Blogs, Wikipedia, Second Life, and Beyond

From Production to Produsage

Author: Axel Bruns

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820488660

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 8861

We – the users turned creators and distributors of content – are TIME’s Person of the Year 2006, and AdAge’s Advertising Agency of the Year 2007. We form a new Generation C. We have MySpace, YouTube, and OurMedia; we run social software, and drive the development of Web 2.0. But beyond the hype, what’s really going on? In this groundbreaking exploration of our developing participatory online culture, Axel Bruns establishes the core principles which drive the rise of collaborative content creation in environments, from open source through blogs and Wikipedia to Second Life. This book shows that what’s emerging here is no longer just a new form of content production, but a new process for the continuous creation and extension of knowledge and art by collaborative communities: produsage. The implications of the gradual shift from production to produsage are profound, and will affect the very core of our culture, economy, society, and democracy.

Vernetzte Organisation

Author: Alexander Richter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486989561

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 374

View: 3547

Während der gesellschaftliche Wandel bereits wahrnehmbar durch digitale Medien katalysiert wird, kommen diese nun auch zunehmend in der Arbeitswelt zum Einsatz. Chancen und Risiken des neuen vernetzten Arbeitens sind bisher nur schwer überschaubar. Flexibleren Arbeitsweisen, zielgerichteter Kommunikation und effizienterem Wissenstransfer stehen individuelle Überforderung und Entgrenzungs-Phänomene gegenüber. Diese Phänomene lassen sich nicht klar voneinander trennen, sondern machen eine interdisziplinäre Betrachtung notwendig, bei der Experten aus unterschiedlichen Bereichen in Wissenschaft und Praxis zu Wort kommen. Im vorliegenden Buch sollen diese Sichtweisen nicht für sich stehen, sondern miteinander in Beziehung gebracht werden. Dr. Alexander Richter, Universität Zürich.

Die Piratenpartei

Author: Oskar Niedermayer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531194755

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 1769

Der Band bietet den Leserinnen und Lesern eine aktuelle und umfassende Bestandsaufnahme aller Aspekte, die für das Verständnis der Piratenpartei, ihrer bisherigen Erfolge und ihrer Zukunftsaussichten wichtig sind. Man erhält Einblick in die internationale Vorgeschichte und Gründung der Piratenpartei Deutschlands, ihr Werdegang bis zum Frühjahr 2012 wird verfolgt und es werden die verschiedenen Probleme aufgezeigt, denen sich die Piraten mittlerweile gegenübersehen. Man erfährt, wo die Wähler der Piraten herkommen, in welchen gesellschaftlichen Gruppen sie ihre Schwerpunkte haben, welche politischen Ansichten ihre Wähler vertreten und wie ihre bisherige parlamentarische Arbeit im Berliner Abgeordnetenhaus aussieht. Zudem werden ihre Organisationsstruktur, die Parteifinanzen und das politische Personal beleuchtet, ihre parteiinternen Kommunikations- und Willensbildungsprozesse und die Austauschprozesse mit den Wählerinnen und Wählern analysiert und das Selbstverständnis ihrer Mitglieder einschließlich der Genderproblematik untersucht. Die programmatische Entwicklung der Piraten ist ebenso Thema wie ihre Position im Rahmen der Konfliktlinien des Parteiensystems und die netzpolitischen Reaktionen der anderen Parteien.

Prosumer Revisited

Zur Aktualität einer Debatte

Author: Birgit Blättel-Mink,Kai-Uwe Hellmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531169354

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 7796

Papers from conference held March 2009 at the Wolfgang Goethe-Universit'at Frankfurt.

