Probability and Statistics by Example: Volume 1, Basic Probability and Statistics

Author: Yuri Suhov,Michael Kelbert,Mark Kelbert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521847667

Category: Mathematics

Page: 372

View: 532

This subject is critical in many modern applications such as mathematical finance, quantitative management, telecommunications, signal processing, bioinformatics, as well as traditional ones such as insurance, social science and engineering. The authors have rectified deficiencies in traditional lecture-based methods by collecting together a wealth of exercises for which they have supplied complete solutions. These solutions are adapted to needs and skills of students. Experience shows that users of this book will find the subject more interesting and they will be better equipped to solve problems in practice and under examination conditions.

Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Author: Michael Wolf-Branigin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199841462

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6563

Complexity as a paradigm has been underutilized by social work, but this cutting-edge pocket guide makes a convincing argument for its use. Every agency worker has been faced with a deluge of records, making it difficult to grasp onto structures and trends undergirding behavior. Complexity theory studies the interactions of competitive and cooperative tendencies of agents such as individuals, families, groups, or communities, making the case that there is a hidden order in things that are seemingly chaotic. Exploring their interactions involves identifying a set of simple rules that the agents follow, revealing patterns that emerge without a predetermined template. Readers will learn how to frame their research using the components found in complex systems by using their existing knowledge of research methods and applying basic mathematical concepts. Concepts such as bordering between chaos and equilibrium, diverse perspectives, diverse heuristics, robustness, and wisdom of crowds are considered and applied to social work research studies. Basic introductions on game theory, graph theory, Boolean logic, decision theory, and network science provide the necessary mathematical background for understanding interconnectedness and networking. The next part of the book is a hands-on guide to the agent-based modeling software NetLogo. By inputting initial parameters and rules, the outputted models provide valuable information for visualizing unintended consequences, including how conflict can foster cooperation and how threats to a social network can improve the network's robustness and resiliency. The result is both a user-friendly introduction to using complexity theory in a socio-environmental context and a framework that provides an overarching structure for investigating process, outcomes, and the collective behavior of groups.

Applied Regression Modeling

A Business Approach

Author: Iain Pardoe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470052651

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 4100

An applied and concise treatment of statistical regression techniques for business students and professionals who have little or no background in calculus Regression analysis is an invaluable statistical methodology in business settings and is vital to model the relationship between a response variable and one or more predictor variables, as well as the prediction of a response value given values of the predictors. In view of the inherent uncertainty of business processes, such as the volatility of consumer spending and the presence of market uncertainty, business professionals use regression analysis to make informed decisions. Applied Regression Modeling: A Business Approach offers a practical, workable introduction to regression analysis for upper-level undergraduate business students, MBA students, and business managers, including auditors, financial analysts, retailers, economists, production managers, and professionals in manufacturing firms. The book's overall approach is strongly based on an abundant use of illustrations and graphics and uses major statistical software packages, including SPSS(r), Minitab(r), SAS(r), and R/S-PLUS(r). Detailed instructions for use of these packages, as well as for Microsoft Office Excel(r), are provided, although Excel does not have a built-in capability to carry out all the techniques discussed. Applied Regression Modeling: A Business Approach offers special user features, including: * A companion Web site with all the datasets used in the book, classroom presentation slides for instructors, additional problems and ideas for organizing class time around the material in the book, and supplementary instructions for popular statistical software packages. An Instructor's Solutions Manual is also available. * A generous selection of problems-many requiring computer work-in each chapter with fullyworked-out solutions * Two real-life dataset applications used repeatedly in examples throughout the book to familiarize the reader with these applications and the techniques they illustrate * A chapter containing two extended case studies to show the direct applicability of the material * A chapter on modeling extensions illustrating more advanced regression techniques through the use of real-life examples and covering topics not normally seen in a textbook of this nature * More than 100 figures to aid understanding of the material Applied Regression Modeling: A Business Approach fully prepares professionals and students to apply statistical methods in their decision-making, using primarily regression analysis and modeling. To help readers understand, analyze, and interpret business data and make informed decisions in uncertain settings, many of the examples and problems use real-life data with a business focus, such as production costs, sales figures, stock prices, economic indicators, and salaries. A calculus background is not required to understand and apply the methods in the book.

