Cartographies of Disease

Maps, Mapping, and Medicine

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589481206

Category: Medical

Page: 389

View: 7554

Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine, new expanded edition, is a comprehensive survey of the technology of mapping and its relationship to the battle against disease. This look at medical mapping advances the argument that maps are not merely representations of spatial realities but a way of thinking about relationships between viral and bacterial communities, human hosts, and the environments in which diseases flourish. Cartographies of Disease traces the history of medical mapping from its growth in the 19th century during an era of trade and immigration to its renaissance in the 1990s during a new era of globalization. Referencing maps older than John Snow's famous cholera maps of London in the mid-19th century, this survey pulls from the plague maps of the 1600s, while addressing current issues concerning the ability of GIS technology to track diseases worldwide. The original chapters have some minor updating, and two new chapters have been added. Chapter 13 attempts to understand how the hundreds of maps of Ebola revealed not simply disease incidence but the way in which the epidemic itself was perceived. Chapter 14 is about the spatiality of the disease and the means by which different cartographic approaches may affect how infectious outbreaks like ebola can be confronted and contained.

Medical Geography, Third Edition

Author: Melinda S. Meade,Michael Emch

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606236911

Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 1292

The leading text in the field, this comprehensive book reviews geographic approaches to studying disease and public health issues across the globe. It presents cutting-edge techniques of spatial and social analysis and explores their relevance for understanding cultural and political ecology, disease systems, and health promotion. Essential topics include how new diseases emerge and epidemics develop in particular places; the intersecting influences on health of biological processes, culture, environment, and behavior; and the changing landscape of health care planning and service delivery. The text is richly illustrated with tables, figures, and maps, including 16 color plates.

Physikalischer Atlas

geographisches Jahrbuch zur Mittheilung aller wichtigeren neuen Erfoschungen

Author: Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Berghaus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4510


Wohlstand und Armut der Nationen

Warum die einen reich und die anderen arm sind

Author: David Landes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641051118

Category: History

Page: 688

View: 5374

Das Standardwerk zur Wirtschaftsgeschichte Kaum eine Frage ist umstrittener und stärker mit Ideologie befrachtet als die, warum manche Länder wirtschaftlich äußerst erfolgreich sind, während andere unfähig scheinen, aus ihrer Armut herauszufinden. Liegt es am Klima? An der Kultur? An der Politik? In seiner umfassenden Geschichte über die Weltwirtschaft der letzten sechshundert Jahre entwickelt David Landes Antworten auf diese Fragen und bietet zugleich ein Standardwerk zur Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft.

