Assessing Well-Being

The Collected Works of Ed Diener

Author: Ed Diener

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048123542

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 9179

The Sandvik, Diener, and Seidlitz (1993) paper is another that has received widespread attention because it documented the fact that self-report well-being scales correlate with a number of other methods of measuring the same concepts, such as with reports by knowledgeable “informants” (family and friends), expe- ence sampling measurement, and the memory for good versus bad life events. A single factor was found to underlie measures using different methods, and a n- ber of different well-being self-report measures were found to correlate with the non-self-report measures. Thus, although the self-report measures of well-being are imperfect, and can be in uenced by response artifacts, they have substantial validity as shown by their correlations with measurements based on alternative methods. Whereas the Pavot and Diener article reviewed the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Lucas, Diener, and Larsen (2003) paper reviews various approaches to assessing positive emotions. As we wrote in the chapter in this volume in which we present new measures, we do not consider any of the existing measures of positive affect to be entirely acceptable for measuring subjective well-being in the affect area, and that is why we have created and validated a new measure.

Assessing Children's Well-Being

A Handbook of Measures

Author: Sylvie Naar-King,Deborah A. Ellis,Maureen A. Frey,Michele Lee Ondersma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135671532

Category: Psychology

Page: 328

View: 9454

Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations are presented with different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children, as well as adults, and numerous standardized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available. Yet, it can be difficult for practitioners and researchers searching through general compendia of resources for child assessment--which are frequently focused on general techniques rather than specific instruments--to identify the optimal ones to meet their particular needs and to choose among them. This practical and comprehensive reference guide is the first to sort, present, and review all the measures that can be used to evaluate the behavioral, cognitive, and emotional aspects of children's health. It organizes the measures under eight general headings, such as quality of life, adherence, pain management, and patient satisfaction. Each chapter begins with a leading authority's overview of the underlying theoretical construct and any concerns about how to measure it. Descriptions and reviews of relevant instruments follow; these include information on administration, scoring, psychometric properties, and ordering, as well as comments by the instruments' developers. Assessing Children's Well-Being: A Handbook of Measures will be welcomed by all those professionals and scientists who seek to assess and effectively address the complex interactions between physical health and mental health in children.

Assessing Evidence to improve Population Health and Wellbeing

Author: Carmen Aceijas

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780857253903

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 6082

Written to support practitioners undertaking a Masters in public health, this book considers the main concepts, issues and methodologies of the second core competence of the Public Health Skills and Career Framework: 'Assessment of evidence of the effectiveness of interventions, programmes and services to improve population health and wellbeing'. Coverage includes the theoretical definition of evidence and its use in public health, the role of critical appraisal methods and tools in evidence assessment and how Effectiveness, Efficiency and Quality inform evidence. The book is packed with case studies and activities to help link theory and practice and prompt personal reflection.

Assessing Fetal Wellbeing

A Practical Guide

Author: Lesleigh S Baker,Mark C Beaves,Euan M Wallace AM

Publisher: The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

ISBN: 0995361622

Category: Medical

Page: 173

View: 2238

The new edition of this best selling handbook has been completely updated to support the latest Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) Intrapartum Fetal Surveillance (IFS) guideline as well as the Fetal Surveillance Education Program (FSEP) workshops, Online Programs (OFSEP & OFSEPlus) and assessment tool. This is an essential and easy-to-read resource for all clinicians involved in the care of women in pregnancy and labour. Over 60 examples of real CTGs (1cm/min) are provided, supported by detailed descriptions and guided interpretation. The authors of Assessing Fetal Wellbeing; a practical guide have kept the handbook short and clinically focused. As with the RANZCOG FSEP, a solid understanding of fetal physiology underpins the clinical application of knowledge. This handbook will better equip clinicians to be able to interpret and manage the diverse fetal heart rate patterns that they will see in their daily work.

