Beginning with Disability

A Primer

Author: Lennard J. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315453193

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 4646

While there are many introductions to disability and disability studies, most presume an advanced academic knowledge of a range of subjects. Beginning with Disability is the first introductory primer for disaibility studies aimed at first year students in two- and four-year colleges. This volume of essays across disciplines—including education, sociology, communications, psychology, social sciences, and humanities—features accessible, readable, and relatively short chapters that do not require specialized knowledge. Lennard Davis, along with a team of consulting editors, has compiled a number of blogs, vlogs, and other videos to make the materials more relatable and vivid to students. "Subject to Debate" boxes spotlight short pro and con pieces on controversial subjects that can be debated in class or act as prompts for assignments.

What Psychotherapists Should Know About Disability

Author: Rhoda Olkin

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1462506135

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 3686

This comprehensive volume provides the knowledge and skills that mental health professionals need for more effective, informed work with clients with disabilities. Combining her extensive knowledge as a clinician, researcher, and teacher with her personal experience as someone with a disability, Olkin provides an insider's perspective on critical issues that are often overlooked in training. A lucid conceptual framework is presented for understanding disability as a minority experience, one that is structured by social, legal, and attitudinal constraints as well as physical challenges. Illuminating frequently encountered psychosocial themes and concerns, chapters describe a range of approaches to dealing with disability issues in the treatment of adults, children, and families. Topics addressed include etiquette with clients with disabilities; special concerns in assessment, evaluation, and diagnosis; the impact of disability on sexuality and romance, as well as pregnancy, birthing, and parenting; the use of assistive technology and devices; disability and substance abuse; and more. Filled with clinical examples and observations, the volume also discusses strategies for enhancing teaching, training, and research.

Disability and Equity at Work

Author: Jody Heymann,Michael Ashley Stein,Gonzalo Moreno

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019998123X

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 7288

Despite international and national guarantees of equal rights, there remains a great deal to be done to achieve global employment equality for individuals with disabilities. In OECD countries, the employment rate of persons with disabilities was just over 40%, compared to 75% for persons without a disability; in many low- and middle-income countries, the employment rates are even lower. There are numerous reasons why persons with disabilities fare poorly in the labor market; Disability and Equity at Work is the first book to document what can be done to improve this imbalance. Chapters in this volume address all relevant facets of this topic and include: · Extensive examination of the factors contributing to inequitable access to work among persons with disability · Analysis of the economic benefits of increasing employment equity · Successful employment strategies at every stage of a worker's career · Evidence-based recommendations and in-depth case studies of innovative policies and programs around the world Chapter contributors include leaders from international organizations, government, civil society, and academia, including experts from UN agencies, leaders in nongovernmental advocacy and research organizations, and senior academics in the field. Disability and Equity at Work fills a needed gap that will appeal to those interested in and engaged in public policy, global health, equal rights, business, labor, and other fields.

Development and Learning of Young Children with Disabilities

A Vygotskian Perspective

Author: Louise Bøttcher,Jesper Dammeyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319391143

Category: Education

Page: 212

View: 6661

This book introduces current theories and research on disability, and builds on the premise that disability has to be understood from the dialectical dynamics of biology, psychology, and culture over time. Based on the newest empirical research on children with disabilities, the book overcomes the limitations of the medical and social models of disability by arguing for a dialectical biopsychosocial model. The proposed model builds on Vygotsky’s cultural-historical ideas of developmental incongruence, implying that the disability emerges from the misfit between individual abilities and the cultural-historical activity settings in which the child with impairments participates. The book is a theoretical contribution to an updated understanding of disability from a psychological and educational perspective. It focuses on the first years of the life of the child with impairment, and travels through infancy, toddler, preschool and early school age, to track the developmental trajectories of disability through the dialectical processes of cultural, social, individual, and biological processes. It discusses a number of themes that are relevant for the early development and support for children with various types and degrees of disability through the lens of Vygotsky’s cultural-historical developmental theories. Some of the themes discussed are inclusion, mental health, communication, aids and family life.

Education for Children with Disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Developing a Sense of Belonging

Author: Margarita Schiemer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319607685

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8249

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents insights into the lived realities of children with disabilities in primary schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It examines specific cultural and societal characteristics of Ethiopia that influence the education of children with disabilities. The book presents findings drawn from interviews with, and participant observation of the schoolchildren, family members, teachers and other “experts”, and places these findings in a cultural-historical context. The multidimensional approach taken allows for, on the one hand, the provision of a historical grounding of the book, explaining the main historical junctures and their implications for education, and the discussion of the role of culture and society as barriers and facilitators of education. On the other hand, it gives the book a more personal angle, allowing the reader to gain insight into what it means to feel like a family, develop a sense of belonging, and tr ying to move toward educational equity.

