Being and Nothingness

Author: Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453228551

Category: Philosophy

Page: 700

View: 3513

The celebrated French philosopher’s most essential text, Being and Nothingness takes a revolutionary look at ontology, ethics, and personal freedom In Being and Nothingness, Jean-Paul Sartre closely examines ontology (the study of the nature of being) and discusses empirical issues that he finds scientific fields struggle to explain. Above all, he delves into the idea of “freedom over choice,” which states that humans have complete and total responsibility over their actions. While taking care to address, build on, and refute the works of Descartes, Husserl, Hegel, and other earlier philosophers, Sartre covers “Being-for-itself,” “Being-for-others,” and ethics, arguing that the body and the mind are capable of sharing a true single consciousness. As one of the seminal works of existentialist theory, and thus a pinnacle of twentieth-century philosophy, Being and Nothingness is a fundamental text for anyone interested in the field. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980) was a significant voice in the creation of existential thought. His explorations of the ways human existence is unique among all life-forms in its capacity to choose continue to influence fields such as Marxist philosophy, sociology, and literary studies. He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature, but refused the honor.

A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness

Author: Joseph S. Catalano

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226096995

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 4577

"[A Commentary on Jean-Paul Sartre's Being and Nothingness] represents, I believe, a very important beginning of a deservingly serious effort to make the whole of Being and Nothingness more readily understandable and readable. . . . In his systematic interpretations of Sartre's book, [Catalano] demonstrates a determination to confront many of the most demanding issues and concepts of Being and Nothingness. He does not shrink—as do so many interpreters of Sartre—from such issues as the varied meanings of 'being,' the meaning of 'internal negation' and 'absolute event,' the idiosyncratic senses of transcendence, the meaning of the 'upsurge' in its different contexts, what it means to say that we 'exist our body,' the connotation of such concepts as quality, quantity, potentiality, and instrumentality (in respect to Sartre's world of 'things'), or the origin of negation. . . . Catalano offers what is doubtless one of the most probing, original, and illuminating interpretations of Sartre's crucial concept of nothingness to appear in the Sartrean literature."—Ronald E. Santoni, International Philosophical Quarterly

Sartre on Sin

Between Being and Nothingness

Author: Kate Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192539760

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 492

Sartre on Sin: Between Being and Nothingness argues that Jean-Paul Sartre's early, anti-humanist philosophy is indebted to the Christian doctrine of original sin. On the standard reading, Sartre's most fundamental and attractive idea is freedom: he wished to demonstrate the existence of human freedom, and did so by connecting consciousness with nothingness. Focusing on Being and Nothingness, Kate Kirkpatrick demonstrates that Sartre's concept of nothingness (le néant) has a Christian genealogy which has been overlooked in philosophical and theological discussions of his work. Previous scholars have noted the resemblance between Sartre's and Augustine's ontologies: to name but one shared theme, both thinkers describe the human as the being through which nothingness enters the world. However, there has been no previous in-depth examination of this 'resemblance'. Using historical, exegetical, and conceptual methods, Kirkpatrick demonstrates that Sartre's intellectual formation prior to his discovery of phenomenology included theological elements-especially concerning the compatibility of freedom with sin and grace. After outlining the French Augustinianisms by which Sartre's account of the human as 'between being and nothingness' was informed, Kirkpatrick offers a close reading of Being and Nothingness which shows that the psychological, epistemological, and ethical consequences of Sartre's le néant closely resemble the consequences of its theological predecessor; and that his account of freedom can be read as an anti-theodicy. Sartre on Sin illustrates that Sartre' s insights are valuable resources for contemporary hamartiology.

Das Café der Existenzialisten

Freiheit, Sein und Aprikosencocktails

Author: Sarah Bakewell

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406697658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 5912

Wie macht man Philosophie aus Aprikosencocktails? Für Sartre kein Problem: Er machte Philosophie aus einem Schwindelgefühl, aus Voyeurismus, Scham, Sadismus, Revolution, Musik und Sex. Sarah Bakewell erzählt mit wunderbarer Leichtigkeit, wie der Existenzialismus zum Lebensgefühl einer Generation wurde, die sich nach radikaler Freiheit und authentischer Existenz sehnte. Ihre meisterhafte Kollektivbiographie der Existenzialisten ist zugleich eine höchst verführerische Einladung, die existenzialistische Lebenskunst heute neu zu entdecken. „Sarah Bakewell bringt alle Voraussetzungen mit, um uns die Geschichte des Existenzialismus neu zu erzählen. ... Sie schreibt brillant, mit leichter Feder und einem sehr britischen Humor, und bietet faszinierende Einsichten.“ The Guardian „Sie hat den Dreh raus, wie man zentrale Ideen auf den Punkt bringt.“ Financial Times „Skurril, witzig, klar und leidenschaftlich.“ Daily Mail „Ein Page-Turner.“ The Paris Review

Being and Nothingness

An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology

Author: Paul-Jean Sartre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136799125

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 9480

Being and Nothingness is without doubt one of the most significant books of the twentieth century. The central work by one of the world's most influential thinkers, it altered the course of western philosophy. Its revolutionary approach challenged all previous assumptions about the individual's relationship with the world. Known as 'the Bible of existentialism', its impact on culture and literature was immediate and was felt worldwide, from the absurd drama of Samuel Beckett to the soul-searching cries of the Beat poets. Being and Nothingness is one of those rare books whose influence has affected the mind-set of subsequent generations. Sixty years after its first publication, its message remains as potent as ever - challenging the reader to confront the fundamental dilemmas of human freedom, responsibility and action.