Well-being for Public Policy

Author: Ed Diener

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195334078

Category: Psychology

Page: 245

View: 4145

In this volume, the authors explain the reasons why subjective indicators of well-being are needed. They describe how these indicators can offer useful input and provide examples of policy uses of well-being measures. The book then delves into objections to the use of subjective well-being indicators for policy purposes and discusses why these objections are not warranted. Finally, the book contains answers pertaining to the measures that are currently in use and describes the types of measures that are most likely to be valuable in the policy domain. At the most ambitious, even audacious, level, Well-Being for Public Policy has the potential of transforming society by making people and policy more concerned about well-being, and less concerned about economics and income. The existence of national measures of well-being would draw more interest to the rewarding and problem areas of life, and serve to give a broader focus to societal decisions. National accounts of well-being could reorient societies so that social values, the environment, enjoyable work, and physical and emotional health are given prominence along with economic development. This book is an invaluable treatise on current understanding of the complex relationship between well-being and public policy-- it will be of great interest to researchers in the fields of psychology and economics.

The Oxford Handbook of Organizational Well-being

Author: Susan Cartwright,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199211914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 602

View: 8527

This handbook focuses on organizational well being in its widest sense, and is concerned with reviewing the factors which are associated with ill health, as well as those which promote positive health and well being. In it, leading international scholars focus on the key issues around measuring well being, and individual and organizational factors.

Beyond GDP

Measuring Welfare and Assessing Sustainability

Author: Marc Fleurbaey,Didier Blanchet

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199346917

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 1934

In spite of recurrent criticism and an impressive production of alternative indicators by scholars and NGOs, GDP remains the central indicator of countries' success. This book revisits the foundations of indicators of social welfare, and critically examines the four main alternatives to GDP that have been proposed: composite indicators, subjective well-being indexes, capabilities (the underlying philosophy of the Human Development Index), and equivalent incomes. Its provocative thesis is that the problem with GDP is not that it uses a monetary metric but that it focuses on a narrow set of aspects of individual lives. It is actually possible to build an alternative, more comprehensive, monetary indicator that takes income as its first benchmark and adds or subtracts corrections that represent the benefit or cost of non-market aspects of individual lives. Such a measure can respect the values and preferences of the people and give as much weight as they do to the non-market dimensions. A further provocative idea is that, in contrast, most of the currently available alternative indicators, including subjective well-being indexes, are not as respectful of people's values because, like GDP, they are too narrow and give specific weights to the various dimensions of life in a more uniform way, without taking account of the diversity of views on life in the population. The popular attraction that such alternative indicators derive from being non-monetary is therefore based on equivocation. Moreover, it is argued in this book that "greening" GDP and relative indicators is not the proper way to incorporate sustainability concerns. Sustainability involves predicting possible future paths, therefore different indicators than those assessing the current situation. While various indicators have been popular (adjusted net savings, ecological footprint), none of them involves the necessary forecasting effort that a proper evaluation of possible futures requires.

Measuring Health and Wellbeing

Author: John Harvey,Vicki Taylor

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 0857254340

Category: Medical

Page: 152

View: 6430

Building on the core competences for public health, this book focuses on key areas of surveillance and assessment of the population's health and wellbeing. It is concerned with assessing and describing the needs, health and wellbeing of specific populations, communities and groups. The authors also look at how to monitor these aspects of public health and explore qualitative and quantitative methods for measuring, analysing and interpreting health and wellbeing, needs and outcomes. Case studies, activities and research summaries are used throughout the book to help the reader understand how to apply theory to practice.

Health Systems, Health, Wealth And Societal Well-Being: Assessing The Case For Investing In Health Systems

Assessing the case for investing in health systems

Author: McKee , Martin,Figueras , Josep,Saltman , Richard B.

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335244300

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 348

This book argues that health systems are not, as is often believed, simply a drag on resources, but rather part and parcel of improving health and achieving better economic growth.

