Building Evolutionary Architectures

Support Constant Change

Author: Neal Ford,Rebecca Parsons,Patrick Kua

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491986697

Category: Computers

Page: 190

View: 4818

The software development ecosystem is constantly changing, providing a constant stream of new tools, frameworks, techniques, and paradigms. Over the past few years, incremental developments in core engineering practices for software development have created the foundations for rethinking how architecture changes over time, along with ways to protect important architectural characteristics as it evolves. This practical guide ties those parts together with a new way to think about architecture and time.

Building Evolutionary Architectures

Support Constant Change

Author: Neal Ford,Rebecca Parsons,Patrick Kua

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491986328

Category: Computers

Page: 190

View: 4149

The software development ecosystem is constantly changing, providing a constant stream of new tools, frameworks, techniques, and paradigms. Over the past few years, incremental developments in core engineering practices for software development have created the foundations for rethinking how architecture changes over time, along with ways to protect important architectural characteristics as it evolves. This practical guide ties those parts together with a new way to think about architecture and time.

Building Microservices

Author: Sam Newman

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491950331

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 8187

Annotation Over the past 10 years, distributed systems have become more fine-grained. From the large multi-million line long monolithic applications, we are now seeing the benefits of smaller self-contained services. Rather than heavy-weight, hard to change Service Oriented Architectures, we are now seeing systems consisting of collaborating microservices. Easier to change, deploy, and if required retire, organizations which are in the right position to take advantage of them are yielding significant benefits. This book takes an holistic view of the things you need to be cognizant of in order to pull this off. It covers just enough understanding of technology, architecture, operations and organization to show you how to move towards finer-grained systems.

Evolutionary Architecture

Nature as a Basis for Design

Author: Eugene Tsui

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 360

View: 4647

About Eugene Tsui and evolutionary architecture . "Eugene Tsui is a polymath, a kind of genius.. His evolutionary ideas fit my image of a desirable, feasible future. The 21st century needs ideas like his that conserve space, energy, and materials without offending aesthetics." -Dr. Richard MeierProfessor of Architecture, Planning, and Environmental Design University of California, Berkeley "[Tsui's] drawings, models, and buildings look like buildings from a Spielberg film, circa 3000.. Eugene Tsui's designs defy the imagination. He is bringing a different view to architecture." -Rocky Leplin The Associated Press "Welcome to the evolutionary architecture of Eugene Tsui.a place where everything is possible, and the mind is constantly being tested and stimulated to open and explore yet another new opportunity.. Tsui's philosophy of architectural design goes against practically everything people have come to know about architecture." -Beverly R. Picache Asian Week Newspaper

Lean Architecture

for Agile Software Development

Author: James O. Coplien,Gertrud Bjørnvig

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470970138

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 5175

More and more Agile projects are seeking architectural roots as they struggle with complexity and scale - and they're seeking lightweight ways to do it Still seeking? In this book the authors help you to find your own path Taking cues from Lean development, they can help steer your project toward practices with longstanding track records Up-front architecture? Sure. You can deliver an architecture as code that compiles and that concretely guides development without bogging it down in a mass of documents and guesses about the implementation Documentation? Even a whiteboard diagram, or a CRC card, is documentation: the goal isn't to avoid documentation, but to document just the right things in just the right amount Process? This all works within the frameworks of Scrum, XP, and other Agile approaches

An Evolutionary Architecture

Author: John Frazer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architectural design

Page: 127

View: 3324

Evolutionary architecture attempts to evolve form and structure in emulation of the evolutionary processes of nature. It considers architecture as a form of artificial life. This approach has formed the basis for the author's teaching programme for AA Diploma Unit II.

