At War's End

Building Peace After Civil Conflict

Author: Roland Paris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521541978

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 6373

This book explores the challenge of rehabilitating countries after civil wars. It finds that attempting to transform war-shattered states into liberal democracies with market economies can backfire badly. If democracy and capitalism are introduced too quickly, and in the absence of effective institutions, they can increase rather than decrease the danger of renewed fighting. A more effective approach to post-conflict peacebuilding would be to introduce political and economic reform in a more gradual and controlled manner.

At war's end

Author: Anne Perry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739480410

Category: Military chaplains

Page: 502

View: 9655

Ethics Beyond War's End

Author: Eric Patterson

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589018974

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8784

The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have focused new attention on a perennial problem: how to end wars well. What ethical considerations should guide war’s settlement and its aftermath? In cases of protracted conflicts, recurring war, failed or failing states, or genocide and war crimes, is there a framework for establishing an enduring peace that is pragmatic and moral? Ethics Beyond War’s End provides answers to these questions from the just war tradition. Just war thinking engages the difficult decisions of going to war and how war is fought. But from this point forward just war theory must also take into account what happens after war ends, and the critical issues that follow: establishing an enduring order, employing political forms of justice, and cultivating collective forms of conciliation. Top thinkers in the field—including Michael Walzer, Jean Bethke Elshtain, James Turner Johnson, and Brian Orend—offer powerful contributions to our understanding of the vital issues associated with late- and post conflict in tough, real-world scenarios that range from the US Civil War to contemporary quagmires in Afghanistan, the Middle East, and the Congo.

How Wars End

Author: Dan Reiter

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400831032

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 7694

Why do some countries choose to end wars short of total victory while others fight on, sometimes in the face of appalling odds? How Wars End argues that two central factors shape war-termination decision making: information about the balance of power and the resolve of one's enemy, and fears that the other side's commitment to abide by a war-ending peace settlement may not be credible. Dan Reiter explains how information about combat outcomes and other factors may persuade a warring nation to demand more or less in peace negotiations, and why a country might refuse to negotiate limited terms and instead tenaciously pursue absolute victory if it fears that its enemy might renege on a peace deal. He fully lays out the theory and then tests it on more than twenty cases of war-termination behavior, including decisions during the American Civil War, the two world wars, and the Korean War. Reiter helps solve some of the most enduring puzzles in military history, such as why Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, why Germany in 1918 renewed its attack in the West after securing peace with Russia in the East, and why Britain refused to seek peace terms with Germany after France fell in 1940. How Wars End concludes with a timely discussion of twentieth-century American foreign policy, framing the Bush Doctrine's emphasis on preventive war in the context of the theory.

How Wars End

Why We Always Fight the Last Battle

Author: Gideon Rose

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416590552

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 4901

Argues that the failure of the United States to create successful peace settlements when ending the major wars of the twentieth century has only led to subsequent conflicts and new wars which attempt to resolve the issues of the previous war.

Trust and Fear in Civil Wars

Ending Intrastate Conflicts

Author: Shanna Kirschner

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739196421

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 1946

This book uses a new theoretical framework to explain when civil wars become protracted. It focuses on how individuals evaluate their prospects under a peace settlement and shows how fears of future security can make war seem like the safest option, providing new insights on how intergroup interactions and reputation influence civil war processes.

Barstow to War's End

A Fem War II Book

Author: Rob Stevens

Publisher: Booktango

ISBN: 1468952854

Category: Fiction

Page: 1

View: 8796

Following the disaster of Anaheim, the Legion goes into reserve... until called back to hold Barstow in the deep snow of a Fem winter drive. Rowdy gets his orders for higher things, and Temple replaces him. Many others are promoted.. to fill the gaps left by Anaheim. Jess Nacirema, tough Sergeant-Major, continues to restrain Grappler's impluses to take on the Zoms on his own by leading way out in front, and to run the Legion as a tight ship. It is nearly 2045.. fourth weary year of the war... and the end is in sight.....