Virtually Sacred

Myth and Meaning in World of Warcraft and Second Life

Author: Robert M. Geraci

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199379971

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 9477

Millions of users have taken up residence in virtual worlds, and in those worlds they find opportunities to revisit and rewrite their religious lives. Robert M. Geraci argues that virtual worlds and video games have become a locus for the satisfaction of religious needs, providing many users with devoted communities, opportunities for ethical reflection, a meaningful experience of history and human activity, and a sense of transcendence. Using interviews, surveys, and his own first-hand experience within the virtual worlds, Geraci shows how World of Warcraft and Second Life provide participants with the opportunity to rethink what it means to be religious in the contemporary world. Not all participants use virtual worlds for religious purposes, but many online residents use them to rearrange or replace religious practice as designers and users collaborate in the production of a new spiritual marketplace. Using World of Warcraft and Second Life as case studies, this book shows that many residents now use virtual worlds to re-imagine their traditions and work to restore them to "authentic" sanctity, or else replace religious institutions with virtual communities that provide meaning and purpose to human life. For some online residents, virtual worlds are even keys to a post-human future where technology can help us transcend mortal life. Geraci argues that World of Warcraft and Second Life are "virtually sacred" because they do religious work. They often do such work without regard for-and frequently in conflict with-traditional religious institutions and practices; ultimately they participate in our sacred landscape as outsiders, competitors, and collaborators.

Mediating Faith

Faith Formation in a Trans-media Era

Author: Clint Schnekloth

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 1451479719

Category: Religion

Page: 126

View: 797

The church struggles with media. Whether it is a denomination negotiating the 24 hour news cycle or a church evaluating how online games influence the youth group, the role of media in the church, and the importance of understanding media for the church, has never been greater. In Mediating Faith, Clint Schnekloth offers an insightful tour, evaluation, and theological response to the trans-media era. Far from frightening, Schnekloth highlights the opportunities and the riches of this fascinating time.

The Cinema of Me

The Self and Subjectivity in First Person Documentary

Author: Alisa Lebow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231850166

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 288

View: 6476

When a filmmaker makes a film with herself as a subject, she is already divided as both the subject matter of the film and the subject making the film. The two senses of the word are immediately in play – the matter and the maker—thus the two ways of being subjectified as both subject and object. Subjectivity finds its filmic expression, not surprisingly, in very personal ways, yet it is nonetheless shaped by and in relation to collective expressions of identity that can transform the cinema of 'me' into the cinema of 'we'. Leading scholars and practitioners of first-person film are brought together in this groundbreaking collection to consider the theoretical, ideological, and aesthetic challenges wrought by this form of filmmaking in its diverse cultural, geographical, and political contexts.

Promising Practices in 21st Century Music Teacher Education

Author: Michele Kaschub,Janice Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190206152

Category: Music

Page: 248

View: 832

This book surveys emerging music and education landscapes to present a sampling of the promising practices of music teacher education that may serve as new models for the 21st century. Contributors explore the delicate balance between curriculum and pedagogy, the power structures that influence music education at all levels, the role of contemporary musical practices in teacher education, and the communication challenges that surround institutional change. Models of programs that feature in-school, out-of-school and beyond school contexts, lifespan learning perspectives, active juxtapositions of formal and informal approaches to teaching and learning, student-driven project-based fieldwork, and the purposeful employment of technology and digital media as platforms for authentic music engagement within a contemporary participatory culture are all offered as springboards for innovative practice.

A Companion to New Media Dynamics

Author: John Hartley,Jean Burgess,Axel Bruns

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119000866

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 5803

A Companion to New Media Dynamics presents a state-of-the-art collection of multidisciplinary readings that examine the origins, evolution, and cultural underpinnings of the media of the digital age in terms of dynamic change Presents a state-of-the-art collection of original readings relating to new media in terms of dynamic change Features interdisciplinary contributions encompassing the sciences, social sciences, humanities and creative arts Addresses a wide range of issues from the ownership and regulation of new media to their form and cultural uses Provides readers with a glimpse of new media dynamics at three levels of scale: the 'macro' or system level; the 'meso' or institutional level; and 'micro' or agency level

Media Franchising

Creative License and Collaboration in the Culture Industries

Author: Derek Johnson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814743471

