Assessing Well-Being

The Collected Works of Ed Diener

Author: Ed Diener

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048123542

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 3327

The Sandvik, Diener, and Seidlitz (1993) paper is another that has received widespread attention because it documented the fact that self-report well-being scales correlate with a number of other methods of measuring the same concepts, such as with reports by knowledgeable “informants” (family and friends), expe- ence sampling measurement, and the memory for good versus bad life events. A single factor was found to underlie measures using different methods, and a n- ber of different well-being self-report measures were found to correlate with the non-self-report measures. Thus, although the self-report measures of well-being are imperfect, and can be in uenced by response artifacts, they have substantial validity as shown by their correlations with measurements based on alternative methods. Whereas the Pavot and Diener article reviewed the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Lucas, Diener, and Larsen (2003) paper reviews various approaches to assessing positive emotions. As we wrote in the chapter in this volume in which we present new measures, we do not consider any of the existing measures of positive affect to be entirely acceptable for measuring subjective well-being in the affect area, and that is why we have created and validated a new measure.

Well-being for Public Policy

Author: Ed Diener

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195334078

Category: Psychology

Page: 245

View: 6086

In this volume, the authors explain the reasons why subjective indicators of well-being are needed. They describe how these indicators can offer useful input and provide examples of policy uses of well-being measures. The book then delves into objections to the use of subjective well-being indicators for policy purposes and discusses why these objections are not warranted. Finally, the book contains answers pertaining to the measures that are currently in use and describes the types of measures that are most likely to be valuable in the policy domain. At the most ambitious, even audacious, level, Well-Being for Public Policy has the potential of transforming society by making people and policy more concerned about well-being, and less concerned about economics and income. The existence of national measures of well-being would draw more interest to the rewarding and problem areas of life, and serve to give a broader focus to societal decisions. National accounts of well-being could reorient societies so that social values, the environment, enjoyable work, and physical and emotional health are given prominence along with economic development. This book is an invaluable treatise on current understanding of the complex relationship between well-being and public policy-- it will be of great interest to researchers in the fields of psychology and economics.

Assessing Children's Well-Being

A Handbook of Measures

Author: Sylvie Naar-King,Deborah A. Ellis,Maureen A. Frey,Michele Lee Ondersma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135671532

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 1889

Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations are presented with different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children, as well as adults, and numerous standardized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available. Yet, it can be difficult for practitioners and researchers searching through general compendia of resources for child assessment--which are frequently focused on general techniques rather than specific instruments--to identify the optimal ones to meet their particular needs and to choose among them. This practical and comprehensive reference guide is the first to sort, present, and review all the measures that can be used to evaluate the behavioral, cognitive, and emotional aspects of children's health. It organizes the measures under eight general headings, such as quality of life, adherence, pain management, and patient satisfaction. Each chapter begins with a leading authority's overview of the underlying theoretical construct and any concerns about how to measure it. Descriptions and reviews of relevant instruments follow; these include information on administration, scoring, psychometric properties, and ordering, as well as comments by the instruments' developers. Assessing Children's Well-Being: A Handbook of Measures will be welcomed by all those professionals and scientists who seek to assess and effectively address the complex interactions between physical health and mental health in children.

Human Well-being Values of Environmental Flows

Enhancing Social Equity in Integrated Water Resources Management

Author: Karen S. Meijer

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586037321

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 4463

"This dissertation discusses how the importance of river flow-sustained ecosystems for local communities can be quantified for the purpose of balancing water supply and demand in Integrated Water Resources Management. Due to the development of water resources, for example through the construction of reservoirs, the natural flow regime of rivers is altered which results in changes in the river and floodplain ecosystem. Environmental flows describe the river flow regime necessary to protect the river ecosystem. The importance of this ecosystem for peoples food, income, health or other purposes, are referred to in this thesis as the human well-being values of environmental flows. The thesis provides an approach to quantify the relationship between river flows, the river ecosystem and human well-being values and discusses the application of this approach in two case studies, in Bangladesh and in Iran. The approach proved to structure the assessment of well-being values and to yield additional useful information that can contribute to the enhancement of social equity in Integrated Water Resources Management."

