Bowling Alone

The Collapse and Revival of American Community

Author: Robert D. Putnam

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743203046

Category: History

Page: 541

View: 3673

Shows how changes in work, family structure, women's roles, and other factors have caused people to become increasingly disconnected from family, friends, neighbors, and democratic structures--and how they may reconnect.

Bowling Alone

Author: Elizabeth Morrow,Lindsay Scorgie-Porter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351352016

Category: Political Science

Page: 95

View: 6920

American political scientist Robert Putnam wasn’t the first person to recognize that social capital – the relationships between people that allow communities to function well – is the grease that oils the wheels of society. But by publishing Bowling Alone, he moved the debate from one primarily concerned with family and individual relationships one that studied the social capital generated by people’s engagement with the civic life. Putnam drew heavily on the critical thinking skill of interpretation in shaping his work. He took fresh looks at the meaning of evidence that other scholars had made too many assumptions about, and was scrupulous in clarifying what his evidence was really saying. He found that strong social capital has the power to boost health, lower unemployment, and improve life in major ways. As such, any decrease in civic engagement could create serious consequences for society. Putnam’s interpretation of these issues led him to the understanding that if America is to thrive, its citizens must connect.

A critical evaluation of Robert Putnam’s “Bowling Alone: America’s declining Social Capital”

Author: Jan-David Franke

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656400172

Category: Political Science

Page: 13

View: 1316

Essay from the year 2012 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: USA, grade: 1.0, Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH, course: Civic Networks & Social Capital, language: English, abstract: This paper critically evaluates Robert Putnam’s “Bowling Alone: America’s declining social capital”, published in 1995 in the Journal of Democracy, both empirically and theoretically. It counterchecks the empirical findings by Putnam based on data from the WorldValuesSurvey of 2006 and thereby also provides an updated view on Putnam's claim of declining social capital in the United States. Subsequentially Putnam's theory is put into contrast with and linked to works by Granovetter (1973), Dalton (2008); Fischer (2001); Fischer & Hout (2006); Stolle, Hooghe & Micheletti (2005); Kadushin (2004).

Social Capital

Critical Perspectives on Community and "Bowling Alone"

Author: Scott L. McLean,David A. Schultz,Manfred B. Steger

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814798144

Category: Political Science

Page: 295

View: 3563

"Social Capital is an important crtique that should stimulate further analysis and dicussion of what constitutes community." — New Political Science "The reader emerges with a good sense of the gaps in Putnam's work- or more appropriately in the context of this book, the way in which the 'feelgood' factor of Putnam's work deserves critical analysis." —Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations This collection tackles the theme of isolation and the breakdown of mediating social institutions. It is, in part, a response to Robert Putnam's Bowling Alone as well as an attempt to create a broader idea of civil society. These original essays contribute to the examination of democratic theory and practice, exploring one of the most popular causes of this decline in public trust—social capital. These critical essays are written by specialists and scholars in American politics and American political thought. They utilize diverse methodologies—empirical and philosophical—and multiple perspectives to examine critically the social capital discourse and how it is related to political participation, civic engagement, and American democracy.

Virtual Communities

Bowling Alone, Online Together

Author: Felicia Wu Song

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433103957

Category: Computers

Page: 178

View: 3724

Does contemporary Internet technology strengthen civic engagement and democratic practice? The recent surge in online community participation has become a cultural phenomenon enmeshed in ongoing debates about the health of American civil society. But observations about online communities often concentrate on ascertaining the true nature of community and democracy, typically rehearsing familiar communitarian and liberal perspectives. This book seeks to understand the technology on its own terms, focusing on how the technological and organizational configurations of online communities frame our contemporary beliefs and assumptions about community and the individual. It analyzes key structural features of thirty award-winning online community websites to show that while the values of individual autonomy, egalitarianism, and freedom of speech dominate the discursive content of these communities, the practical realities of online life are clearly marked by exclusivity and the demands of commercialization and corporate surveillance. Promises of social empowerment are framed within consumer and therapeutic frameworks that undermine their democratic efficacy. As a result, online communities fail to revolutionize the civic landscape because they create cultures of membership that epitomize the commodification of community and public life altogether.