Encyclopedia of Pestilence, Pandemics, and Plaques, Joseph P. Byrne, 2008

Encyclopedia of Pestilence, Pandemics, and Plaques

Author: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 917

View: 3684

This encyclopedia of infectious diseases in history grew out of a proposal for an encyclopedia of the Black Death that followed two volumes I wrote for Greenwood Press on the second plague pandemic. Greenwood’s editors were correct to suggest a much broader, interdisciplinary work, given that existing works on the history of epidemic disease tended to be either chronological or topical by disease, or topical by place. Given the opportunity, I engaged a truly first-rate editorial board of medical historians, M.D.s, a microbiologist, and medical history librarians. With their indispensable help, I crafted a list of entries that would take the nonspecialist advanced high school or college student from the basics of bacteria and viruses, through the intricacies of the human body and immunity to disease, to the major infectious diseases (and some others of growing relevance). Historical outbreaks constituted a second category of entries. We chose the major pandemics of plague, influenza, and cholera, of course, but we also included more tightly focused outbreaks that allowed for a closer analysis of the phenomena, their impacts, and the ways people dealt with them. A third major group of articles, we felt, needed to discuss the range of care-giving and treatments that developed independently of or in response to the great disease outbreaks. Physicians, nurses, pharmacists, hospitals, leprosaria, sanatoria, as well as sulfa drugs and antibiotics found their places in these pages. Related to these entries are those outlining major theories of disease and medicine that dictated cultural responses to epidemic disease. Desiring to be synthetic as well as specific in coverage, we decided to commission a series of longer entries on historical (and contemporary) factors that have affected the emergence and spread of epidemic diseases. Some of these are natural (air, water, the environment) but many are social, economic, and political: colonialism, war, poverty, urbanization, and the sexual revolution, for example. A final broad category covers effects or responses to disease, including media and artistic responses, international health organizations, and effects on personal liberties. We chose these categories and topics with a view to both the basics and to geographical and chronological diversity. We make no claims of completeness or comprehensiveness but do hope that we have provided a variety of materials that will stimulate and aid research, both informing and leading the reader to other fruitful sources. To aid internal searching, we have provided an alphabetical list of all entries in the front matter, as well as an index at the end of Volume 2. Each entry includes a list of related entries under “See also,” while terms with their own entries that appear in the text are boldfaced for easy identification. Arcing across the nearly 300 articles are certain themes that should serve a student well: colonialism, war, the development of Western medicine, the roles of migration and modern globalization, and the continuing plight and challenges of much of the underdeveloped world in the face of established and emerging diseases. We have chosen some of these themes and grouped relevant entries in the Guide to Related Topics that follows the List of Entries in the front matter. Entries have been written and edited for use by students with minimal backgrounds in biology, and a glossary of predominantly biomedical terms has been appended. Each entry has a list of suggested readings, and many have useful Websites. A broad bibliography of Websites, books, and articles appears at the end of Volume 2. In acknowledging my own debts to those who made this work possible, I would like to begin with the 101 authors from around the world who lent this project their time and expertise. The outstanding credentials of our editorial board members—Ann Carmichael, Katharine Donahue, John Parascandola, Christopher Ryland, and William Summers— are listed elsewhere, but let me assure the reader that without their contributions from conception to final editing, these volumes would have but a fraction of their merit. Each has gone well beyond any contractual obligations, each in his or her own ways, and any and all flaws are mine alone. Greenwood Press has provided me with a very helpful and supportive editor in Mariah Gumpert who has overseen this work from start to finish. I also wish to acknowledge the local efforts of Sarah Bennett, who developed the illustration program for the encyclopedia, Rebecca and Elizabeth Repasky who compiled the glossary and edited portions of the text, and Elizabeth Schriner who gathered many of the Website citations scattered about these pages. Finally, I wish to thank Belmont University, my home institution, for providing me with the academic leave and many of the means necessary to pull this project together.