Animal Architects

Building and the Evolution of Intelligence

Author: James L. Gould,Carol Grant Gould,L Gould

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 046502839X

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8990

Animal behavior has long been a battleground between the competing claims of nature and nurture, with the possible role of cognition in behavior as a recent addition to this debate. There is an untapped trove of behavioral data that can tell us a great deal about how the animals draw from these neural strategies: The structures animals build provide a superb window on the workings of the animal mind. Animal Architects examines animal architecture across a range of species, from those whose blueprints are largely innate (such as spiders and their webs) to those whose challenging structures seem to require intellectual insight, planning, and even aesthetics (such as bowerbirds’ nests, or beavers’ dams). Beginning with instinct and the simple homes of solitary insects, James and Carol Gould move on to conditioning; the “cognitive map” and how it evolved; and the role of planning and insight. Finally, they reflect on what animal building tells us about the nature of human intelligence-showing why humans, unlike many animals, need to build castles in the air.

Microservice Architecture

Aligning Principles, Practices, and Culture

Author: Irakli Nadareishvili,Ronnie Mitra,Matt McLarty,Mike Amundsen

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491956348

Category: Computers

Page: 146

View: 1224

Microservices can have a positive impact on your enterprise—just ask Amazon and Netflix—but you can fall into many traps if you don’t approach them in the right way. This practical guide covers the entire microservices landscape, including the principles, technologies, and methodologies of this unique, modular style of system building. You’ll learn about the experiences of organizations around the globe that have successfully adopted microservices. In three parts, this book explains how these services work and what it means to build an application the Microservices Way. You’ll explore a design-based approach to microservice architecture with guidance for implementing various elements. And you’ll get a set of recipes and practices for meeting practical, organizational, and cultural challenges to microservice adoption. Learn how microservices can help you drive business objectives Examine the principles, practices, and culture that define microservice architectures Explore a model for creating complex systems and a design process for building a microservice architecture Learn the fundamental design concepts for individual microservices Delve into the operational elements of a microservices architecture, including containers and service discovery Discover how to handle the challenges of introducing microservice architecture in your organization

Continuous Architecture

Sustainable Architecture in an Agile and Cloud-Centric World

Author: Murat Erder,Pierre Pureur

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128032855

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 9723

Continuous Architecture provides a broad architectural perspective for continuous delivery, and describes a new architectural approach that supports and enables it. As the pace of innovation and software releases increases, IT departments are tasked to deliver value quickly and inexpensively to their business partners. With a focus on getting software into end-users hands faster, the ultimate goal of daily software updates is in sight to allow teams to ensure that they can release every change to the system simply and efficiently. This book presents an architectural approach to support modern application delivery methods and provide a broader architectural perspective, taking architectural concerns into account when deploying agile or continuous delivery approaches. The authors explain how to solve the challenges of implementing continuous delivery at the project and enterprise level, and the impact on IT processes including application testing, software deployment and software architecture. Covering the application of enterprise and software architecture concepts to the Agile and Continuous Delivery models Explains how to create an architecture that can evolve with applications Incorporates techniques including refactoring, architectural analysis, testing, and feedback-driven development Provides insight into incorporating modern software development when structuring teams and organizations

Design It!

From Programmer to Software Architect

Author: Michael Keeling

Publisher: Pragmatic Bookshelf

ISBN: 1680503448

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 2585

Don't engineer by coincidence-design it like you mean it! Filled with practical techniques, Design It! is the perfect introduction to software architecture for programmers who are ready to grow their design skills. Lead your team as a software architect, ask the right stakeholders the right questions, explore design options, and help your team implement a system that promotes the right -ilities. Share your design decisions, facilitate collaborative design workshops that are fast, effective, and fun-and develop more awesome software! With dozens of design methods, examples, and practical know-how, Design It! shows you how to become a software architect. Walk through the core concepts every architect must know, discover how to apply them, and learn a variety of skills that will make you a better programmer, leader, and designer. Uncover the big ideas behind software architecture and gain confidence working on projects big and small. Plan, design, implement, and evaluate software architectures and collaborate with your team, stakeholders, and other architects. Identify the right stakeholders and understand their needs, dig for architecturally significant requirements, write amazing quality attribute scenarios, and make confident decisions. Choose technologies based on their architectural impact, facilitate architecture-centric design workshops, and evaluate architectures using lightweight, effective methods. Write lean architecture descriptions people love to read. Run an architecture design studio, implement the architecture you've designed, and grow your team's architectural knowledge. Good design requires good communication. Talk about your software architecture with stakeholders using whiteboards, documents, and code, and apply architecture-focused design methods in your day-to-day practice. Hands-on exercises, real-world scenarios, and practical team-based decision-making tools will get everyone on board and give you the experience you need to become a confident software architect.

