Basic Stochastic Processes

A Course Through Exercises

Author: Zdzislaw Brzezniak,Tomasz Zastawniak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447105338

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 5923

Stochastic processes are tools used widely by statisticians and researchers working in the mathematics of finance. This book for self-study provides a detailed treatment of conditional expectation and probability, a topic that in principle belongs to probability theory, but is essential as a tool for stochastic processes. The book centers on exercises as the main means of explanation.

Basic Stochastic Processes

Author: Pierre Devolder,Jacques Janssen,Raimondo Manca

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119184576

Category: Mathematics

Page: 326

View: 9986

This book presents basic stochastic processes, stochastic calculus including Lévy processes on one hand, and Markov and Semi Markov models on the other. From the financial point of view, essential concepts such as the Black and Scholes model, VaR indicators, actuarial evaluation, market values, fair pricing play a central role and will be presented. The authors also present basic concepts so that this series is relatively self-contained for the main audience formed by actuaries and particularly with ERM (enterprise risk management) certificates, insurance risk managers, students in Master in mathematics or economics and people involved in Solvency II for insurance companies and in Basel II and III for banks.

Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Michael Mürmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364238160X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 428

View: 7123

Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​

Basics of Applied Stochastic Processes

Author: Richard Serfozo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540893326

Category: Mathematics

Page: 443

View: 5661

Stochastic processes are mathematical models of random phenomena that evolve according to prescribed dynamics. Processes commonly used in applications are Markov chains in discrete and continuous time, renewal and regenerative processes, Poisson processes, and Brownian motion. This volume gives an in-depth description of the structure and basic properties of these stochastic processes. A main focus is on equilibrium distributions, strong laws of large numbers, and ordinary and functional central limit theorems for cost and performance parameters. Although these results differ for various processes, they have a common trait of being limit theorems for processes with regenerative increments. Extensive examples and exercises show how to formulate stochastic models of systems as functions of a system’s data and dynamics, and how to represent and analyze cost and performance measures. Topics include stochastic networks, spatial and space-time Poisson processes, queueing, reversible processes, simulation, Brownian approximations, and varied Markovian models. The technical level of the volume is between that of introductory texts that focus on highlights of applied stochastic processes, and advanced texts that focus on theoretical aspects of processes.

Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance

Author: Masaaki Kijima

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882244

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 6900

In recent years, modeling financial uncertainty using stochastic processes has become increasingly important, but it is commonly perceived as requiring a deep mathematical background. Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance shows that this is not necessarily so. It presents the theory of discrete stochastic processes and their applications in finance in an accessible treatment that strikes a balance between the abstract and the practical. Using an approach that views sophisticated stochastic calculus as based on a simple class of discrete processes-"random walks"-the author first provides an elementary introduction to the relevant areas of real analysis and probability. He then uses random walks to explain the change of measure formula, the reflection principle, and the Kolmogorov backward equation. The Black-Scholes formula is derived as a limit of binomial model, and applications to the pricing of derivative securities are presented. Another primary focus of the book is the pricing of corporate bonds and credit derivatives, which the author explains in terms of discrete default models. By presenting important results in discrete processes and showing how to transfer those results to their continuous counterparts, Stochastic Processes with Applications to Finance imparts an intuitive and practical understanding of the subject. This unique treatment is ideal both as a text for a graduate-level class and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in financial engineering, operations research, and mathematical and statistical finance.

Stochastic Processes

Basic Theory and Its Applications

Author: Narahari Umanath Prabhu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812706267

Category: Mathematics

Page: 341

View: 3592

Most introductory textbooks on stochastic processes which cover standard topics such as Poisson process, Brownian motion, renewal theory and random walks deal inadequately with their applications. Written in a simple and accessible manner, this book addresses that inadequacy and provides guidelines and tools to study the applications. The coverage includes research developments in Markov property, martingales, regenerative phenomena and Tauberian theorems, and covers measure theory at an elementary level.

Stochastic Processes

with Applications to Reliability Theory

Author: Toshio Nakagawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857292742

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

View: 2307

Reliability theory is of fundamental importance for engineers and managers involved in the manufacture of high-quality products and the design of reliable systems. In order to make sense of the theory, however, and to apply it to real systems, an understanding of the basic stochastic processes is indispensable. As well as providing readers with useful reliability studies and applications, Stochastic Processes also gives a basic treatment of such stochastic processes as: the Poisson process, the renewal process, the Markov chain, the Markov process, and the Markov renewal process. Many examples are cited from reliability models to show the reader how to apply stochastic processes. Furthermore, Stochastic Processes gives a simple introduction to other stochastic processes such as the cumulative process, the Wiener process, the Brownian motion and reliability applications. Stochastic Processes is suitable for use as a reliability textbook by advanced undergraduate and graduate students. It is also of interest to researchers, engineers and managers who study or practise reliability and maintenance.

Stochastic Processes in Science, Engineering and Finance

Author: Frank Beichelt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420010459

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 7636

This book presents a self-contained introduction to stochastic processes with emphasis on their applications in science, engineering, finance, computer science, and operations research. It provides theoretical foundations for modeling time-dependent random phenomena in these areas and illustrates their application by analyzing numerous practical examples. The treatment assumes few prerequisites, requiring only the standard mathematical maturity acquired by undergraduate applied science students. It includes an introductory chapter that summarizes the basic probability theory needed as background. Numerous exercises reinforce the concepts and techniques discussed and allow readers to assess their grasp of the subject. Solutions to most of the exercises are provided in an appendix. While focused primarily on practical aspects, the presentation includes some important proofs along with more challenging examples and exercises for those more theoretically inclined. Mastering the contents of this book prepares readers to apply stochastic modeling in their own fields and enables them to work more creatively with software designed for dealing with the data analysis aspects of stochastic processes.