Assessing household poverty and wellbeing: a manual with examples from Kutai Barat, Indonesia

Author: Ade Cahyat,Christian Gönner,Michaela Haug

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 108

View: 5927

The manual reflects the results of a 3-year participatory learning process that comprised many meetings, workshops, village case studies, a baseline survey of 20 poor villages, two monitoring trials in another 20 villages, and a full monitoring survey of all 223 villages in Kutai Barat. The principal purpose of this manual is to provide technical guidelines and background information to poverty assessors at district, subdistrict and village level in Kutai Barat. Therefore, the manual is structured in modules according to the tasks of the assessors. It describes the poverty monitoring system step by step, from the development of local poverty indicators to the final analysis and application of monitoring data.

Tools for Strengths-Based Assessment and Evaluation

Author: Dr. Catherine Simmons, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107621

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 4792

Catherine Simmons, PhD, LCSW ìDrs. Simmons and Lehmann have given all of us in the helping professionsópractitioners and researchers alikeóa comprehensive resource for finding and selecting psychometrically sound, practical, strengths-based measures that we can use not only to ëlook at the resultsí but to do so in a way that we ëmeasure others by their strengths.í We look forward to seeing this invaluable resourceÖon every social workerís desk in the coming years.î -John G. Orme, PhD, MSW Professor, University of Tennessee -Terri Combs-Orme, PhD The Urban Child Institute Endowed Professor Traditionally, assessment and evaluation have focused on the negative aspects or deficits of a clientís presentation. Yet strengths, health, and those things that are going ìrightî in a personís life are key protective factors in the prevention and treatment of many mental health problems. Thus, measuring strengths is an important component of a balanced assessment and evaluation process. This is the first compendium of more than 150 valid and reliable strengths-based assessment tools that clinicians, researchers, educators, and program evaluators can use to assess a wide array of positive attributes, including well-being, mindfulness, optimism, resilience, humor, aspirations, values, sources of support, emotional intelligence, and much more. These tools provide a clear picture of an individualís strengths while being easy to complete, score, and interpret. The scales and instruments included are consistently formatted, organized according to construct measures, and include tools for working with adults, couples, families, children, and special populations. They represent a wide range of theoretical approaches and were written by a diverse array of professionals, including social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, and sociologists. Partial List of Instruments: Assessing Emotions Scale Affective Balance Scale Flourishing Scale Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire Positive States of Mind Scale Measure of Expectations for Partner Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale Parenting Sense of Competence Scale Personal Well-being Index Proactive Coping Inventory Psychological Empowerment Scale Stress-Related Growth Scale Social Well-being Scales Wellness Beliefs Scale

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Economics of Wellbeing

Author: David McDaid,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716280

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 3681

Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, this is a comprehensive look at the economics of wellbeing with coverage of history, research, policy, and practice. Examines the challenges inherent in studying and measuring wellbeing from an economic perspective Discusses strategies and interventions to improve wellbeing across the lifespan and in different settings Addresses the potential economic benefits for governments and policymakers of actively investing in initiatives to improve wellbeing, from the workplace to the home to the natural environment Emphasizes the need to strengthen the evidence base for the economics of wellbeing and improve methods for translating research into policy and practice

Ecosystems and Human Well-Being

A Manual for Assessment Practitioners

Author: Neville Ash,Hernán Blanco,Claire Brown,Keisha Garcia,Thomas Tomich,Bhaskar Vira

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597269050

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 9134

Designed by a partnership of UN agencies, international scientific organizations, and development agencies, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is the most extensive study ever of the linkages between the world’s ecosystems and human well-being. The goal of the MA is to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the contribution of ecosystems to human well-being without undermining their long-term productivity. With contributions by more than 500 scientists from 70 countries, the MA has proven to be one of the most important conservation initiatives ever undertaken, and the ecosystem services paradigm on which it is based provides the standard for practice. This manual supplies the specific tools that practitioners of the paradigm need in order to extend their work into the future. The manual is a stand-alone “how to” guide to conducting assessments of the impacts on humans of ecosystem changes. In addition, assessment practitioners who are looking for guidance on particular aspects of the assessment process will find individual chapters of this manual to be useful in advancing their understanding of best practices in ecosystem assessment. The manual builds on the experiences and lessons learned from the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment global and sub-global assessment initiatives, with chapters written by well-known participants in those initiatives. It also includes insights and experiences gained from a wider range of ecosystem service-focused assessment activities since the completion of the MA in 2005.