How Wars End

Author: Alan John Percivale Taylor

Publisher: H. Hamilton


Category: History

Page: 126

View: 4938

Between War and Peace

How America Ends Its Wars

Author: Matthew Moten

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439194637

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5888

An emperor bows abjectly before his conquerors on the deck of a battleship. As smoke yet rises from a bloody battlefield, a dejected general proffers his sword to his victorious opponent. Frock-coated ministers exchange red leather–bound treaty books in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. These are iconic images of war’s end, but even when they are historically accurate, they conceal more than they convey. Not all wars end decisively. Indeed, the endings of most wars are messy, complicated, inconclusive, and deeply intriguing. As the United States attempts to extricate itself from two long and costly wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, nothing could be more relevant than a look back at the ways America has ended its major conflicts in the past. It is a topic that has been curiously overlooked. Edited and with an introduction by Col. Matthew Moten, a professor of history at West Point, Between War and Peace explores the endings of fourteen American wars, from the Revolution to the first Gulf War. Here, with incisive insight, narrative flourish, and strategic detail, some of America’s leading historians examine the progress of America’s wars: their initial aims—often quite different from their ends—their predominant strategies, their final campaigns, the painful journeys out of war, and the ramifications of the wars’ ends for the nation’s future. This timely and important book confronts one of the most pressing issues of our time: how do we end conflict and how do we deal with the country we are leaving behind? As recent history has shown, an “exit strategy,” though it’s sometimes neglected, can be as important a piece of military strategy as any. Taken together, these essays break new historical and theoretical ground, building on our current understanding of America’s history in ways that few studies have done before. A formidable enterprise of historical collaboration, Between War and Peace takes readers inside the climactic moments of America’s wars, offering a penetrating look at the past in hopes of illuminating future debates that will determine the nation’s course between war and peace.

Elusive Victories

The American Presidency at War

Author: Andrew J. Polsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942811

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 2272

On April 4, 1864, Abraham Lincoln made a shocking admission about his presidency during the Civil War. "I claim not to have controlled events," he wrote in a letter, "but confess plainly that events have controlled me." Lincoln's words carry an invaluable lesson for wartime presidents, writes Andrew J. Polsky in this seminal book. As Polsky shows, when commanders-in-chief do try to control wartime events, more often than not they fail utterly. In Elusive Victories, Polsky provides a fascinating study of six wartime presidents, drawing larger lessons about the limits of the power of the White House during armed conflict. He examines, in turn, Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama, showing how each gravely overestimated his power as commander-in-chief. In each case, these presidents' resources did not match the key challenges that recur from war to war. Both Lincoln and Johnson intervened in military operations, giving orders to specific units; yet both struggled with the rising unpopularity of their conflicts. Both Wilson and Bush entered hostilities with idealistic agendas for the aftermath, yet found themselves helpless to enact them. With insight and clarity, Polsky identifies overarching issues that will inform current and future policymakers. The single most important dynamic, he writes, is the erosion of a president's freedom of action. Each decision propels him down a path from which he cannot turn back. When George W. Bush rejected the idea of invading Iraq with 400,000 troops, he could not send such a force two years later as the insurgency spread. In the final chapter, Polsky examines Barack Obama's options in light of these conclusions, and considers how the experiences of the past might inform the world we face now. Elusive Victories is the first book to provide a comprehensive account of presidential leadership during wartime, highlighting the key dangers that presidents have ignored at their peril.

War's Ends

Human Rights, International Order, and the Ethics of Peace

Author: James G. Murphy

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626160279

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5539

Before military action, and even before mobilization, the decision on whether to go to war is debated by politicians, pundits, and the public. As they address the right or wrong of such action, it is also a time when, in the language of the just war tradition, the wise would deeply investigate their true claim to jus ad bellum (“the right of war”). Wars have negative consequences, not the least impinging on human life, and offer infrequent and uncertain benefits, yet war is part of the human condition. James G. Murphy’s insightful analysis of the jus ad bellum criteria—competent authority, just cause, right intention, probability of success, last resort, and proportionality—is grounded in a variety of contemporary examples from World War I through Vietnam, the "soccer war" between Honduras and El Salvador, Afghanistan, and the Middle East conflict. Murphy argues persuasively that understanding jus ad bellum requires a primary focus on the international common good and the good of peace. Only secondarily should the argument about going to war hinge on the right of self-defense; in fact, pursuing the common good requires political action, given that peace is not simply the absence of violence. He moves on to demonstrate the interconnectedness of the jus ad bellum criteria, contending that some criteria depend logically on others—and that competent authority, not just cause, is ultimately the most significant criterion in an analysis of going to war. This timely study will be of special interest to scholars and students in ethics, war and peace, and international affairs.

Lincoln and the War's End

Author: John C. Waugh

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809333511

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 136

View: 1848

The book covers the dramatic final five months of the war and Lincoln s role in it. It highlights his final message to Congress in December 1864, passage of the 13th Amendment, his Second Inaugural, his16 days at the front before Appomattox, his unprecedented visit to Richmond after it fell, and the end of the war."