Encyclopedia of Pestilence-Pandemicss and Plaques, Joseph P. Byrne, 2008

Encyclopedia of Pestilence-Pandemicss and Plaques

Author: Greenwood Press

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 917

View: 8482

This encyclopedia of infectious diseases in history grew out of a proposal for an encyclopedia of the Black Death that followed two volumes I wrote for Greenwood Press on the second plague pandemic. Greenwood’s editors were correct to suggest a much broader, interdisciplinary work, given that existing works on the history of epidemic disease tended to be either chronological or topical by disease, or topical by place. Given the opportunity, I engaged a truly first-rate editorial board of medical historians, M.D.s, a microbiologist, and medical history librarians. With their indispensable help, I crafted a list of entries that would take the nonspecialist advanced high school or college student from the basics of bacteria and viruses, through the intricacies of the human body and immunity to disease, to the major infectious diseases (and some others of growing relevance). Historical outbreaks constituted a second category of entries. We chose the major pandemics of plague, influenza, and cholera, of course, but we also included more tightly focused outbreaks that allowed for a closer analysis of the phenomena, their impacts, and the ways people dealt with them. A third major group of articles, we felt, needed to discuss the range of care-giving and treatments that developed independently of or in response to the great disease outbreaks. Physicians, nurses, pharmacists, hospitals, leprosaria, sanatoria, as well as sulfa drugs and antibiotics found their places in these pages. Related to these entries are those outlining major theories of disease and medicine that dictated cultural responses to epidemic disease. Desiring to be synthetic as well as specific in coverage, we decided to commission a series of longer entries on historical (and contemporary) factors that have affected the emergence and spread of epidemic diseases. Some of these are natural (air, water, the environment) but many are social, economic, and political: colonialism, war, poverty, urbanization, and the sexual revolution, for example. A final broad category covers effects or responses to disease, including media and artistic responses, international health organizations, and effects on personal liberties. We chose these categories and topics with a view to both the basics and to geographical and chronological diversity. We make no claims of completeness or comprehensiveness but do hope that we have provided a variety of materials that will stimulate and aid research, both informing and leading the reader to other fruitful sources. To aid internal searching, we have provided an alphabetical list of all entries in the front matter, as well as an index at the end of Volume 2. Each entry includes a list of related entries under “See also,” while terms with their own entries that appear in the text are boldfaced for easy identification. Arcing across the nearly 300 articles are certain themes that should serve a student well: colonialism, war, the development of Western medicine, the roles of migration and modern globalization, and the continuing plight and challenges of much of the underdeveloped world in the face of established and emerging diseases. We have chosen some of these themes and grouped relevant entries in the Guide to Related Topics that follows the List of Entries in the front matter. Entries have been written and edited for use by students with minimal backgrounds in biology, and a glossary of predominantly biomedical terms has been appended. Each entry has a list of suggested readings, and many have useful Websites. A broad bibliography of Websites, books, and articles appears at the end of Volume 2. In acknowledging my own debts to those who made this work possible, I would like to begin with the 101 authors from around the world who lent this project their time and expertise. The outstanding credentials of our editorial board members—Ann Carmichael, Katharine Donahue, John Parascandola, Christopher Ryland, and William Summers— are listed elsewhere, but let me assure the reader that without their contributions from conception to final editing, these volumes would have but a fraction of their merit. Each has gone well beyond any contractual obligations, each in his or her own ways, and any and all flaws are mine alone. Greenwood Press has provided me with a very helpful and supportive editor in Mariah Gumpert who has overseen this work from start to finish. I also wish to acknowledge the local efforts of Sarah Bennett, who developed the illustration program for the encyclopedia, Rebecca and Elizabeth Repasky who compiled the glossary and edited portions of the text, and Elizabeth Schriner who gathered many of the Website citations scattered about these pages. Finally, I wish to thank Belmont University, my home institution, for providing me with the academic leave and many of the means necessary to pull this project together Pandemics, epidemics, and infectious diseases have long been the deadliest challenges to human existence, greatly outstripping wars, accidents, and chronic diseases as a cause of mortality. They have filled history books and have been woven into the fabric of popular and religious culture: examples include the Pharaonic “plagues” of the Old Testament and the many later “plagues” of ancient Greece and Rome; the writings of Boccaccio, Machaut, and Petrarch about the Black Death; Daniel Defoe’s long-running 1722 best seller memorializing London’s 1665 plague epidemic, A Journal of the Plague Year; and the dying consumptive heroines of Dumas and Murger, widely read and then reimagined operatically in La Traviata and La Bohème. Much about infectious diseases has changed in the modern era, with the availability of vaccines, antimicrobial therapy and other interventions; however, much remains eerily familiar. We still face the unpredictable appearance of new diseases such as SARS, H5N1 avian influenza, and HIV/AIDS. We still read and see and listen to the plague artistry of earlier times, with the same morbid fascination, but we also find and cherish contemporary “plague art.” Popular histories about epidemics continue to become best sellers, such as John Barry’s The Great Influenza, about the 1918–1919 pandemic. Outbreak, a film about a deadly viral pandemic threat, has been seen by millions of people and remains popular more than a decade after its 1995 release. “Andromeda strain,” taken from the title of a 1969 book about a potentially world-ending pandemic, has even entered the standard English vocabulary. Although a deep-seated public fascination with plagues, pestilences, and pandemics is obvious, many encyclopedic works on the subject already sit on library shelves. Is there anything new to say in 2008 that has not already been said countless times before? I think the answer is a resounding Yes. Our understanding of infectious diseases has grown steadily in the past two decades, thanks in large part to the new tools of molecular biology. Much of this new knowledge is incorporated into the entries in this encyclopedia.