Beginning with Braille

Firsthand Experiences with a Balanced Approach to Literacy

Author: Anna M. Swenson

Publisher: American Foundation for the Blind

ISBN: 9780891283232

Category: Education

Page: 213

View: 2811

Beginning with braille provides a wealth of effective activities for promoting literacy at the early stages of braille instruction. The text includes creative and practical strategies for designing and delivering quality braille instruction and teacher-friendly suggestions for many areas such as reading aloud to young children, selecting and making early tactile books, and teaching tactile and hand movement skills. This book also includes tips on designing worksheets, introducing braille contractions, teaching the use of the braillewriter, and facilitating the writing process in braille. Chapters also address guidelines for individualizing instruction, the literacy needs of students with additional disabilities, and assessment of student progress in developing literacy skills.

Disability and Federalism

Comparing Different Approaches to Full Participation

Author: Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Institute of Intergovernmental Relations

Publisher: IIGR, Queen's University

ISBN: 0889118574

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 966

An in-depth look at the five federal regimes and their approaches to disability.

Marxist Perspectives on Irish Society

Author: Micheal O’Flynn,Odette Clarke,Paul Hayes

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443832502

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 5523

This book involves a conscious attempt to bridge progressive academic scholarship with activist groups and communities in Ireland and beyond. Taking Howard Zinn’s maxim “You can’t be neutral on a moving train” seriously, the book attempts to examine Irish society, as much as it is possible to do so, from the point of view of those who are actively fighting against ongoing attacks on the pay, conditions, rights and protections that were won by working people through the decades of the twentieth century. This effort comes at a time when the predatory nature of the capitalist system is being revealed on a daily basis, and its consequences exacerbated simultaneously across the globe. The chapters deal with the various impacts of world capitalism in Ireland, from the revolutionary upheavals of the early twentieth century, to the current economic crash. The individual perspectives of contributing scholars and activists differ substantially; they would not usually be found within the same publication. Nonetheless, they collectively manage to highlight the capitalist character of Irish society, and provide an analysis of its features that is specifically Marxist. They demonstrate that there are alternative ways of looking at Irish history, Irish political economy and the issues currently impacting on the working population and various marginalised or vulnerable groups. They show that the class struggle continues unabated and that progressive social change, now more than ever, requires the development of an organised resistance.

Assessment of Childhood Disorders, Fourth Edition

Author: Eric J. Mash,Russell A. Barkley

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606236539

Category: Psychology

Page: 866

View: 3165

This leading text and clinical guide offers best-practice recommendations for assessing a comprehensive array of child and adolescent mental health problems and health risks. Prominent authorities present evidence-based approaches that can be used in planning, implementing, and evaluating real-world clinical services. Coverage encompasses behavior disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, developmental disorders, maltreatment, and adolescent problems. The volume emphasizes the need to evaluate clients' strengths as well as their deficits, and to take into account the developmental, biological, familial, and cultural contexts of problem behavior.

Psychology of Disability

Second Edition

Author: Carolyn L. Vash, PhD,Nancy M. Crewe, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826197597

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3615

The realities surrounding the psychological experience of disability, plus the intervention techniques used to resolve some of the problems, have changed dramatically since the publication of the first edition of this classic text. This revised edition describes changes that have come out of the Americans with Disabilities Act, as well as technological advances, new legislation, and evolving health care systems. It addresses the growing interest in racial and ethnic diversity, and includes an exploration of spirituality and disability, as well as a look at new partnerships, such as within the community, that have developed.

Multiple Sclerosis For Dummies

Author: Rosalind Kalb,Barbara Giesser,Kathleen Costello

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118175875

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 384

View: 3049

Discusses the options available for treating the disease, and offers advice on managing symptoms, dealing with relapses, developing a healthly diet and lifestyle, and planning for the future.

