Coastal Defences

Processes, Problems and Solutions

Author: Peter W. French

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134640188

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 5822

Coastal Defences aims to present the broad spectrum of methods that engineers use to protect the coastline and investigates the sorts of issues that can arise as a result. The first section of the book examines 'traditional' hard techniques, such as sea walls and groynes, whilst the second looks at the more recent trend of using techniques more sympathetic to nature. By looking at each of the main methods of coastal protection in detail, the book investigates the rationale for using each method and the consequent management issues, presenting a case for and against each of the techniques.

Coastal Defence

Author: Alan Brampton

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727730053

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 104

View: 7700

The construction of coastal defences has allowed many people to live and work in safety in areas of the United Kingdom that would otherwise have been lost to the sea. However, building and maintaining such defences is a difficult and expensive undertaking, with inevitable consequences for the environment. In rural areas, some existing defences have been abandoned and, given the predicted effects of global warming, this policy may be extended in the future. This guide explains how shorelines can be managed in a cost-effective and environmentally acceptable manner, and includes guidance on the design, construction and maintenance of coastal defences.

Coastal Zone Planning and Management

Proceedings of the Conference Coastal Management '92--integrating Coastal Zone Planning and Management in the Next Century

Author: M. G. Barrett

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727719041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 327

View: 4627

The objective of coastal management is the preservation of coastal resources whilst simultaneously satisfying the sometimes conflicting interests and requirements of protection, development, usage and conservation. Given the ever increasing awareness of coastal planning and management on an integrated basis, this volume compounds the general change in perspective. Various topics covered in different chapters include conservation, planning, coastal heritage, marine conservation, nature conservation, planning shoreline strategy and materials for beaches.

Future Flooding and Coastal Erosion Risks

Author: Colin R. Thorne,Edward P. Evans,Edmund Charles Penning-Rowsell

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727734495

Category: Nature

Page: 514

View: 6161

Presenting a forward look at the way risks associated with flooding and coastal erosion are likely to increase during the 21st century, this title examines the integrated measures necessary to manage future increases in risk.

Building and Maintaining River and Coastal Flood Defences in England

Author: Great Britain. National Audit Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0102945527

Category: Science

Page: 48

View: 2113

Around 469,000 households and business in England are at risk of flooding and this figure is likely to rise of the next century because of factors such as climate change. The Environment Agency is responsible for managing the risk from main rivers and the sea in England and Wales. This report looks at their maintenance of 24,000 miles of flood defences and the construction of new defences. It notes the progress made since the last report in 2001 (HC 299 2000-01) and sets out the areas where there is room for further improvement.

The Roman Shore Forts

Coastal Defences of Southern Britain

Author: Andrew Pearson

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 4109

The eleven forts constructed by the Romans along the British coast between Branchester in Norfolk and Portchester in Hampshire have traditionally been referred to as the 'Forts of the Saxon Shore'. However, recent research suggests that these sites may have served as military ports rather then as a coherent defensive system to deter barbarian invaders. In this rounded study of the subject, Andrew Pearson draws on all the latest evidence available. After looking at the surviving monuments themselves, he describes how, in the third century AD, they came to be built and how they fitted into the overall Roman coastal system. He then goes on to examine the construction process itself, calculating the demand for raw materials, transport and manpower, and demonstrates how these requirements could have been met. Key to Dr. Pearson's interpretation of the primary purpose of the forts is an assessment of the third-century coastline. The physical setting of each monument in relation to the sea has greatly changed since the Roman period: today only Portchester retains a situation similar to that of ancient times. The author also examines how the forts were occupied and the part they played in their local, regional and provincial economies. Finally, he charts their decline and eventual disuse in the late fourth and early fifth centuries.

Coastal Management

Putting Policy Into Practice : Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the Institution of Civil Engineers and Held in Bournemouth on 12-14 November 1995

Author: Charles Alexander Fleming

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727725141

Category: Coastal zone management

Page: 373

View: 7403

These conference proceedings from the recent coastal management conference provide papers on the wide range of issues and disciplines associated with coastal matters. It includes information on the very latest policy including the House of Commons Environment Committee Report on coastal zone protection and planning, a number of consultative documents, and details on new guidelines and policies which have had a significant impact on the coastal community.