Adventures in Stochastic Processes

Author: Sidney I. Resnick

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817635916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 626

View: 6437

Stochastic processes are necessary ingredients for building models of a wide variety of phenomena exhibiting time varying randomness. This text offers easy access to this fundamental topic for many students of applied sciences at many levels. It includes examples, exercises, applications, and computational procedures. It is uniquely useful for beginners and non-beginners in the field. No knowledge of measure theory is presumed.

Chemical Kinetics, Stochastic Processes, and Irreversible Thermodynamics

Author: Moisés Santillán

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319066897

Category: Mathematics

Page: 126

View: 7281

This book brings theories in nonlinear dynamics, stochastic processes, irreversible thermodynamics, physical chemistry and biochemistry together in an introductory but formal and comprehensive manner. Coupled with examples, the theories are developed stepwise, starting with the simplest concepts and building upon them into a more general framework. Furthermore, each new mathematical derivation is immediately applied to one or more biological systems. The last chapters focus on applying mathematical and physical techniques to study systems such as: gene regulatory networks and molecular motors. The target audience of this book are mainly final year undergraduate and graduate students with a solid mathematical background (physicists, mathematicians and engineers), as well as with basic notions of biochemistry and cellular biology. This book can also be useful to students with a biological background who are interested in mathematical modeling and have a working knowledge of calculus, differential equations and a basic understanding of probability theory.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes

Author: Erhan Cinlar

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486276325

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 9822

Clear presentation employs methods that recognize computer-related aspects of theory. Topics include expectations and independence, Bernoulli processes and sums of independent random variables, Markov chains, renewal theory, more. 1975 edition.

Stochastic-Process Limits

An Introduction to Stochastic-Process Limits and Their Application to Queues

Author: Ward Whitt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387217487

Category: Mathematics

Page: 602

View: 4334

From the reviews: "The material is self-contained, but it is technical and a solid foundation in probability and queuing theory is beneficial to prospective readers. [... It] is intended to be accessible to those with less background. This book is a must to researchers and graduate students interested in these areas." ISI Short Book Reviews

Introduction to Stochastic Calculus with Applications

Author: Fima C. Klebaner

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860945554

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 3016

This book presents a concise treatment of stochastic calculus and its applications. It gives a simple but rigorous treatment of the subject including a range of advanced topics, it is useful for practitioners who use advanced theoretical results. It covers advanced applications, such as models in mathematical finance, biology and engineering.Self-contained and unified in presentation, the book contains many solved examples and exercises. It may be used as a textbook by advanced undergraduates and graduate students in stochastic calculus and financial mathematics. It is also suitable for practitioners who wish to gain an understanding or working knowledge of the subject. For mathematicians, this book could be a first text on stochastic calculus; it is good companion to more advanced texts by a way of examples and exercises. For people from other fields, it provides a way to gain a working knowledge of stochastic calculus. It shows all readers the applications of stochastic calculus methods and takes readers to the technical level required in research and sophisticated modelling.This second edition contains a new chapter on bonds, interest rates and their options. New materials include more worked out examples in all chapters, best estimators, more results on change of time, change of measure, random measures, new results on exotic options, FX options, stochastic and implied volatility, models of the age-dependent branching process and the stochastic Lotka-Volterra model in biology, non-linear filtering in engineering and five new figures.Instructors can obtain slides of the text from the author.

A Second Course in Stochastic Processes

Author: Samuel Karlin,Howard E. Taylor,Howard M. Taylor

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780123986504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 542

View: 5451

Algebraic methods in markov chains; Ratio theorems of transition probabilities and applications; Sums of independent random variables as a markov chain; Order statistics, poisson processes, and applications; Continuous time markov chains; Diffusion processes; Compouding stochastic processes; Fluctuation theory of partial sums of independent identically distributed random variables; Queueing processes.

Limit Theorems for Randomly Stopped Stochastic Processes

Author: Dmitriĭ Sergeevich Silʹvestrov,Dmitrii S.. Silvestrov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852337773

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 3760

This volume is the first to present a state-of-the-art overview of this field, with many results published for the first time. It covers the general conditions as well as the basic applications of the theory, and it covers and demystifies the vast and technically demanding Russian literature in detail. Its coverage is thorough, streamlined and arranged according to difficulty.

Reliability Engineering

Theory and Practice

Author: Alessandro Birolini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540493883

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 593

View: 538

This book presents the state-of-the-art of reliability engineering, both in theory and practice. It provides design guidelines for reliability, maintainability, and software quality. This is a textbook establishing a link between theory and practice, with a large number of tables, figures, and examples to support the practical aspects. This allows rapid access to practical results. The book is based on over 30 years of industrial and academic experience.

Stochastic Models with Applications to Genetics, Cancers, AIDS and Other Biomedical Systems

Author: W. Y. Tan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810248697

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 9376

This book presents a systematic treatment of Markov chains, diffusion processes and state space models, as well as alternative approaches to Markov chains through stochastic difference equations and stochastic differential equations. It illustrates how these processes and approaches are applied to many problems in genetics, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and other biomedical systems.One feature of the book is that it describes the basic MCMC (Markov chain and Monte Carlo) procedures and illustrates how to use the Gibbs sampling method and the multilevel Gibbs sampling method to solve many problems in genetics, carcinogenesis, AIDS and other biomedical systems.As another feature, the book develops many state space models for many genetic problems, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and HIV pathogenesis. It shows in detail how to use the multilevel Gibbs sampling method to estimate (or predict) simultaneously the state variables and the unknown parameters in cancer chemotherapy, carcinogenesis, AIDS epidemiology and HIV pathogenesis. As a matter of fact, this book is the first to develop many state space models for many genetic problems, carcinogenesis and other biomedical problems.