Biomaterials

The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science

Author: J. S. Temenoff,Antonios G. Mikos

Publisher: Pearson Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780132350440

Category: Biomedical materials

Page: 478

View: 1947

Intended for use in an introductory course on biomaterials, taught primarily in departments of biomedical engineering. The book covers classes of materials commonly used in biomedical applications, followed by coverage of the biocompatibility of those materials with the biological environment. Finally, it covers some in-depth applications of biomaterials. It does all of this with an overall emphasis on tissue engineering. Co-authors, Johnna Temenoff and Antonios Mikos, are the 2010 Meriam/Wiley Distinguished Author Award Recipients for Biomaterials: The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science.

Biomaterials, The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science

Biology, Biotechnology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467242268

Category: Education

Page: 26

View: 3404

Facts101 is your complete guide to Biomaterials, The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science. In this book, you will learn topics such as Physical Properties of Biomaterials, Mechanical Properties of Biomaterials, Biomaterial Degradation, and Biomaterial Processing plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Outlines and Highlights for Biomaterials

The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science by Antonios G. Mikos; Johnna S. Temenoff, ISBN

Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781614617501

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 9865

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780130097101 .

Biological Interactions on Materials Surfaces

Understanding and Controlling Protein, Cell, and Tissue Responses

Author: David A. Puleo,Rena Bizios

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387981611

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 429

View: 8960

Success or failure of biomaterials, whether tissue engineered constructs, joint and dental implants, vascular grafts, or heart valves, depends on molecular-level events that determine subsequent responses of cells and tissues. This book presents the latest developments and state-of-the-art knowledge regarding protein, cell, and tissue interactions with both conventional and nanophase materials. Insight into these biomaterial surface interactions will play a critical role in further developments in fields such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and biocompatibility of implanted materials and devices. With chapters written by leaders in their respective fields, this compendium will be the authoritative source of information for scientists, engineers, and medical researchers seeking not only to understand but also to control tissue-biomaterial interactions.

Tissue Engineering

Principles and Practices

Author: John P. Fisher,Antonios G. Mikos,Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143987400X

Category: Medical

Page: 771

View: 9655

Tissue engineering research continues to captivate the interest of researchers and the general public alike. Popular media outlets like The New York Times, Time, and Wired continue to engage a wide audience and foster excitement for the field as regenerative medicine inches toward becoming a clinical reality. Putting the numerous advances in the field into a broad context, Tissue Engineering: Principles and Practices explores current thoughts on the development of engineered tissues. With contributions from experts and pioneers, this book begins with coverage of the fundamentals, details the supporting technology, and then elucidates their applications in tissue engineering. It explores strategic directions, nanobiomaterials, biomimetics, gene therapy, cell engineering, and more. The chapters then explore the applications of these technologies in areas such as bone engineering, cartilage tissue, dental tissue, vascular engineering, and neural engineering. A comprehensive overview of major research topics in tissue engineering, the book: Examines the properties of stem cells, primary cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix as well as their impact on the development of tissue-engineered devices Focuses upon those strategies typically incorporated into tissue-engineered devices or utilized in their development, including scaffolds, nanocomposites, bioreactors, drug delivery systems, and gene therapy techniques Presents synthetic tissues and organs that are currently under development for regenerative medicine applications The contributing authors are a diverse group with backgrounds in academia, clinical medicine, and industry. Furthermore, this book includes contributions from Europe, Asia, and North America, helping to broaden the views on the development and application of tissue-engineered devices. The book provides a useful reference for courses devoted to tissue engineering fundamentals and those laboratories developing tissue-engineered devices for regenerative medicine therapy.

Biomedical Technology and Devices, Second Edition

Author: James E. Moore Jr,Duncan J. Maitland

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439859590

Category: Medical

Page: 820

View: 4036

Biomedical Technology and Devices, Second Edition focuses on the equipment, devices, and techniques used in modern medicine to diagnose, treat, and monitor human illnesses. Gathering together and compiling the latest information available on medical technology, this revised work adds ten new chapters. It starts with the basics, introducing the history of the thermometer and measuring body temperature, before moving on to a medley of devices that are far more complex. This book explores diverse technological functions and procedures including signal processing, auditory systems, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonic and emission imaging, image-guided thermal therapy, medical robotics, shape memory alloys, biophotonics, and tissue engineering. Each chapter offers a description of the technique, its technical considerations, and its use according to its applications and relevant body systems. It can be used as a professional resource, as well as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students.