Disability in the Global Sport Arena

A Sporting Chance

Author: Jill M. Le Clair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135694249

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 254

View: 7977

Sport is often at the centre of battles for rights to inclusion linked to class, race and gender, and this book explores struggles centred on disability in different cultural settings in Europe, North America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It challenges oversights and assumptions about the ‘normal’ body, and describes how individual and organizational transformations can occur through sport. The abilities of a person are recognised and placed centre stage - instead of the individual being forgotten, excluded, or placed at the margins simply because they have a disability. National, regional and global change is part of the shift to the rights based approach reflected in the 2006 UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Making sport inclusive affects the accessibility of facilities, funding, the media, policies, programs, organisations, sponsors and spectators, and at the same time changes the cultural values of the wider society. It also raises issues about competition access and eligibility for ‘different’ and technologically enhanced ‘cyborg’ bodies, and for those most socially disadvantaged. Addressing these questions which ultimately touch on the real meaning of sport can lead to profound changes in people’s attitudes, and how sport is organized locally and globally. Growth in the influential global organisations of the Paralympic Games, Special Olympics and Deaflympics is examined, as is the approach to disability in sport in both advantaged and resource poor countries. The embodied lives of persons with disabilities are explored utilizing new theoretical models, perspectives and approaches. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

Spinal Cord Medicine, Second Edition

Principles & Practice

Author: Diana D. Cardenas, MD, MHA

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9781935281771

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 6272

A Doody's Core Title 2012 The thoroughly revised Second Edition of this authoritative reference continues to define the standard of care for the field of spinal cord medicine. Encompassing all of the diseases and disorders that may a!ect the proper functioning of the spinal cord or spinal nerves, this comprehensive volume provides a state of the art review of the principles of care and best practices for restoring function and quality of life to patients with spinal cord injuries. Expert contributors from multiple disciplines cover topics ranging from acute medical and surgical management of specific problems to cutting-edge research, bladder, bowel and sexual dysfunction, neurologic and musculoskeletal issues, advanced rehabilitation techniques and technologies, functional outcomes, and psychosocial care. While comprehensive in scope, Spinal Cord Medicine offers practical guidance for physicians and other health care professionals involved in the management of individuals with SCI, multiple sclerosis, and other spinal cord disorders. The Second Edition has been completely updated to fully reflect current science and practice. Each section has been re-ordered to better present information and the Second Edition brings in many new authors and topics, more diagrams, illustrations, and tables to solidify concepts, and contains 18 entirely new chapters. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice, Second Edition, reflects the breadth and depth of this multi-faceted specialty. Involving over 150 authors from more than 20 fields of medicine, it is a trusted reference for anyone who works with spinal cord patients and strives to deliver superior clinical care and improve outcomes.

Law and Global Health

Current Legal Issues

Author: Michael Freeman,Sarah Hawkes,Belinda Bennett

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003468

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 3419

Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems (now available in journal format), is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Global Health, the sixteenth volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the scholarship examining the relationship between global health and the law. Covering a wide range of areas from all over the world, articles in the volume look at areas of human rights, vulnerable populations, ethical issues, legal responses and governance.

Certified Rehabilitation Counselor Examination Preparation

A Concise Guide to the Rehabilitation Counselor Test

Author: Fong Chan, PhD, CRC,Malachy Bishop, PhD, CRC,Julie Chronister, PhD, CRC,Eun-Jeong Lee, PhD, CRC,Chung-Yi Chiu, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108423

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2908

This user-friendly new study guide will help graduate students and professionals in rehabilitation counseling to prepare thoroughly for the CRC® examination. It provides a complete, detailed review of the CRC exam built on the most recent, empirically based rehabilitation counselor roles and function studies. Each chapter contains a concise overview of the topic, summary tables of key concepts, practice questions with annotated answers, and links to related web-based materials. Key Features: Covers 10 core curriculum areas Features 2010 approved core standards Provides 300 test questions and answers Describes key terms and concepts Includes tables and charts to clarify information Certified Rehabilitation Counselor Examination Preparation is written by rehabilitation counselors and content experts well known in their field for teaching effectiveness, research, and scholarship. It is geared for master's and doctoral-level students in rehabilitation counseling, psychology and disability studies, as well as Licensed Professional Counselors. It will also be of value to master's-level students in their day-to-day preparation for individual classes in theory, assessment, and job placement. Note: This book is not endorsed or in any other way supported by the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification (CRCC).

Prisoners or Presidents

The Simple Things That Change Everything; When Principals Lead Like Lives Depend on It

Author: Dr. Ian Roberts

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469124076

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 9805

The demand for information about effective special education programs in public and private educational institutions continues to grow. There is an increase in the alarming statistics surrounding the impact of the negative effects that failing special education programs; particularly those that are focused on placing students in exclusion and self- contained environments. Prisoners or Presidents: “How and Why Inclusion Determines The Future of Students With Special Needs” offers a comprehensive discussion of special education and inclusion. This book provides insight into the wonderful things that can happen to students when the two are merged. This book is written for every educator, parent, policy maker and child who has or has ever had a special need. In addition, this book provides a comprehensive overview about the history of special education, legislation, policy, and practices from the 1800’s to Contemporary America.