Production-Ready Microservices

Building Standardized Systems Across an Engineering Organization

Author: Susan J. Fowler

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491965940

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 5127

One of the biggest challenges for organizations that have adopted microservice architecture is the lack of architectural, operational, and organizational standardization. After splitting a monolithic application or building a microservice ecosystem from scratch, many engineers are left wondering what’s next. In this practical book, author Susan Fowler presents a set of microservice standards in depth, drawing from her experience standardizing over a thousand microservices at Uber. You’ll learn how to design microservices that are stable, reliable, scalable, fault tolerant, performant, monitored, documented, and prepared for any catastrophe. Explore production-readiness standards, including: Stability and Reliability: develop, deploy, introduce, and deprecate microservices; protect against dependency failures Scalability and Performance: learn essential components for achieving greater microservice efficiency Fault Tolerance and Catastrophe Preparedness: ensure availability by actively pushing microservices to fail in real time Monitoring: learn how to monitor, log, and display key metrics; establish alerting and on-call procedures Documentation and Understanding: mitigate tradeoffs that come with microservice adoption, including organizational sprawl and technical debt

Refactoring Databases

Evolutionary Database Design

Author: Scott W. Ambler,Pramod J. Sadalage

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780321630179

Category: Computers

Page: 384

View: 9150

Refactoring has proven its value in a wide range of development projects–helping software professionals improve system designs, maintainability, extensibility, and performance. Now, for the first time, leading agile methodologist Scott Ambler and renowned consultant Pramodkumar Sadalage introduce powerful refactoring techniques specifically designed for database systems. Ambler and Sadalage demonstrate how small changes to table structures, data, stored procedures, and triggers can significantly enhance virtually any database design–without changing semantics. You’ll learn how to evolve database schemas in step with source code–and become far more effective in projects relying on iterative, agile methodologies. This comprehensive guide and reference helps you overcome the practical obstacles to refactoring real-world databases by covering every fundamental concept underlying database refactoring. Using start-to-finish examples, the authors walk you through refactoring simple standalone database applications as well as sophisticated multi-application scenarios. You’ll master every task involved in refactoring database schemas, and discover best practices for deploying refactorings in even the most complex production environments. The second half of this book systematically covers five major categories of database refactorings. You’ll learn how to use refactoring to enhance database structure, data quality, and referential integrity; and how to refactor both architectures and methods. This book provides an extensive set of examples built with Oracle and Java and easily adaptable for other languages, such as C#, C++, or VB.NET, and other databases, such as DB2, SQL Server, MySQL, and Sybase. Using this book’s techniques and examples, you can reduce waste, rework, risk, and cost–and build database systems capable of evolving smoothly, far into the future.

Reactive Systems Architecture

Designing and Implementing an Entire Distributed System

Author: Jan Machacek,Anirvan Chakraborty

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781491980712

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 7317

Distributed systems have helped application development teams deal with failures, downtime, and poor scaling, but these systems bring technical challenges of their own. With this unique cookbook, system architects will get a detailed understanding of reactive systems, along with proven recipes for dealing with different architectural issues. Each self-contained chapter covers the architecture of an entire reactive system, and--since these systems share many of the same architectural issues--each chapter also focuses on a particular area, such as delivery semantics or monitoring & tracing, with detailed solutions for problems that commonly arise. Learn the architecture and implementation tips for an entire reactive microservices-based system in each chapter Understand the challenges of long-term running and evolution of your distributed system Explore different failure modes of distributed systems and the approaches to address them Learn about proper site reliability and production readiness

