Before Eminent Domain

Toward a History of Expropriation of Land for the Common Good

Author: Susan Reynolds

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807895863

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 6017

In this concise history of expropriation of land for the common good in Europe and North America from medieval times to 1800, Susan Reynolds contextualizes the history of an important legal doctrine regarding the relationship between government and the institution of private property. Before Eminent Domain concentrates on western Europe and the English colonies in America. As Reynolds argues, expropriation was a common legal practice in many societies in which individuals had rights to land. It was generally accepted that land could be taken from them, with compensation, when the community, however defined, needed it. She cites examples of the practice since the early Middle Ages in England, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain, and from the seventeenth century in America. Reynolds concludes with a discussion of past and present ideas and assumptions about community, individual rights, and individual property that underlie the practice of expropriation but have been largely ignored by historians of both political and legal thought.

The History of the London Water Industry, 1580–1820

Author: Leslie Tomory

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421422042

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 7763

Beginning in 1580, a number of competing London companies sold water directly to consumers through a large network of wooden mains in the expanding metropolis. This new water industry flourished throughout the 1600s, eventually expanding to serve tens of thousands of homes. By the late eighteenth century, more than 80 percent of the city’s houses had water connections—making London the best-served metropolis in the world while demonstrating that it was legally, commercially, and technologically possible to run an infrastructure network within the largest city on earth. In this richly detailed book, historian Leslie Tomory shows how new technologies imported from the Continent, including waterwheel-driven piston pumps, spurred the rapid growth of London’s water industry. The business was further sustained by an explosion in consumer demand, particularly in the city’s wealthy West End. Meanwhile, several key local innovations reshaped the industry by enlarging the size of the supply network. By 1800, the success of London’s water industry made it a model for other cities in Europe and beyond as they began to build their own water networks. The city’s water infrastructure even inspired builders of other large-scale urban projects, including gas and sewage supply networks. The History of the London Water Industry, 1580–1820 explores the technological, cultural, and mercantile factors that created and sustained this remarkable industry. Tomory examines how the joint-stock form became popular with water companies, providing a stable legal structure that allowed for expansion. He also explains how the roots of the London water industry’s divergence from the Continent and even from other British cities was rooted both in the size of London as a market and in the late seventeenth-century consumer revolution. This fascinating and unique study of essential utilities in the early modern period will interest business historians and historians of science and technology alike.

Functionings of Land

Analysing Compulsory Acquisition Cases from Scotland

Author: Jyoti Rao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811314411

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 115

View: 4944

This book focuses on the 'functionings' and capabilities generated from land by their owners and the challenge in satisfactorily recreating these through the compensation paid in the case of compulsory acquisition of private land. These discussions initiate a new debate on the insufficiency of existing approaches to compensation that are ignorant of the losses of ‘capabilities’ and ‘functionings’. The relationship between land, ownership and well-being of an individual is explained through the identification of various ‘functionings’ associated with the ownership of land in the context of Scotland. Contemporary approaches to compensation, founded on the utilitarian argument, have led to dissatisfactory outcomes for the affected landowners. Discussions in this book shift the focus to equalizing the share of burdens and benefits for each individual member of the society, through equalization of human capabilities. This book will be of value to development economists, researchers, policy makers and law makers concerned with compulsory acquisition of land.

Congressional Record

Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 3198

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)

Land und Industrialisierung in Indien

Langlebigkeit und Wandel des Land Acquisition Act (1894)

Author: Stefan Diederich

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft

ISBN: 9783848726301

Category:

Page: 309

View: 3661

Die Bereitstellung von Land fur groae Industrie- und Infrastrukturprojekte hat sich in den vergangenen Jahren zu einem Schlusselproblem der indischen Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft entwickelt. Die erbittert ausgefuhrten, teils gewaltsamen Konflikte um Land und das Scheitern groaer Projekte haben die Frage nach der Legitimitat der staatlichen Praxis der Landenteignungen aufgeworfen. Die Arbeit widmet sich der zentralen Institution in diesem Bereich, dem aus der Kolonialzeit stammenden Land Acquisition Act (1894). Dieser ist nach der indischen Unabhangigkeit in Kraft geblieben und wurde im Jahre 2013 durch ein neues Gesetz ersetzt. Der Fokus der Arbeit liegt auf den historischen Entwicklungen, die zu der Langlebigkeit des Gesetzes beigetragen haben. Zudem wird der politische Prozess, der zu der neuen Gesetzgebung gefuhrt hat, im Detail untersucht.

Souveränität

Herkunft und Zukunft eines Schlüsselbegriffs

Author: Dieter Grimm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sovereignty

Page: 135

View: 1157


Landreform in Namibia

perspektiven und meinungen

Author: Dorothe Stuhl,Tanja Pickardt,Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit in Namibia. Ressourcenschutz und Ländliche Entwicklung

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 39

View: 9450


Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849679365

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 8583

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag gilt als das Hauptwerk des Philosophen Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Es erschien erstmals 1762 in Amsterdam und wurde daraufhin in Frankreich, den Niederlanden, in Genf und Bern sofort verboten. Das Buch ist ein Schlüsselwerk der Aufklärungsphilosophie und ein großer Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie.

Lehrbuch der ökonomischen Analyse des Zivilrechts

Author: Hans-Bernd Schäfer,Claus Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642291228

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 761

View: 9144

Die Grundlagen der ökonomischen Analyse des Zivilrechts werden in diesem Buch anschaulich erörtert. Die Autoren des einzigen deutschen Lehrbuchs zu diesem Thema berücksichtigen dabei das Delikts-, Vertrags- und Sachenrecht, das Immaterialgüterrecht sowie das Insolvenzrecht und Grundzüge des Unternehmensrechts. Ein neuer Schwerpunkt der umfassend aktualisierten 5. Auflage ist der Einfluss der verhaltensökonomischen Forschung auf diese Analyse. Zudem werden die Europäisierung des Rechts und die internationale Konkurrenz von Rechtsnormen einbezogen.

Das Kapital - Band 1- Kritik der politischen Ökonomie - Buch 1 - Der Produktionsprozess des Kapitals- Ein Manuskript zur vierten Auflage mit Anmerkungen von Friedrich Engels als eBook zum 200. Geburtstag von Karl Marx

Author: Eckhard Toboll

Publisher: epubli

ISBN: 3746745233

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 6010

Das Werk von Karl Marx, "Das Kapital" - Band 1- Kritik der politischen Ökonomie - Buch 1 - Der Produktionsprozess des Kapitals, wird auch als "die Bibel der Arbeiterklasse" bezeichnet. Ob Arbeiter, BWL- oder VWL Student, sowie Politiker und natürlich für "Kapitalisten" (Unternehmer) in der heutigen Zeit, sollte dieses Werk von Karl Marx ein "muss" sein.