For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.
A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
The Aztecs and Mixtecs of ancient Mexico recorded their histories pictorially in images painted on hide, paper, and cloth. The tradition of painting history continued even after the Spanish Conquest, as the Spaniards accepted the pictorial histories as valid records of the past. Five Pre-Columbian and some 150 early colonial painted histories survive today. This copiously illustrated book offers the first comprehensive analysis of the Mexican painted history as an intellectual, documentary, and pictorial genre. Elizabeth Hill Boone explores how the Mexican historians conceptualized and painted their past and introduces the major pictorial records: the Aztec annals and cartographic histories and the Mixtec screenfolds and lienzos. Boone focuses her analysis on the kinds of stories told in the histories and on how the manuscripts work pictorially to encode, organize, and preserve these narratives. This twofold investigation broadens our understanding of how preconquest Mexicans used pictographic history for political and social ends. It also demonstrates how graphic writing systems created a broadly understood visual "language" that communicated effectively across ethnic and linguistic boundaries.
Pictorial Histories of the Aztecs and Mixtecs
Author: Elizabeth Hill Boone
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Category: Social Science
Historical writings on Our Lady of Guadalupe, the most revered sacred figure indigenous to the western hemisphere, have tended to focus on the sixteenth-century origins of her cult. But recent publications have increasingly extended Guadalupan studies beyond the origin debates to analyses of the subsequent evolution and immense influence of the Guadalupe tradition. New Frontiers in Guadalupan Studies significantly enhances this growing body of literature with insightful essays on topics that span the early stages of Guadalupan devotion to the milestone of Pope Benedict XIV establishing an official liturgical feast for Guadalupe in 1754. The volume also breaks new ground in theological analyses of Guadalupe, which comprise an ongoing effort to articulate a Christian response to one of the most momentous events of Christianity's second millennium: the conquest, evangelization, and struggles for life, dignity, and self-determination of the peoples of the Americas.
Author: Virgilio Elizondo,Timothy Matovina
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Representations of the Aztec Tlaltecuhtli
Author: Lucia Ross Henderson
Category: Art and mythology
This work enumerates and discusses the various iconographic elements borne by the two main Aztec (15th and 16th centuries) variants of Tlaltecuhtli (the anthropomorphic version of the Aztec earth) so as to elucidate their meanings and symbolism. It also compiles not only the arguments and sources relevant to studies of Tlaltecuhtli, but also, for the first time, all known published images of the deity. The end result demonstrates that not only were there two main Tlaltecuhtli variants, but that the first of these was female and the second male. The author focuses specifically on representations of Tlaltecuhtli rather than broader imagery of the earth or of earth goddesses in general. Tlaltecuhtli, the anthropomorphic version of the Aztec earth, was, for the most part, rendered in stone reliefs found in and around the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan.
revealing Tlaltecuhtli, the two-faced Aztec Earth
Author: Lucia Henderson
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd
Sprachliches, Bilderschriften, Kalender- und Hieroglyphenentzifferung
Author: Eduard Seler
Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)
Author: Sophie D. Coe,Michael D. Coe
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
zur Wissenskompilatorik in der Frühen Neuzeit
Author: Frank Büttner,Markus Friedrich,Helmut Zedelmaier
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
»Sexus und Herrschaft« ist Kate Milletts erstes Buch. Es erschien 1969 und machte die Autorin über Nacht berühmt. Übersetzungen in zahlreiche Sprachen folgten. Kate Millett stellt in ihrem Buch die These auf, daß Sexualität ein politisches Instrument ist und der Koitus, die scheinbar intimste Beziehung zwischen den Geschlechtern, dem Patriarchat zur Unterdrückung und Demütigung der Frau dient. Als Beleg für ihre These analysiert sie die Werke von Autoren wie D. H. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Norman Mailer, Jean Genet. Das Buch gehört seit seinem Erscheinen zu den Standardwerken der Frauenbewegung.
Die Tyrannei des Mannes in unserer Gesellschaft
Author: Kate Millett
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
Category: Social Science
Im Original 1907 erschienenes Buch ber die Eroberung Mexikos durch Ferdinand Cortez.
Drei eigenhändige Berichte von Ferdinand Cortez an Kaiser Karl V.
Author: Ernst Schultze
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
die unglaubliche Wissenschaft der Antike
Author: David Hatcher Childress
Author: Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin