The Rise and Fall of a Modern Concept

Author: Andreas Fahrmeir

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300118483

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 1796

"The book is concerned not just with 'formal' or legal citizenship, but also with the related development of political participation, economic privileges and social rights. Fahrmeir argues that rather than being separate facets of one 'citizenship', these elements were (and continue to be) available to groups that only partly coincide with the community of legal citizens. And he considers whether the combined effects of regionalism, European unification, 'post-democracy' and economic globalization are eroding state citizenship or whether increased immigration controls and stringent criteria for nationality render it as relevant today as ever."--Jacket.

Kriminologie in der Zivilgesellschaft

Wissenschaftsdiskurse und die britische Öffentlichkeit, 1830-1945

Author: Sabine Freitag

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486755153

Category: History

Page: 525

View: 1722

Warum werden Menschen kriminell? Welche Ursachen lassen sich für delinquentes Verhalten finden? Solche Fragen beschäftigen Experten genauso wie die breitere Öffentlichkeit – und beide stehen in größerem Ideen-Austausch, als man zunächst meinen könnte. Sabine Freitag nähert sich Orten der Wissensproduktion über die Ursachen von Kriminalität ebenso wie zivilgesellschaftlichen Räumen, in denen die Thesen der Experten diskutiert wurden. Über die gesellschaftliche Annahme oder Ablehnung bestimmter wissenschaftlicher Deutungsangebote entschied nicht zuletzt ihre Kompatibilität mit vorherrschenden Werten, Normen und Selbstbildern. Nur auf dieser Grundlage konnte sich beispielsweise der angestrebte Strafzweck säkularisieren und verwissenschaftlichen: weg von einer moralischen Besserung der sündigen Seele hin zur nüchterneren Absicht, sozialverträgliche, kompetente Bürger herzustellen.

The Cosmopolitan Constitution

Author: Alexander Somek

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030929

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 846

Originally the constitution was expected to express and channel popular sovereignty. It was the work of freedom, springing from and facilitating collective self-determination. After the Second World War this perspective changed: the modern constitution owes its authority not only to collective authorship, it also must commit itself credibly to human rights. Thus people recede into the background, and the national constitution becomes embedded into one or other system of 'peer review' among nations. This is what Alexander Somek argues is the creation of the cosmopolitan constitution. Reconstructing what he considers to be the three stages in the development of constitutionalism, he argues that the cosmopolitan constitution is not a blueprint for the constitution beyond the nation state, let alone a constitution of the international community; rather, it stands for constitutional law reaching out beyond its national bounds. This cosmopolitan constitution has two faces: the first, political, face reflects the changed circumstances of constitutional authority. It conceives itself as constrained by international human rights protection, firmly committed to combating discrimination on the grounds of nationality, and to embracing strategies for managing its interaction with other sites of authority, such as the United Nations. The second, administrative, face of the cosmopolitan constitution reveals the demise of political authority, which has been traditionally vested in representative bodies. Political processes yield to various, and often informal, strategies of policy co-ordination so long as there are no reasons to fear that the elementary civil rights might be severely interfered with. It represents constitutional authority for an administered world.

Russian Citizenship

From Empire to Soviet Union

Author: Eric Lohr

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674067800

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6189

In the first book to trace the Russian state’s citizenship policy throughout its history, Lohr argues that to understand the citizenship dilemmas Russia faces today, we must return to the less xenophobic and isolationist pre-Stalin period—before the drive toward autarky after 1914 eventually sealed the state off from Europe.

Karl Marx

Sein Leben und sein Jahrhundert

Author: Jonathan Sperber

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406640974

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 634

View: 4416

Seit vier Jahrzehnten ist dies die erste große Marx-Biographie – geschrieben von einem exzellenten Kenner auf der Grundlage intensiver Forschungen. Jonathan Sperber zeigt uns Karl Marx genauer als je zuvor im Kontext seines Jahrhunderts und interpretiert ihn nicht, wie die meisten seiner Vorgänger, als eine Art posthumen Zeitgenossen. Dieses Buch macht uns vielmehr bewusst, wie stark Marx sich im Koordinatensystem der eigenen Epoche bewegte – zwischen den Ereignissen der Französischen Revolution und einer kapitalistischen Zukunft. Kein anderer Denker ist so gründlich in eine permanente Deutungshaftung für die Gegenwart genommen worden wie Karl Marx. Doch über der immensen und mit den aktuellen Krisen des Finanzkapitalismus wieder anschwellenden Wirkungsgeschichte sind die Ursprünge seiner Theorie weitgehend aus dem Blick geraten. Jonathan Sperber schildert den historischen Marx – er rekonstruiert die Entstehung der Marxschen Theorie im Kontext der damaligen Ideen und Kontroversen, zeichnet seine politischen Aktivitäten vom Redakteur der Rheinischen Zeitung bis zum Gründervater der sozialistischen Bewegungen nach und beschreibt auch sehr eindrucksvoll den Menschen Karl Marx. Die Biographie folgt den Spuren eines genialen Mannes, der ein Leben lang nach einer neuen und radikaleren Version der Französischen Revolution suchte und schließlich – neben Darwin – zum meistzitierten Denker des 19. Jahrhunderts werden sollte.

