Biogeochemistry, An Analysis of Global Change

Earth sciences, Earth sciences

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478448954

Category: Education

Page: 194

View: 2977

Facts101 is your complete guide to Biogeochemistry, An Analysis of Global Change. In this book, you will learn topics such as The Atmosphere, The Lithosphere, The Biosphere: The Carbon Cycle of Terrestrial Ecosystems, and The Biosphere: Biogeochemical Cycling on Land plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Aquatische Chemie

Einführung in die Chemie natürlicher Gewässer

Author: Laura Sigg,Werner Stumm

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728137677

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 449

Dieses Buch behandelt die Grundlagen der aquatischen Chemie, der Chemie wässriger Lösungen und ihrer Anwendung auf die natürlichen Gewässer und auf andere aquatische Systeme. Die verschiedenen chemischen Reaktionen werden eingehend aufgrund der thermodynamischen Gleichgewichte und der kinetischen Gesetzmässigkeiten diskutiert und quantitativ mit vielen Beispielen und Übungen behandelt. Diese Grundlagen ermöglichen es, die chemischen Prozesse in natürlichen Gewässern und in technischen Systemen der Abwasserreinigung und der Trinkwasseraufbereitung zu verstehen. Ein Kapitel behandelt die Anwendungen auf die Systeme See, Fliessgewässer und Grundwasser. Das Buch richtet sich an Studierende der Natur- und Umweltwissenschaften und verwandter Gebiete wie der Hydrologie, Limnologie, Hydrobiologie, Ökologie, Geochemie, ebenso an Berufsleute in der Praxis des Wassermanagements und der Wassertechnologie.


An Analysis of Global Change

Author: W.H. Schlesinger,Emily S. Bernhardt

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123858755

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 5904

Biogeochemistry—winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from the Text and Academic Authors Association—considers how the basic chemical conditions of the Earth, from atmosphere to soil to seawater, have been and are being affected by the existence of life. Human activities in particular, from the rapid consumption of resources to the destruction of the rainforests and the expansion of smog-covered cities, are leading to rapid changes in the basic chemistry of the Earth. This expansive text pulls together the numerous fields of study encompassed by biogeochemistry to analyze the increasing demands of the growing human population on limited resources and the resulting changes in the planet's chemical makeup. The book helps students extrapolate small-scale examples to the global level, and also discusses the instrumentation being used by NASA and its role in studies of global change. With extensive cross-referencing of chapters, figures and tables, and an interdisciplinary coverage of the topic at hand, this updated edition provides an excellent framework for courses examining global change and environmental chemistry, and is also a useful self-study guide. Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Calculates and compares the effects of industrial emissions, land clearing, agriculture, and rising population on Earth's chemistry Synthesizes the global cycles of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur, and suggests the best current budgets for atmospheric gases such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, dimethyl sulfide, and carbonyl sulfide Includes an extensive review and up-to-date synthesis of the current literature on the Earth's biogeochemistry

Ecosystem Biogeochemistry

Element Cycling in the Forest Landscape

Author: Christopher S. Cronan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319664441

Category: Science

Page: 203

View: 1273

This textbook presents a comprehensive process-oriented approach to biogeochemistry that is intended to appeal to readers who want to go beyond a general exposure to topics in biogeochemistry, and instead are seeking a holistic understanding of the interplay of biotic and environmental drivers in the cycling of elements in forested watersheds. The book is organized around a core set of ecosystem processes and attributes that collectively help to generate the whole-system structure and function of a terrestrial ecosystem. In the first nine chapters, a conceptual framework is developed based on distinct soil, microbial, plant, atmospheric, hydrologic, and geochemical processes that are integrated in the element cycling behavior of watershed ecosystems. With that conceptual foundation in place, students then proceed to the final three chapters where they are challenged to think critically about integrated element cycling patterns; roles for biogeochemical models; the likely impacts of disturbance, stress, and management on watershed biogeochemistry; and linkages among patterns and processes in watersheds experiencing novel environmental changes. Included with the text are figures, tables of comparative data, extensive literature citations, a glossary of terms, an index, and a set of 24 biogeochemical problems with answers. The problems are intended to support chapter concepts and to demonstrate how critical thinking skills, simple algebra, and thoughtful human logic can be used to solve applied problems in biogeochemistry that might be encountered by a research scientist or a resource manager. Using this book as an introduction to biogeochemistry, students will achieve a level of subject mastery and disciplinary perspective that will permit them to see and to interpret the individual components, interactions, and synergies that are represented in the dynamic element cycling patterns of watershed ecosystems.