Comprehensive Biomaterials

Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3672

View: 4205

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development

Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix

The Intersection of Matrix Biology and Biomaterials

Author: Gregory H. Hudalla,William L. Murphy

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849738335

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 6714

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the focus of much interest in biology and bioengineering. Increasing understanding of the influence of the ECM on cell behaviour has led to the exciting possibilities of tissue engineering. Aside from new therapeutic tools, understanding the ECM is of course fundamental to basic cell biology research. Mimicking the Extracellular Matrix approaches this topic from both basic science and practical engineering perspectives. Seven topics are approached each in a pair of chapters, one with a biological approach and its partner with a bioengineering approach. Topics include the mechanical properties of the ECM, which outlines current knowledge of the ECM physical structure and reviewing state-of-the-art strategies to mimic its native microenvironments. The organisational characteristics of the ECM form the focus of another pair of chapters, where the collagen triple helix is discussed, followed by a review of advances in artificial reproduction of well-ordered systems using self-assembling peptides, or peptide amphiphiles. The balanced approach of this text gives it a broad appeal to those interested in the ECM from a range of backgrounds and disciplines. Suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates, and academics, this text aims to unify the current knowledge of ECM biology and matrix-mimicking biomaterials.

Assembling Health Care Organizations

Practice, Materiality and Institutions

Author: K. Lindberg,A. Styhre,Lars Walter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113702464X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 4677

Assembling Health Care Organizations combines an institutional theory perspective with a materialist view of the technologies, devices, biological specimens, and other material resources mobilized and put to work in health care work.

Biomolecular Self-Assembling Materials

Scientific and Technological Frontiers

Author: Panel on Biomolecular Materials,Solid State Sciences Committee,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030958986X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 29

View: 5381


Das Handbuch für Startups

Author: Bob Dorf,Steve Blank,Nils Högsdal,Daniel Bartel

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3955618137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 512

View: 1153

Ein Startup ist nicht die Miniaturausgabe eines etablierten Unternehmens, sondern eine temporäre, flexible Organisation auf der Suche nach einem nachhaltigen Geschäftsmodell: Das ist die zentrale Erkenntnis, die dem "Handbuch für Startups" zugrundeliegt. Es verbindet den Lean-Ansatz, Prinzipien des Customer Development sowie Konzepte wie Design Thinking und (Rapid) Prototyping zu einem umfassenden Vorgehensmodell, mit dem sich aus Ideen und Innovationen tragfähige Geschäftsmodelle entwickeln lassen. Lean Startup & Customer Development: Der Lean-Ansatz für Startups basiert, im Unterschied zum klassischen Vorgehen, nicht auf einem starren Businessplan, der drei Jahre lang unverändert umzusetzen ist, sondern auf einem beweglichen Modell, das immer wieder angepasst wird. Sämtliche Bestandteile der Planung – von den Produkteigenschaften über die Zielgruppen bis hin zum Vertriebsmodell – werden als Hypothesen gesehen, die zu validieren bzw. zu falsifizieren sind. Erst nachdem sie im Austausch mit den potenziellen Kunden bestätigt wurden und nachhaltige Verkäufe möglich sind, verlässt das Startup seine Suchphase und widmet sich der Umsetzung und Skalierung seines Geschäftsmodells. Der große Vorteil: Fehlannahmen werden erheblich früher erkannt – nämlich zu einem Zeitpunkt, an dem man noch die Gelegenheit hat, Änderungen vorzunehmen. Damit erhöhen sich die Erfolgsaussichten beträchtlich. Für den Praxiseinsatz: Sämtliche Schritte werden in diesem Buch detailliert beschrieben und können anhand der zahlreichen Checklisten nachvollzogen werden. Damit ist das Handbuch ein wertvoller Begleiter und ein umfassendes Nachschlagewerk für Gründerinnen & Gründer. Von deutschen Experten begleitet: Die deutsche Ausgabe des international erfolgreichen Handbuchs entstand mit fachlicher Unterstützung von Prof. Dr. Nils Högsdal und Entrepreneur Daniel Bartel, die auch ein deutsches Vorwort sowie sieben Fallstudien aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum beisteuern.

Inspired by Biology

From Molecules to Materials to Machines

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Solid State Sciences Committee,Committee on Biomolecular Materials and Processes

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309134293

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 2790

Scientists have long desired to create synthetic systems that function with the precision and efficiency of biological systems. Using new techniques, researchers are now uncovering principles that could allow the creation of synthetic materials that can perform tasks as precise as biological systems. To assess the current work and future promise of the biology-materials science intersection, the Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation asked the NRC to identify the most compelling questions and opportunities at this interface, suggest strategies to address them, and consider connections with national priorities such as healthcare and economic growth. This book presents a discussion of principles governing biomaterial design, a description of advanced materials for selected functions such as energy and national security, an assessment of biomolecular materials research tools, and an examination of infrastructure and resources for bridging biological and materials science.

