City Bound

How States Stifle Urban Innovation

Author: Gerald E. Frug,David J. Barron

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801458224

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 1461

Many major American cities are defying the conventional wisdom that suburbs are the communities of the future. But as these urban centers prosper, they increasingly confront significant constraints. In City Bound, Gerald E. Frug and David J. Barron address these limits in a new way. Based on a study of the differing legal structures of Boston, New York, Atlanta, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco, and Seattle, City Bound explores how state law determines what cities can and cannot do to raise revenue, control land use, and improve city schools. Frug and Barron show that state law can make it much easier for cities to pursue a global-city or a tourist-city agenda than to respond to the needs of middle-class residents or to pursue regional alliances. But they also explain that state law is often so outdated, and so rooted in an unjustified distrust of local decision making, that the legal process makes it hard for successful cities to develop and implement any coherent vision of their future. Their book calls not for local autonomy but for a new structure of state-local relations that would enable cities to take the lead in charting the future course of urban development. It should be of interest to everyone who cares about the future of American cities, whether political scientists, planners, architects, lawyers, or simply citizens.

Kommunale Governance

Die Stadt als Konzept im Völkerrecht

Author: Helena Lindemann

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161534683

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 8401

Die rechtswissenschaftliche Analyse begreift Stadte bislang uberwiegend als rein nationalen Regelungsgegenstand. Demgegenuber stehen Entwicklungen wie die Verabschiedung spezieller UN-Deklarationen zu Stadten oder die durch die Weltbank initiierte und angeleitete Privatisierung der kommunalen Daseinsvorsorge in zahlreichen Schwellen- und Entwicklungslandern. Dies offnet den Blick fur einen volkerrechtlichen Zugriff auf das Thema "Stadt." Als programmatische Konzepte zur Stadtentwicklung normieren die Weltbank oder das UN-Siedlungsprogramm UN-Habitat in Stadtstrategien Prinzipien wie Partizipation, Dezentralisierung, Privatisierung oder Good Urban Governance. Im Zentrum der Arbeit steht neben der exemplarischen Analyse und einer ideologiekritischen Lesart die dogmatisch schwierige Einordnung dieser internationalen Stadtstrategien als Volkerrecht.

From Summits to Solutions

Innovations in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals

Author: Raj M. Desai,Hiroshi Kato,Homi Kharas,John W. McArthur

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815736649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 7550

A positive agenda for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 All 193 member nations of the United Nations agreed in September 2015 to adopt a set of seventeen "Sustainable Development Goals," to be achieved by 2030. Each of the goals—in such areas as education and health care —is laudable in and of itself, and governments and organizations are working hard on them. But so far there is no overall, positive agenda of what new things need to be done to ensure the goals are achieved across all nations. In a search of fresh approaches to the longstanding problems targeted by the Sustainable Development Goals, the Japan International Cooperation Agency and the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings mounted a collaborative research effort to advance implementation of Agenda 2030. This edited volume is the product of that effort. The book approaches the UN's goals through three broad lenses. The first considers new approaches to capturing value. Examples include Nigeria's first green bonds, practical methods to expand women's economic opportunities, benchmarking to reflect business contributions to achieving the goals, new incentives for investment in infrastructure, and educational systems that promote cross-sector problem solving. The second lens entails new approaches to targeting places, including oceans, rural areas, fast-growing developing cities, and the interlocking challenge of data systems, including geospatial information generated by satellites. The third lens focuses on updating governance, broadly defined. Issues include how civil society can align with the SDG challenge; how an advanced economy like Canada can approach the goals at home and abroad; what needs to be done to foster new approaches for managing the global commons; and how can multilateral institutions for health and development finance evolve.

The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development

Author: Robert C. Lieberman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697914

Category:

Page: 800

View: 2627

Scholars working in or sympathetic to American political development (APD) share a commitment to accurately understanding the history of American politics - and thus they question stylized facts about America's political evolution. Like other approaches to American politics, APD prizes analytical rigor, data collection, the development and testing of theory, and the generation of provocative hypotheses. Much APD scholarship indeed overlaps with the American politics subfield and its many well developed literatures on specific institutions or processes (for example Congress, judicial politics, or party competition), specific policy domains (welfare policy, immigration), the foundations of (in)equality in American politics (the distribution of wealth and income, race, ethnicity, gender, class, and sexual and gender orientation), public law, and governance and representation. What distinguishes APD is careful, systematic thought about the ways that political processes, civic ideals, the political construction of social divisions, patterns of identity formation, the making and implementation of public policies, contestation over (and via) the Constitution, and other formal and informal institutions and processes evolve over time - and whether (and how) they alter, compromise, or sustain the American liberal democratic regime. APD scholars identify, in short, the histories that constitute American politics. They ask: what familiar or unfamiliar elements of the American past illuminate the present? Are contemporary phenomena that appear new or surprising prefigured in ways that an APD approach can bring to the fore? If a contemporary phenomenon is unprecedented then how might an accurate understanding of the evolution of American politics unlock its significance? Featuring contributions from leading academics in the field, The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development provides an authoritative and accessible analysis of the study of American political development.