Including Everyone

Creating Music Classrooms Where All Children Learn

Author: Judith Jellison

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266554

Category: Music

Page: 272

View: 9273

Many practical books for music educators who work with special needs students focus on students' disabilities, rather than on the inclusive classroom more generally. In Including Everyone: Creating Music Classrooms Where All Children Learn, veteran teacher and pedagogue Judith Jellison offers a new approach that identifies broader principles of inclusive music instruction writ large. As she demonstrates in this aptly-titled book, the perceived impediments to successfully including the wide diversity of children in schools in meaningful music instruction often stem not from insurmountable obstacles but from a lack of imagination. How do teachers and parents create diverse musical communities in which all children develop skills, deepen understanding, and cultivate independence in a culture of accomplishment and joy? Including Everyone equips music teachers with five principles of effective instruction for mixed special needs / traditional settings that are applicable in both classroom and rehearsal rooms alike. These five guidelines lay out Jellison's argument for a new way to teach music that shifts attention away from thinking of children in terms of symptoms. The effective teacher, argues Jellison, will strive to offer a curriculum that will not only allow the child with a disability to be more successful, but will also apply to and improve instruction for typically developing students. In this compelling new book, Judith Jellison illustrates what it takes to imagine, create, and realize possibilities for all children in ways that inspire parents, teachers, and the children themselves to take part in collaborative music making. Her book helps readers recognize how this most central component of human culture is one that allows everyone to participate, learn, and grow. Jellison is a leader in her field, and the wealth of knowledge she makes available in this book is extensive and valuable. It should aid her peers and inspire a new generation of student teachers.

Extraordinary Measures

Disability in Music

Author: Joseph N. Straus

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199831408

Category: Music

Page: 224

View: 9898

Approaching disability as a cultural construction rather than a medical pathology, this book studies the impact of disability and concepts of disability on composers, performers, and listeners with disabilities, as well as on discourse about music and works of music themselves. For composers with disabilities--like Beethoven, Delius, and Schumann--awareness of the disability sharply inflects critical reception. For performers with disabilities--such as Itzhak Perlman and Evelyn Glennie--the performance of disability and the performance of music are deeply intertwined. For listeners with disabilities, extraordinary bodies and minds may give rise to new ways of making sense of music. In the stories that people tell about music, and in the stories that music itself tells, disability has long played a central but unrecognized role. Some of these stories are narratives of overcoming-the triumph of the human spirit over adversity-but others are more nuanced tales of accommodation and acceptance of life with a non-normative body or mind. In all of these ways, music both reflects and constructs disability.

Civil Disabilities

Citizenship, Membership, and Belonging

Author: Nancy J. Hirschmann,Beth Linker

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812246675

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9656

An estimated one billion people around the globe live with a disability; this number grows exponentially when family members, friends, and care providers are included. Various countries and international organizations have attempted to guard against discrimination and secure basic human rights for those whose lives are affected by disability. Yet despite such attempts many disabled persons in the United States and throughout the world still face exclusion from full citizenship and membership in their respective societies. They are regularly denied employment, housing, health care, access to buildings, and the right to move freely in public spaces. At base, such discrimination reflects a tacit yet pervasive assumption that disabled persons do not belong in society. Civil Disabilities challenges such norms and practices, urging a reconceptualization of disability and citizenship to secure a rightful place for disabled persons in society. Essays from leading scholars in a diversity of fields offer critical perspectives on current citizenship studies, which still largely assume an ableist world. Placing historians in conversation with anthropologists, sociologists with literary critics, and musicologists with political scientists, this interdisciplinary volume presents a compelling case for reimagining citizenship that is more consistent, inclusive, and just, in both theory and practice. By placing disability front and center in academic and civic discourse, Civil Disabilities tests the very notion of citizenship and transforms our understanding of disability and belonging. Contributors: Emily Abel, Douglas C. Baynton, Susan Burch, Allison C. Carey, Faye Ginsburg, Nancy J. Hirschmann, Hannah Joyner, Catherine Kudlick, Beth Linker, Alex Lubet, Rayna Rapp, Susan Schweik, Tobin Siebers, Lorella Terzi.