Chemical Process Simplification

Improving Productivity and Sustainability

Author: Girish K. Malhotra

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118002094

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 8760

While emphasizing conservation and sustainable strategies, this book provides steps to improve the manufacturing technologies used in creating products. By simplifying the chemistry, process development, manufacturing practices and processes, the book provides a structured approach to producing quality products with little waste, making the process not only efficient but environmentally friendly. Illustrated with case studies, this is an essential resource for chemical engineers, chemists, plant engineers, and operating personnel in any chemical related businesses.

OECD Food and Agricultural Reviews Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Australia

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264238360

Category:

Page: 156

View: 6734

Australia’s agriculture and food industries are well placed to contribute to the economy’s future growth given the robust prospects of global food demand and the continuing high international competitiveness of these sectors.

Transforming Sustainability Strategy into Action

The Chemical Industry

Author: Beth Beloff,Marianne Lines,Dicksen Tanzil

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471755982

Category: Science

Page: 541

View: 5382

"A highly informative and brilliant contribution to the growingsustainability literature." -Dr. Brian and Mary Nattrass Managing Partners of SustainabilityPartners and authors of The Natural Step for Business and Dancingwith the Tiger The goal of sustainable development, a recent focus in thecorporate world, is to "ensure a better quality of life foreveryone today and in generations to come." The challenge facingindustry leaders is how to reconcile economically competitivestrategies with environmentally sound and socially responsiblepractices. Transforming Sustainability Strategy into Action: The ChemicalIndustry presents proven practical techniques to help managers inthe chemical industry identify and assess options for improving thesustainability of their organizations, with a pragmatic emphasis onoperational aspects, decision support, and guidelines for measuringprogress. Employing a systematic approach and introducing globallyproven problem-solving and decision-making tools designed toprovoke questioning and creative thinking, the authors address someof the most challenging issues for the industrial worldtoday. The authors' combined expertise and extensive experience intranslating sustainability strategies from theory into action makethem uniquely qualified to deliver the kind of hands-on, responsivebusiness solutions that will give corporate leaders the competitiveedge in preparing for tomorrow's socially and environmentallyconscious marketplace.

Chemical Process Retrofitting and Revamping

Techniques and Applications

Author: Gade Pandu Rangaiah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119016304

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 4470

The proposed book will be divided into three parts. The chapters in Part I provide an overview of certain aspect of process retrofitting. The focus of Part II is on computational techniques for solving process retrofit problems. Finally, Part III addresses retrofit applications from diverse process industries. Some chapters in the book are contributed by practitioners whereas others are from academia. Hence, the book includes both new developments from research and also practical considerations. Many chapters include examples with realistic data. All these feature make the book useful to industrial engineers, researchers and students.

Novel Process Windows

Innovative Gates to Intensified and Sustainable Chemical Processes

Author: Volker Hessel,Dana Kralisch,Norbert Kockmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527654852

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 9341

This book introduces the concept of novel process windows, focusing on cost improvements, safety, energy and eco-efficiency throughout each step of the process. The first part presents the new reactor and process-related technologies, introducing the potential and benefit analysis. The core of the book details scenarios for unusual parameter sets and the new holistic and systemic approach to processing, while the final part analyses the implications for green and cost-efficient processing. With its practical approach, this is invaluable reading for those working in the pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, fuels and oils industries.

Conduct of Operations and Operational Discipline

For Improving Process Safety in Industry

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118029190

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 242

View: 1439

Process safety management (PSM) systems are only as effective as the day-to-day ability of the organization to rigorously execute system requirements correctly every time. The failure of just one person in completing a job task correctly just one time can unfortunately lead to serious injuries and potentially catastrophic incidents. In fact, the design, implementation, and daily execution of PSM systems are all dependent on workers at all levels in the organization doing their job tasks correctly every time. High levels of Operational Discipline, therefore, help ensure strong PSM performance and overall operational excellence. This book details management practices which help ensure rigor in executing process safety programs in order to prevent major accidents.