Managed Realignment : A Viable Long-Term Coastal Management Strategy?

Author: Luciana Esteves

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401790299

Category: Science

Page: 139

View: 6203

Managed realignment has been a preferred coastal management strategy in England in the 21st century and has also been increasingly implemented elsewhere. Climate change and environmental and financial concerns have led to a shift from the traditional ‘hold-the-line’ approach of coastal protection towards more flexible soft engineering options. Managed realignment is a relatively new soft engineering alternative aiming to provide sustainable flood risk management with added environmental and socio-economic benefits by creating space for coastal habitats to develop more dynamically. The natural adaptive capacity of coastal habitats and the ecosystem services they provide underpin the sustainability of managed realignment. However, many definitions of managed realignment exist and the understanding of what the term actually represents in practice has evolved through time and varies regionally. This book clarifies the definitions and terminology used in the literature and proposes that managed realignment is used as a general term that encompasses the many different methods of implementation worldwide, including: removal, breach and realignment of defences; controlled tidal restoration (which includes regulated tidal exchange and controlled reduced tide); and managed retreat. These methods of implementation are explained and illustrated with examples from around the world. In addition to a general overview of emerging policies and current practices, specific chapters discuss approaches adopted in different locations, including the Netherlands, the UK and Maui (USA). The UK experience is presented from the perspectives of three sectors: the National Trust (a charity organisation that owns 10% of the coastline of England and Wales), the Environment Agency (the organisation responsible for implementing government policy concerning flood and erosion risk) and a private consultant involved in the planning, design and delivery of managed realignment projects. Taking a wider perspective to consider the range of implementation methods, the viability of managed realignment as a long-term coastal management strategy is discussed. Recent national and regional strategies worldwide give managed realignment an increasing role in climate change and flood risk management. Gaining stakeholders and public support is fundamental for the success of emerging coastal management strategies. However, public perception and stakeholders engagement are often cited as a factor limiting the wider uptake of managed realignment. Results from a recent survey are used to benchmark the current thinking about the potential, the performance and the limitations of managed realignment in the UK and elsewhere. Current opinions about managed realignment are often not clearly defined, partly due to many projects being relatively recent. There is a general perception of great potential to provide sustainable flood risk management with added environmental benefits. However, the views of stakeholders are considerably more negative and notably contrast with the views of practitioners and researchers. The only clear and dominant agreement across all groups of respondents is that better understanding about the long-term evolution of sites is needed.

Sustainable Coastal Management

A Transatlantic and Euro-Mediterranean Perspective

Author: Biliana Cicin Sain,Igor Pavlin,Stefano Belfiore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401004870

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 291

View: 3067

Recent assessment of progress in coastal management at the national level shows an impressive growth of efforts after the 1992 Earth Summit, particularly in Europe and the Mediterranean. This book contains regional surveys of coastal management progress in Europe and the Mediterranean since 1992, discussion regional trends, development sin decision making, and cooperative activities. It then goes on to assess national progress towards coastal management, including the development of national coastal management systems, efforts at coordinated planning and management, and the development and use of environmental codes of practice. It then examines selected priority issues in the Northern Adriatic: economic integration and regional economic development, international scientific and technological cooperation in marine affairs and coastal tourism. Finally, the book covers the use of GIS in coastal environments and coastal engineering, the role played by scientific information in coastal policy, and the importance of free trade agreements.

International Conference on Coastal Management 2003

Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Management, Organised by the Institution of Civil Engineers and Held in Brighton, UK, on 15-17 October 2003

Author: Robin McInnes

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727732552

Category: Coastal engineering

Page: 381

View: 2087

"This volume presents the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Coastal Management, held 15-17 October 2003 in Brighton, United Kingdom. The purpose of the conference was to translate policy into practice in terms of the management of coastal zones within the overall goal of achieving sustainable development. The objectives of the conference were fully supported by the European Commission and DEFRA, the lead government department for coastal issues in the UK. The wide-ranging and topical papers in this volume are an extremely valuable contribution to the debate on integrated coastal zone management."

Coastal and Estuarine Management

Author: Peter French

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134775156

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 1723

Examines the issues surrounding the human use and abuse of estuarine and coastal environments and explores the ways in which management and conservation policies can protect these productive and diverse ecosystems.