The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well-being

Author: Susan Cartwright,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199211914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 602

View: 8203

This handbook focuses on organizational well being in its widest sense, and is concerned with reviewing the factors which are associated with ill health, as well as those which promote positive health and well being. In it, leading international scholars focus on the key issues around measuring well being, and individual and organizational factors.

Tools for Strengths-Based Assessment and Evaluation

Author: Dr. Catherine Simmons, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107621

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 2054

Catherine Simmons, PhD, LCSW ìDrs. Simmons and Lehmann have given all of us in the helping professionsópractitioners and researchers alikeóa comprehensive resource for finding and selecting psychometrically sound, practical, strengths-based measures that we can use not only to ëlook at the resultsí but to do so in a way that we ëmeasure others by their strengths.í We look forward to seeing this invaluable resourceÖon every social workerís desk in the coming years.î -John G. Orme, PhD, MSW Professor, University of Tennessee -Terri Combs-Orme, PhD The Urban Child Institute Endowed Professor Traditionally, assessment and evaluation have focused on the negative aspects or deficits of a clientís presentation. Yet strengths, health, and those things that are going ìrightî in a personís life are key protective factors in the prevention and treatment of many mental health problems. Thus, measuring strengths is an important component of a balanced assessment and evaluation process. This is the first compendium of more than 150 valid and reliable strengths-based assessment tools that clinicians, researchers, educators, and program evaluators can use to assess a wide array of positive attributes, including well-being, mindfulness, optimism, resilience, humor, aspirations, values, sources of support, emotional intelligence, and much more. These tools provide a clear picture of an individualís strengths while being easy to complete, score, and interpret. The scales and instruments included are consistently formatted, organized according to construct measures, and include tools for working with adults, couples, families, children, and special populations. They represent a wide range of theoretical approaches and were written by a diverse array of professionals, including social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, and sociologists. Partial List of Instruments: Assessing Emotions Scale Affective Balance Scale Flourishing Scale Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Positive States of Mind Scale Measure of Expectations for Partner Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale Parenting Sense of Competence Scale Personal Well-being Index Proactive Coping Inventory Psychological Empowerment Scale Stress-Related Growth Scale Social Well-being Scales Wellness Beliefs Scale

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Economics of Wellbeing

Author: David McDaid,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716280

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 535

Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete ReferenceGuide, this is a comprehensive look at the economics ofwellbeing with coverage of history, research, policy, andpractice. Examines the challenges inherent in studying and measuringwellbeing from an economic perspective Discusses strategies and interventions to improve wellbeingacross the lifespan and in different settings Addresses the potential economic benefits for governments andpolicymakers of actively investing in initiatives to improvewellbeing, from the workplace to the home to the naturalenvironment Emphasizes the need to strengthen the evidence base for theeconomics of wellbeing and improve methods for translating researchinto policy and practice

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing

Author: Felicia A. Huppert,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716167

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 3428

Using an evidence-based approach and case studies from a widerange of life domains, Interventions and Policies to EnhanceWellbeing examines the most successful existing strategies topromote wellbeing and mental health. Discusses the results of the latest research in the science ofwellbeing and their implications for improved learning, creativity,productivity, relationships, and health Covers interventions for individuals across the lifespan, aswell as those for organizations, communities, and entirepopulations Looks at policy initiatives and approaches with a focus on theintegration of new technology and the role of the media Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete ReferenceGuide, which brings together leading research from across thesocial sciences

Health Systems, Health, Wealth And Societal Well-Being: Assessing The Case For Investing In Health Systems

Assessing the case for investing in health systems

Author: McKee , Martin,Figueras , Josep,Saltman , Richard B.