Knowing History in Mexico

An Ethnography of Citizenship

Author: Trevor Stack

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826352545

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2211

While much has been written about national history and citizenship, anthropologist Trevor Stack focuses on the history and citizenship of towns and cities. Basing his inquiry on fieldwork in west Mexican towns near Guadalajara, Stack begins by observing that people talked (and wrote) of their towns’ history and not just of Mexico’s. Key to Stack’s study is the insight that knowing history can give someone public status or authority. It can make someone stand out as a good or eminent citizen. What is it about history that makes this so? What is involved in knowing history and who is good at it? And what do they gain from being eminent citizens, whether of towns or nations? As well as academic historians, Stack interviewed people from all walks of life—bricklayers, priests, teachers, politicians, peasant farmers, lawyers, and migrants. Resisting the idea that history is intrinsically interesting or valuable—that one simply must know the past in order to understand the present—he explores the very idea of “the past” and asks why it is valued by so many people.

Radical Moves

Caribbean Migrants and the Politics of Race in the Jazz Age

Author: Lara Putnam

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807838136

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3163

In the generations after emancipation, hundreds of thousands of African-descended working-class men and women left their homes in the British Caribbean to seek opportunity abroad: in the goldfields of Venezuela and the cane fields of Cuba, the canal construction in Panama, and the bustling city streets of Brooklyn. But in the 1920s and 1930s, racist nativism and a brutal cascade of antiblack immigration laws swept the hemisphere. Facing borders and barriers as never before, Afro-Caribbean migrants rethought allegiances of race, class, and empire. In Radical Moves, Lara Putnam takes readers from tin-roof tropical dancehalls to the elegant black-owned ballrooms of Jazz Age Harlem to trace the roots of the black-internationalist and anticolonial movements that would remake the twentieth century. From Trinidad to 136th Street, these were years of great dreams and righteous demands. Praying or "jazzing," writing letters to the editor or letters home, Caribbean men and women tried on new ideas about the collective. The popular culture of black internationalism they created--from Marcus Garvey's UNIA to "regge" dances, Rastafarianism, and Joe Louis's worldwide fandom--still echoes in the present.

Shatterzone of Empires

Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Borderlands

Author: Omer Bartov,Eric D. Weitz

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253006392

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 1220

Shatterzone of Empires is a comprehensive analysis of interethnic relations, coexistence, and violence in Europe's eastern borderlands over the past two centuries. In this vast territory, extending from the Baltic to the Black Sea, four major empires with ethnically and religiously diverse populations encountered each other along often changing and contested borders. Examining this geographically widespread, multicultural region at several levels—local, national, transnational, and empire—and through multiple approaches—social, cultural, political, and economic—this volume offers informed and dispassionate analyses of how the many populations of these borderlands managed to coexist in a previous era and how and why the areas eventually descended into violence. An understanding of this specific region will help readers grasp the preconditions of interethnic coexistence and the causes of ethnic violence and war in many of the world's other borderlands both past and present.

The Democratic Imagination

Envisioning Popular Power in the 21st Century

Author: Alan Sears,James Cairns

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605308

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1165

Democracy is very much an open question in the early twenty-first century. While voter participation declines in many traditional democracies, new movements for democracy are emerging around the world. This book brings the question of democracy out of the halls of political power and home to our daily lives, pitting "official democracy" and "democracy from below" against one another in a lively debate. For more information see

Suspect Families

DNA Analysis, Family Reunification and Immigration Policies

Author: Torsten Heinemann,Ilpo Helén,Thomas Lemke,Ursula Naue,Martin G. Weiss

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472424263

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 9941

Suspect Families is the first book to investigate the social, political, and ethical implications of parental testing for family reunification in immigration cases. Drawing on policy documents, legal frameworks, case study material and interviews with representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisation and immigration authorities, immigration lawyers, geneticists and applicants for family reunification, the book analyses the different political regimes and social arrangements in which DNA analysis is adopted for decision-making on family reunification in three distinct European countries: Austria, Finland and Germany. Interdisciplinary in scope, the book reconstructs the processes, institutional logic and the political and administrative practices of DNA testing from a comparative perspective, combining theoretical conceptualisation with detailed empirical work to explore the central societal, political and ethical issues raised by the use of DNA profiling in the context of immigration policy. A ground-breaking study of the role played by new technologies in migration decisions, Suspect Families will appeal to scholars of sociology, political science, science and technology studies and surveillance studies.