Handbook of Probability

Theory and Applications

Author: Tamás Rudas

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483303659

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 817

"This is a valuable reference guide for readers interested in gaining a basic understanding of probability theory or its applications in problem solving in the other disciplines." —CHOICE Providing cutting-edge perspectives and real-world insights into the greater utility of probability and its applications, the Handbook of Probability offers an equal balance of theory and direct applications in a non-technical, yet comprehensive, format. Editor Tamás Rudas and the internationally-known contributors present the material in a manner so that researchers of various backgrounds can use the reference either as a primer for understanding basic probability theory or as a more advanced research tool for specific projects requiring a deeper understanding. The wide-ranging applications of probability presented make it useful for scholars who need to make interdisciplinary connections in their work. Key Features Contains contributions from the international who's-who of probability across several disciplines Offers an equal balance of theory and applications Explains the most important concepts of probability theory in a non-technical yet comprehensive way Provides in-depth examples of recent applications in the social and behavioral sciences as well as education, business, and law Intended Audience This Handbook makes an ideal library purchase. In addition, this volume should also be of interest to individual scholars in the social and behavioral sciences.

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 3398

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Physical Review

Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Statistical physics

Page: N.A

View: 2488

Bayesian Analysis in Econometrics and Statistics

The Zellner View and Papers

Author: Arnold Zellner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 554

View: 7151

'. . . this book must stand as a testament to a life's work by a man who has arguably done more to popularize Bayesian econometrics than anyone else.' - Gary Koop, Economic Record This book presents some of Arnold Zellner's outstanding contributions to the philosophy, theory and application of Bayesian analysis, particularly as it relates to statistics, econometrics and economics.

Lie-Gruppen und Lie-Algebren

Author: Joachim Hilgert,Karl-Hermann Neeb

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322802701

Category: Education

Page: 361

View: 2255

Dieses Buch versteht sich als Einführung in die Theorie der Lie-Gruppen. Der Begriff der Lie-Gruppen wird ausgehend von den einfachsten Beispielen, den Matrizengruppen, entwickelt. Eine große Anzahl von Problemen für Lie-Gruppen kann man durch Übertragung auf die zugehörigen Lie-Algebren lösen. Dies ist der Leitgedanke des Buches. Vorausgesetzt werden Kenntnisse in der Linearen Algebra, der Differentialrechnung mehrerer Variablen und der elementaren Gruppentheorie.

Books in Print

Author: R.R. Bowker Company

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3307

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Ökonometrie für Dummies

Author: Roberto Pedace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527801529

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 3371

Theorien verstehen und Techniken anwenden Was haben die Gehälter von Spitzensportlern und der Mindestlohn gemeinsam? Richtig, man kann sie mit Ökonometrie erforschen. Im Buch steht, wie es geht. Und nicht nur dafür, sondern für viele weitere Gebiete lohnt es sich, der zunächst etwas trocken und sperrig anmutenden Materie eine Chance zu geben. Lernen Sie von den Autoren, wie Sie spannende Fragen formulieren, passende Variablen festlegen, treffsichere Modelle entwerfen und Ihre Aussagen auf Herz und Nieren prüfen. Werden Sie sicher im Umgang mit Hypothesentests, Regressionsmodellen, Logit- & Probit-Modellen und allen weiteren gängigen Methoden der Ökonometrie. So begleitet Ökonometrie für Dummies Sie Schritt für Schritt und mit vielen Beispielen samt R Output durch dieses spannende Thema.

Partielle Differentialgleichungen

Eine Einführung

Author: Walter A. Strauss

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366312486X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 458

View: 8036

Dieses Buch ist eine umfassende Einführung in die klassischen Lösungsmethoden partieller Differentialgleichungen. Es wendet sich an Leser mit Kenntnissen aus einem viersemestrigen Grundstudium der Mathematik (und Physik) und legt seinen Schwerpunkt auf die explizite Darstellung der Lösungen. Es ist deshalb besonders auch für Anwender (Physiker, Ingenieure) sowie für Nichtspezialisten, die die Methoden der mathematischen Physik kennenlernen wollen, interessant. Durch die große Anzahl von Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben eignet es sich gut zum Gebrauch neben Vorlesungen sowie zum Selbststudium.