The Productive Programmer

Author: Neal Ford

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 9780596551865

Category: Computers

Page: 226

View: 7499

Anyone who develops software for a living needs a proven way to produce it better, faster, and cheaper. The Productive Programmer offers critical timesaving and productivity tools that you can adopt right away, no matter what platform you use. Master developer Neal Ford not only offers advice on the mechanics of productivity-how to work smarter, spurn interruptions, get the most out your computer, and avoid repetition-he also details valuable practices that will help you elude common traps, improve your code, and become more valuable to your team. You'll learn to: Write the test before you write the code Manage the lifecycle of your objects fastidiously Build only what you need now, not what you might need later Apply ancient philosophies to software development Question authority, rather than blindly adhere to standards Make hard things easier and impossible things possible through meta-programming Be sure all code within a method is at the same level of abstraction Pick the right editor and assemble the best tools for the job This isn't theory, but the fruits of Ford's real-world experience as an Application Architect at the global IT consultancy ThoughtWorks. Whether you're a beginner or a pro with years of experience, you'll improve your work and your career with the simple and straightforward principles in The Productive Programmer.

How Buildings Learn

What Happens After They're Built

Author: Stewart Brand

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101562641

Category: Architecture

Page: 252

View: 3442

Buildings have often been studies whole in space, but never before have they been studied whole in time. How Buildings Learn is a masterful new synthesis that proposes that buildings adapt best when constantly refined and reshaped by their occupants, and that architects can mature from being artists of space to becoming artists of time. From the connected farmhouses of New England to I.M. Pei's Media Lab, from "satisficing" to "form follows funding," from the evolution of bungalows to the invention of Santa Fe Style, from Low Road military surplus buildings to a High Road English classic like Chatsworth—this is a far-ranging survey of unexplored essential territory. More than any other human artifacts, buildings improve with time—if they're allowed to. How Buildings Learn shows how to work with time rather than against it.

Emergent Design

The Evolutionary Nature of Professional Software Development

Author: Scott Bain

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780321889065

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 1363

For software to consistently deliver promised results, software development must mature into a true profession. Emergent Design points the way. As software continues to evolve and mature, software development processes become more complicated, relying on a variety of methodologies and approaches. This book illuminates the path to building the next generation of software. Author Scott L. Bain integrates the best of today's most important development disciplines into a unified, streamlined, realistic, and fully actionable approach to developing software. Drawing on patterns, refactoring, and test-driven development, Bain offers a blueprint for moving efficiently through the entire software lifecycle, smoothly managing change, and consistently delivering systems that are robust, reliable, and cost-effective. Reflecting a deep understanding of the natural flow of system development, Emergent Design helps developers work with the flow, instead of against it. Bain introduces the principles and practices of emergent design one step at a time, showing how to promote the natural evolution of software systems over time, making systems work better and provide greater value. To illuminate his approach, Bain presents code examples wherever necessary and concludes with a complete project case study. This book provides developers, project leads, and testers powerful new ways to collaborate, achieve immediate goals, and build systems that improve in quality with each iteration. Coverage includes How to design software in a more natural, evolutionary, and professional way How to use the “open-closed” principle to mitigate risks and eliminate waste How and when to test your design throughout the development process How to translate design principles into practices that actually lead to better code How to determine how much design is enough How refactoring can help you reduce over-design and manage change more effectively The book's companion Web site, www.netobjectives.com/resources, provides updates, links to related materials, and support for discussions of the book's content.