Klassiker der Sozialwissenschaften

100 Schlüsselwerke im Portrait

Author: Samuel Salzborn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658132132

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 8313

Der vorliegende Band stellt 100 zentrale Titel vor und liefert einerseits Stichworte zu Leben und Gesamtwerk der AutorInnen, legt andererseits den zentralen Fokus auf das Schlüsselwerk, dessen Titel man in jedem Studium hören wird, der als geflügeltes Wort durch die Feuilletons geistert und zahlreiche Reden schmückt. Es gibt sozialwissenschaftliche Werke, die muss man kennen: egal, ob man Soziologie oder Politikwissenschaft, Sozialpsychologie, Ethnologie, Erziehungswissenschaft oder Geschlechterforschung studiert oder sich für sozialwissenschaftliche Fragestellungen aus dem Blickwinkel affiner Fächer wie Geschichte, Rechtswissenschaft oder Philosophie interessiert. Der Band soll die (Lese-)Lust an den sozialwissenschaftlichen Klassikern (neu) wecken und „Appetit“ auf das Gesamtwerk einzelner AutorInnen machen.​

Educating Democracy

Alexis de Tocqueville and Leadership in America

Author: Brian Danoff

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438429630

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 4255

Revisionist analysis of the role of strong leadership in democracies, drawing primarily upon the work of Alexis de Tocqueville.

Bowling together

Clan, Clique, Community und die Strukturprinzipien des Sozialkapitals

Author: Kai Brauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322805948

Category: Social Science

Page: 339

View: 1667

Kai Brauer analysiert eine Kernfrage der Sozialkapitaldebatte: Wie ist bürgerschaftliches Engagement unter den Vorzeichen von Individualisierung und ökonomischer Krise möglich? Der Autor hat eine Community Study in Clanton, Iowa durchgeführt. Diese ethnographische Studie eines erfolgreichen Falles zivilen Engagements macht deutlich, dass die den Ort prägenden Clans und Cliquen keineswegs in traditionalen Ligaturen gefangen sind, sondern selber als Bestandteile des Individualisierungsprozesses wirken. Zur Definition und Förderung von bürgerschaftlichem Engagement werden auf fallrekonstruktiver Basis Strukturprinzipien vorgeschlagen, die eigenständige Koordinaten bereitstellen. Diese lenken jenseits der Messung solidarischer Einstellungen und der Zählung von Vereinsmitgliedschaften den Blick auf die günstigsten Verfahren und Organisationsprinzipien zivilen Engagements.

Disaffected Democracies

What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries?

Author: Susan J. Pharr,Robert D. Putnam

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691186847

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2490

It is a notable irony that as democracy replaces other forms of governing throughout the world, citizens of the most established and prosperous democracies (the United States and Canada, Western European nations, and Japan) increasingly report dissatisfaction and frustration with their governments. Here, some of the most influential political scientists at work today examine why this is so in a volume unique in both its publication of original data and its conclusion that low public confidence in democratic leaders and institutions is a function of actual performance, changing expectations, and the role of information. The culmination of research projects directed by Robert Putnam through the Trilateral Commission and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, these papers present new data that allow more direct comparisons across national borders and more detailed pictures of trends within countries than previously possible. They show that citizen disaffection in the Trilateral democracies is not the result of frayed social fabric, economic insecurity, the end of the Cold War, or public cynicism. Rather, the contributors conclude, the trouble lies with governments and politics themselves. The sources of the problem include governments' diminished capacity to act in an interdependent world and a decline in institutional performance, in combination with new public expectations and uses of information that have altered the criteria by which people judge their governments. Although the authors diverge in approach, ideological affinity, and interpretation, they adhere to a unified framework and confine themselves to the last quarter of the twentieth century. This focus--together with the wealth of original research results and the uniform strength of the individual chapters--sets the volume above other efforts to address the important and increasingly international question of public dissatisfaction with democratic governance. This book will have obvious appeal for a broad audience of political scientists, politicians, policy wonks, and that still sizable group of politically minded citizens on both sides of the Atlantic and Pacific.