Health and Medical Geography, Fourth Edition

Author: Michael Emch,Elisabeth Dowling Root,Margaret Carrel

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462520065

Category: Social Science

Page: 517

View: 9314

Why are rainfall, carcinogens, and primary care physicians distributed unevenly over space? The fourth edition of the leading text in the field has been updated and reorganized to cover the latest developments in disease ecology and health promotion across the globe. The book accessibly introduces the core questions and perspectives of health and medical geography and presents cutting-edge techniques of mapping and spatial analysis. It explores the intersecting genetic, ecological, behavioral, cultural, and socioeconomic processes that underlie patterns of health and disease in particular places, including how new diseases and epidemics emerge. Geographic dimensions of health care access and service provision are addressed. More than 100 figures include 16 color plates; most are available as PowerPoint slides at the companion website. New to This Edition: *Chapters on the political ecology of health; emerging infectious diseases and landscape genetics; food, diet, and nutrition; and urban health. *Coverage of Middle East respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika; impacts on health of global climate chan≥ contaminated water crises in economically developed countries, including in Flint, Michigan; China's rapid industrial growth; and other timely topics. *Updated throughout with current data and concepts plus advances in GIS. Pedagogical Features: *End-of-chapter review questions and suggestions for further reading. *Section Introductions that describe each chapter. *"Quick Reviews"--within-chapter recaps of key concepts. *Bold-faced key terms and an end-of-book glossary.

Ich will kein Inmich mehr sein

Author: Birger Sellin

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462309536

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 240

View: 8260

Seit seinem Erscheinen erfährt dieses Buch große Aufmerksamkeit. Der damals 20-jährige Birger Sellin, autistisch behindert und jahrelang verstummt, schreibt Texte von ungeahnter Schönheit. »Hier wird um Sprache gerungen. Hier führt mir einer unter Schmerzen vor, was Schreiben eigentlich heißt«, schreibt Peter Bichsel über Sellins Buch, das immer wieder neue Leser findet.

Längengrad

Die wahre Geschichte eines einsamen Genies, welches das größte wissenschaftliche Problem seiner Zeit löste

Author: Dava Sobel

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827072360

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 240

View: 5702

John Harrison, ein schottischer Uhrmacher, setzte sich ein ehrgeiziges und unmöglich erscheinendes Ziel: eine Methode zu ersinnen, die es Seeleuten ermöglicht, den genauen Längengrad ihrer Position auf See zu bestimmen. Über vierzig Jahre arbeitete Harrison wie besessen an der Herstellung eines perfekten Chronometers und kam schließlich — trotz Missgunst und zahlreicher Anfeindungen — zum Erfolg. Dava Sobels in luzider Prosa erzählte Geschichte dieser wissenschaftlichen Gralssuche wurde ein überwältigender internationaler Erfolg.

Deckname Dora

Author: Sándor Radó

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 441

View: 9152


ARC User

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geographic information systems

Page: N.A

View: 730


Fleisch und Stein

der Körper und die Stadt in der westlichen Zivilisation

Author: Richard Sennett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518391693