Who Counts Most?

Assessing Human Well-being in Sustainable Forest Management

Author: Carol J. Pierce Colfer,Ravi Prabhu

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: 9798764269

Category: Forest management

Page: 62

View: 1470

Who Counts Most? Assessing Human Well-Being in Sustainable Forest Management presents a tool, ‘the Who Counts Matrix’, for differentiating ‘forest actors’, or people whose well-being and forest management are intimately intertwined, from other stakeholders. The authors argue for focusing formal attention on forest actors in efforts to develop sustainable forest management. They suggest seven dimensions by which forest actors can be differentiated from other stakeholders, and a simple scoring technique for use by formal managers in determining whose well-being must form an integral part of sustainable forest management in a given locale. Building on the work carried out by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) on criteria and indicators, they present three illustrative sets of stakeholders, from Indonesia, Côte d’Ivoire and the United States, and Who Counts Matrices from seven trials, in an appendix.

Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing

Author: Felicia A. Huppert,Cary L. Cooper

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118716167

Category: Psychology

Page: 704

View: 6704

Using an evidence-based approach and case studies from a wide range of life domains, Interventions and Policies to Enhance Wellbeing examines the most successful existing strategies to promote wellbeing and mental health. Discusses the results of the latest research in the science of wellbeing and their implications for improved learning, creativity, productivity, relationships, and health Covers interventions for individuals across the lifespan, as well as those for organizations, communities, and entire populations Looks at policy initiatives and approaches with a focus on the integration of new technology and the role of the media Part of the six-volume Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide, which brings together leading research from across the social sciences

A New Unified Theory of Psychology

Author: Gregg Henriques

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461400585

Category: Psychology

Page: 290

View: 9710

Concern about psychology’s fragmentation is not new, but there has for the past decade been increasing calls for psychologists to acknowledge to the costs associated with fragmentation and to search for ways to unify the discipline. A New Unified Theory of Psychology introduces a new system that addresses psychology’s current theoretical and philosophical difficulties. The new theory consists of four interlocking pieces that together provide—for the first time—a macro-level view that clarifies the nature of psychology’s problems and offers a clear way to unify the various elements of the field. The unified theory provides the field of psychology with a well-defined subject matter, allowing both academic and professional psychologists will be able to develop a shared language and conceptual foundation.

Subjective Well-Being

Measuring Happiness, Suffering, and Other Dimensions of Experience

Author: Panel on Measuring Subjective Well-Being in a Policy-Relevant Framework,Committee on National Statistics,Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309294479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 6064

Subjective well-being refers to how people experience and evaluate their lives and specific domains and activities in their lives. This information has already proven valuable to researchers, who have produced insights about the emotional states and experiences of people belonging to different groups, engaged in different activities, at different points in the life course, and involved in different family and community structures. Research has also revealed relationships between people's self-reported, subjectively assessed states and their behavior and decisions. Research on subjective well-being has been ongoing for decades, providing new information about the human condition. During the past decade, interest in the topic among policy makers, national statistical offices, academic researchers, the media, and the public has increased markedly because of its potential for shedding light on the economic, social, and health conditions of populations and for informing policy decisions across these domains. Subjective Well-Being: Measuring Happiness, Suffering, and Other Dimensions of Experience explores the use of this measure in population surveys. This report reviews the current state of research and evaluates methods for the measurement. In this report, a range of potential experienced well-being data applications are cited, from cost-benefit studies of health care delivery to commuting and transportation planning, environmental valuation, and outdoor recreation resource monitoring, and even to assessment of end-of-life treatment options. Subjective Well-Being finds that, whether used to assess the consequence of people's situations and policies that might affect them or to explore determinants of outcomes, contextual and covariate data are needed alongside the subjective well-being measures. This report offers guidance about adopting subjective well-being measures in official government surveys to inform social and economic policies and considers whether research has advanced to a point which warrants the federal government collecting data that allow aspects of the population's subjective well-being to be tracked and associated with changing conditions.