Applied Geography

Principles and Practice

Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134672667

Category: Science

Page: 664

View: 5008

Applied Geography offers an invaluable introduction to useful research in physical, environmental and human geography and provides a new focus and reference point for investigating and understanding problem-orientated research. Forty-nine leading experts in the field introduce and explore research which crosses the traditional boundary between physical and human geography. A wide range of key issues and contemporary debates are within the books main sections, which cover: natural and environmental hazards environmental change and management challenges of the human environment techniques of spatial analysis Applied geography is the application of geographic knowledge and skills to identify the nature and causes of social, economic and environmental problems and inform policies which lead to their resolution.

Global Environment

Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles, Second Edition

Author: Elizabeth Kay Berner,Robert A. Berner

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084276X

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 5716

This newly revised edition of Global Environment discusses the major elements of the geochemical cycles and global fluxes found in the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, as well as the human effects on these fluxes. Retaining the strengths of the original edition while incorporating the latest discoveries, this textbook takes an integrated, multidisciplinary, and global approach to geochemistry and environmental problems and introduces fundamental concepts of meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography. New concepts and information in this updated edition include changes of atmospheric carbon dioxide over geologic time, major advances in the study of chemical weathering of rocks, ocean acidification, and important environmental problems, such as the amelioration of the acid rain problem due to reduction in sulfur deposition, problems with nitrification of soils and lakes, and eutrophication of rivers and estuaries. An expanded chapter explores atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, with the most up-to-date statistics on CO2, the carbon cycle, other greenhouse gases, and the ozone hole. Only requiring a fundamental understanding in elementary chemistry, yet taking into account extensive and current data, this text is ideal for students in environmental geochemistry, environmental geology, global change, biogeochemistry, water pollution, geochemical cycles, chemical oceanography, and geohydrology, and serves as a valuable reference for researchers working on global geochemical and environmental issues. Revised edition takes a close look at global fluxes involving the atmosphere, land, lakes, rivers, biota, and oceans, and the human effects on these fluxes Detailed discussion of basic concepts including meteorology, surficial geology (weathering, erosion, and sedimentation), biogeochemistry, limnology, and oceanography An expanded up-to-date chapter on atmospheric chemistry and changing climate, including CO2, other greenhouse gases, and ozone Presentation of major advances in the study of chemical weathering Discussion of current environmental topics Global coverage of environmental problems involving water Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Essential environment

the science behind the stories

Author: Jay Withgott,Scott R. Brennan

Publisher: Prentice Hall


Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 3589

KEY MESSAGE: Essential Environment: Essential Environment: The Science Behind the Stories retains all the popular features of the landmark first edition-including its integrated central case study approach, and focus on the scientific process, current data and critical thinking- in a brief 15-chapter text. The Second Edition features a new chapter on ecology with expanded coverage of community ecology and biomes. New end-of-chapter activities and interactive exercises on the Environmental Place Website help readers hone the skills they need to make informed decisions on environmental issues. Calculating Ecological Footprint activities at the end of each chapter give readers practice in applying individual decisions to larger scales. The Investigate It! interactive map on the website provides more than 120 additional case studies.You Decide web activities help readers learn how to analyze data on global warming and conservation. Foundations of Environmental Science: An introduction to environmental science, Environmental economics and environmental policy, Environmental systems: Chemistry, energy, and ecosystems, Evolution, biodiversity, and population ecology . Species interactions and community ecology. Environmental Issues and the Search for Solutions: Human population growth, Soils, agriculture, and the future of food, Biodiversity and conservation biology, Urbanization, land use, and resources management, Environmental health and toxicology, Freshwater and marine systems and resources, The atmosphere, air pollution, and global climate change, Nonrenewable energy sources and their environmental impacts, Renewable energy alternatives, Waste management, Sustainable Solutions. For all readers interested in environmental science.