Lebensmittelphysik

Physikalische Kenngrößen - Messung und Anwendung

Author: L.O. Figura

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540349901

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 1356

Die Lebensmittelphysik befasst sich mit den physikalischen Eigenschaften der Lebensmittel und deren Erfassung. Die physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln spielen überall dort eine wesentliche Rolle, wo moderne lebensmitteltechnologische Verfahren für die Gewinnung der Rohstoffe oder die Herstellung eines Lebensmittels angewandt werden. Die Bestimmung physikalischer Größen von Lebensmitteln und Bedarfsgegenständen sind aus der Planung, Steuerung und Automatisierung der Herstellungsprozesse in der Lebensmittel-, Pharma- und Kosmetikindustrie und angrenzenden Bereichen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Neben der chemischen Qualitätskontrolle spielt die Bestimmung physikalischer Eigenschaften darüber hinaus eine wichtige Rolle bei der Bestimmung und Sicherung der Qualität unserer Lebensmittel. Der Konsument fordert zunehmend "weniger Chemie" in der Lebensmittelproduktion und große Bereiche der Lebensmittelindustrie werden diesen Wünschen in steigendem Maße entgegenkommen müssen, indem sie moderne physikalische Verfahren in der Produktion einsetzen. Auch hierfür ist ein grundlegendes Verständnis der physikalischen Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteln und den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen ihrer messtechnischen Erfassung eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung. Dieses Buch beschreibt die Lebensmittelphysik von Grund auf und orientiert sich hierbei ausschließlich an den Erfordernissen der Lebensmittelpraxis, ohne auf die wichtigen Grundlagen zu verzichten. Das Buch ist daher für Studenten der Lebensmittelchemie und -technologie an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen eine wichtige Quelle für die zukünftige Ausbildung. Auch Ingenieure, Technologen und Techniker in der Lebensmittelindustrie werden dieses Buch benutzen, um ihre Kenntnisse zu vertiefen oder grundlegendes Verständnis für neue physikalische Verfahren zu erwerben.

Industrielle Keramik

Zweiter Band Massen, Glasuren, Farbkörper Herstellungsverfahren

Author: Felix Singer,Sonja S. Singer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642929893

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 3900


The Global Genome

Biotechnology, Politics, and Culture

Author: Eugene Thacker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262250306

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 6322

How global biotechnology is redefining "life itself." In the age of global biotechnology, DNA can exist as biological material in a test tube, as a sequence in a computer database, and as economically valuable information in a patent. In The Global Genome, Eugene Thacker asks us to consider the relationship of these three entities and argues that—by their existence and their interrelationships—they are fundamentally redefining the notion of biological life itself. Biological science and the biotech industry are increasingly organized at a global level, in large part because of the use of the Internet in exchanging biological data. International genome sequencing efforts, genomic databases, the development of World Intellectual Property policies, and the "borderless" business of biotech are all evidence of the global intersections of biology and informatics—of genetic codes and computer codes. Thacker points out the internal tension in the very concept of biotechnology: the products are more "tech" than "bio," but the technology itself is fully biological, composed of the biomaterial labor of genes, proteins, cells, and tissues. Is biotechnology a technology at all, he asks, or is it a notion of "life itself" that is inseparable from its use in the biotech industry? The three sections of the book cover the three primary activities of biotechnology today: the encoding of biological materials into digital form—as in bioinformatics and genomics; its recoding in various ways—including the "biocolonialism" of mapping genetically isolated ethnic populations and the newly pervasive concern over "biological security"; and its decoding back into biological materiality—as in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Thacker moves easily from science to philosophy to political economics, enlivening his account with ideas from such thinkers as Georges Bataille, Georges Canguilhem, Michel Foucault, Antonio Negri, and Paul Virilio. The "global genome," says Thacker, makes it impossible to consider biotechnology without the context of globalism.

Flame Hardening

Author: Hans Wilhelm Grönegress

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642867219

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 64

View: 9341

This book intended for shop use tries to familiarize the reader with the peculiari ties of a hardening method which due to its many advantages is now in use,many shops. A general knowledge of the principles of hardening and heat treating is presumed. Introduction 1. The name of the process. Flame hardening is a method derived from the old quench hardening and is used for the surface hardening of heat treatable steels. Flame hardening is so named in analogy to flame cutting as the use of a flame is a distinctive feature of this process as opposed to the use of a furnace. 2. Characteristics of flame hardening. In flame hardening the area to be 6 hardened is heated with a burner of large heat capacity (approx. 0.5 · 10 kcaljhr/ meter of flame lengths or 50,000 BTUfhr/inch of flame length) supplied with a mixture of fuel gas and oxygen. The hardening temperature is thus reached in so short a time at the surface that a heat jam is created, that is, more heat is supplied to the surface than can be dissipated to the interior of the workpiece. As the querr ehing takes place immediately after the heating the penetration of the heat to greater depth is prevented and only the outer layer subject to wear is hardened. The core of the workpiece remains unaffected by this heat treatment in cantrast to the other hardening methods where the entire piece is through heated in a furnace.