St. Augustine

Being and Nothingness

Author: Emilie Zum Brunn

Publisher: Paragon House Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 129

View: 7456


Die Psychopathen sind unter uns

Eine Reise zu den Schaltstellen der Macht

Author: Jon Ronson

Publisher: Tropen

ISBN: 3608102949

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 3604

Alles beginnt mit einem mysteriösen Päckchen, das an Neurologen auf der ganzen Welt verschickt wird. Es enthält ein unheimliches Buch, eine Nachricht, aber keinen Absender! Alle sind sich einig: Hier ist ein Psychopath am Werk! Jon Ronson versucht, das Rätsel zu lösen, und begibt sich auf eine filmreife Mission, die so wahr wie gruselig ist. Seine Recherche führt ihn zu »Tony«, einem verurteilten Mörder und diagnostizierten Psychopathen, der beteuert, einer Fehldiagnose zum Opfer gefallen zu sein. Jon wird auf seiner Reise schnell klar, wo sich die meisten Psychopathen aufhalten: Sie bewegen sich inmitten der Gesellschaft, sie sitzen an den Schalthebeln der Macht, sind Firmenbosse, Politiker und spielen in der Finanzwelt eine führende Rolle - kurzum: Sie lenken sogar unsere Gesellschaft.

Ontology and Ethics in Sartre's Early Philosophy

Author: Yiwei Zheng

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739111178

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 9941

At the end of Being and Nothingness, French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-80) claims that his ethics follow from his ontology and are based on it. Zheng (philosophy, St. Cloud State U.) investigates whether, and to what extent, that is true. After studying in detail the important notions in his early ontology and ethics, including some notorio

Sartre and Marxist Existentialism

The Test Case of Collective Responsibility

Author: Thomas R. Flynn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226254661

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 6614

In this important book, Thomas R. Flynn reinterprets and evaluates Sartre's social and political philosophy, arguing that the existential ethics of Sartre's early phase is consistent with the Marxist-inspired views of his later writings. Displaying his mastery of Sartre's entire corpus, Flynn reconstructs Sartre's social ontology with its sensitive balance of the existentialist's respect for moral responsibility and the Marxist's sense of social causation. Flynn focuses on the issue of collective responsibility as a particularly apt test-case for assessing any proposed union of existentialist and Marxist perspectives. The study begins with an examination of the uses of "responsibility" in Being and Nothingness and in several postwar essays. Flynn then concentrates on the Critique of Dialectical Reason, offering a thorough analysis of the remarkable social theory Sartre constructs there. A masterful contribution to Sartre scholarship, Sartre and Marxist Existentialism will be of great interest to social and political philosophers involved in the debate over collective responsibility.

Disappearing Cryptography

Being and Nothingness on the Net

Author: Peter Wayner

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 295

View: 9306

This book deals with how information can disappear so that no one knows of its existence. Convential cryptography merely scambles information into an impenetrable block. This book describes how data can be hidden in the background noise of pictures, sound recording or even bad poetry.Disappearing Cryptography is a collection of mathematical tricks and computational sleights of hand that explore the very foundations of information. * * Visual stenography * Covers textual cryptoanalysis * Discusses how to set up networks with hidden communications

Phenomenology in Practice and Theory

Essays for Herbert Spiegelberg

Author: William S. Hamrick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401096120

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 8233

by Wolfe Mays It is a great pleasure and honour to write this preface. I first became ac quainted with Herbert Spiegelberg's work some twenty years ago, when in 1960 I reviewed The Phenomenological Movement! for Philosophical Books, one of the few journals in Britain that reviewed this book, which Herbert has jok ingly referred to as "the monster". I was at that time already interested in Con tinental thought, and in particular phenomenology. I had attended a course on phenomenology given by Rene Schaerer at Geneva when I was working there in 1955-6. I had also been partly instrumental in getting Merleau-Ponty to come to Manchester in 1958. During his visit he gave a seminar in English on politics and a lecture in French on "Wittgenstein and Language" in which he attacked Wittgenstein's views on language in the Tractatus. He was apparently unaware of the Philosophical Investigations. But it was not until I came to review Herbert's book that I appreciated the ramifications of the movement: its diverse strands of thought, and the manifold personalities involved in it. For example, Herbert mentions one Aurel Kolnai who had written on the "Phenomenology of Disgust'!, and which had appeared in Vol. 10 of Husserl's Jahrbuch. It was only after I had been acquainted for some time with Kolnai then in England, that I realised that 2 Herbert had written about him in the Movement. The Movement itself contains a wealth of learning.