Measuring and Understanding Coastal Processes

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board,Committee on Coastal Engineering Measurement Systems

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309041295

Category: Science

Page: 130

View: 6148

Much of the U.S. coastline is rapidly changing--mostly eroding. That fact places increasing pressure on the planners and managers responsible for coastal development and protection, and could have a direct effect on many of the 125 million Americans living within 50 miles of the coast who rely on its resources and beaches for their livelihood or recreation. Although rapid advances have been made in the measurement systems needed to understand and describe the forces and changes at work in the surf-zone environment, their potential for allowing more accurate and reliable planning and engineering responses has not been fully realized. This book assesses coastal data needs, instrumentation, and analyses, and recommends areas in which more information or better instrumentation is needed.

Coastal Processes

Concepts in Coastal Engineering and Their Applications to Multifarious Environments

Author: Tomoya Shibayama

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812813950

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 215

View: 4673

Features concepts in coastal engineering and their application to coastal processes and disaster prevention works. This title describes basic concepts of coastal engineering, dealing mainly with wave-induced physical problems. It consists of the author's results of 30 years' scientific research on the progress of coastal sediment transport study.

Coastal Engineering

Processes, Theory and Design Practice

Author: Dominic Reeve,Andrew Chadwick,Christopher Fleming

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203647351

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 760

The United Nations estimate that by 2004, in excess of 75% of the world's population will live within the coastal zone. These regions are therefore of critical importance to a majority of the world's citizens. The coastal zone provides important economic, transport, residential and recreational functions, all of which depend upon its physical characteristics, appealing landscape, cultural heritage, natural resources and rich marine and terrestrial biodiversity. This resource is thus the foundation for the well being and economic viability of present and future generations of coastal zone residents The pressure on coastal environments is also being exacerbated by rapid changes in global climate. The value of the coastal zone to humanity, and the enormous pressure on it, provide strong incentives for a greater scientific understanding which can ensure effective coastal engineering practice and efficient and sustainable management. Coastal Engineering: Processes, Theory and Design Practice is the only book providing a thorough introduction to all aspects of coastal processes, morphology and design of coastal defences. The use of detailed and state-of-the art modelling techniques are an important theme of this book, and there are numerous case studies showing actual examples where mathematical modelling has been applied through engineering judgement. With thorough coverage of the theory, and practical demonstration of the applications, Coastal Engineering: Processes, Theory and Design Practice is a must have for all students and engineers working in coastal management and engineering. .

Engineering Response to Climate Change, Second Edition

Author: Robert G. Watts

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439888469

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 2855

A clear, concise discussion of today’s hottest topics in climate change, including adapting to climate change and geo-engineering to mitigate the effects of change, Engineering Response to Climate Change, Second Edition takes on the tough questions of what to do and offers real solutions to the practical problems caused by radical changes in the Earth’s climate. From energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions reduction, to climate-altering technologies, this new edition explores the latest concerns such as acidification of the ocean, energy efficiency, transportation, space solar power, and future and emerging possibilities. The editors set the stage by discussing the separate issues of the emissions of radiatively important atmospheric constituents, energy demand, energy supply, agriculture, water resources, coastal hazards, adaption strategies, and geo-engineering. They explain the difference between the natural and human drivers of climate change and describe how humans have influenced the global climate during past decades. Each chapter concludes with discussion questions, calculations, and possible research topics. See What’s in the Second Edition: New conceptual tools and research necessary for problems associated with fossil fuels Cutting-edge topics such as adaption and geo-engineering The latest concerns such as acidification of the ocean, energy efficiency, transportation, and space solar power Solutions to problems caused by changes in the Earth’s climate So much has changed in the 15 years since the publication of the first edition, that this is, in effect, a completely new book. However, the general theme is the same: the climate energy problem has become largely an engineering problem. With this in mind, the book explores what engineers can do to prevent, mitigate, or adapt to climate change.

Issues in Mechanical Engineering: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2526

View: 8632

Issues in Mechanical Engineering / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Mechanical Engineering. The editors have built Issues in Mechanical Engineering: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Mechanical Engineering in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Mechanical Engineering: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Coastal Erosion Responses for Alaska

Workshop Proceedings

Author: Orson P. Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 71

View: 5739

While shoreline construction in Alaska is young and unproven, Alaskans can learn from tribulations in other parts of the world. In this book, ten articles by coastal engineering experts address coastal processes and trends that drive shoreline retreat and coastal erosion. Topics include non-structural coastal zone management, successfully proven constructed responses, and limitations of constructed works. Coastal managers will find the information useful in making wise decisions regarding coastal erosion responses for Alaska.

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Author: Maurice Schwartz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402038801

Category: Science

Page: 1213

View: 1411

This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Advances in Coastal and Ocean Engineering

Author: Philip L. F. Liu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810238599

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 3626

In the last two decades, one of the most important research accomplishments in coastal hydrodynamics has been the development of accurate numerical models for nonlinear water wave propagation over a complex bathymetry from a relatively deep-water depth into the surf zone. This book contains five excellent papers reviewing different methodologies in various aspects of wave modeling; the authors are active researchers who have made original contributions to these subjects.