Beautiful Architecture

Leading Thinkers Reveal the Hidden Beauty in Software Design

Author: Diomidis Spinellis,Georgios Gousios

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596554397

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 730

What are the ingredients of robust, elegant, flexible, and maintainable software architecture? Beautiful Architecture answers this question through a collection of intriguing essays from more than a dozen of today's leading software designers and architects. In each essay, contributors present a notable software architecture, and analyze what makes it innovative and ideal for its purpose. Some of the engineers in this book reveal how they developed a specific project, including decisions they faced and tradeoffs they made. Others take a step back to investigate how certain architectural aspects have influenced computing as a whole. With this book, you'll discover: How Facebook's architecture is the basis for a data-centric application ecosystem The effect of Xen's well-designed architecture on the way operating systems evolve How community processes within the KDE project help software architectures evolve from rough sketches to beautiful systems How creeping featurism has helped GNU Emacs gain unanticipated functionality The magic behind the Jikes RVM self-optimizable, self-hosting runtime Design choices and building blocks that made Tandem the choice platform in high-availability environments for over two decades Differences and similarities between object-oriented and functional architectural views How architectures can affect the software's evolution and the developers' engagement Go behind the scenes to learn what it takes to design elegant software architecture, and how it can shape the way you approach your own projects, with Beautiful Architecture.

Just Enough Software Architecture

A Risk-Driven Approach

Author: George Fairbanks

Publisher: Marshall & Brainerd

ISBN: 0984618104

Category: Computers

Page: 376

View: 9731

This is a practical guide for software developers, and different than other software architecture books. Here's why: It teaches risk-driven architecting. There is no need for meticulous designs when risks are small, nor any excuse for sloppy designs when risks threaten your success. This book describes a way to do just enough architecture. It avoids the one-size-fits-all process tar pit with advice on how to tune your design effort based on the risks you face. It democratizes architecture. This book seeks to make architecture relevant to all software developers. Developers need to understand how to use constraints as guiderails that ensure desired outcomes, and how seemingly small changes can affect a system's properties. It cultivates declarative knowledge. There is a difference between being able to hit a ball and knowing why you are able to hit it, what psychologists refer to as procedural knowledge versus declarative knowledge. This book will make you more aware of what you have been doing and provide names for the concepts. It emphasizes the engineering. This book focuses on the technical parts of software development and what developers do to ensure the system works not job titles or processes. It shows you how to build models and analyze architectures so that you can make principled design tradeoffs. It describes the techniques software designers use to reason about medium to large sized problems and points out where you can learn specialized techniques in more detail. It provides practical advice. Software design decisions influence the architecture and vice versa. The approach in this book embraces drill-down/pop-up behavior by describing models that have various levels of abstraction, from architecture to data structure design.

An Introduction to Enterprise Architecture

Third Edition

Author: Scott A. Bernard

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781477258019

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 340

View: 7696

An Introduction to Enterprise Architecture is the culmination of several decades of experience that I have gained through work initially as an information technology manager and then as a consultant to executives in the public and private sectors. I wrote this book for three major reasons: (1) to help move business and technology planning from a systems and process-level view to a more strategy-driven enterprise-level view, (2) to promote and explain the emerging profession of EA, and (3) to provide the first textbook on the subject of EA, which is suitable for graduate and undergraduate levels of study. To date, other books on EA have been practitioner books not specifically oriented toward a student who may be learning the subject with little to no previous exposure. Therefore, this book contains references to related academic research and industry best practices, as well as my own observations about potential future practices and the direction of this emerging profession.

Architecting for Scale

High Availability for Your Growing Applications

Author: Lee Atchison

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491943416

Category: Computers

Page: 230

View: 9552

Every day, companies struggle to scale critical applications. As traffic volume and data demands increase, these applications become more complicated and brittle, exposing risks and compromising availability. This practical guide shows IT, devops, and system reliability managers how to prevent an application from becoming slow, inconsistent, or downright unavailable as it grows. Scaling isn’t just about handling more users; it’s also about managing risk and ensuring availability. Author Lee Atchison provides basic techniques for building applications that can handle huge quantities of traffic, data, and demand without affecting the quality your customers expect. In five parts, this book explores: Availability: learn techniques for building highly available applications, and for tracking and improving availability going forward Risk management: identify, mitigate, and manage risks in your application, test your recovery/disaster plans, and build out systems that contain fewer risks Services and microservices: understand the value of services for building complicated applications that need to operate at higher scale Scaling applications: assign services to specific teams, label the criticalness of each service, and devise failure scenarios and recovery plans Cloud services: understand the structure of cloud-based services, resource allocation, and service distribution