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 523

View: 9006

"Fleisch und Stein" ist eine neue Geschichte der Stadt in der westlichen Kultur. Ihr Thema ist das Verhältnis des Steins, der Gebäude und Strassen, zum Fleisch, zu den Menschen und ihren Bedürfnissen. Der Autor geht dabei von sehr einfachen Fragen aus: Was bedeutet der Schutz der Mauern für die Einwohner der Stadt? Wie bilden sich Sehnsüchte und Bedürfnisse der Menschen in ihren Bauten ab? Die körperliche Erfahrung der Menschen hat die Geschichte der Stadt bestimmt: wie Frauen und Männer sich in den Strassen bewegten, was sie gesehen und gehört haben, wo sie assen, wie sie sich kleideten, wann sie sich wuschen und wo sie sich liebten. Im ersten Teil gibt der Autor unter anderem einen Einblick in die Stadt und das Leben der Griechen (ab dem Jahre 431 vor Chr.) und der Römer. Er schreibt seine Texte so, dass die Leser das Gefühl haben, mit ihm selbst durch die alten Strassen zu wandeln, das griechische "Gymnasium " zu besuchen und am Leben der Stadt teilzuhaben. Er erklärt mit Hilfe verschiedenster Theorien, wie zum Beispiel die unterschiedlichen Stellungen in der Gesellschaft von Männern, Frauen und Sklaven begründet wurde und wie sich die Stadt mit ihrem gesamten Leben mit der Zeit veränderte. In seinem zweiten Teil schreibt er über Paris und über das jüdische Ghetto im Venedig der Renaissance. In seinem dritten und letzten Teil nimmt er die Stadt London noch hinzu.

Disease & Geography

The History of an Idea

Author: Frank A. Barrett,Atkinson College. Dept. of Geography

Publisher: Atkinson College, Department of Geography

ISBN: 9781550143966

Category: Medical

Page: 571

View: 5815


Broken Monsters

Author: Lauren Beukes

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644542619

Category: Fiction

Page: 544

View: 1768

Detroit – Symbol für den Tod des American Dream. Zwischen Industrieruinen und Kunstprojekten geschieht Grässliches. Menschen werden ermordet und zu «Kunstwerken» arrangiert: ein Junge mit menschlichem Oberkörper und den Beinen eines Rehs. Eine Keramikkünstlerin als grausige Tonskulptur. Detective Gabriella Versado hat schon vieles gesehen, doch so etwas noch nie. Sie ahnt nicht, dass sie es mit einem Monster zu tun hat – mit jemandem, der von dem brutalen Traum besessen ist, die Welt nach seiner Vision neu zu erschaffen. Und der vor nichts zurückschreckt, um diesen Traum wahr werden zu lassen. «Niemals weniger als absolut fesselnd.» (Val McDermid) «Furchterregend und hypnotisch. Ich konnte es nicht aus der Hand legen – an Ihrer Stelle würde ich es mir sofort besorgen und lesen!» (Stephen King) «Im Ernst: Was für eine brillante Krimi-Phantasmagorie!!!! Dieser umwerfende Roman ist das neue Standardwerk zum urbanen Verfall. Jetzt lesen!» (James Ellroy) «Im allerbesten Sinne verstörend ... Eine Serienkillergeschichte, wie es sie noch nie gegeben hat.» (Kirkus Review) «Ein durchtrieben fieser Thriller, der wie wenige andere den Leser zum Nachdenken bringt.» (Telegraph) «Ein überragender Roman, voll lebendiger Figuren und fesselnder Dialoge.» (Times UK) «Nie voyeuristisch, nie oberflächlich, nie unkompliziert: Beukes zeigt, dass Horror der einzig mögliche Weg sein kann, unsere Realität begreifbar zu machen.» (The Guardian) «Ein ungewöhnlicher und packender Thriller.» (Sunday Express) «Ein grauenerregender Spannungsroman, der die Opfer in den Mittelpunkt stellt.» (Marie Claire) «Wie ein Ermittlerkrimi auf Halluzinogenen – brutal und hoch unterhaltsam.» (Evening Standard) «Beukes ist eine unwiderstehliche Erzählerin, die starke Figuren erschafft.» (Metro)

Peregrinatio in terram sanctam

Author: Bernhard von Breydenbach

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110209519

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 846

View: 3116

The incunabulum Peregrinatio in terram sanctam by Bernhard von Breydenbach, which appeared in 1486, is the first printed and illustrated travelogue. It provides one of the most important sources for studying medieval contact between religions on the threshold of the Modern Age. Besides sketches in the form of diary entries, theological reflections and precise observations of countries and peoples, the text also contains an agitational polemic on Islam, which bears witness to the horror felt in Christendom at the Turkish conquest of Constantinople. The present edition is the first to present the complete Early New High German text with a translation.