Bowling Online - Sozialkapital im Internet

Author: Sophia von Berg

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 365619789X

Category: Social Science

Page: 24

View: 7281

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Sozialwissenschaften allgemein, Note: 1,3, Universität zu Köln (Seminar für Sozialpolitik), Veranstaltung: Hauptseminar Sozialpolitik, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Robert D. Putnam beschreibt in seinem oft zitierten Buch „Bowling Alone“ die hohe Bedeutung des Sozialkapitals sowohl für den Einzelnen als auch für das Gemeinwohl. Schon im Titel seiner Arbeit klingt der von ihm konstatierte und bedauerte Rückgang an sozial bedeutsamen, gemeinsam ausgeübten Tätigkeiten an. Es liegt nahe, zu diesem Problemkomplex einmal näher die seit einigen Jahren rasant anwachsenden Sozialstrukturen des Internets zu betrachten. Bedeutet „Bowling Online“ auch „Bowling Alone“? Die vorliegende Arbeit geht daher der Frage nach, ob und gegebenenfalls in welcher Weise die Infrastruktur des Internets mit ihren verschiedensten Kommunikations- und Interaktionskanälen das soziale Kapital von Individuen beeinflusst. Dazu wird zunächst ein umfassender Überblick zur Sozialkapitaltheorie Putnams gegeben und auf Basis weiterer netzwerktheoretischer Ansätze eine dieser Arbeit zu Grunde gelegte Sozialkapital-Definition formuliert. Auf die Analyse aktueller Nutzerzahlen zum Internet folgt eine Darstellung spezifischer Online-Anwendungen unter Prüfung ihrer kommunikations- und interaktionsrelevanten Merkmale. Eine nähere Betrachtung der Besonderheiten von sozialen Beziehungen, Communities und Netzwerken im Internet knüpft an diese Ausführungen an und beleuchtet die zentralen Elemente der Online-Kommunikation, die sie von Formen der Offline-Kommunikation abgrenzen. Abschließend werden die im theoretischen Teil der Arbeit gewonnenen Erkenntnisse unter Bezugnahme auf die einleitende Fragestellung anhand aktueller empirischer Studien untersucht.

The Radical Reformission

Reaching Out without Selling Out

Author: Mark Driscoll

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 0310541409

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 2391

Reformation is the continual reforming of the mission of the church to enhance God’s command to reach out to others in a way that acknowledges the unique times and locations of daily life. This engaging book blends the integrity of respected theoreticians with the witty and practical insights of a pastor. It calls for a movement of missionaries to seek the lost across the street as well as across the globe.This basic primer on the interface between gospel and culture highlights the contrast between presentation evangelism and participation evangelism. It helps Christians navigate between the twin pitfalls of syncretism (being so culturally irrelevant that you lose your message) and sectarianism (being so culturally irrelevant that you lose your mission). Included are interviews with those who have crossed cultural barriers, such as a television producer, exotic dancer, tattoo studio owner, and band manager. The appendix represents eight portals into the future: population, family, health/medicine, creating, learning, sexuality, and religion.Mark Driscoll was recently featured on the ABC special The Changing of Worship.

Shopping for Meaningful Lives

The Religious Motive of Consumerism

Author: Bruce P. Rittenhouse

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621896048

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 7549

Consumerism is a problem. It deforms individual character, our sense of obligation to one another, and our concern for future generations and the environment. Even in the aftermath of the worst economic downturn in seventy years, it remains a defining feature of Western cultures. But, beyond this assessment, neither Christian theologians and ethicists nor secular economists and sociologists have understood what drives consumerism or what can be done to counteract it. This is the problem that Bruce P. Rittenhouse solves in Shopping for Meaningful Lives. Dr. Rittenhouse analyzes economic, sociological, and psychological evidence to prove that consumers behave differently than the current theories predict. Dr. Rittenhouse shows that consumerism functions as a religion. It provides a means of assurance that an individual life is meaningful. Because we need this assurance to live out our everyday lives, consumerism takes precedence over whatever other values a person professes--unless a person can adopt a different way to secure the meaning of his or her life. This interpretation explains how consumers actually behave. From the perspective of Christian theology, consumerism is a wrong answer to a problem of human existence that should be answered by faith in Christ.

Subject to Debate

Sense and Dissents on Women, Politics, and Culture

Author: Katha Pollitt

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 0307431878

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 3966

Subject to Debate, Katha Pollitt's column in The Nation, has offered readers clear-eyed yet provocative observations on women, politics, and culture for more than seven years. Bringing together eighty-eight of her most astute essays on hot-button topics like abortion, affirmative action, and school vouchers, this selection displays the full range of her indefatigable wit and brilliance. Her stirring new Introduction offers a seasoned critique of feminism at the millennium and is a clarion call for renewed activism against social injustice. From the Trade Paperback edition.