Proceedings of the Third Asia-Pacific Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Technologies, Hong Kong, 3-6 December 2000

Author: Xijun Hu,Po Lock Yue

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810245498

Category: Science

Page: 686

View: 9734

With the rapid expansion of the Asia-Pacific economy in the last decade and the recovery after the recent crisis, severe demands will be placed on energy services and the environment. Coping with the volatile oil prices that persist in the market introduces an additional factor into the energy supply and demand equation, not just for countries in this region but also worldwide. Inevitably there will be implications for environmental issues too. The future will see a continuing challenge to balance growth with sustainability in the economic, social and environmental sectors. This conference, a sequel to the immensely successful APCSEET conferences held in Singapore and Australia, is aimed at meeting that challenge by addressing the pertinent issues related to sustainable energy and environmental protection. It provides a forum for participants from academia, industry and government agencies to interact, report on research in progress, and identify opportunities in the fields of sustainable energy and environmental technologies. The presentations include not only technical issues such as air pollution control, wastewater treatment, solid waste management, renewable energy and cleaner production, but also education and policy issues.

Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries

Author: Shri Ramaswamy,Hua-Jiang Huang,Bandaru V. Ramarao

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111849346X

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 394

Separation and purification processes play a critical role in biorefineries and their optimal selection, design and operation to maximise product yields and improve overall process efficiency. Separations and purifications are necessary for upstream processes as well as in maximising and improving product recovery in downstream processes. These processes account for a significant fraction of the total capital and operating costs and also are highly energy intensive. Consequently, a better understanding of separation and purification processes, current and possible alternative and novel advanced methods is essential for achieving the overall techno-economic feasibility and commercial success of sustainable biorefineries. This book presents a comprehensive overview focused specifically on the present state, future challenges and opportunities for separation and purification methods and technologies in biorefineries. Topics covered include: Equilibrium Separations: Distillation, liquid-liquid extraction and supercritical fluid extraction. Affinity-Based Separations: Adsorption, ion exchange, and simulated moving bed technologies. Membrane Based Separations: Microfiltration, ultrafiltration and diafiltration, nanofiltration, membrane pervaporation, and membrane distillation. Solid-liquid Separations: Conventional filtration and solid-liquid extraction. Hybrid/Integrated Reaction-Separation Systems: Membrane bioreactors, extractive fermentation, reactive distillation and reactive absorption. For each of these processes, the fundamental principles and design aspects are presented, followed by a detailed discussion and specific examples of applications in biorefineries. Each chapter also considers the market needs, industrial challenges, future opportunities, and economic importance of the separation and purification methods. The book concludes with a series of detailed case studies including cellulosic bioethanol production, extraction of algae oil from microalgae, and production of biopolymers. Separation and Purification Technologies in Biorefineries is an essential resource for scientists and engineers, as well as researchers and academics working in the broader conventional and emerging bio-based products industry, including biomaterials, biochemicals, biofuels and bioenergy.

Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes

Practical Use of Invertebrates to Assess Sustainable Land Use

Author: Maurizio G. Paoletti

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444599681

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 460

View: 9588

Reducing environmental hazard and human impact on different ecosystems, with special emphasis on rural landscapes is the main topic of different environmental policies designed in developed countries and needed in most developing countries. This book covers the bioindication approach of rural landscapes and man managed ecosystems including both urbanised and industrialised ones. The main techniques and taxa used for bioindication are considered in detail. Remediation and contamination is faced with diversity, abundance and dominance of biota, mostly invertebrates. Invertebrate Biodiversity as Bioindicators of Sustainable Landscapes provides a basic tool for students and scientists involved in landscape ecology and planning, environmental sciences, landscape remediation and pollution.

State of the World 2008

Innovations for a Sustainable Economy

Author: The Worldwatch Institute

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091631X

Category: Nature

Page: 292

View: 585

Environmental issues were once regarded as irrelevant to economic activity, but today they are dramatically rewriting the rules for business, investors, and consumers. Around the world, innovative responses to climate change and other environmental problems are affecting more than $100 billion in annual capital flows as pioneering entrepreneurs, organizations, and governments take steps to create the Earth’s first “sustainable” global economy.

Sustainable Bioenergy Production

Author: Lijun Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466505524

Category: Nature

Page: 583

View: 7383

Given the environmental concerns and declining availability of fossil fuels, as well as the growing population worldwide, it is essential to move toward a sustainable bioenergy-based economy. However, it is also imperative to address sustainability in the bioenergy industry in order to avoid depleting necessary biomass resources. Sustainable Bioenergy Production provides comprehensive knowledge and skills for the analysis and design of sustainable biomass production, bioenergy processing, and biorefinery systems for professionals in the bioenergy field. Focusing on topics vital to the sustainability of the bioenergy industry, this book is divided into four sections: Fundamentals of Engineering Analysis and Design of Bioenergy Production Systems, Sustainable Biomass Production and Supply Logistics, Sustainable Bioenergy Processing, and Sustainable Biorefinery Systems. Section I covers the fundamentals of genetic engineering, novel breeding, and cropping technologies applied in the development of energy crops. It discusses modern computational tools used in the design and analysis of bioenergy production systems and the life-cycle assessment for evaluating the environmental sustainability of biomass production and bioenergy processing technologies. Section II focuses on the technical and economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of various biomass feedstocks and emerging technologies to improve feedstock sustainability. Section III addresses the technical and economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of different bioenergy processing technologies and emerging technologies to improve the sustainability of each bioenergy process. Section IV discusses the design and analysis of biorefineries and different biorefinery systems, including lignocellulosic feedstock, whole-crop, and green biorefinery.