Coastal Management

Integrating Science, Engineering and Management ; Proceedings of the International Conference Organized by the Institution of Civil Engineers and Held in Bristol, UK, on 22-23 September 1999

Author: Institution of Civil Engineers (Great Britain)

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727728487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 8230

This volume presents the proceedings of the fourth in a series of highly successful conferences. Coastal management issues covered in the volume include planning and implementation, economic evaluation, the contribution of technology, legal and geomorphic impacts, and the increasingly important subjects of managing risk and uncertainty. Themes that are of particular interest for the future are discussed, including the UKs flood defence aims, objectives and targets, and the need or otherwise for a European directive for coastal management.

Integrated Coastal Management Law

Establishing and Strengthening National Legal Frameworks for Integrated Coastal Management

Author: Cormac Cullinan

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251056257

Category: Law

Page: 262

View: 8791

Integrated coastal management (ICM) is widely accepted throughout the world as the best approach to dealing with coastal issues. The 1990s saw a proliferation of legislative reform processes worldwide. This aimed at supporting the implementation of ICM. Despite many international environmental treaties, declarations and other promises of action, the quality of coastal environments continues to deteriorate while the demand for coastal resources has increased in most of the world. This publication, in its practical guidance, will be especially valuable to anyone involved in the development, drafting or implementation of a legal or institutional framework to promote ICM. It is enhanced by illustrative examples from a range of countries that are at various stages of developing and implementing legislation to promote ICM.

GIS for Coastal Zone Management

Author: Darius Bartlett,Jennifer Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420023428

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 9569

Increasingly used to analyze and manage marine and coastal zones, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) provide a powerful set of tools for integrating and processing spatial information. These technologies are increasingly used in the management and analysis of the coastal zone. Supplying the guidance necessary to use these tools, GIS for Coastal Zone Management explores key technical, theoretical, and applications issues. Drawing on the practical experience of experts in the field, the book discusses recent developments and specific applications. A comprehensive, authoritative, and up-to-date overview of the state-of-the-art in coastal zone GIS applications, this down-to-earth and practical book puts the science in a management context. The chapters present groundbreaking coastal applications of GIS based decision support tools, spatial data infrastructures, remote sensing technology including LiDAR and CASI, and more. Covering a broad range of topics by international experts, the logical organization supplies a flow and structure to the entire book that makes the information not only easily accessible but immediately applicable.

Coastal and Marine Geo-Information Systems

Applying the Technology to the Environment

Author: David R. Green,Stephen D. King

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306480026

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 8795

The emphasis now placed on the concept of sediment cells as boundaries for coastal defence groups, and the development of SMPs, should help CPAs realise the importance of natural processes at the coast when designing defence and protection schemes. However, this will only be the case where defence groups exist, and where CPAs take up the challenge of developing SMPs. Coastal landscapes have been produced by the natural forces of wind, waves and tides, and many are nationally or internationally important for their habitats and natural features. Past practices at the coast, such as the construction of harbours, jetties and traditional defence systems may have contributed to the deterioration of the coast. English Nature (1992) have argued that if practices and methods of coastal defence are allowed to continue, then coastlines would be faced with worsening consequences, including: The loss of mudflats and the birds which live on them Damage to geological Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) and scenic heritage by erosion, due to the stabilisation of the coast elsewhere Cutting of sediment supplies to beaches resulting in the loss of coastal wildlife Cessation through isolation from coastal processes, of the natural operation of spits, with serious deterioration of rare plants, animals and geomorphological and scenic qualities (English Nature, 1992) A number of designations, provided by national and international legislation do exist to aid conservation.

Advances in Aggregates and Armourstone Evaluation

Author: John-Paul Latham

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862390003

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 8533

The maintenance and upgrading of our built environment, including large sections of coastal defences, relies heavily on natural construction materials. The text aims to highlight a range of pressing research issues in natural construction materials of direct relevance to an industry facing growing pressures for environmental sustainability and standardization of product quality within Europe. Tests and specifications given in the forthcoming Eurostandards for aggregates and armourstones are considered and correlated with older more widely used tests, including those which could impact upon current road safety. This text should be useful to: aggregate and amourstone suppliers and users; civil and engineering geologists; quarry companies; and Local and County Authority engineers and coastal engineers.