Adelsbilder von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Peter Scholz,Johannes Süßmann

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3486717944

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 815

"Adelsbilder" - das sind die Bildwerke, die der Adel von sich erschaffen ließ. Das sind die Sozialbezüge, die er damit herstellte. Und das sind die Vorstellungen, die wir uns heute von ihm machen. Wie diese drei Adelsbilder zusammenhängen, zeigt der Band an Beispielen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart mit einem Ausblick auch auf außereuropäische Gesellschaften.

Atlantic Citizens

Author: Leslie Eckel

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748669396

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 2009

This book uncovers startling contributions to transatlantic culture and makes the argument that literature is dependent upon other modes of professional creativity in order to thrive.

Untertanen, Staatsbürger und Andere

Author: Benno Gammerl

Publisher: Ruprecht Gmbh & Company


Category: History

Page: 400

View: 7529

English summary: The legal and administrative treatment of ethnic differences varied significantly after the turn of the 20th century. British law came to be coined by racist discriminations. The Austrian government implemented a politics of recognition instead. German text. German description: Kanadische Indianer, bosnische Muslime, ostafrikanische Massai, ungarische Rumanen, indische natives, tschechischsprachige Osterreicher und judische Einwanderer im Vereinigten Konigreich: Wie gingen das Britische Weltreich und das Habsburgerreich mit der ethnischen, kulturellen, nationalen und rassischen Vielfalt ihrer Bewohner um' Benachteiligten das Recht und die Verwaltung bestimmte Gruppen' Wer wurde ausgegrenzt und wer aufgenommen' Behandelten die Behorden alle Menschen gleich oder betrieben sie eine Politik der Anerkennung ethnischer Unterschiede' Benno Gammerls Vergleich des Staatsangehorigkeitsrechts, der Einburgerung, der Staatsburgerrechte und -pflichten, der Migrationspolitik und der Konsularverwaltung im britischen und im habsburgischen Fall lasst den nationalen Container der Geschichtsschreibung weit hinter sich und liefert wichtige Anregungen fur die im Zeitalter der Globalisierung besonders dringende Debatte uber den angemessenen Umgang mit den Anderen.


Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2475

Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Does neoliberalism matter?

Author: Humpage, Louise

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847429653

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5700

Neoliberal reforms have seen a radical shift in government thinking about social citizenship rights around the world. But have they had a similarly significant impact on public support for these rights? This unique book traces public views on social citizenship across three decades through attitudinal data from New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia. It argues that support for some aspects of social citizenship diminished more significantly under some political regimes than others, and that limited public resistance following the financial crisis of 2008-2009 further suggests the public ?rolled over? and accepted these neoliberal values. Yet attitudinal variances across different policy areas challenge the idea of an omnipotent neoliberalism, providing food for thought for academics, students and advocates wishing to galvanise support for social citizenship in the 21st century.

Engineering Society

The Role of the Human and Social Sciences in Modern Societies, 1880-1980

Author: Kerstin Brückweh,Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284501

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 3972

Explaining crime by reference to abnormalities of the brain is just one example of how the human and social sciences have influenced the approach to social problems in Western societies since 1880. Focusing on applications such as penal policy, therapy, and marketing, this volume examines how these sciences have become embedded in society.

Defining British Citizenship

Empire, Commonwealth and Modern Britain

Author: Rieko Karatani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135762325

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 4641

Unlike many nations Britain had not developed a national citizenship by the 20th century. Instead belonging in Britain was merely a function of allegiance to the Crown. This lack of definition was seen as beneficial. This title explores the implications of such vagueness as a new millennium begins.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 1148

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area


Forschungen Zur Westeuropaischen Geschichte

Author: Deutschen Historischen Institut Paris

Publisher: Jan Thorbecke Verlag

ISBN: 9783799581271


Page: 504

View: 6569

E. Renard: La politique militaire de Charlemagne et la paysannerie franque - G. Pepin: Les couronnements et les investitures des ducs d'Aquitaine (XIe - XIIe siecle) - M. Kintzinger: Symbolique du sacre, succession royale et participation politique en France au XIVe siecle - M. Jucker: Le butin de guerre au Moyen Age - Vortragszyklus "Images, recits, pouvoirs, 1750-1815" - K. Seidel: The High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, 1952-1955 - Ch. Wenkel: La politique etrangere de la France face a la RDA - C. Hiepel: Willy Brandt, Frankreich und Europa zur Zeit der Groaen Koalition 1966-1969. - Miszellen. Ph. Baccou: Les debuts de Robert le Fort - L. Falkenstein: Das Dossier zur Grundung der Diozese Arras (Codex Lamberti) - B. Schilling: Bemerkungen zu papstlichen Synoden des hohen Mittelalters - M. Spath: Zu einem Bildkonzept nord- und ostfranzosischer Stadtsiegel des 12. und 13. Jhs. - J. Schmid: Neuere Forschungen uber die "annees noires" in Frankreich - A. Lattard: L'Allemagne d'apres-guerre au miroir de sa politique sociale - G. Krumeich: Nachruf auf J.-C. Allain - O.G. Oexle: Nachruf auf K.F. Werner.