Green Approaches To Asymmetric Catalytic Synthesis

Author: Angela Patti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400714540

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 8880

Nowadays, chirality is widely accepted as an important factor in molecular recognition processes and the biological activity of many pharmaceutical drugs and agrochemicals; this is confirmed by the continuous need for synthetic methods which lead to single or enriched enantiomers of such compounds. By presenting a review of the various and more recently developed approaches for both metal-transition and organocatalysis, this volume describes the development of “greener” asymmetric reactions which preserve stereoselectivity. The author summarizes the impressive amount of research that has been gathered within this field into three chapters focusing on: i)the search of alternative catalysts, ii) alternative solvents, and iii) alternative synthetic strategies and processes. For each topic, the fundamentals and some valuable applications are discussed.

Chemicals in progress bulletin

Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Toxic Substances,United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 316


Industrial Chemical Process Design, 2nd Edition

Author: Douglas Erwin

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071819800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 1912

"The most complete, up-to-date, problem-solving toolkit for chemical engineers and process designers. Industrial Chemical Process Design, Second Edition provides a step-by-step methodology and 25 downloadable, customizable, needs-specific software applications that offer quick, accurate solutions to complex process design problems. These applications uniquely fill the gaps left by large, very expensive commercial process simulation software packages used to select, size, and design industrial chemical process equipment. Written by a hands-on industry consultant and featuring more than 200 illustrations, this book thoroughly details: Sizing and cost estimating of process unit operation equipment Design and rating of fractionation equipment and three-phase separation equipment Chemical optimization Commercial distillation Packaged plant cost analysis Estimating cost for modular packages Performing operations such as liquid-liquid extraction and gas liquid separation vessel sizing and rating Green engineering New to the Second Edition: Added focus on sustainability with new green engineering coverage: crude oil database; vegetable oils and plant greenhouse production for use in automobile fuels; gasoline and diesel fuel database; greenhouse fuels; water removal treatment in three-phase vessel design New focus on engineering economics Simplified shell/tube design method and improved shell/tube exchanger software improvements Fluid flow coverage includes both single- and two-phase flow and the very desirable addition of complete process engineering of NOx removal and catalytic SCR reactor processes necessary in all electric generator power plants and refinery furnace systems (per mandatory EPA regulations) Coverage of the Fischer-Tropsch process converting natural methane gas to crude oil products, liquids, gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel - all sulfur-free! Includes a plan to decrease reliance on crude oil imports Contains a packaged cost analysis natural gas-to-liquids plant turn-key software program "--

Organic Farming, Pest Control and Remediation of Soil Pollutants

Author: Eric Lichtfouse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402096549

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

View: 4151

Sustainable agriculture is a rapidly growing field aiming at producing food and energy in a sustainable way for humans and their children. Sustainable agriculture is a discipline that addresses current issues such as climate change, increasing food and fuel prices, poor-nation starvation, rich-nation obesity, water pollution, soil erosion, fertility loss, pest control, and biodiversity depletion. Novel, environmentally-friendly solutions are proposed based on integrated knowledge from sciences as diverse as agronomy, soil science, molecular biology, chemistry, toxicology, ecology, economy, and social sciences. Indeed, sustainable agriculture decipher mechanisms of processes that occur from the molecular level to the farming system to the global level at time scales ranging from seconds to centuries. For that, scientists use the system approach that involves studying components and interactions of a whole system to address scientific, economic and social issues. In that respect, sustainable agriculture is not a classical, narrow science. Instead of solving problems using the classical painkiller approach that treats only negative impacts, sustainable agriculture treats problem sources. Because most actual society issues are now intertwined, global, and fast-developing, sustainable agriculture will bring solutions to build a safer world. This book series gathers review articles that analyze current agricultural issues and knowledge, then propose alternative solutions. It will therefore help all scientists, decision-makers, professors, farmers and politicians who wish to build a safe agriculture, energy and food system for future generations.