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335244300

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 7306

This book argues that health systems are not, as is often believed, simply a drag on resources, but rather part and parcel of improving health and achieving better economic growth.

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

A Manual for Assessment Practitioners

Author: Neville Ash,Hernán Blanco,Claire Brown,Keisha Garcia,Thomas Tomich,Bhaskar Vira

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597269050

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 2282

Designed by a partnership of UN agencies, international scientific organizations, and development agencies, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is the most extensive study ever of the linkages between the world’s ecosystems and human well-being. The goal of the MA is to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the contribution of ecosystems to human well-being without undermining their long-term productivity. With contributions by more than 500 scientists from 70 countries, the MA has proven to be one of the most important conservation initiatives ever undertaken, and the ecosystem services paradigm on which it is based provides the standard for practice. This manual supplies the specific tools that practitioners of the paradigm need in order to extend their work into the future. The manual is a stand-alone “how to” guide to conducting assessments of the impacts on humans of ecosystem changes. In addition, assessment practitioners who are looking for guidance on particular aspects of the assessment process will find individual chapters of this manual to be useful in advancing their understanding of best practices in ecosystem assessment. The manual builds on the experiences and lessons learned from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment global and sub-global assessment initiatives, with chapters written by well-known participants in those initiatives. It also includes insights and experiences gained from a wider range of ecosystem service-focused assessment activities since the completion of the MA in 2005.

Assessing Evidence to improve Population Health and Wellbeing

Author: Carmen Aceijas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780857253903

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 2668

Written to support practitioners undertaking a Masters in public health, this book considers the main concepts, issues and methodologies of the second core competence of the Public Health Skills and Career Framework: 'Assessment of evidence of the effectiveness of interventions, programmes and services to improve population health and wellbeing'. Coverage includes the theoretical definition of evidence and its use in public health, the role of critical appraisal methods and tools in evidence assessment and how Effectiveness, Efficiency and Quality inform evidence. The book is packed with case studies and activities to help link theory and practice and prompt personal reflection.

Assessing household poverty and wellbeing: a manual with examples from Kutai Barat, Indonesia

Author: Ade Cahyat,Christian Gönner,Michaela Haug

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 108

View: 5285

The manual reflects the results of a 3-year participatory learning process that comprised many meetings, workshops, village case studies, a baseline survey of 20 poor villages, two monitoring trials in another 20 villages, and a full monitoring survey of all 223 villages in Kutai Barat. The principal purpose of this manual is to provide technical guidelines and background information to poverty assessors at district, subdistrict and village level in Kutai Barat. Therefore, the manual is structured in modules according to the tasks of the assessors. It describes the poverty monitoring system step by step, from the development of local poverty indicators to the final analysis and application of monitoring data.

Happiness in Children

Measurement, Correlates and Enhancement of Positive Subjective Well-Being

Author: Mark D Holder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400744145

Category: Psychology

Page: 87

View: 4233

This briefs summarizes the research on positive well-being in children, with a particular focus on their happiness. It starts with a discussion of the constructs of positive psychology (i.e., well-being, happiness and life satisfaction), and then outlines the research that shows the importance of studying well-being. Next, it explores how researchers measure happiness and what these measures tell us about whether children are happy and how their happiness differs from adults. Following this, it discusses current positive psychology theories with the aim of suggesting their promise in understanding children’s well-being. Next, it examines the importance of individual differences, including culture and temperament. Because studies have only recently identified several of the factors associated with children’s happiness, the book ends with a discussion of how we might enhance children’s well-being and suggests directions for future research.

Fetal Well-Being

Author: Miriam Katz,Israel Meizner,Vaclav Insler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849360527

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 6833

This exciting volume provides an in-depth look at all of the aspects of fetal well-being. It bases each chapter on a critical evaluation of medical literature and on the authors' clinical experience regarding the subject. Easy to read and understand, this book presents discussions on the anatomical structure and respiratory function of the placenta and their effects on the fetus. The 67 figures illustrate theoretical concepts and clinical applications, and the conveniently placed tables allow speedy access to precise data throughout the text. This publication gives special consideration to the developments in ultrasound and direct access to the fetus. Every person involved with obstetrics, gynecology, reproductive medicine, pediatrics, and ultrasound will consider this monograph a must.