Ecosystem Sustainability and Global Change

Author: Patrick Prouzet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119007720

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 3342

This volume provides various examples and dimensions, chemical, biological, climatic, or related to extreme (hazards). It describes, by reciprocity, the vulnerability of ecosystems, resources, heritage, human health and, consequently, economic and social sectors. it considers climate scenarios and socio-economic status indicators research, design strategies and patterns of adaptation, development of innovative monitoring systems, analysis of perceptions of major hazards and valuation of ecosystem services.


Author: Werner Massa

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3835190938

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 3662

In anschaulicher Form - unterstützt durch zahlreiche Abbildungen - führt dieses Lehrbuch in die Kristallstrukturbestimmung ein. Die kristallographischen Grundlagen und einzelne praktische Schritte der modernen Kristallstrukturbestimmung werden verständlich und nachvollziehbar erklärt.

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics

Author: Jorge Louis Sarmiento,Nicolas Gruber

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691017075

Category: Nature

Page: 503

View: 309

""Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics" is an outstanding text for student and professional alike. The authors have developed an exceptionally lucid yet detailed discussion of the major biogeochemical cycles in the oceans, culminating in a quantitative examination of climate change and the contemporary carbon cycle. The book is a tour de force that should be incorporated into all marine chemistry and biogeochemistry courses."--Paul Falkowski, Rutgers University "Global ocean research projects during the past two decades have resulted in explosive growth in our knowledge of ocean biogeochemistry. Sarmiento and Gruber's book crystallizes this knowledge into a systematic quantitative treatise. For many years to come, this observation--and equation-filled volume will serve as a window into the literature on many subjects, a textbook for our classes, and a reference book on our desks. Studied carefully, it could teach chemical, biological, and physical oceanographers to speak a common language."--Edward A. Boyle, Massachusetts Institute of Technology "With this book, ocean biogeochemistry--the fascinating science behind the cycling of elements in the sea, and their transformation by biological, chemical, and physical properties--has finally found its theoretical underpinning. The two authors, both world experts, have succeeded in bringing together in a comprehensive and unified way the mass of information from the different scientific disciplines as well as the numerous observations obtained over the last few decades. This book will serve as the ultimate reference, both for students and the advanced research scientist, for many years to come."--Martin Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry "The Sarmiento and Gruber text is a very impressive achievement, providing a readable yet advanced treatise on ocean biogeochemistry and providing the best available summary of the advances of the last few decades. The emphasis on dynamics is highly relevant for studies of global change, while the emphasis on problem solving has yielded an invaluable teaching reference."--Ralph Keeling, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Sarmiento and Gruber have cleverly found the middle ground between the "educated layman" approach so often typified in "soft sciences" and the stultifying rigor that cloaks the conceptual simplicity underlying many of the foundations of the field. They don't shy away from mathematical explanations but rather use them to make their points succinctly, and to clarify what is often a confused muddle in more basic texts."--W.J. Jenkins, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Interactions of the major biogeochemical cycles

global change and human impacts

Author: Jerry M. Melillo,Christopher B. Field,Bedřich Moldan,International Council for Science. Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment

Publisher: Island Pr

ISBN: 9781559630658

Category: Nature

Page: 357

View: 5722

The circulation and interactions of major elements such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, oxygen, and hydrogen are critical for the maintenance of the earth's ecosystems. Human activities including agriculture, industry, and urbanization alter element interactions and contribute to major environmental problems ranging from climate change and depletion of the ozone layer to acidification of soils to the destruction of coral reefs. Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles is a new scientific assessment of element interactions in the biosphere. It provides an up-to-date review of biogeochemistry and its effects on earth's systems, with leading experts in biogeochemical cycling in atmospheric, land, freshwater, and marine environments offering chapters that summarize and synthesize information in each discipline. The book opens with chapters on cross-cutting issues that have significance in understanding global change effects and their potential management. These chapters address:* trends in element interactions in response to global change the effects of natural disturbances new approaches and methods for advancing our understanding of element interactions the potential for managing element interactions to address major environmental issues

Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis

Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521705967

Category: Science

Page: 1009

View: 1622

The Climate Change 2007 volumes of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provide the most comprehensive and balanced assessment of climate change available. This IPCC Working Group I report brings us completely up-to-date on the full range of scientific aspects of climate change. Written by the world's leading experts, the IPCC volumes will again prove to be invaluable for researchers, students, and policymakers, and will form the standard reference works for policy decisions for government and industry worldwide.