason

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444307363

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 4304

A collection of scholarly essays, Complexity Theory and thePhilosophy of Education provides an accessible theoreticalintroduction to the topic of complexity theory while consideringits broader implications for educational change. Explains the contributions of complexity theory to philosophyof education, curriculum, and educational research Brings together new research by an international team ofcontributors Debates issues ranging from the culture of curriculum, to theimplications of work of key philosophers such as Foucault and JohnDewey for educational change Demonstrates how social scientists and social and educationpolicy makers are drawing on complexity theory to answer questionssuch as: why is it that education decision-makers are so resistantto change; how does change in education happen; and what does ittake to make these changes sustainable? Considers changes in use of complexity theory; developedprincipally in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, andeconomics, and now being applied more broadly to the socialsciences and to the study of education