Theoretische Bodenmechanik

Author: Karl Terzaghi

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642532446

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 506

View: 7617

2 nung der durch Änderungen in der Belastung und in den Entwässe rungsbedingungen verursachten Wirkungen meist nur sehr gering sind. Diese Feststellung gilt im besonderen Maße für alle jene Auf gaben, die sich mit der Wirkung des strömenden Wasser befassen, weil hier untergeordnete Abweichungen in der Schichtung, die durch Probebohrungen nicht aufgeschlossen werden, von großem Einfluß sein können. Aus diesem Grunde unterscheidet sich die Anwendung der theoretischen Bodenmechanik auf den Erd- und Grundbau ganz wesentlich von der Anwendung der technischen Mechanik auf den Stahl-, Holz- und Massivbau. Die elastischen Größen der Baustoffe Stahl oder Stahlbeton sind nur wenig veränderlich, und die Gesetze der angewandten Mechanik können für die praktische Anwendung ohne Einschränkung übertragen werden. Demgegenüber stellen die theoretischen Untersuchungen in der Bodenmechanik nur Arbeits hypothesen dar, weil unsere Kenntnisse über die mittleren physikalischen Eigenschaften des Untergrundes und über den Verlauf der einzelnen Schichtgrenzen stets unvollkommen und sogar oft äußerst unzuläng lich sind. Vom praktischen Standpunkt aus gesehen, sind die in der Bodenmechanik entwickelten Arbeitshypothesen jedoch ebenso an wendbar wie die theoretische Festigkeitslehre auf andere Zweige des Bauingenieurwesens. Wenn der Ingenieur sich der in den grundlegen den Annahmen enthaltenen Unsicherheiten bewußt ist, dann ist er auch imstande, die Art und die Bedeutung der Unterschiede zu er kennen, die zwischen der Wirklichkeit und seiner Vorstellung über die Bodenverhältnisse bestehen.

Annual report

Author: United States. Great Lakes Basin Commission

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2516


Coastal and Estuarine Fine Sediment Processes

Author: William H. McAnally,Ashish J. Mehta

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780444504630

Category: Science

Page: 507

View: 8841

Hardbound. The INTERCOH series of conferences bring together the world's leading researchers and practitioners in cohesive sediment transport processes to share recent insights. This book presents papers that examine the spectrum of fine sediment transport related science and engineering, including the basics and applications of flocculation, settling, deposition, and erosion, advanced numerical models used in engineering practice, and applications to mud flats and harbor siltation.

Coastal Processes Study of the Oceanside, California, Littoral Cell

Final Report

Author: Lyndell Z. Hales

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Beach erosion

Page: 350

View: 6372

Persistent and devastating erosion of the beaches south of the Oceanside, California, Harbor and Del Mar Boat Basin, with an accompanying accretion of sand in the harbor and entrance channel, has been a continuing critical problem since the construction of the Del Mar Boat Basin and the protective breakwaters. In order to eliminate these problems, certain engineering works of improvement have been proposed, among which are additional breakwater systems, beach fill, and sand by-passing procedures. Congress has accepted Federal responsibility for erosion control at Oceanside, based on the opinion that the longshore littoral transport of material in the surf zone has a net southerly direction. Because of conflicting conclusions regarding both the volume and direction of transport, the U.S. Army Engineer District, Los Angeles, requested that the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES) perform an independent analysis using the latest ocean wave statistical data as input to ascertain quantitatively the rate of longshore transport in this region. It was determined that approximately 800,000 cu yd gross, 1,200,000 cu yd gross, and 1,900,000 cu yd gross of material are moving at Las Flores, Oceanside, and Encinitas, respectively, on an annual average basis. Also, an estimated 100,000 cu yd net of littoral material is moving southerly past Oceanside, California, on an annual average basis, with the net volume increasing in a southerly direction south of the vicinity of Oceanside. (Author).

Modelling and Monitoring of Coastal Marine Processes

Author: Raj C. Murthy,P.C. Sinha,Y.R. Rao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402083273

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 1654

Although numerous books have been written on both monitoring and modelling of coastal oceans, there is a practical need for an introductory multi-disciplinary volume to non-specialists in this field. The articles commisioned for this book, organized into four major themes, are written by experts in their disciplines while the text is intended for scientists who do not have extensive training in marine sciences and coastal zone management. As such, the articles in this monograph can be a valuable reference for practicing professionals. The first section introduces the complex physical processes with main emphasis on waste disposal in the coastal ocean. Following this, examples of instrumentation techniques that are commonly used for measuring different properties of oceans are discribed. Coastal and estuarine transport and dispersion modelling is introduced in the next section with examples from different parts of the world. The last section provides an overview of coastal disasters such as tropical cyclones, storm surges and oil spills.