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 570

"Johnson astutely reveals that franchises are not Borg-like assimilation machines, but, rather, complicated ecosystems within which creative workers strive to create compelling 'shared worlds.' This finely researched, breakthrough book is a must-read for anyone seeking a sophisticated understanding of the contemporary media industry." —Heather Hendershot, author of What's Fair on the Air?: Cold War Right-Wing Broadcasting and the Public Interest While immediately recognizable throughout the U.S. and many other countries, media mainstays like X-Men, Star Trek, and Transformers achieved such familiarity through constant reincarnation. In each case, the initial success of a single product led to a long-term embrace of media franchising—a dynamic process in which media workers from different industrial positions shared in and reproduced familiar cultureacross television, film, comics, games, and merchandising. In Media Franchising, Derek Johnson examines the corporate culture behind these production practices, as well as the collaborative and creative efforts involved in conceiving, sustaining, and sharing intellectual properties in media work worlds. Challenging connotations of homogeneity, Johnson shows how the cultural and industrial logic of franchising has encouraged media industries to reimagine creativity as an opportunity for exchange among producers, licensees, and evenconsumers. Drawing on case studies and interviews with media producers, he reveals the meaningful identities, cultural hierarchies, and struggles for distinction that accompany collaboration within these production networks. Media Franchising provides a nuanced portrait of the collaborative cultural production embedded in both the media industries and our own daily lives.

Teaching and Researching Writing

Author: Ken Hyland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862724

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 978

This book provides an authoritative, readable and up-to-date guide to the major themes and developments in current writing theory, research and teaching. Written in a clear, accessible style, it covers theoretical and conceptual issues, addresses current questions and shows how research has fed into state-of-the-art teaching methods, practices, materials and software applications. Thoroughly updated and revised, this second edition also contains a new chapter on important issues in writing such as genre, context and identity. The book includes: Suggestions for teaching approaches and small-scale, do-able research projects, illustrated with case studies Clearly laid out discussions of key topics using bullet points, screen shots, sidebars and quote boxes An extensive compendium of resources including lists of major journals, websites, professional associations, conferences and on-line databases A recommended reading section and glossary of key terms The combination of teaching and research analysis with practical information makes this an invaluable resource for teachers, supervisors, students, materials writers, trainers and professionals engaged in language study and teaching.

The Ethical Economy

Rebuilding Value After the Crisis

Author: Adam Arvidsson,Nicolai Peitersen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526431

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3776

A more ethical economic system is now possible, one that rectifies the crisis spots of our current downturn while balancing the injustices of extreme poverty and wealth. Adam Arvidsson and Nicolai Peitersen, a scholar and an entrepreneur, outline the shape such an economy might take, identifying its origins in innovations already existent in our production, valuation, and distribution systems. Much like nineteenth-century entrepreneurs, philosophers, bankers, artisans, and social organizers who planned a course for modern capitalism that was more economically efficient and ethically desirable, we now have a chance to construct new instruments, institutions, and infrastructure to reverse the trajectory of a quickly deteriorating economic environment. Considering a multitude of emerging phenomena, Arvidsson and Peitersen show wealth creation can be the result of a new kind of social production, and the motivation of continuous capital accumulation can exist in tandem with a new desire to maximize our social impact. Arvidsson and Peitersen argue that financial markets could become a central arena in which diverse ethical concerns are integrated into tangible economic valuations. They suggest that such a common standard has already emerged and that this process is linked to the spread of social media, making it possible to capture the sentiment of value to most people. They ultimately recommend how to build upon these developments to initiate a radical democratization of economic systems and the value decisions they generate.