Send it by Semaphore

The Old Telegraphs During the Wars with France

Author: Howard Mallinson

Publisher: Crowood Press

ISBN: 9781861267344

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 9910

"The old visual telegraphs, which used giant semaphore indicators on a series of highly conspicuous sites, each visible from the next, were developed in France during the French Revolution. For the first time in history news of victories could be sent by an army in the field back to the capital in minutes, compared with the hours or days it would take by horse. The signaling technology was soon copied by the British, who set up telegraph routes extending from London to the great sea ports -- Portsmouth, Deal, Yarmouth, and Plymouth -- for transmitting messages to and from the British fleet, then engaged in the war against Napoleon's France. The fascinating story told in Send it by Semaphore follows the history of the telegraph on both sides of the English Channel and examines it in the context of the war that dominated the period. The stories are told of how the greatest news stories of a lifetime - the Nile, Trafalgar and Waterloo - arrived in England, and it becomes clear how important this innovation, which presaged the electric telegraph, the telephone and the internet, really was at a time when Britain's liberty was gravely threatened"--Jacket.

How Wars End

Eye-witness Accounts of the Fall of Berlin

Author: Vladimir Sevruk

Publisher: N.A


Category: Berlin (Germany)

Page: 336

View: 6303

Sovjetrussisk militærhistorie, krigshistorie, 2. Verdenskrig, kampene om Berlin i 1945 - russiske øjenvidneberetninger og krigsskildringer fra de blodige kampe om Berlin i april-maj 1945 som slutningen på 2. Verdenskrig.

War and Human Nature

Author: Stephen Peter Rosen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400826365

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9061

Why did President John F. Kennedy choose a strategy of confrontation during the Cuban missile crisis even though his secretary of defense stated that the presence of missiles in Cuba made no difference? Why did large numbers of Iraqi troops surrender during the Gulf War even though they had been ordered to fight and were capable of doing so? Why did Hitler declare war on the United States knowing full well the power of that country? War and Human Nature argues that new findings about the way humans are shaped by their inherited biology may help provide answers to such questions. This seminal work by former Defense Department official Stephen Peter Rosen contends that human evolutionary history has affected the way we process the information we use to make decisions. The result is that human choices and calculations may be very different from those predicted by standard models of rational behavior. This notion is particularly true in the area of war and peace, Rosen contends. Human emotional arousal affects how people learn the lessons of history. For example, stress and distress influence people's views of the future, and testosterone levels play a role in human social conflict. This thought-provoking and timely work explores the mind that has emerged from the biological sciences over the last generation. In doing so, it helps shed new light on many persistent puzzles in the study of war.

War's end

profiles from Bosnia, 1995-96

Author: Joe Sacco

Publisher: Drawn and Quarterly

ISBN: 9781896597928

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 65

View: 6080

The acclaimed war cartoonist provides a unique view of the war in Bosnia from the perspective of individuals on both sides of the conflict in two short stories that include Soba, about the internal struggle of a Sarajevo warrior artist, and Christmas with Karadzic, which chronicles efforts by the media to track down Bosnian Serb leaders and war criminals. Mature.

To End All Wars

A Story of Protest and Patriotism in the First World War

Author: Adam Hochschild

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 1447203461

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 3457

In this brilliant new work of history, Adam Hochschild follows a group of characters connected by blood ties, close friendships or personal enmities and shows how the war exposed the divisions between them. They include the brother and sister whose views on the war could not have been more diametrically opposed – he a career soldier, she a committed pacifist; the politician whose job was to send young men who refused conscription to prison, yet whose godson was one of those young men and the suffragette sisters, one of whom passionately supported the war and one of whom was equally passionately opposed to it. Through these divided families, Hochschild paints a vivid picture of Britain poised between the optimism of the Victorian era and the era of Auschwitz and the Gulag – a divided country, fractured by the seismic upheaval of the Great War and its aftermath.

Glaube - Freiheit - Diktatur in Europa und den USA

Festschrift für Gerhard Besier zum 60. Geburtstag

Author: Katarzyna Stokłosa,Gerhard Besier,Andrea Strübund

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525350898

Category: History

Page: 894

View: 9423

Das Werk des (Kirchen)Historikers, Theologen und Psychologen Gerhard Besier ist von geradezu enzyklopädischer Breite und belegt seine wissenschaftliche Intensität und intellektuelle Leidenschaft. Die hier versammelten Beiträge seiner zahlreichen Weggefährten und Schüler widmen sich den drei Schwerpunkten seiner akademischen Arbeit: der historischen Theologie in praktischer, systematischer und ökumenischer Perspektive, den religiösen Minderheiten und der rechtsstaatlichen Ordnung sowie der europäischen und nordamerikanischen Zeitgeschichte.