Assessing Fetal Wellbeing

A Practical Guide

Author: Lesleigh S Baker,Mark C Beaves,Euan M Wallace AM

Publisher: The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

ISBN: 0995361622

Category: Medical

Page: 173

View: 1347

The new edition of this best selling handbook has been completely updated to support the latest Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) Intrapartum Fetal Surveillance (IFS) guideline as well as the Fetal Surveillance Education Program (FSEP) workshops, Online Programs (OFSEP & OFSEPlus) and assessment tool. This is an essential and easy-to-read resource for all clinicians involved in the care of women in pregnancy and labour. Over 60 examples of real CTGs (1cm/min) are provided, supported by detailed descriptions and guided interpretation. The authors of Assessing Fetal Wellbeing; a practical guide have kept the handbook short and clinically focused. As with the RANZCOG FSEP, a solid understanding of fetal physiology underpins the clinical application of knowledge. This handbook will better equip clinicians to be able to interpret and manage the diverse fetal heart rate patterns that they will see in their daily work.

Introduction to Behavioral Science in Medicine

Author: F.R. Hine,R.C. Carson,G.L. Maddox,R.J. Jr. Thompson,R.B. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461254523

Category: Psychology

Page: 350

View: 581

This book is the product of many years' experience teaching behavioral science in a way that demonstrates its relevance to clinical medicine. We have been guided by the reactions and evaluations of many first-year medical students. The result is a conceptual framework different from those that we and others had tried before. Because the clinical relevance of knowledge about human behavior is less apparent to many first-year students than that of the other traditional pre clinical courses, books and courses organized as brief introductions to psychology, sociology, and behavioral neurology have often been poorly received. Various medical schools and texts have explored ways to overcome this difficulty. One text organizes the presentation around very practical problems which are of unmistakable interest to the future physician: the therapeutic relationship, death and dying, sexuality, and pain, to give a few examples. Another emphasizes stages of development, periods of the human life cycle, as its organizing principle. Both of these approaches have merit and have been used successfully in various schools. They seem to us, however, to have a potentially serious shortcoming. They focus student attention too much on the more immediately intriguing issues of specific clinical problems or on the more easily recognized age specific behavioral issues. In the limited time available, the teaching of general principles of human behavioral functioning may then be neglected.

Mayes' Midwifery E-Book

A Textbook for Midwives

Author: Sue Macdonald

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702045969

Category: Medical

Page: 1084

View: 7191

Mayes’ Midwifery, an established key textbook for students and qualified midwives, contains essential knowledge for professional practice. For this 14th edition, each section and chapter has been fully updated and enhanced by leading authors to ensure the text complies with contemporary practice and current guidelines. Added benefits are the availability of a variety of additional online resources for each chapter, including case studies, video and website links, and a bank of multiple-choice questions to test knowledge. With a strong emphasis on normal birth, the book covers the spectrum of midwifery-related topics applied to practice, providing a foundation of knowledge, and encouraging independent thought through the use of reflective exercises in each chapter and online. The book provides midwives with material that meets individual ways of learning and supports current modes of midwifery education. Mayes’ Midwifery is the text for initial preparation and for ongoing midwifery practice. New chapters on essential contemporary issues: Vulnerable women Perspectives on the future of midwifery, in a global context Evidence-based information to guide best practice Learning outcomes and Key Points in all chapters Reflective activities Now with an integrated website offering additional resources and material including: Multiple-choice questions for self-testing Case studies Reflective activities to consolidate your professional development Useful additional reading, resources and weblinks Expanded topics Downloadable materials including illustrations