Robert Wagner and the Rise of New York City’s Plebiscitary Mayoralty: The Tamer of the Tammany Tiger

Author: Richard M. Flanagan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137400870

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 1543

Robert Wagner was New York City's true New Deal mayor, killed Tammany Hall. The world Wagner shaped delivers municipal services efficiently at the cost of local democracy. The story of Wagner's mayoralty will be of interest to anyone who cares about New York City, local democracy and the debate about the legacy of the City's important leaders.

The Metropolitan Revolution

How Cities and Metros Are Fixing Our Broken Politics and Fragile Economy

Author: Bruce Katz,Jennifer Bradley

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815721528

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 3757

Across the US, cities and metropolitan areas are facing huge economic and competitive challenges that Washington won't, or can't, solve. The good news is that networks of metropolitan leaders – mayors, business and labor leaders, educators, and philanthropists – are stepping up and powering the nation forward. These state and local leaders are doing the hard work to grow more jobs and make their communities more prosperous, and they're investing in infrastructure, making manufacturing a priority, and equipping workers with the skills they need. In The Metropolitan Revolution, Bruce Katz and Jennifer Bradley highlight success stories and the people behind them. · New York City: Efforts are under way to diversify the city's vast economy · Portland: Is selling the "sustainability" solutions it has perfected to other cities around the world · Northeast Ohio: Groups are using industrial-age skills to invent new twenty-first-century materials, tools, and processes · Houston: Modern settlement house helps immigrants climb the employment ladder · Miami: Innovators are forging strong ties with Brazil and other nations · Denver and Los Angeles: Leaders are breaking political barriers and building world-class metropolises · Boston and Detroit: Innovation districts are hatching ideas to power these economies for the next century The lessons in this book can help other cities meet their challenges. Change is happening, and every community in the country can benefit. Change happens where we live, and if leaders won't do it, citizens should demand it. The Metropolitan Revolution was the 2013 Foreword Reviews Bronze winner for Political Science.

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government

Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191611964

Category: Political Science

Page: 976

View: 6620

The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government is an historic undertaking. It contains a wide range of essays that define the important questions in the field, evaluate where we are in answering them, and set the direction and terms of discourse for future work. The Handbook will have a substantial influence in defining the field for years to come. The chapters critically assess both the key works of state and local politics literature and the ways in which the sub-field has developed. It covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behavior, and policy in the American context. Each chapter outlines an agenda for future research.

Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism

Author: John Loughlin,John Kincaid,Wilfried Swenden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136727698

Category: Political Science

Page: 640

View: 6564

Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.

Stones of Hope

How African Activists Reclaim Human Rights to Challenge Global Poverty

Author: Lucie White,Jeremy Perelman

Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 1741

Stones of Hope shows how African human rights activists have opened new possibilities for justice in the everyday lives of the world's most impoverished peoples.

Moderne Verwaltung für moderne Metropolen

Berlin und London im Vergleich

Author: Manfred Röber,Eckhard Schröter,Hellmut Wollmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322922650

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 9890

Der Band präsentiert Beiträge von Wissenschaftlern, Verwaltungspraktikern und Politikern zu aktuellen Problemen der Metropolenverwaltung in London und Berlin. Vor dem Hintergrund laufender Politik- und Verwaltungsreformen in beiden Hauptstädten richtet sich das Augenmerk dabei insbesondere auf Fragen der politischen Steuerung und lokalen Demokratie.

Reset

Wie wir anders leben, arbeiten und eine neue Ära des Wohlstands begründen werden

Author: Richard Florida

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593391252

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 8899

Vom Autor des internationalen Bestsellers The Rise of the Creative Class Die Kreativen sind der Wirtschaftsmotor der Zukunft. Sie sind der Rohstoff, auf den die neue Wirtschaftsordnung nach der Krise setzen muss. Für allgemeinen, dauerhaften Wohlstand müssen wir jetzt handeln und das kreative Potenzial unserer Gesellschaft aktivieren.

Max Weber

Die Leidenschaft des Denkens

Author: Joachim Radkau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423347907

Category:

Page: 924

View: 6398


Intrapreneuring

Mitarbeiter als Unternehmer

Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322944689

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 5417