Social Media at BBC News

The Re-Making of Crisis Reporting

Author: Valerie Belair-Gagnon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317585003

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 148

View: 4055

Since the emergence of social media in the journalistic landscape, the BBC has sought to produce reporting more connected to its audience while retaining its authority as a public broadcaster in crisis reporting. Using empirical analysis of crisis news production at the BBC, this book shows that the emergence of social media at the BBC and the need to manage this kind of material led to a new media logic in which tech-savvy journalists take on a new centrality in the newsroom. In this changed context, the politico-economic and socio-cultural logic have led to a more connected newsroom involving this new breed of journalists and BBC audience. This examination of news production events shows that in the midst of transformations in journalistic practices and norms, including newsgathering, sourcing, distribution and impartiality, the BBC has reasserted its authority as a public broadcaster. Click here for a short video about the book.

Film Remakes, Adaptations and Fan Productions

Remake/Remodel

Author: K. Loock,C. Verevis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263350

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 252

View: 4246

A dynamic investigation of processes of cultural reproduction – remaking and remodelling – which considers a wide range of film adaptations, remakes and fan productions from various industrial, textual and critical perspectives.

Digital Broadcasting

An Introduction to New Media

Author: Jo Pierson,Joke Bauwens

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147251727X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 176

View: 5752

Digital Broadcasting presents an introduction to how the classic notion of 'broadcasting' has evolved and is being reinterpreted in an age of digitization and convergence. The book argues that 'digital broadcasting' is not a contradiction in terms, but-on the contrary-both terms presuppose and need each other. Drawing upon an interdisciplinary and international field of research and theory, it looks at current developments in television and radio broadcasting on the level of regulation and policy, industries and economics, production and content, and audience and consumption practices.

The Lumière Galaxy

Seven Key Words for the Cinema to Come

Author: Francesco Casetti

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538871

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 304

View: 7315

Francesco Casetti believes new media technologies are producing an exciting new era in cinema aesthetics. Whether we experience film in the theater, on our hand-held devices, in galleries and museums, onboard and in flight, or up in the clouds in the bits we download, cinema continues to alter our habits and excite our imaginations. Casetti travels from the remote corners of film history and theory to the most surprising sites on the internet and in our cities to prove the ongoing relevance of cinema. He does away with traditional notions of canon, repetition, apparatus, and spectatorship in favor of new keywords, including expansion, relocation, assemblage, and performance. The result is an innovative understanding of cinema's place in our lives and culture, along with a critical sea-change in the study of the art. The more the nature of cinema transforms, the more it discovers its own identity, and Casetti helps readers realize the galaxy of possibilities embedded in the medium.

Affective Publics

Sentiment, Technology, and Politics

Author: Zizi Papacharissi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190243031

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8784

Over the past few decades, we have witnessed the growth of movements using digital means to connect with broader interest groups and express their points of view. These movements emerge out of distinct contexts and yield different outcomes, but tend to share one thing in common: online and offline solidarity shaped around the public display of emotion. Social media facilitate feelings of engagement, in ways that frequently make people feel re-energized about politics. In doing so, media do not make or break revolutions but they do lend emerging, storytelling publics their own means for feeling their way into events, frequently by making those involved a part of the developing story. Technologies network us but it is our stories that connect us to each other, making us feel close to some and distancing us from others. Affective Publics explores how storytelling practices facilitate engagement among movements tuning into a current issue or event by employing three case studies: Arab Spring movements, various iterations of Occupy, and everyday casual political expressions as traced through the archives of trending topics on Twitter. It traces how affective publics materialize and disband around connective conduits of sentiment every day and find their voice through the soft structures of feeling sustained by societies. Using original quantitative and qualitative data, Affective Publics demonstrates, in this groundbreaking analysis, that it is through these soft structures that affective publics connect, disrupt, and feel their way into everyday politics.

Mobile Media Making in an Age of Smartphones

Author: M. Berry,M. Schleser

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469811

Category: Social Science

Page: 164

View: 794

With the rise of smartphones and the proliferation of applications, the ways everyday media users and creative professionals represent, experience, and share the everyday is changing. This collection reflects on emergent creative practices and digital ethnographies of new socialities associated with smartphone cameras in everyday life.